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Wednesday, January 28, 2015

The four-year initiative dubbed ‘SeFaMaCo,’ short for ‘Seed-Farmer-Markets Consumer,’ funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, will be implemented by the Farm Concern International (FCI) which also works in three countries.
A PROGRAMME aiming to assist banana and sweet potato growers in Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia in securing reliable markets was launched here, targeting to benefit nearly 100,000 families in Tanzania alone.
Speaking at the official launch of the project, the SeFaMaCo programme manager, Mr Winston Mwombeki, said that the project is geared to boost production of the two crops in the targeted areas, adding that the programme will benefit a total of 94,000 households or about 500,000 people between them.
According to Mwombeki, the targeted regions for sweet potatoes under SeFaMaCo include Kagera, Mwanza, Morogoro and Zanzibar, while in Uganda the project will be implemented in Kamuli, Soroti, Gulu and Lira. In Ethiopia SeFaMaCo will make scene in Wolaita, Sidama and Gamogofa.
A government contractor that has received more than $2.5 billion for humanitarian and infrastructure work in Iraq and Afghanistan has been suspended from receiving federal funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) due to “serious misconduct.”

The USAID announced the suspension on Monday, less than a week after awarding a $10.5 million contract to International Relief and Development (IRD), a nonprofit based in Arlington, Virginia, for infrastructure and sanitation projects in Afghanistan.
“Today, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) suspended the contractor International Relief and Development (IRD) from receiving U.S. Government awards,” the statement read. “The Agency’s review revealed serious misconduct in IRD’s performance, management, internal controls and present responsibility.”

“USAID has a zero tolerance policy for mismanagement of American taxpayer funds and will take every measure at our disposal to recover these funds,” it said.

IRD has been under scrutiny for a contract it received in November 2013 to build seven health centers in Ethiopia.

The USAID cancelled construction of two of the clinics “due to non-performance of the contractor” last September. The agency also warned the IRD that the group would owe the government $300 per site for each day construction was delayed.

The contract is part of $60 million IRD received to build and renovate nearly 400 HIV care and treatment centers in Ethiopia, originally awarded in 2011.

An audit by the USAID’s Office of the Inspector General last May found that mismanagement at IRD was delaying construction of five health centers. The OIG recommended that USAID determine whether the organization should reimburse the government.

Controversy has also surrounded IRD’s lavish salaries and bonuses for its executives, as well as its practice of hiring away former USAID officials, the Washington Post reported.

Despite concerns about some of IRD’s work, the nonprofit received a $10.5 million contract on Jan. 20 for transportation, energy, water, and sanitation projects in Afghanistan.

IRD has received $2,527,967,187 in federal grants and contracts since 2001, mainly from the USAID. Aside from water projects and education initiatives in the Middle East, the group has also received federal funding to put on plays for Iraqi farmers.

The State Department paid IRD $500,000 in August 2013 for “Grassroots Theater for Peaceful Transition” in Afghanistan. Through the medium of the theater, the IRD worked to train farmers in Kandahar Province on “organic pest control and how to treat disease in sheep and goats.”

The performances appeared on Afghan TV, “bringing laughs and learning to tens of thousands more,” IRD said.

Another State Department project funded children’s artwork about peace in Iraq. Other IRD “peace initiatives” include the “theater of the oppressed,” where Palestinian actor and drama trainer Edward Muallem trains Iraqis to “express their emotions and free their bodies and minds to explore the drama and comedy of Iraq.”

IRD has also conducted early breast cancer screenings in Jordan and delivered Crocs to the West Bank.

The group received $300 million in 2008 to build roads, schools, and water systems in the West Bank and Gaza.

The group’s website does not mention the health center project in Ethiopia.

IRD has not admitted to any wrongdoing and said they are cooperating with the USAID.
“According to the notification, USAID is taking this action principally due to specific instances of, and failure to detect, alleged mischarging of unallowable expenses by a former IRD officer, and inadequate financial management controls,” the group said in a statement Tuesday. “This suspension does not affect performance under current contracts with the agency.”

“IRD is cooperating fully with USAID, remains in close and continuous dialogue with the agency regarding these issues, and is committed to addressing them comprehensively,” they said.

When asked for more details regarding IRD’s “serious misconduct,” the USAID said they could not comment on an ongoing investigation.

- See more at: http://freebeacon.com/issues/usaid-suspends-new-contracts-to-nonprofit-for-serious-misconduct/#sthash.11gmLl4r.dpuf



WEDNESDAY, 28 JANUARY 2015
Sport quote us. Not a basketball court or a football field or in a pool.The meeting point to start this route is the "Olympic stadium bowls" as defined ironically the host of DIY you already do,Catalonia Television and neighbor Guinardó.
When Rafael Vives (Cala Bona, Son Servera, Mallorca, 1966) came to the neighborhood where he has lived for almost fifteen years, next Guinardó Recovering But as municipal facilities and equipped with two bars with terrace, which is the Petanque also "had a basketball court," he recalls. But when the urban renewal of the area's ancestral house of Horta-Guinardó, "I guess they had retired to devote his time to claim a space for practice petanque, and that is why it has filled all this land for petanquers esplanade "exposes the neighbor who comes to your appointment accompanied by a dog." It's a rabbit dog Andalusian we found abandoned Vila Round (Alt Camp), the people of my wife, "says Vives." After three long days in front of the door, three days saying no to my children, in the end we agreed to stay to us "he recalls. Sunqui is the name the family named the dog. "Sidamo means kiss in the native language of our children, who were born in the Ethiopian region of Sidama," he says.
Footballers Martinenc
Vives and your partner are adoptive parents of three Ethiopian brothers. "First we adopt Michael, when he was two and a half years has -now in new-" detailing the presenter. "When we decided to adopt a second child, Miquel told us that he had brothers in their country, and we ended up adopting and Joan Manel "relates Vives. Now, Joan Miquel and Manel
-d'11, 9 and 8 years are part of the group of players of FC Martinenc in different categories.
Among the friends of the school where, the Star (Telegraph, 58), and co-their football facilities are on the same street of his schooling,"my children greet all the Guinardó way home from school, "says Rafael Vives. This is something that loves a former Fura -the where Vives worked and traveled around the world for an entire decade. "The Guinardó especially like this familiarity has an air of people, a spirit of closeness between residents and retailers, providing tranquility, especially if you have children "express Vives. The television expert crafts, clever recycler, also valued in their daily lives many details and initiatives that promote a healthy sustainable environment. And Guinardó, where he lives since he met his partner, born in the neighborhood of Barcelona, ​​this demonstrates consistent involvement in various projects.
A school is selected for their children, a center among its ideological pillars sub-stripe the importance of maintaining relationships and collaboration with various neighborhood associations to settle the environment in which located downtown. "For example, the school provides parents we members of a cooperative of organic producers of food products a space to receive and distribute orders where meat, eggs, fish or vegetables ; a task that we shift the cooperative members, parents of students at the school, "Vives highlights.
Promote reuse
One of the places chosen by the show's craft is a regional television cooperative cultural Rocaguinarda (Cypress, 13), a project to build commitment to the neighborhood through art and culture, and invited neighbors to propose and participate activities that promote creativity and sustainability as personal enrichment and care of the environment. One of these initiatives is now Mama G (Warsaw, 148), a children's accessories shop that promoted mothers help each other, and supported by the nonprofit organization that form them. It is a project of raising and educating children accompanying parents in the process. "It is a wonderful proposal," believes Rafael Vives.

Immersed in the filming of 13 episodes next season already being broadcast currently, you will do the segona- the neighbor Guinardó raises every Saturday afternoon, learning simple crafts to everyone both adults and children, very useful exercise for the mind and for the sustainability of the planet.
የኢትዮጵያ ፕሪሚየር ሊግ የ2007 ግማሽ የውድድር ዓመት እሑድ ጥር 24 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ሐዋሳ ላይ ሐዋሳ ከነማ ከደደቢት፣ በድረ ላይ ወላይታ ድቻ ከቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስና በአዲስ አበባ አበበ ቢቂላ ስታዲየም ኢትዮጵያ ቡና ከመብራት
ኃይል ጋር የሚቀሩት ተስካካይ ጨዋታዎች ተደርገው ይጠናቀቃል፡፡ የፕሪሚየር ሊጉ ሁለተኛው ዙር ጨዋታ በመጋቢት ወር መጀመርያ በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም እንደሚቀጥልም የፌዴሬሽኑ ሕዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ ወንድምኩን አላዩ ገልጸዋል፡፡ 
እስካሁን ባለው ፕሪሚየር ሊጉ የደረጃ ሰንጠረዥ ሲዳማ ቡና በ27 ነጥብ ሲመራ ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስ አንድ ተስተካካይ ጨዋታ እየቀየረው በ24 ነጥብ ይከተላል፡፡ ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስ እሑድ ወላይታ ድቻን የሚያሸንፍ ከሆነ ግን ሲዳማ ቡና በጎል ክፍያ ስለሚበለጥ መሪነቱን ያስረክባል፡፡ 
በተመሳሳይ አንድ ተስተካካይ ጨዋታ የሚቀረው ኢትዮጵያ ቡና ወላይታ ድቻን በጎል ክፍያ በልጦ ሦስተኛና አራተኛ ሲሆኑ፣ አዳማ ከነማ በ19 አምስተኛ፣ አርባ ምንጭ ከነማ በ19 ነጥብ በጎል ክፍያ ተበልጦ ስድስተኛ፣ ኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባነክ በ16 ነጥብ ሰባተኛ፣ ዳሸን ቢራና መከላከያ በተመሳሳይ 16 ነጥብ በጎል ክፍያ ተበልጠው ስምንተኛና ዘጠነኛ ደረጃ ላይ ተቀምጠዋል፡፡ ደደቢት በ15 ነጥብ 10ኛ፣ መብራት ኃይል በ14፣ ሙገር ሲሚንቶ በ13፣ ሐዋሳ ከነማ በ10 እና በመጣበት አኳኋን ለመመለስ እያኮበኮበ የሚገኘው ወልዲያ ከነማ በ5 ነጥብ ከ11ኛ እስከ 14ኛ ያለውን ደረጃ ይዘው እንደሚገኙ አቶ ወንድምኩን አስረድተዋል፡፡

የተጨማሪ እሴትና የገቢ ግብር ሕጐች ጥናትን መሠረት ያደረገ ማሻሻያ ሳይደረግባቸው ከአሥር ዓመታት በላይ ሥራ ላይ መዋላቸው፣ የታክስ መርህን የሚፃረር መሆኑ በጥናት ተመለከተ፡፡
ፎረም ፎር ሶቫል ስተዲስ (FSS) ጥር 15 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ባዘጋጀው መድረክ ላይ ‹‹የታክስ ሕጐችና ፖሊሲዎች በኢትዮጵያ›› በሚል ርዕስ ጥናታቸውን ያቀረቡት በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የፋይናንስና የአካውንቲንግ ትምህርት ክፍል መምህር ዶ/ር ወለላ አቤሆዴ እንዳብራሩት፣ በአገር ውስጥና በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ በርካታ ለውጦች የተስተዋሉ ቢሆንም፣ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2002 ሥራ ላይ የዋሉት እነዚህ የግብር ዓይነቶች ይህ ነው የሚባል ለውጥ ሳይደረግባቸው ለአሥራ ሦስት ዓመት መዝለቃቸው ችግር ነው፡፡ 
‹‹ታክስ በባህሪው ለውጦች ከሥር ከሥር እየታዩ ሁኔታዎች እንዲጣጣሙ የሚጠይቅ ነው፡፡ ነገር ግን ሕጐቹ ብዙ ለውጥ ሳይደረግባቸው በሥራ ላይ ይገኛሉ፤›› ብለዋል የጥናቱ አቅራቢ፡፡ 
በእነዚህ የታክስ ሕጐች ላይ ለውጥ ሳይደረግ እስካሁን ሥራ ላይ መዋላቸው የፈጠረውን ተፅዕኖ የሚያመለክተው ጥናቱ፣ የገቢ ግብር ሕግን በመጥቀስ በሕጉ መሠረት የሠራተኛ ደመወዝ የመጀመሪያው 150 ብር ከታክስ ነፃ ቢሆንም በዛሬ ግሽበት የዚህ ገንዘብ መጠን ከግብር ነፃ መሆን ትርጉም የሚሰጥ እንዳልሆነ ያስረዳሉ፡፡ ይህ ከድህነት ወለል አንፃር ቢታይም ትርጉም የሌለው መሆኑን፣ የቢዝነሶች ከግብር ነፃ የሚሆንበት የመጀመሪያው 1,800 ብርም በተመሳሳይ ትርጉም አልባ አሠራር መሆኑን ጥናቱ ይጠቁማል፡፡
በተመሳሳይ የገቢ ግብር የምጣኔ ወሰኖች ቢታዩ፣ ከፍተኛው የገቢ ግብር መጣል የሚጀምርበት 5,000 ብር አቅሙ የተሸረሸረ በመሆኑ የታክስ መጠኑን ማሻሻል የግድ እንደሆነ ጥናት አቅራቢዋ ገልጸዋል፡፡ የድርጅቶች ደረጃ የሚለካበት አንዱ መሥፈርት የዓመታዊ ሽያጭ ወሰን ሲሆን፣ ይህም በግሽበቱ እየተሸረሸረ በመሆኑ ደረጃ ‹‹ሀ›› ውስጥ የነበሩ ወደ ‹‹ለ›› እና ከዚያም በታች እየሆኑ እንዲገኙ በማድረግ ቢዝነሶች የማይሆን ምድብ ውስጥ እንደሚገቡ ከማድረጉ ባሻገር፣ በተለይ በአነስተኛ ቢዝነሶች ላይ ከፍተኛ ጫና እንደሚያሳድር በጥናቱ ተመልክቷል፡፡ 
ጥናቱ በገቢና በሽያጭ የገቢ ግብሮች ግሽበትን ባገናዘበ መንገድ (Inflation Adjusted) የተጣሉ ባለመሆናቸው ገቢ በትክክል (In Real Terms) ሳይጨምር እንደጨመረ ታሳቢ ተደርጐ ግብር ከፋዩ ላይ እየተጣሉ ናቸው ይላል፡፡   
ምንም እንኳ የተወሰኑ ጉልህ ችግሮች ቢኖሩም፣ የአገሪቱ የታክስ ሕግ መሠረታዊ ችግር አለበት የሚባል እንዳልሆነና ይልቁንም ለታክስ ሥርዓቱ ትልቅ ችግር እየሆነ ያለው የታክስ አስተዳደሩ አቅም ውስን መሆን እንደሆነ ጥናቱ ያሳያል፡፡ ለዚህ እንደማሳያ የተጠቀሰው ከአገሪቱ 32 ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች በመቀሌና በሲቪል ሰርቪስ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች ብቻ የታክስ ፕሮግራም በድኅረ ምረቃ የሚሰጥ መሆኑ ነው፡፡ በአስተዳደሩ የሚቀጠሩት በአካውንቲንግ፣ በማኔጅመንት፣ በሕግና በመሰል ዘርፎች የሠለጠኑ ምሩቃን ጥቅል የሆነ የታክስ ዕውቀት ሊኖራቸው ቢችልም የታክስ አስተዳዳሪ ለመሆን የሚያስችል ብቃት እንደማይኖራቸው ዶ/ር ወለላ ገልጸዋል፡፡
የግብር መክፈል ባህል ደካማ መሆን የታክስ ከፋይና የታክስ ሰብሳቢ ውዝግብ አፈታት ሥርዓት ብቃት የሌለው በመሆኑ እንደሆነ በጥናቱ የተመለከቱ ሌሎች ችግሮች ናቸው፡፡ ውዝግብ በተፈጠረ በአሥር ቀናት ውስጥ አቤቱታ ማቅረብ ግዴታ መደረጉ አስፈላጊ ማስረጃዎችንና ሰነዶችን አሟልቶ ለማቅረብ ጊዜው አጭር ከመሆኑ አንፃር ሥርዓቱን ተወቃሽ እንደሚያደርግ ጥናቱ ያስረዳል፡፡ በአቤቱታ አቀራረብ ሒደት ውስጥ ይግባኝ ለማለት ግብር ከፋዮች ግማሽ በመቶ የተጣለባቸውን ግብር በቅድሚያ መክፈል ግድ መሆኑም ጥያቄ የሚነሳበት ሌላው ነጥብ ነው፡፡ ቀዳሚው ጥያቄ ግማሽ በመቶ መከፈል አለበት ሲባል የዚህ መሠረቱ ምንድነው? የሚለው እንደሆነ አጥኚዋ ያስረዳሉ፡፡ የውዝግብ ሒደቱ ረዥም ዓመታት የሚወስድ መሆኑ፣ አብዛኛውን ጊዜ ውሳኔዎች ወደ ታክስ አስተዳደሩ ያመዘኑ መሆናቸውም በግብር ከፋዮች ዘንድ በተደጋጋሚ እንደሚገለጽ ጥናቱ ያሳያል፡፡ 
ጥናቱ ካስቀመጣቸው ምክረ ሐሳቦች መካከል ረዥም ጊዜ ባስቆጠሩ ንብረቶች ላይ የተጣሉ ግብሮችን ማሻሻልና የአነስተኛ ቢዝነሶች የግብር ጫናን ማቅለል የሚሉት ይገኙበታል፡፡ በአሁኑ የወቅት የገቢ ግብርን የሚመለከተው ሕግ በመሻሻል ላይ መሆኑ ይታወቃል፡፡ 
ፎረም ፎር ሶሻል ስተዲስ በየጊዜው በሚያካሂዳቸው የውይይት መድረኮች ላይ እንደ ርዕሰ ጉዳዩ የሚመለከታቸው የመንግሥት ተቋማት፣ የግል ድርጅቶችና የሲቪል ማኅበራት ኃላፊዎች የሚገኙ ቢሆንም፣ በዚህ መድረክ ላይ ከገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣን የተገኘ ተወካይ አልነበረም፡፡ ለሚመለከተው የመንግሥት ተቋም ጥሪ የተላለፈ መሆኑን ግን ከፎረሙ ለመረዳት ተችቷል፡፡