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Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Since 2012, MSF has been running a mother and child healthcare project in Sidama Zone of SNNPR (Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region) in Ethiopia. MSF will, end of October 2014, hand-over the project to the Ministry of Health and regional authorities. MSF has mainly been working in the two Woredas (divisions) of Chire and Mejo.
In collaboration with the Ethiopian Ministry of Health, MSF has been able to save the lives of many women and children and curb preventable morbidities. Since the intervention began, more than 12,000 women have benefited from Antenatal- and postnatal care, over 2,000 pregnant women have delivered in safe conditions and more than 1,500 children with complicated severe malnutrition have been treated in the stabilisation centres in Chire and Mejo.

Gallery: Mother and child healthcare project in Sidama, Ethiopia | Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International
[MSF]Oval-shaped huts scattered all around a small area adorned with lush indigenous trees and expansive green meadows that give a feeling of homeliness is typical of villages in the Sidama zone, where Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) runs a maternal health project in the Chire and Mejo divisions (known as woredas). - See more at: http://www.ethioscoop.com/news/17005-unobstructed-motherhood-women-delivering-safely-in-sidama.html#sthash.2wAPj6cC.dpuf
Kassa A, et al. – This study was designed to establish the prevalence of and predictors for PAS use among undergraduate HU Students. The prevalence of PAS use among undergraduate HU students is high. Designing effective strategies to reduce PAS use should be everyone’s priority.

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Ethiopia’s government illegally detained at least 5,000 members of the country’s most populous ethnic group, the Oromo, over the past four years as it seeks to crush political dissent, Amnesty International said.
Victims include politicians, students, singers and civil servants, sometimes only for wearing Oromo traditional dress, or for holding influential positions within the community, the London-based advocacy group said in a report today. Most people were detained without charge, some for years, with many tortured and dozens killed, it said.
“The Ethiopian government’s relentless crackdown on real or imagined dissent among the Oromo is sweeping in its scale and often shocking in its brutality,” Claire Beston, the group’s Ethiopia researcher, said in a statement. “This is apparently intended to warn, control or silence all signs of ‘political disobedience’ in the region.”
The Oromo make up 34 percent of Ethiopia’s 96.6 million population, according to the CIA World Factbook. Most of the ethnic group lives in the central Oromia Regional State, which surroundsAddis Ababa, the capital. Thousands of Oromo have been arrested at protests, including demonstrations this year against what was seen as a plan to annex Oromo land by expanding Addis Ababa’s city limits.
Muslims demonstrating about alleged government interference in religious affairs were also detained in 2012 and 2013, Amnesty said in the report, titled: ‘Because I am Oromo’ – Sweeping Repression in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia.

Government Denial

The state-run Oromia Justice Bureau said the findings were “far from the truth” in a reply to Amnesty included in the report. “No single individual has been and would not be subjected to any form of harassment, arrest or detention, torture for exercising the freedom of expression or opinion.”
The majority of detainees are accused of supporting the Oromo Liberation Front, which was formed in 1973 to fight for self-determination, according to Amnesty.
Senior Oromo politicians Bekele Gerba and Olbana Lelisa were jailed in 2012 for working with the group, which was classified as a terrorist organization by lawmakers in 2011.
“The accusation of OLF support has often been used as a pretext to silence individuals openly exercising dissenting behavior,” Amnesty said.
The bulk of Amnesty’s information came from interviews with 176 refugees in Kenya, Somalia andUganda in July this year and July 2013. More than 40 telephone and e-mail conversations were also conducted with people in Ethiopia, it said.
Some interviewees said they fled the country because of conditions placed on them when released, such as being told to avoid activism, meeting in small groups, or associating with relatives who were political dissenters, the report said.
Amnesty has been banned from Ethiopia since 2011 when its staff was deported.
To contact the reporter on this story: William Davison in Addis Ababa atwdavison3@bloomberg.net
Source: www.bloomberg.com

Ethiopia, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda are the main producers of coffee in Africa, with Ethiopia being the continent's leading coffee grower.

World Bulletin/News Desk
Coffee-growing African countries – including Ethiopia – appear unable to add meaningful value to their coffee exports, a senior official at the Ethiopian Coffee Exporters' Association (ECEA) said.
"The value-adding on coffee to any meaningful degree is not apparent on the [African] continent," ECEA General Manager Alemseged Assefa told Anadolu Agency.
"For the foreseeable future, our country – and many of the [African] coffee-growing countries – will continue trading only in coffee beans," he lamented.
"The work of roasting, packaging, retailing and other work in the coffee value chain has long been monopolized by big companies," he said. "It would be very difficult now to break that dominance."
Meanwhile, he said, there were a few businesses engaged in coffee export that were trying to add value – but these, he added, "[still] lack scale."
Ethiopia, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda are the main producers of coffee in Africa, with Ethiopia being the continent's leading coffee grower.
Producers in Africa accounted for about 12 percent of the global coffee supply and less than 11 percent of global coffee exports in the 2009/10 season, according to the African Development Bank Group.
According to Assefa and ECEA President Hussein Agraw, the association plans to hold the third International Ethiopian Coffee Conference on November 6 and 7 under the banner, "Towards Quality and Traceability."
The conference aims to "examine the quality level of our coffee and discuss ways of further improving the quality level… [and] to understand how quality is linked to marketing and better pricing," Agraw told AA.
It also aims to introduce international research efforts for quality control, increasing market access through the introduction of traceability systems that will ultimately improve the sustainability, quality, safety and security of Ethiopian fine coffees, he said.
More than 300 producers, suppliers, exporters, cooperatives, coffee researchers, experts, investors, pertinent government institutions (such as the ministries of trade and agriculture), the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange, companies from coffee-importing countries and roasters are expected to attend the event.
Meanwhile, Assefa told AA that, last year, Ethiopian coffee exports were dismal, although they were expected to show improvement this year.
"Dry weather in Brazil, the global leader in coffee growing and export, will drive both demand and price up for Ethiopian coffee," he predicted.
Brazil exports roughly half of the total global export of Arabica coffee.
During the 2014/15 fiscal year, said Assefa, Ethiopia is set to export between 235,000 and 250,000 tons of Arabica coffee.
According to Assefa, Ethiopia is also planning to expand its global reach by entering markets in India, China, South Korea and Russia.
Coffee used to account for 60 percent of Ethiopia's total exports. This share has dwindled to a current 22 percent, however, due to a successful export-diversification scheme by the government, according to an earlier ECEA statement.
BLANTYRE(MaraviPost)—Malawi national football team, is likely to miss the away game against Ethiopia on November 9 in the African Cup of Nations as the Football Association of Malawi (FAM) has disclosed that they do not have enough in their coffers to fund the trip.

According to The Nation Newspaper, FAM has resolved to further engage government on the prospects of securing more supplementary funding to enable the Flames travel to Ethiopia for their last Group B qualifiers.

“Having negotiated for advance sponsorship from the Flames official sponsors Carlsberg Malawi, which enabled the team to fulfill the away fixture against Algeria, the executive committee was briefed that they \[Carlsberg] cannot give us the whole funding meant for next year on logistical and marketing grounds.

“So the resolution was that we should further engage government and if it does not work, then we’ll have no choice but to pull out because we cannot manage to source funding for the Ethiopia game,” said the source as quoted by The Nation.

However, Malawi National Sports executive secretary George Jana on Friday said government has made its position plain that there will be no further supplementary funding.

Commenting on the same, one of the Flames’ supporters identifying himself as Charles Nkwichi said chances that government will provide supplementary funding are very slim considering the performance of the team.

“I wish government would heed the FAM’s request but with the performance of our team I don’t think government will be motivated to fund,” he said.

Malawi is having a poor run in the Afcon. The team lost to Algeria at Kamuzu Stadium by two goals to nil before being hammered three nil by the same team few days later. They also lost to Mali and have only managed to secure a victory over Ethiopia.

The poor performance was the factor which made Malawi to move down with 11 steps on the latest FIFA rankings.

The Flames are scheduled to host Mali on November 15 before travelling to Ethiopia for their last Group B qualifier on November 19.
Source: www.maravipost.com
Oval-shaped huts scattered all around a small area adorned with lush indigenous trees and expansive green meadows that give a feeling of homeliness is typical of villages in the Sidama zone, where Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) runs a maternal health project in the Chire and Mejo divisions (known as woredas).
Expectant mother Widinesh Legabo's village is 20 kilometres from the administrative town of Mejo. Widinesh, 32, has already gone through five challenging pregnancies, with long hours of labour, extensive bleeding and extreme shock during child birth. From the age of 16, when she had her first child, each delivery has always been a tormenting time for Widinesh. "Once I even went through a terrible six-day labour. I was suffering day and night. The cheerful voices of children playing out in the open and the sound of mowing cows outside that I always liked became unbearable. I wanted to lie still and forget that I was alive. The pain was unbearable," she says. Widinesh has given birth to three sets of twins and two babies in five pregnancies. She had all the deliveries at home with traditional birth attendants.
Widinesh's story is echoed in the tales of women at the Mothers' Waiting Houses in Chire and Mejo. "The maternity waiting houses have two major purposes; to bring expectant mothers living in distant villages closer to health facilities before delivery, and to closely monitor women with a history of complications in the later stages of pregnancy in order to respond quickly to any complications before or during delivery," explains Girma Fikru, an MSF nurse in Sidama. Most of the women are referred to the waiting houses by MSF outreach teams that go to remote villages in the region to conduct medical consultations and provide treatment, including vaccinations, as well as offer health education to women of childbearing age. In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, MSF has set up a 24-hour ambulance service to help curb the arduous travel to the nearest health centres during emergencies.
Access to antenatal care and postnatal care services is crucial to preventing infant and maternal mortality. Since the inception of the project, a total of 12,027 antenatal and postnatal consultations have been conducted. 1,248 deliveries have been successfully conducted at the health centre in Mejo and 771 in Chire. Overall, the total number of women in the two locations seeking institutional delivery services has improved.