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Friday, September 26, 2014

When we talk about election in Ethiopia, the 2005 national election has become foremost as previous elections under both Derg and EPRDF were fake. The national election of 2005 has shown a hint of democracy until election date in Addis Ababa but in regions it was until one month before the voting date. The ruling party has been harassing the opposition and has killed strong opposition candidates. In Addis Ababa the hint of democracy disappeared after the ruling party diverted the election results.
Having no other option than forcefully suppressing the anger of the people caused by its altering of election results, the ruling party intensified the harassment and killing. So the outcome for the opposition was either to go to prison or follow the path given by EPRDF.  Election 2005 ended in this manner.
The plan of the ruling party to give a quarter of the 540 parliamentary seats to the opposition and to minimize outside pressure and to restart the flow of foreign aid was unsuccessful. The election has made the party to assess itself. Even though it was widely accepted that EPRDF had altered the outcome of the 2005 election and had not anticipated the outcome, many have expected that the party will correct its mistakes. But the party says it has learnt from its mistakes but it made the following strategies:
Measures taken post 2005 election
  1. To harass print medias and to formulate and implement harassing press legislatures
  2. The government is the main American ally in east Africa in the anti-terrorist campaign. Through this it gets significant military and financial aid. Using this as a pretext the government formulated and implemented anti-terror laws and used it to harass and imprison parties that struggle peacefully. And through this to weaken peacefull struggle.
  3. Labeling jobless youth as dangerous and discriminating against the educated was identified as mistake during the election. To correct it they tried to share benefits by replacement and to appoint to political positions and making them members
  4. Letting jobless youth to organize and allowing them to get loans but making party membership a precondition and to stop youth joining the opposition by means of benefit
  5. To organize the rest of the people in groups of five and to disperse security personnel among the people and make difficult for the opposition to work with the people
  6. To change the roads built by aid organizations by cobble stone by employing unemployed youth. Employing the youth was good but they request exaggerated amount from the people. By doing this they are hitting two birds with one stone, to make its members beneficiaries and increase their numbers.
EPRDF used the above strategies for the preparation of 2010 elections. By implementing the strategies it has succeeded in increasing its members but they were not genuine supporters but they supported for benefits. When such kind of members increase, it becomes difficult to fulfill their benefits and at the end they become corruptionists. And they will become the ultimate enemies of the party.
The strategies mentioned above have enabled the party to claim to be winning 99% of the votes. The next day the then prime minister said” the people have given us 5 years contract believing that we have learnt from our past mistakes. This is a big warning for us. If we don’t live to their expectation they will take away their votes.” This was his scorning speech. But both the people and they know how they won and the 2010 election was declared error free.
Source: Ayyaantuu
•  በረቂቅ መመርያው መንግሥት ለማኅበራቱ መኖርያ ቤቶች አይገነባም
መንግሥት የመኖሪያ ቤት ችግሮችን ለመቅረፍ ካቀረባቸው አራት ፕሮግራሞች መካከል አንዱ የሆነው የመኖሪያ ቤት ኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበራት መመርያ ሊሻሻል ነው፡፡
የአዲስ አበባ ንግድና ኢንዱስትሪ ልማት ቢሮ ከሚመለከታቸው ጋር በመሆን ረቂቅ መመርያውን አዘጋጅቶ ለአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ካቢኔ ማቅረቡን ምንጮች ገልጸዋል፡፡ 
ለነዋሪዎች የቀረቡት የመኖሪያ ቤት ፕሮግራሞች ባለፈው ክረምት ምዝገባቸው ተጠናቆ ወደ ሥራ ቢገባም፣ በመኖሪያ ቤት ኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበራት ፕሮግራም ግን ምንም ዓይነት እንቅስቃሴ ባለመደረጉ ተመዝጋቢዎችን እያስጨነቀ ነው፡፡ መሰባሰብ የቻሉት ተመዝጋቢዎች በቅርብ ለከንቲባ ድሪባ ኩማ አቤቱታቸውን አሰምተዋል፡፡ 
ከንቲባ ድሪባም ይህንን ጉዳይ በቅርብ መርምረው ምላሽ እንደሚሰጡ ለቅሬታ አቅራቢዎች ቢገልጹም፣ እስካሁን ግን ይህ ነው የሚባል ምላሽ አለማግኘታቸውን ቅሬታ አቅራቢዎቹ ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡
ምዝገባ ከተካሄድ ከዓመት በኋላ ምንም ሥራ ያልተካሄደበት የመኖርያ ቤት ኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበራት መመርያ በድጋሚ እንዲከለስ የከንቲባው ጠረጴዛ ላይ ተቀምጧል፡፡ 
ምንጮች እንደሚገልጹት የተዘጋጀው ረቂቅ መመርያ በተለይ ከግንባታና ከዳያስፖራ ጋር በተያያዘ የተወሰኑ አንቀጾች እንዲሻሻሉ ይደረጋሉ፡፡ በግንባታ በኩል ማሻሻያ የሚደረገው ከዚህ ቀደም አስተዳደሩ ባወጣው የመኖሪያ ቤት የኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበራት የአደረጃጀት መመርያ ላይ ማኅበራቱ ስለሚገነቡት መኖሪያ ቤት ሲያትት፣ ማኅበራቱ ከከተማው አስተዳደር ጋር በሚገቡት የውል ስምምነት መሠረት መንግሥት ያቋቋመው የመኖሪያ ቤቶች ልማት ኢንተርፕራይዝ ግንባታውን ሊያካሂድ እንደሚችል ይገልጻል፡፡ 
መንግሥት ያቋቋመው የግንባታ ኢንተርፕራይዝ በመንግሥት ግንባታዎች ላይ ብቻ እንዲያተኩር በመፈለጉ፣ ይህንን አንቀጽ ለማሻሻል ተፈልጓል፡፡ ከዚህ በተጨማሪም ዳያስፖራን በሚመለከት ቀደም ሲል የነበረው አቅጣጫ ላይ ለውጥ ተደርጐበታል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል የነበረው አቅጣጫ በውጭ አገር የሚኖሩ ኢትዮጵያውያንና ትውልደ ኢትዮጵያውያን አዲስ አበባ ውስጥ ብቻ መኖሪያ ቤታቸውን እንዲገነቡ የሚያሳይ ነበር፡፡ 
አዲሱ አቅጣጫ የዳያስፖራ አባላት በፈለጉበት አካባቢ መኖሪያ ቤታቸውን እንዲገነቡ የሚፈቅድ በመሆኑ፣ አዲስ አበባና ድሬዳዋ ከተሞችን ጨምሮ ሁሉም ክልሎች ዳያስፖራውን ለማስተናገድ የሚያስችል መመርያ እንዲያዘጋጅ ተወስኗል፡፡
የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ቀደም ብሎ ባወጣው በመመርያ ቁጥር 4/2005 ከአዲሱ የመንግሥት አቅጣጫ ጋር እንዲጣጣም እያደረገ መሆኑ ታውቋል፡፡ ለካቢኔው የቀረበው ይህ ረቂቅ መመርያ በአንድ ሳምንት ጊዜ ውስጥ ፀድቆ ወደ ሥራ ይገባል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡
በመኖሪያ ቤት ኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበራት ተደራጅተው የሚያስፈልገውን 50 በመቶ ክፍያ ፈጽመው በመጠባበቅ ላይ ያሉ ነዋሪዎች፣ ፕሮግራሙ በወቅቱ ባለመጀመሩ ለችግር እየተዳረጉ መሆኑን እየገለጹ ይገኛሉ፡፡ ምክንያቱም በዝግ ሒሳብ ያስቀመጡትን ገንዘብ ሌሎች ሥራዎችን ቢሠሩበት ትርፋማ ሊሆኑ የሚችሉ በመሆኑ ነው፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት ግን ይህ ገንዘብ ያለ ሥራ ታስሮ የሚገኝ ስለሆነ፣ መንግሥት መፍትሔ እንዲሰጣቸው ተመዝጋቢዎቹ እየጠየቁ ነው፡፡ 
ምንጭ፦ ሪፖርተር ጋዜጣ 
The Federation of African Journalists (FAJ) has on Friday called on the government of Ethiopia to free all journalists in jail and to create the conditions for tens of journalists in exile to return home and work for their country’s development.
“We are very concerned about persistent reports of press freedom violations in Ethiopia and the increasing number of journalists in jail and in exile� said Mohamed Garba, President of the Federation of African Journalists (FAJ). “I join my voice to call on the Ethiopian government to engage the media through genuine dialogue and self-regulation.�
The Ethiopian Minister for Communication Affairs, Mr. Redwan Hussien on Thursday 18 September received a three-man delegation comprising Muheldin Titawi, President of the Eastern Africa Journalists Association (EAJA), Alexandre Niyungeko, Secretary General of EAJA, and the Africa Director of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) Gabriel Baglo on the sidelines of a workshop on investigative journalism and corruption reporting for a group of 20 Ethiopian journalists co-organized by the Ethiopian National Journalists Union (ENJU) and EAJA in Addis Ababa.
Addressing the delegation, the Minister said Ethiopia is committed to ensuring freedom of expression, and expressed Ethiopia’s support to bring the issue of journalists’ safety in the upcoming Summit of African Union Heads of State. The minister briefed the delegation about the recent court ruling that closed six publications which resulted in 14 journalists going into exile. The Minister said that the journalists had no justification to run away as they were not charged. He reiterated the commitment of the Ethiopian government to respect the diversity of thought as long as ethical journalism is exercised. He said Ethiopia’s democracy is based on accepting and acknowledging ethnic, religious and ideological differences and this is manifested in the Constitution which everyone should uphold.
The delegation reminded the Minister that in the region, Ethiopia and Eritrea have produced more journalists in jail and in exile, and that this is a bad image for the country that hosts the African Union Commission. The delegation called on the Ethiopian government to release all journalists in jail and to create the conditions for the return of all journalists in exile. The delegation expressed the commitment of African journalists’ organisations to work with the Ethiopian government and with journalists for the creation and support for ethical media reporting through self-regulation.
“We are here to support African journalism with African values; we are ready to give any support to Ethiopian journalists in the light of African shared values and African Union instruments such as the Declaration of Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa and the African Charter on Democracy, Election and Governanceâ€� said the delegation.

September 25, 2014 12:54 PM EDT - During a meeting with Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, President Obama said Ethiopia’s “cooperation and leadership” in fighting al-Shabab in Somalia is “making a difference as we speak.” (Reuters)

የቪድዮ ምስል
The White House
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release
September 25, 2014

United Nations Building New York City, New York
9:57 A.M. EDT
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, I want to extend a warm welcome to Prime Minister Desalegn and his delegation. When I spoke previously at the Africa Summit about some of the bright spots and progress that were seeing in Africa, I think theres no better example than what has been happening in Ethiopia -- one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.
We have seen enormous progress in a country that once had great difficulty feeding itself. Its now not only leading the pack in terms of agricultural production in the region, but will soon be an exporter potentially not just of agriculture, but also power because of the development thats been taking place there.
Were strong trading partners. And most recently, Boeing has done a deal with Ethiopia, which will result in jobs here in the United States. And in discussions with Ban Ki-moon yesterday, we discussed how critical it is for us to improve our effectiveness when it comes to peacekeeping and conflict resolution. And it turns out that Ethiopia may be one of the best in the world -- one of the largest contributors of peacekeeping; one of the most effective fighting forces when it comes to being placed in some very difficult situations and helping to resolve conflicts.
So Ethiopia has been not only a leader economically in the continent, but also when it comes to security and trying to resolve some of the longstanding conflicts there. We are very appreciative of those efforts, and we look forward to partnering with them. This will give us an opportunity to talk about how we can enhance our strategic dialogue around a whole range of issues, from health, the economy, agriculture, but also some hotspot areas like South Sudan, where Ethiopia has been working very hard trying to bring the parties together, but recognizes that this is a challenge that were all going to have to work together on as part of an international community.
So I want to extend my thanks to the Prime Minister for his good work. And we look forward to not only an excellent discussion, but a very productive relationship going forward.
Mr. Prime Minister.
PRIME MINISTER DESALEGN: Thank you very much, Mr. President. First of all, I would like to thank you very much for receiving us during this very busy time. We value very much the relationship between the United States and Ethiopia. And as you mentioned, my country is moving, transforming the economy of the nation. But needless to say that the support of the United States in our endeavor to move forward has been remarkable.
I think the most important thing is to have the human capability to develop ourselves. And the United States has supported us in the various programs that helped us move forward in having healthy human beings that can produce. And as you mentioned, agriculture is the main source of our economic growth, and that has been the case because we do have our farmers which are devoid of malaria, which is the main debilitating disease while producing. So I think that has helped us a lot.
And we value also the support the United States has offered to us in terms of engaging the private sector, especially your initiative of the Power Africa program, which is taking shape. I think it's remarkable and a modern kind of approach. And in that sense, we are obliged to thank you very much for this program and to deepen this Power Africa initiative.
Beyond that, you know that through your initiative and the leaders of the United States, we have the Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, which is the most important program, where the private-public partnership is the initiative. We have a number of U.S. investors now engaged in agricultural production, helping the smallholder farmers, which is the basis for our agricultural growth that's taking place now in Ethiopia.
Besides, peace and security is very essential for any kind of development to take place. In that sense, our cooperation in peace and security and pacifying the region, the continent, as well as our Horn of Africa -- I think this has helped us a lot to bring peace and tranquility in the region. And we've feel that we have strong cooperation. We have to deepen it. We have to extend now our efforts to pacify the region and the continent. Of course, also, we have to cooperate globally, not only in Africa, and that relationship has to continue.
So, Mr. President, thank you very much for receiving us. We value this relationship, which is excellent, and we want to deepen it and continue.
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Two last points I want to make. Obviously we've been talking a lot about terrorism and the focus has been on ISIL, but in Somalia, we've seen al-Shabaab, an affiliate of al Qaeda, wreak havoc throughout that country. That's an area where the cooperation and leadership on the part of Ethiopia is making a difference as we speak. And we want to thank them for that.
So our counterterrorism cooperation and the partnerships that we have formed with countries like Ethiopia are going to be critical to our overall efforts to defeat terrorism.
And also, the Prime Minister and the government is going to be organizing elections in Ethiopia this year. I know something about that. We've got some midterms coming up. And so we'll have an opportunity to talk about civil society and governance and how we can make sure that Ethiopias progress and example can extend to civil society as well, and making sure that throughout the continent of Africa we continue to widen and broaden our efforts at democracy, all of which isn't just good for politics but ends up being good for economics as well -- as we discussed at the Africa Summit.
So, thank you very much, everybody.
END 10:04 A.M. EDT
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