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Wednesday, April 23, 2014

PARIS (AP) — A study by the U.N. education agency says cellphones are getting more and more people to read in countries where books are rare and illiteracy is high.
Paris-based UNESCO says 774 million people worldwide cannot read, and most people in sub-Saharan Africa don't own any books but cellphones are increasingly widespread. The report Wednesday by UNESCO says large numbers of people in such countries are reading books and stories on "rudimentary small-screen devices."
It says a third of study participants read stories to children from cellphones. It also says people who start reading on a mobile device go on to read more period, improving their overall literacy.
The study was conducted among 4,000 people in Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda and Zimbabwe.
By Ahmed Abdi
Somalilandsun -The U.S House of Representatives and the government of United Kingdom plus EU Parliament and United Nations have recently stepped up a campaign to help Somalis from Ogaden region to realize that their voice has been heard by the International Community after decades of virtually silent.
As UK's government recently released a report indicating allegations of abuses by the Liyu Police or "Special Police" ,which London expressed its concerns ,United States House of Representatives and EU Parliament have both sent strong messages to Addis Ababa,which was meant to open the Somali religion of Ogaden to the humanitarian agencies and International media to have free access to avoid further humanitarian crisis.
The U.S Congress issued a message which eventually published on Somalilandsun that reads :
The US House of Representatives has asked Ethiopia to Permit Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations Access to its Somali region of Ogaden. The House informed (d) ETHIOPIA. "That Funds appropriated by this Act that are available for assistance for Ethiopian military and police forces shall not be made available unless the Secretary of State--
(A) certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of Ethiopia is implementing policies to--
(i) protect judicial independence; freedom of expression, association, assembly, and religion; the right of political opposition parties, civil society organizations, and journalists to operate without harassment or interference; and due process of law; and (ii) permit access to human rights and humanitarian organizations to the Somali region of Ethiopia; and (B) submits a report to the Committees on Appropriations on the types and amounts of United States training and equipment proposed to be provided to the Ethiopian military and police including steps to ensure that such assistance is not provided to military or police personnel or units that have violated human rights, and steps taken by the Government of Ethiopia to investigate and prosecute members of the Ethiopian military and police who have been credibly alleged to have violated such rights. "Make Ogaden Accessible US House Urges" Ethiopia
The EU's head of International Unit Party Socialist democrat ,Anna Gomes,MEP said "Ethiopia is one of the largest humanitarian and development aid receiver yet these donations are used incorrectly and corruptly. Western governmental Organizations and Western Embassies to Addis Ababa ignored the stolen donations and humanitarian aid that are being used as a political tool by the Ethiopian regime, which is contrary to EU rules on the funding". EU Holds Discussion on Ethiopian Human Rights Crisis in Ogaden and Kality Prison
Ulvskog, MEP,in her part when she was speaking about the steps needed to be taken in order to stop the human rights abuses that is being committed against Ethiopian and Ogaden civilians, she said that the EU could use sanctions or words against Ethiopia or follow up documents and information like the one provided by Ogadeni whistle-blower, Abdullahi Hussein,who smuggled out one-hundred-hours filmed footage, to show the reality in the ground.
The UK government's website said last week that there have been many reports of mistreatment associated with the Special police,including torture and executions of villagers accused of supporting the Ogade n National Liberation Front.
"The UK government and the UN have pressed the Ethiopian government to articulate a reform plan for the Special police.The Ethiopian government has agreed this is needed,so we will encourage them to take action",added the report. "Country case study: Ethiopia – justice and treatment in detention"
The Rights Groups such as Human Rights Watch ,Amnesty International and Genocide Watch have accused of Ethiopia that it has committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ogaden region.The ONLF accuses Addis Ababa similar charges of egregious human rights abuses against Somali civilians in the region.
John Holmes, The highest UN Official to visit Somali Region of Ogaden in part of its fact finding mission,since the Ethiopian crackdown (2007) called on a further investigation,a plan to wait its implementation until now.
Somali people of Ogaden Region,who has been deplored the international Community's inaction and silence ,when it comes to human rights violations committed at Ogaden region could now feel that they have been heard as the International Community including U.S,UK,EU and United Nations are ready to take action against those committed war crimes and crimes against humanity yet believe that they can get away with it.
አዳማ ሚያዝያ 15/2006 አገልግሎታቸው ከህብረተሰቡ ተጠቃሚነት ጋር የተቆራኘ አራት የአዲስ አበባና ፌደራል መስሪያ ቤቶች ላይ ባደረገው ቁጥጥር ለመልካም አስተዳደር ማነቆ የአሰራር፣አደረጃጀትና የህግ ክፍተት ችግር መታየቱን የህዝብ ዕንባ ጠባቂ ተቋም አስታወቀ።
መልካም አስተዳደር ማስፈን ለሰላም፣ለልማትና ዕድገት ወሳኝ በመሆኑ የመንግስት ተቋማት ተጠያቂነት፣ግልጽና ጥራት ያለው የአሰራር ስርዓት መዘርጋት ህብረተሰቡ በአገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ላይ ለሚያነሳው ቅሬታ አጥጋቢ መፍትሔ መስጠት አማራጭ የሌለው ጉዳይ መሆኑን ተቋሙ ትናንት በቢሾፍቱ ከተማ ባካሄደው የውይይት መድረክ ላይ ገልጿል።
በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ የመንገዶችና ውሃ ፍሳሽ ባለስልጣን፣በኢትዮ ቴሌኮምና ኤሌክትሪክ ሃይል ኮርፓሬሽን አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ላይ ባደረገው ቁጥጥር በጅምር የሚገኝ የአንድ መስኮት አገልግሎት፣የጋራ ፎረም በመመስረት ለህብረተሰቡ ቅሬታ ምላሽ ለመስጠት የሚደረገውን እንቅስቃሴ ቋሚ ኮሚቴው በጠንካራ ጎን ተመልክቶታል።
በተቋማቱ ላይ ተቀናጅቶ ለአንድ ዓላማ መስራት ላይ ሰፊ ክፍተት ከማግኘቱም ሌላ በእያንዳንዳቸው የአመራር፣ የአደረጃጀትና የህግ ማዕቀፍ ክፍተት መኖሩን አረጋግጫለሁ ብሏል ተቋሙ ።
በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ የመንገድ ግንባታ ሲካሄድ የውሃ፣ የቴሌና መብራት መስመሮች በወቅቱና በአግባቡ ተነስተው አገልግሎት እየሰጡ ባለመሆናቸው ተቋማቱ የህዝብ ብሶት የሚያስተናግዱበት ሁኔታ በስፋት መፈጠሩን የህዝብ ዕንባ ጠባቂ ተቋም ምክትል ዋና ዕንባ ጠባቂ ወይዘሮ ሠራዊት ስለሺ አስታውቀዋል።
በከተማው ለሚከናወኑ የመሰረተ ልማት አውታሮች መጓተት በህግ የተደገፈ የጊዜ ገደብ በስራ ተቋራጮች፣በአማካሪዎችና ሴክተር መስሪያ ቤቶች ባለመኖሩ የህዝቡ ብሶትና ቅሬታ ዘላቂ መፍትሔ ማግኘት አልቻለም ብለዋል።
የውሃና ፍሳሽ አገልግሎት ባለስልጣን የውሃ መስመሮች ብልሽት በወቅቱ ያለመጠገን፣የውሃ ቆጣሪ ለማስገባት የቤት ካርታ መጠየቅ፣ በአንድ ግቢ ከሁለትና ሶስት በላይ ቆጣሪ ማስገባት፣ወርሃዊ የቢል ክፍያ ጊዜ ካለፈ ቅጣቱ አግባብ ያለመሆኑና በአንዳንድ ቆጣሪ አንባቢዎች ላይ የሚታየው የስነ ምግባር ጉድለት ተቋሙ ያገኘው ችግር መሆኑን ገልጠው ችግሩ መሰረታዊ የውሃ ፍላጎት ለማሟላት የሚደረገውን ጥረት የሚያደናቅፍ ከመሆኑ ባለፈ የባለስልጣኑን ገቢ የሚያቀጭጭ መሆኑን አስታውቀዋል።
የኢትዮጵያ ኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ኮርፓሬሽን የህዝብ ብዛት በሌለበት አካባቢ የሀይል ማስተላለፊያ ትራንስፎርመር ተክሎ አገልግሎት መስጠቱ አሰራሩ ላይ ፍትሃዊና ግልጽነት የጎደለ ከመሆኑም ሌላ ሠራተኞቹ፣ባለሙያዎችና አመራሮች የስራ ተነሳሽነት ማነስ በስፋት የሚስተዋል ችግሮች ናቸው ብሏል።
በኢትዮ ቴሌኮም ከዋናው መስሪያ ቤት ባለፈ በየደረጃው በሚገኙ ሪጅኖች መፍትሔ ለመስጠት የሚያስችል ሁኔታ ባለመኖሩ በአደረጃጀቱ ላይ ሰፊ ክፍተት መታየቱ ተረጋግጧል ብለዋል።
በመደበኛና ሞባይል ስልኮች አገልግሎት መቋረጥ፣ የህዝብ አቤቱታን ተከታትሎ መፍትሔ የሚሰጥ አካል በተቋሙ በቋሚነት ያለመመደብ ፣ 994 ጊዜያዊ ምላሽ መስጫ ስርዓት የተዘረጋ ቢሆንም ቅሬታ ተቀባይ በወቅቱ ምላሽ ያለመስጠት ፣በርካታ ውሳኔዎች ወደ ዋናው መስሪያ ቤት መውሰዳቸው በኢትዮ ቴሌኮም የሚስተዋሉ መሰረታዊ ችግሮች ናቸው ብለዋል።
የአዲስ አበባ መንገዶችና ውሃ ፍሳሽ አገልግሎት ባለስልጣን ተወካይ አቶ ሲሳይ ወልደአጥናውና አቶ አለማየሁ ሸዋንዳኝ እንደገለጹት ተቋሙ በቁጥጥር ጥናት ያገኘው የመልካም አስተዳደር ማነቆ፣ የአደረጃጀትና የህግ ክፍተት ይገኝበታል።
ከህብረተሰቡ አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ጋር ተያይዞ የሚነሱ ቅሬታዎች መኖራቸውን ገልጸው በተቋማቱ የህዝቡ የቅሬታ መንስኤ የሆኑትን በመለየት በአገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ላይ ስር ነቀል ለውጥ ለማምጣት ተቋሙ እየሰራ መሆኑን አስታውቀዋል።
በአንድ ግቢ ከሁለት በላይ ቆጣሪ እየገባ ነው የተባለው ትክክል እንዳልሆነና በአንድ ሰነድ አንድ ቆጣሪ ብቻ እንደሚገባ አቶ አለማየሁ ገልጠው ይህ ሆኖ ከተገኘ ተገቢ ህጋዊ እርምጃ እንደሚወስዱና ከመመሪያ ውጪ የሚከናወን ግዠ ተቀባይነት የሌላቸውና በህግ የሚያስጠይቁ ናቸው ብለዋል።
የኢትዮጵያ ኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ኮርፖሬሽን ተወካይ አቶ ተስፋዮ ደሳለኝና የኢትዮ ቴሌኮም ተወካይ አቶ አለም በዜ እንደገለጹት  በፌደራልና በክልሎች የህብረተሰቡን አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ዕርካታ ለመመለስ መዋቅሩንና አደረጃጀቱን ከመፈተሽ ጀምሮ በርካታ ስራ እየተከናወነ መሆኑን አስታውቀዋል።
ኢትዮ ቴሌኮም በሀገር ደረጃ የኢንተርኔት ችግሮችን ከመሰረቱ ለመፍታት በአንድ ነጥብ 6 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ፕሮጀክት ቀርጾ የተቋሙን ጉድለቶች ለማስተካከል ተግባራዊ እንቅስቃሴ ላይ መግባቱን የገለጹት ተወካዩ እስከ ሰኔ ወር መጨረሻ አዲስ አበባ ከተማ ላይ ያለው እልባት ሲያገኝ በክልሎችም ተመሳሳይ ስራዎች ይሰራሉ ብለዋል።
በአዲስ አበባ መንገዶች፣በውሃና ፍሳሽ አገልግሎት ባለስልጣን፣በኢትዮጵያ ኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ኮርፖሬሽንና ኢትዮ ቴሌኮም ላይ በተደረገው የቁጥጥር ግኝት ውጤት ላይ የተካሄደው ምክክር የትኩረት አቅጣጫ በማስቀመጥ ተጠናቋል።