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Monday, September 16, 2013

vreemd verkeer!

De gezellige en verrassend ruim opgezette, snel ontwikkelende stad Awassa ligt 275 km. ten zuiden van de hoofdstad van Ethiopie, Addis Abeba langs de asphaltweg naar Moyale. Op 1685 m. hoogte gelegen heeft Awassa een aangenaam klimaat en daarbij ook een mooie ligging aan het Awassa meer. . Er wonen 150.000 mensen van 50 verschillende ethnische bevolkingsgroepen zoals Sidama, Wolayta, Hadya, Kambate, Gurage, Amhara en Tigray die elkaar allemaal op hun eigen wijze groeten met: "Kero", "Saro", "Tumma", "Yimtebel", Tenestilign", Akam", of "Kemyalahum". Awassa is als een kleurrijke regenboog met een kaleidoscoop aan volkeren en talen.
''The cozy and surprisingly spacious, fast developing town of Awassa is 275 km. south of the capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa along the asphalt road to Moyale. At 1685 m altitude Awassa has a pleasant climate and thereby also a beautiful location on the lake Awassa. It has a population of 150,000 people 50 different ethnic groups such as Sidama, Wolayta, Hadya, Kambate, Gurage, Amhara and Tigray all greet each other in their own way with "Kero", "Saro", "Tumma", "Yimtebel" Tenestilign , "Akam", or "Kemyalahum". Awassa is like a rainbow with a colorful kaleidoscope of peoples and languages.''
Coffee drinkers can enjoy a greater variety of beans from all over the world these days. – Pictures by CK Lim Coffee drinkers can enjoy a greater variety of beans from all over the world these days. – Pictures by CK LimKUALA LUMPUR, Sept 7 -- What do Captain Jack Sparrow, 1930s erotica and coffee have in common?
If you paid attention during geography lessons at school, you might remember the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. While also titles of once-banned novels by author Henry Miller, these tropics are really circles of latitude on Earth marking the most northerly and southerly positions the Sun may appear directly overhead.
So that takes care of pirates and sex. But why are these imaginary lines of great interest to coffee lovers worldwide?
Well, besides literature and navigation, the area bounded by the tropics also forms a band known as the Bean Belt. This region offers some of the best temperature, rainfall and sunshine for coffee growing. The soil is also typically rich and porous.
Here you may find the best of the world’s coffee.
“Can you taste where this coffee is from?”
To date, there are over 50 countries where coffee may be farmed but each country or region imparts their own unique characteristic to the beans due to the difference in climate, altitude and soil. Variance in growing conditions, harvesting and processing methods also matters.
This can be rather fun for those of us who love guessing games.
Discover the coffee’s origins by reading the label on your bag of beansDiscover the coffee’s origins by reading the label on your bag of beansRecently while having my usual cuppa at RAWcoffee, I was asked by barista Michael Tan to identify the origin of my coffee, along with other café regulars. Some of us offered continents – South America, Central America or Africa. Others tried to be more specific naming countries or even specific regions.
None of us got the answer right, but here’s a guide that may help you if you find yourself in a similar situation.
Latin America (both Central and South) is considered the juggernaut of the coffee world.
Some café menus provide information about the coffee’s origins and flavour profileSome café menus provide information about the coffee’s origins and flavour profileThe coffees from this region tend to be light and tangy. This makes them perfect as a base for coffee blends. Some exciting producers include Panama (famed for its Geisha coffee), Costa Rica, Jamaica (their Blue Mountain is adored by the Japanese, who import over 80 per cent of its production), and Guatemala.
On the flip-side, coffee-producing countries in Asia offer a thicker coffee, more full-bodied and often with very distinct notes. This makes them ideal for pairing with Latin American beans, to add heft to coffee blends. Indonesia is the dominant player here in terms of interesting beans; the expensive kopi luwak being the most notorious and much-maligned example.
My personal favourite is East Africa. I find the coffees here to be more complex. You can get really unusual notes such as citrus, cocoa, blueberry and even scented spices here! When in doubt, I usually guess Africa though you can go deeper – is it a Kenya or more of an Ethiopia?
Map of the world’s coffee regions, a.k.a. “The Bean Belt”Map of the world’s coffee regions, a.k.a. “The Bean Belt”
World’s top coffee producers
When it comes to coffee production, most will think of Latin America or even Africa. So it may come as a surprise that two of the top three coffee producing countries in the world are, in fact, in Asia.
Coming in third place is our neighbour Indonesia. Some of the finest Arabica beans in the world are planted in this archipelago, with different islands offering different growing conditions. For example, contrast a smoky Mandheling from Sumatra with its spicier, sweeter cousin from Java.
Fellow ASEAN nation Vietnam takes the runner-up spot. As Vietnamese beans are generally not considered specialty coffee, their growing global market share (nearly 15 per cecnt) is largely due to Robusta beans destined for use as commodity coffee. Your next cup of instant coffee may well contain beans from this former French colony.
The world’s largest producer of coffee is none other than Brazil. This coffee giant accounts for a third of coffee production worldwide, most of it Arabica beans. Ideal climate and mineral-rich soil ensure their continued dominance. Brazil’s prominence also means better processing and production facilities, guaranteeing a highly consistent quality of coffee.
So, the next time you have a cuppa, why not pause and reflect on the journey the beans have taken to reach your local café? It may be as exciting a journey as the taste of your coffee.
This story was first published in Crave in the print edition of The Malay Mail on September 6, 2013.
Guess where your coffee beans come from? (left). Different roasts for beans from different countries create a wide spectrum of flavours (right)Guess where your coffee beans come from? (left). Different roasts for beans from different countries create a wide spectrum of flavours (right)
- See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/eat-drink/article/the-bean-belt#sthash.VmLZI08g.dpuf

ዋልያዎቹ ለብራዚሉ የዓለም ዋንጫ ማጣሪያ ናይጄሪያን ይገጥማሉ
አዲስ አበባ መስከረም 06/2005 የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ብሔራዊ ቡድን ለ14ኛው የብራዚል የዓለም ዋንጫ ማጣሪያ የደርሶ መልስ ጨዋታ ከናይጄሪያ ጋር ተደለደለ። ካይሮ በሚገኘው የአፍሪካ እግር ኳስ ኮንፌዴሬሽን ዋና ጽህፈት ቤት ዛሬ ይፋ በተደረገው ድልድል ኢትዮጵያ የመጀመሪያ ጨዋታዋን በመጪው ጥቅምት ወር አዲስ አበባ ውስጥ ከናይጄሪያ ጋር የምታደርግ ሲሆን የመለሱን ደግሞ በኅዳር ወር ከሜዳዋ ውጭ ሌጎስ ውስጥ ታካሂዳለች። የመጀመርያ ዙር ጨዋታው እንደ አውሮፓውያን አቆጣጠር ከጥቅምት 11 እስከ 15 ባለው ጊዜ የሚካሄድ ሲሆን የመልስ ጨዋታው ደግሞ ከኅዳር 15 እስከ 19 ቀን 2013 እንደሚካሄድ ታውቋል። ዛሬ በወጣው የድልድል ዕጣ ኮቲዲቯር ከሴኔጋል፣ ካሜሩን ከቱኒዝያ፣ ጋና ከግብጽ እንዲሁም ቡርኪና ፋሶ ከአልጄሪያ ጋር አገናኝቷል። ጎል ዶት ኮም ትናንት ይዞት በወጣው ዘገባው እንዳመለከተው በርካታ ናይጄሪያውያን በደርሶ መለሱ ጨዋታ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ቡድን እንዲደርሳቸው እንደሚፈልጉ ገልጸው ነበር። እናም ዛሬ የናይጄሪያውያን ምኞት ሰምሮ ሱፐር ኤግሎቹ ዋልያዎቹን ለመግጠም ተደልድለዋል። ያም ሆኖ ስም ያላቸውን ቡድኖች መጣል የለመዱት ዋልያዎቹ ፈታኝ ተጋጣሚ እንደሚሆኑ በርካታ ዓለም አቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙኃን በዘገባቸው አመልክተዋል። ናይጄሪያውን በድልድሉ ደስተኞች መሆናቸውን ቢገልጹም ከደቡብ አፍሪካው የአፍሪካ ዋንጫ በኋላ ዋልያዎቹ ከፍተኛ መሻሻል ማሳየታቸውን እንደስጋት ተመልክተውታል።
Partners of the maize alliance including Bedelu Delgeba, , Khalid Bomba(middle left) CEO of the Agricultural transformation Agency, Abdou Dieng (Middle right), representative and country director of WFP and Dennis Weller , mission director of USAID gave a short briefing to the media.
The World Food Program (WFP) is buying 40,000tns of maize from 29 farmers' cooperatives' unions in a forward delivery contract. This contract will ensure that the farmers will not lose if prices go up at the time of delivery.
The WFP signed three agreements to that effect with the Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) and four of the 29 unions, at a ceremony held on Tuesday morning, August 27, 2013, at the Harmony Hotel. The unions that will supply the maize, to be used in local food aid and school feeding programs, will be from Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and the Southern regional states.
Ethiopia expects 62 million quintals of maize harvest this year. This is only slightly more than the previous year's harvest.
The WFP started forward delivery deals in Ethiopia in 2012/13, with contracts for the purchase of 26,700MT of maize with 16 smallholder farmers.
As with all forward contracts, the WFP's deal with the cooperatives offers a price now for the delivery of maize in the future, with price adjustments made in case of increase. The price is determined using a method called a centre moving average in different local markets near to the cooperative unions supplying the maize.
To the price offered in the contract, transportation costs and other expenses, as well as a five percent profit margin is added, according to Mesfin Tesfaye, Procurement & Partnership Officer at the WFP. The price and delivery date for the different cooperatives is thus different, because regional prices and transportation costs differ.
The prices this year range from 420 Br a quintal for maize from the Southern region to the 520 Br for maize from Amhara. These rates are both lower than the 533 Br and 645.75 Br, respectively, paid the previous year.
Such a deal is beneficial to farmers, say Mesfin, because it guarantees demand, makes loans easily accessible and renegotiations make sure that farmers do not get a bad bargain. The WFP will also get a guaranteed supply, as the contracts encourage farmers to plant maize and because local Maize prices are always cheaper than international prices.
The WFP's forward delivery contract with farmers was launched in 2012/13, under two co-related WFP programs - Purchase for Progress (P4P) and the Maize Alliance.
P4P was launched in 2010 and is a system whereby the WFP buys most of the foods it distributes to emergency areas and schools from local small holder farmers. Prior to 2010, most of the WFP's purchases were from large traders and suppliers. This was because smallholder farmers could not fulfil warehousing, transportation and bid-bond requirements. After the WFP received complaints that the tender process was not pro-smallholder, it launched the P4P program, in 2010, in 29 countries, according to Mesfin Tesfaye.
In 2012, it decided to conduct purchase using forward trading deals, which is one of the four modalities under which the WFP conducts commodity procurement. The UN organ also makes food purchases through direct procurement, pro-small holder competition (limited to smallholders only) and pro-small holder processing option (which includes grain processing and is not available in Ethiopia).
For this, the Maize Alliance - a partnership of 10 governmental, aid and non-for profit organisations - was set up. The CBE is also in the alliance as a loan provider for cooperatives and farmers, if they are supplying the WFP. The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and the Federal & Regional Cooperative Agencies help in the selection of cooperatives.
This year's increased plans were announced at Harmony Hotel, in the presence of all stakeholders. This included Abdou Dieng, the WFP's country director; Khalid Bomba, CEO of the Agricultural Transformation Agency; Denis Weller, Mission Director of USAID and representatives from the MoA and the Federal Cooperatives Agency.
"Since the beginning of the programme, in 2010, P4P has procured over 60,000tns of food locally from smallholder farmers. This represents an injection of over 340 million Br into the local economy, equivalent to 18 million dollars," Dieng said in a speech he made at the event.
Three documents were signed at the event. The first was an MoU of all Maize Alliance partners. The second was a financing umbrella deal between the ATA, CBE and WFP. The CBE plans to loan up to 200 million Br at a 7.5pc interest rate. It provided 40 million Br in loans the previous year, 94pc of which have been repaid.
The third was a signing between four of the 29 selected unions. The cooperatives, except for one, were top performers, in terms of delivery during the previous contracts. These included - Admas Multipurpose Farmers Cooperative Union, which had its volume of delivery upped from 2000 MT to 4000MT this year; Merkeb Cooperative Union, which signed for the delivery 4500MT of maize, 500 more than its previous contract, and Sidama Elto Farmers Cooperative Union, which signed a contract for 4000 MT of maize; 1500 more than it was contracted for.