POWr Social Media Icons

Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Farm Radio international conducted a Participatory Agricultural Radio Series – or PARS, series of radio programs related to two of the commodity value chains involved in Improving Productivity and Marketing Success (IPMS) project of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in 2011: apiculture in the Tigray region, and fruit tree production in Sidama.

The PARS was implemented as a weekly series of 6 episodes of 30-minute radio programs related to some aspect of fruit tree value chains. Planned with input from and the participation of intended beneficiaries, the PARS engages farmers as central players to design, develop and implement a series of radio programs around an agricultural practice they deem essential to their livelihoods and overall food security.

Here you will find the six episode radio program in ‘Sidamegna’ language on fruit tree production in Sidama, Southern Ethiopia, with transcription in English on the description.

Track 1: Reproducing improved or new avocado plant seedlings and its advantage 
Track 2: Aavocado and mango seedling grafting
Track 3: Taking care of grafted seedlings of avocado and Mango fruits 
Track 4: Uses of the new grafted mango and avocado tree
Track 5: Market demand and consumers’ need at Shebedino wereda 
Track 6: Program audience feed back 


In any society some body who doesn't care about his/her own people whilst benefiting at their expenses is nothing other than a rotten fish that strongly stinks. The regional coward who is persistently using federal forces to suppress Sidamas' is an embarrassing person who doesn't have a mind of his own. As he wrongly & misguidedly emulates the actions of his federal's state validated criminals', his secondhand lecturing of the Sidamas telling them that they don't need regional self administration won't be blessings to them as it has never been. Rather, he's a very dangerous coward due to his immaturity as he remains as extremely malicious as his federal bosses' to Sidama people. The Sidamas must reject him and his actions unconditionally and unwaveringly.

Nigussie Roda Utala was born from his father Roda Utala and mother Wochale Chamara in February 1957.

Niguise Roda Utala completed his primary school in Hache Norwegian Luthern Mission primary school in Bansa. In his quest to advance his education, he joined Birru Woldegeberiel Junior secondary school in Kibremengist town, in the former Jemjem sub province of the present day Oromia region. However, his secondary education was abruptly interrupted following the Ethiopian revolution in 1974, which promulgated a law enforcing a nominal return of land to the tiller. Opposing the repressive rule of the military regime,  Nigussie and his father had subsequently joined an armed resistance movement that was operating in border areas of the former Bale province, in Oromia and and Sidamaland immediately following the 1974 revolution.   

Nigussie Roda Utala continued to fight the Derg (military junta) with untold bravery together with Yetera Bole, Hagos Utala, Argata Gunsa, Agegnew Yetera, Amare Gunsa, and other Sidama heroes for three years between 1974 and 1977. In 1977 he joined the Sidama Liberation Movement led by Woldeamanuel Dubale and contributed immensely to shape the movement in terms of mass mobilization, dissemination of the movement ideology to the masses and supply of weaponry for the armed struggle.

In 1980 Nigussie Roda Utala, together with other Sidama freedom fighters travelled to the neighboring Somalia on foot for 30 days to receive military training to liberate the Sidamaland. He and other Sidama freedom fighters received 6 month military training in Gerbahare province, in Dolo district, Duse Mereb military camp in Somalia in 1980.   After receiving military training on both combat and command skills for 6 months, Nigussie served as deputy commander of the 2nd division of SLM’s 2nd military Birgade which was led by Hagos Utala. Nigussie led the SLM military division in battle fields in Haroressa, Bansa, Harbagona, Dalle, Hula and Hawassa and accomplished several military victories over the Derg regime and gallantly liberated a number of districts and sizable Sidamaland from the military regime. He was an accomplished and respected Sidama freedom fighter.   

In addition to this, in a battle that took place in Bale province in Gensobo district, Worka town, Nigussie Roda Utala captured two Derg soldiers alive with their weapons. He dismantled the Derg military camp in Hogisso town killing a number of Derg soldiers.

In 1981 when SLM launched a counter offensive in Gura and Offorso areas in the former Jemjem sub province  to neutralize attacks orchestrated by the Derg through the local inhabitants, Nigussie participated in lighting night attacks that liberated areas stretching to Iya river in the said province.

Following SLM’s change in the strategy of the liberation struggle, in early 1980s, Nigussie’s father Roda Utala was killed in the battle field by the the Sidama bandits. [Alas! bandits continue to kill the true sons of Sidama even after 30 years of Roda Utala’s assassination!]

After the assassination of his father by the Sidama bandits and in his determination to carry the message of the fallen Sidama heroes and heroines in the battle field forward: “Ninke reyinumorono  sharronke reytonke” translated as “ even if we die the Sidama liberation struggle should never die”, Nigussie decided to travel back to Somalia to gather further support for the liberation movement. However, by  then the Derg regime had fully controlled areas between Sidama and Somalia including parts of the current Oromia region, Oganden lands occupied by Geri, Gura, Germude, Dawed and the like he was forced to travel 59 days on foot through  Harar province to reach his destination in Somalia.

He was an invincible freedom fighter who shouldered uncountable responsibilities for the liberation of his people.  Simply put, he was a brave Sidama freedom fighter.

Nigussie Roda Utala was the first person in the history of the Sidama people to broadcast the SLM’s  political  propaganda in Sidaamuafo from Somalia.   

Nigussue Roda Utala paid immeasurable sacrifices fighting against national subjugation, oppression and humiliation of  his people by the military dictatorship.

To retaliate Nigussie’s countless victories against highly armed and sophisticated military in battle fields, the Derg regime bribed few Sidama bandits to expose the whereabouts of his father Roda Utala who was then brutally murdered together with his younger daughter in Welle Hangala Farmer’s Association in Haroressa district in 1982. Nigussie’s father and his daughter were buried in the same grave by the bandits and Derg soldiers. His mother was badly wounded with rounds of bullet but survived and is alive to date to witness the ordeal of the family, which is aggravated today by the loss of her heroic son.  

Despite the ordeal he has endured, Nigussie had never given up his struggle against injustice on the Sidama people.  The brutality of the military regime including mass murder, cutting the breasts of Sidama girls, cutting the private parts and chopping the heads of Sidama men and hanging them on rural village markets to terrorize the rest of the population, never forced  the Sidama heroes like Nigussie Roda to succumb to the fear of death; instead it galvanized the struggle for freedom in the scale never hitherto witnessed in the nation’s history.   

Nigussie Roda continued his struggles for the liberation of the Sidama people while residing in Somalia until 1990, when the Somali government was overthrown. Following, the political turmoil in the country, he fled to Kenya where he lived until 1991. After the dawn fall of the brutal military regime in May 1991, Niguissie Roda Utala returned back to his beloved home land, Sidama, and continued his peaceful political activism in SLM.   He continued to serve as the head of the Public Relations Department of SLM until the EPRDF regime incarcerated him for two years in 1993 together with Yilma Chamole and Menkir G/ Mariam for alleged illegal mobilization of people for antigovernment activities. After being released from jail in 1995, Nigissie Roda Utala continued his peaceful struggle for the right of the Sidama people through active participation in citizen political awareness campaigns and participated in nominal elections  every 5 years.

While actively advising and working to the realization of the Sidama demand for regional self-administration, spearheaded by the gallant Sidama youth today, he succumbed to his illness on July 26, 2012. Nigussie Roda Utala was 54 years old, married and a father of 3 boys and 3 girls.  

We thank all who shared our sorrow on this day

From his comrades and families  

The three most important things the current generation shoud  learn from the history of this Sidama liberation icon:

1)      Resilience and perseverance,

2)      Selflessness and commitment to national cause

3)      Understating carefuly that the Sidama had and will always have their own share of bandits!

አዋሳ ነሐሴ 02/2004 የኦሞ ማይክሮ ፋይናንስ ተቋም በደቡብ ክልል የብድር አገልግሎት ከሰጣቸው ደንበኞች በተጠናቀቀው የበጀት አመት ከ520 ሚሊዮን በር በላይ በቁጠባ መሰብሰቡን አስታወቀ፡፡
በዚሁ የስራ ዘመን ከ767 ነጥብ 8ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ በብድር ማሰራጨቱም ተመልክቷል፡፡
የተቋሙ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ክፍል ሃላፊ አቶ ሰሎሞን ገለቱ ትናንት ለኢትዮጵያ ዜና አገልግሎት እንዳስታወቁት ገንዘቡ የተሰበሰበዉ የብድር ተጠቃሚ ከሆኑት ከ300 ሺህ ከሚበልጡ ደንበኞች ላይ ነው ።
በክልሉ የተለያዩ ዞኖች፣ ልዩ ወረዳዎችና የከተማ አስተዳደሮች የሚገኙት ደንበኞች በማህበር ተደራጅተውና በግል በተሰጣቸው የብድር ገንዘብ ልዩ ልዩ የስራ መስኮች ፈጥረው በመሰማራት ካገኙት ትርፍ ላይ መቆጠባቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡
ተቋሙ በበጀት አመቱ በተለያዩ የስራ ዘርፎች ለተሰማሩ ከ91 ሺህ በላይ አዲስና ነባር ደንበኞች ከ767 ነጥብ 8 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ ብድር መስጠቱንም ሃላፊው አመልክተዋል፡፡
የተሰራጨው የብድር ገንዘብ ከ2003 የበጀት አመት ጋር ሲነጻጸር በ51 በመቶ ብልጫ እንዳለው ጠቁመው የተሰራጨውም ገንዘቡ በግል እስከ 5ሺህ ብር በማህበር ደግሞ እስከ 100ሺህ ብርየሚደርስ መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡
የብድሩ ተጠቃሚ ደንበኞች በወሰዱት የብድር ገንዘብ በከብት ማደለብ ፣ በዶሮ እርባታ፣ በእርሻ፣ በጥቃቅንና አነስተኛ የልማት ዘርፎች መሰማራታቸዉን አስታዉቀዋል ።
የተቋሙ ዲላ ቅርንጫፍ ጽህፈት ቤት ሀላፊ አቶ ጌታቸው በዳሶ በበኩላቸው በጌዴኦ በቡርጂና በአማሮ አካባቢዎች ዘንድሮን ጨምሮ ባለፉት አመታት ለ38 ሺህ 720 ደንበኞች ከ143 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ በብድር በመስጠት ከ47 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ እንዲቆጥቡ ተደርጓል፡
፡በዚህ የብድርና የቁጠባ አገልግሎት ተጠቃሚ ከሆኑት መካከል 43 በመቶ ሴቶች ይገኙበታል ብለዋል፡፡
በአለታ ወንዶ አካባቢ የተቋሙ ንዑስ ቅርንጫፍ ተጠሪ አቶ ጸጋዬ ከምባታ እንዳስረዱት ደግሞ በግልና በማህበር ተደራጅተው የብድርና የሙያ ድጋፍ ተደርጎላችው ስራ ፈጥረው ከተሰማሩ 5 ሺህ 755 ደንበኞች እስካሁን ከ2 ነጥብ 7ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ በቁጠባ በመሰብሰብ ተጠቃሚ ሆነዋል፡፡
ከተቋሙ የአለታ ወንዶ አካባቢ ደንበኞች መካከል አቶ እንግዳ በየነና አቶ ሳሚ ፉጤ በሰጡት አስተያየት ከተቋሙ ባገኙት ብድር በእንጨትና ብረታ ብረት ስራ እንዲሁም በሆቴልና መስተንግዶ ተሰማርተው ከራሳቸው አልፎ ከ20 ለሚበልጡ ወጣቶች የስራ ዕድል መፍጠራቸዉን ገልጠዋል ።
በተሰማሩበት ትርፋማ በመሆናቸዉ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ከ160 ሺህ ብር በላይ ከመቆጠብ ባሻገር አብዛኛዎቹ የመኖሪያ ቤት ባለቤት ለመሆን መብቃታቸዉን ተናግረዋል፡፡
የኦሞ ማይክሮ ፋይናንስ ተቋም ከተመሰረተበት ከ1989ዓም ጀምሮ እስካሁን በስሩ ባሉት 15 ዋናና 157 ንዑስ ቅርንጫፎች አማካኝነት ለ470ሺህ 846 ደንበኞች ወደ ሶስት ቢሊዮን የሚጠጋ በብድር መሰጠቱንና አብዛኛው ግንዘብ ተመላሽ መደረጉን የህዝብ ግንኙነት ክፍል ሃላፊዉ አስታዉቀዋል ።

አዋሳ ነሐሴ 2/2004 በደቡብ ክልል በተጠናቀቀው የበጀት ዓመት በገጠር የቀበሌ ተደራሽ የመንገድ ግንባታ ፕሮግራም ከ1ሺህ 200 ኪሎ ሜትር በላይ መንገድ መሰራቱን የክልሉ ትራንስፖርት ቢሮ አስታወቀ ።
የቢሮ ኃላፊ አቶ ታገሠ ኤርሞ ትናንት ለኢትዮጵያ ዜና አገልግሎት እንደገለጹትመንገዶች በክልሉ የተለያዩ አቅጣጫዎች የተገነቡት ሀገራዊ የዕድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድን ተከትሎ ደረጃውን በጠበቀና ክረምት ከበጋ በሚያገለግል መልኩ ነዉ ።
የመንገዶቹ ገንባታ የተካሄደዉ ለፕሮግራሙ በተመደበ ከ1ነጥብ 4 ቢሊዮን ብር በላይ ወጪ መሆኑን አስታዉቀዋል ።
የመንገዶቹ መገንባት በክልሉ በከተማና በገጠር ፣ በአምራችና አገልግሎት ሰጪው እንዲሁም በግብርናና በኢንዱስትሪ ዘርፎች መካከል የሚኖረውን ትስስር በማጠናከር አርሶና አርብቶ አደሮችን እንዲሁም ሸማቹን ህብረተሰብ ተጠቃሚ እንደሚያደርግ አስታዉቀዋል ።
በክልሉ እስካሁን 39 በመቶ የገጠር ቀበሌዎችን ክረምት ከበጋ የሚያገናኝ መንገድ መኖሩን አቶ ታገሠ ጠቁመው በያዝነው የበጀት ዓመት ለዘርፉ ትኩረት በመስጠት ሽፋኑን ከፍ ለማድረግ በትኩረት እየተሰራ ነዉ ብለዋል ።
የገጠር መንገድ ተደራሽ ፕሮግራሙን ስኬታማ ለማድረግ በተያዘዉ እቅድ ከ5ሺህ 200 ኪሎ ሜትር በላይ የቅየሳ፣ የዲዛይንና ሌሎችም ስራዎች በበጀት ዓመቱ መከናወናቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡
የመንገድ ግንባታዉን ለማፋጠን በተያዘዉ እቅድ ከግማሽ ቢሊዮን ብር በላይ በሆነ ወጪ የተገዙ የተለያዩ የግንባታ ማሽነሪዎች በአሁኑ ጊዜ ወደ ተለያዩ የግንባታ ሣይቶች መሠራጨታቸውን አቶ ታገሰ አስታዉቀዋል ።
በክልሉ እተመዘገበ ላለውና በቀጣይነት ይመዘገባል ተብሎ ለሚጠበቀዉ ኢኮኖሚያዊ እድገት መንገድ ያለው ፋይዳ ከፍተኛ በመሆኑ ቢሮዉ ፕሮግራሙን ውጤታማ ለማድረግ 780 አባላት ያሏቸውን አነስተኛ የስራ ተቋራጮችን አደራጀቶ በማሰልጠን ወደ ስራ እንዲገቡ ማድረጉም ተገልጧል ።
የቀበሌ ተደራሽ መንገድ ግንባታ ፕሮግራም ከመንገድ ግንባታዉ አላማው ጎን ለጎን ለስራ እድል ፈጠራ ትኩረት የሚሰጥ በመሆኑ በበጀት ዓመቱ ከ162 ሺህ ለሚበልጡ ዜጎች የስራ እድል መፍጠሩን ገልጠዋል ።
የስራ እድሉን ካገኙት መካከልም 50 ሺህ ያህሉ ሴቶች ናቸው ብለዋል፡፡
በክልሉ 14 ዞኖችና አራት ልዩ ወረዳዎች የሚገኙ 4ሺህ የሚጠጉ ቀበሌዎችን በሚቀጥሉት አራት አመታት ከዋናው መንገድ ጋር ለማገናኘት ከ14ሺህ ኪሎ ሜትር በላይ መንገድ እንደሚገነባ አቶ ታገሠ ተናግረዋል፡፡