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Sunday, March 6, 2016


Sidama people have their concept of Seera, which gives them a feeling of identity strong moral commitment, and culturally defined ability to debate conflicts and create consensus. In cultural morality and ethics of Sidama society, truth has great value and justice procedure treat through Halaale/truth principles through analyze by Hayyo/logical reasoning. This could be a strong asset for building a democracy. Among them, Sidama people gather at Gudumale/gathering place and at Mote/chief before Cimeessa/elder; the truth never gets dried up, rather it continues strong and viable. The justice of Sidama/conflicts resolution mechanism is taken place with four levels of councils that deliberate and decide on matters of societal affairs which show the democratic nature of the system. It includes in ascending from lower to high: Olluu Songo (the lowest unit of elders council), Ayidu Songo (medium level council) and Garote Songo (the highest council of elders). These levels of Songo have legitimate authority to deal on different issues and pass decisions applicable in their respective jurisdictions. The role of Songo in the traditional authority is highly capitalized in its exercise of power and authority in mitigating the issue of conflicts. All kinds of conflicts management activities are based on concept of “Halaale”/supreme truth. The core function of the political and administrative system is managing and solving conflicts peacefully between and among the members of the community. The Sidama people`s traditional judiciary system is highly surprising. The strength of this judiciary system lies in bringing together the participation of much reconciliation (Araarsa) between the parties in conflict. The hearing is conducted in a calm manner and deep insight to the cases under discussion. The hearing is performed by local elders, especially by prominent leaders in the shade of an aged tree. It is hearing that is founded on search for truth and justice. The place where tribunal sits is called Gudumale. The Gudumale are structured in hierarchical chain of power. The cases submitted to the tribunal are dealt with depending on their magnitude. The plaintiff or the complaining part presents his case to the tribunal /Songo. After hearing to the case the elders begin the examination and analysis of the case by saying “Affini” which means «Have you heard» and calculate the case among the members of the tribunal. It is discussed thoroughly by valuing every ideas, comments and suggestions forwarded by the members of the tribunal. Then the truth starts to shine in this filtering process. With this, the tribunal begins to step-by-step move to process of forgoing judgment. After the judgment is passed in this way, if there is any party dissatisfied by the judgments, such a party may submit its appeal against the judgments to the next higher Gudumale/assembling place. However, this right is granted only if the elders believe that case is tough enough to call for an appeal. For meeting more time elders uses ancestors burial arias due to these places were believe as safe and  respected; in order to truth never gets dried up. At some places ancestor burial areas and Gudumale/meeting places are separated. The“Gudumales”/ Songo places such as Xumano, Bunamo, and Gadira in Shabadino Woreda, Burxe in Bansa Woreda, Wonkano in Gorchee Woreda, Shiisho in Dara Woreda Bera in Dale Woreda, Garamba in Harbegona Woreda, Manicho in Malga Woreda, are the ideal places to visit cultural justice of the Sidama people. Sidama Zone department of tourism and all Ethiopian tour operators can arrange your tour.

Source: From Social media- Toursim Sidama Facebook
Dagger Mountain Sidama Ardi
Dagger Mountain Sidama ArdiWe’ve come to the end of the road of the samples that Dagger Mountain Roastery sent my way. Even more sad, this coffee is sold out (although that’s a good problem for my friends in Valparaiso, IN!). Nonetheless, it’s worth sharing my thoughts with you so it can help you make good coffee purchasing choices in the future! When this coffee was available, it retailed directly from Dagger Mountain Roastery for $18/12oz bag. The coffee is made up of heirloom varietals grown around the town of Kilenso Moconissa in the Sidama region of Ethiopia. Altitude is 1850-1950masl in this part of the country and this is a natural process coffee with tasting notes of, “Strawberry, blueberry, cocoa nibs, orange wafer.”
So, first things first, which is correct? Sidama or Sidamo, because you’ll see it written both ways all the time. Well, both are correct, so never fret, my spell-checking friends! The language of Ethiopia, Amharic, uses its own non-Roman characters for letter, and there is no agreed way of transliterating the characters. As such, you’ll see multiple spellings all over coffee bags for places in Ethiopia, and they are all more or less correct! One last fun fact and then it’s on to the coffee… this coffee, Ardi, shares its name with Ardi, the oldest human-ish skeleton ever found. Ardi’s skeleton was dated to being 4.4 million years old and it was found in an excavation in Ethiopia.
Now, let’s check out this natural coffee from Dagger Mountain! It was a pretty light roast level, which is necessary when the roaster is trying to enhance the fruit flavors in a natural coffee instead of the chocolates and cocoas. The fragrance on the dry grounds was redolent of ripe strawberry and a bit of blueberry and it reminded me of Frankenberry cereal from when I was a kid! In the cup this proved to be a light and subtle take on this style of coffee, which can often be very sweet and rather heavy on the palate.
Dagger Mountain’s Sidama Ardi had a light body and mouthfeel for me. It had lots of fresh strawberry flavors in it, true to the fragrance on the grounds, and a fair amount of sweet lemon acidity, like a lemon candy. The aftertaste was fruity with a bit of chocolate and overall I found this coffee to be sweet and bright, but not at all cloying. Natural coffees can sometimes be too fruity, too fermented, too sweet and/or too heavy to some palates. I didn’t find any of that with this coffee and I actually liked it the best of the three that Dagger Mountain sent my way. It’s a shame it’s sold out, but keep your eyes peeled for their next natural coffee from Ethiopia and jump on it when you get the chance!
Kenyan striker Eric Muranda struck once as Sidama Bunna were held to a 1 – 1 draw by Dashen Bira in an Ethiopian Premier League fixture played on Friday 4 March in Yirgalem.
The former Tusker FC, City Stars and Posta Rangers man broke the deadlock on the sixth minute capitalizing on the opponent’s defensive lapse but Yetesha Gizaw pulled back in the 37th minute.
None of the side could snatch the winner in the final half. Bunna remains fourth on the 14-team log with 19 points, four behind leaders St. George FC from 13 games.
Bira on their side are a point above the relegation zone. Muranda, meanwhile scored his third goal so far this season.
Degu Debebe
Elsewhere, Hawassa Ketema edged out champions St. George in a game played at Hawassa Stadium. Firdawek Sisay and Asechalew Girma scored a goal apiece for Hawassa with Degu Debebe getting a consolation for the visitors.
Saint George missed an opportunity to extend their lead at top as Hawassa City beat them 2-1 in a Week 13 of the Ethiopian Premier League on Saturday, 4 March 2016.
The 'Horsemen' were in league action for the first time since a 1-1 draw away wit Seychellois side, Saint Michel United at the preliminary round of the Orange CAF Champions League.
It was the second loss for the Addis Ababa based side, after a 2-0 defeat to Adama City last October.
The hosts, Hawassa City were the dominant side in the first half creating numerous goal scoring chances in the process. Captain Mulugeta Mherete and Mujib Kassim came very close to open the scores whilst Adane Girma had the best attempt on goal at the other end.
Hawassa broke the deadlock nine minutes after recess through Firdaaweke Sisay. Desta Yohannis set up Sisay to slot home from close range and give Hawassa a surprising lead.
Saint George managed to equalize when captain Degu Debebe headed home a free kick from Behailu Assefa in the 78th minute.
The hosts turned things around in the dying moments of the game as Asechalew Girma finished off a great cross from Yohannis to clinch a shock victory.
The Horsemen tried to level matters through unlikely source when Ugandan-import Robert Odongkara rose to head a corner, but his effort sailed wide off the post.
Despite the defeat, Saint George, who have played two games less remains at the top of the log with 23 points. Adama City sits second on same points but inferior goal difference with Dedebit in third position on 22 points.
Adama City forward Tafesse Tesfaye leads the top goal scoring chart with nine, two more than Saint George's Girma and last season's top scorer, Nigerian Samuel Sanumi of Dedebit.
Meanwhile, the Ethiopian champions will come up against holders TP Mazembe of DR Congo next weekend at the 1/16th round of the Orange CAF Champions League.