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Monday, August 24, 2015

ሬጌ ሃዋሳ ምኑ ላይ ነው የሃዋሳነቱ?

Anyhow ጥቂት ስለ ሬጌ ሙዝቃ፦ Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, especially the New Orleans R&B practiced byFats Domino and Allen Toussaint, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady.

Read more at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reggae 
Eniyachew Fanto & Messay Goa - Regga Hawassa
Reggae Hawassa
Last weekend (weekend of July 24th) most of the Emory students [...] and I took a weekend trip to Hawassa, ....On Sunday we drove 45 minutes to Hawassa with one goal in mind: find duckweed. While there are many aspects to the research project we are working on, the entire project hinges on successfully cultivating duckweed, a tiny aquatic plant, and it is my job to ensure that we succeed. Despite being native to Ethiopia and a fast growing invasive ‘weed’, duckweed has remained elusive thus far. Ani identified duckweed growing in the baptismal ponds of Lalibela, the famous rock-hewn churches in northern Ethiopia, but being a holy site, he wasn’t able to collect any. We had a tip that duckweed is present in Hawassa – the authors of a research paper I read collected duckweed in marshes around Lake Hawassa – so we couldn’t return to Addis empty handed.

Yup, it's a hut.
Yup, it’s a hut.
The stairs lead to a bedroom and bathroom.
The stairs lead to a bedroom and bathroom.
Behind the wooden wall are stairs that lead down to an additional bathroom and bedroom.
Behind the wooden wall are stairs that lead down to an additional bathroom and bedroom.

We started our hunt at a resort on Lake Hawassa, mainly so we could check out the lakefront and get internet access to do a little bit of work. Biruh, our fearless leader (and only Amharic speaker), presented a waiter at the lakefront bar with a picture of the duckweed Ani found in Lalibela and asked if he knew where we could find it in Hawassa. The waiter did not know, but he introduced Biruh to a tour boat operator whom might know. The operator said yes, he knew where we could find duckweed, and he could take us there for 350 ETB (17.5 USD) plus 150 ETB (7.50 USD) if he jumped in the water to collect it for us. We passed on the offer figuring we could find someone else who would tell us where to go without paying. Biruh asked the concierge, who asked a few other resort employees, until one said that not only did he know where we could find duckweed, he would also gladly take us there himself for free.
30 minutes later we found ourselves in the car with the hospitality manager of the resort (hospitality, indeed!) driving to a popular restaurant and boardwalk area along Lake Hawassa. Traffic was a mess, the area was packed, and we couldn’t have looked more out of place: a resort manager in a suit, an Ethiopian student, and 3 foreigners with backpacks and empty water bottles to collect what is widely regarded as an invasive weed. In Ethiopia, if you have a task you are trying to accomplish it’s extremely common that people walking by will stop and try to help you accomplish it, regardless of your opinion on the situation. Although nobody offered to help the strange man in a suit climb down a hill to check out a patch of green algae on the edge of the lake (it wasn’t duckweed), plenty of people stopped to watch us. We weren’t having much luck along the edge of the lake, likely because duckweed prefers still waters, but we only had to walk a few more minutes before we struck gold – to the right of the boardwalk on the other side of a wall we spotted a large wastewater pond, the surface entirely obscured by a thick layer of duckweed.

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of potential of natural pasture and other feed resources in sweet potato production system of Shebedino District, Sidama Zone, SNNPRS, Ethiopia

International Journal of Livestock Production
Potential of natural pasture in Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia was assessed. Based on availability and practice of supplementation of sweet potato vine (SPV) for livestock, 6 representative kebeles were selected from among 3 towns, 4 Degas, 15 sweet-potato-producing (SPP) and 13 sweet-potato-non-producing (SPNP) Kebeles. From each Kebele 30 households (HHs) were randomly selected and interviewed. Grazing land was protected (June-December/2013) and forage samples taken using a 0.5 m × 0.5 m quadrate from three strata. District average land holding was 0.43±0.45 ha/HH, SPP having larger land holding than that of town kebeles. In towns with no grazing land, 40% of HHs feed byproducts to livestock. In SPP and SPNP Dega Kebeles, private grazing land provided 37 to 43% of feed. All farmers feed SPV to livestock and most during dry seasons, although only 20% of the HHs cultivate sweet potato. Feed shortage was 35% of constraints to livestock production followed by low productivity of livestock (19%). At times of critical feed shortage, 50% of town-HHs sell their livestock, the rest prefer searching for supplements as mitigation strategy. Dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) yields ((3663±63 and 3187±50 kg/ha, respectively) of the 4th cut was the highest (p<0.05). Upper strata produced the highest (p<0.05) DM (4145±132 kg/ha) and OM (3604±112 kg/ha) yields. Similarly, DM (4145 ±132 kg/ha) and OM (3604±112 kg/ha) yields of upper strata at 4th cut were highest (p<0.05) of all cutting stages and strata combinations. The DM and CP contents of green grass of first cut were 33.77±3.83 and 15.17±0.00 and at the 4th cut 91.57±11.79 and 10.76±0.00%, respectively. In-vitro DM Digestibility of grasses of first cut was 68.11±0.00 and of 4th cut 57.8±0.04%. As family size increased, grazing land and the corresponding feed get reduced, hence decreased livestock productivity. With stage of maturity of the natural pasture, DM and OM yield increased but CP and DM digestibility decreased. Therefore conserving natural pasture as hay need be encouraged.
Read more at :http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJLP/article-abstract/7C2A26254908
Photo:Tim Hurley
“Safari” is one of the few African words to make it into the English language - it means “journey”, and “njema” means “‘good”. My contact in the Irish education charity Camara in Ethiopia wished me “safari njema”.
Having flown through the night it was amazing to touch down in Africa for the first time, just as the sun was dawning on a new day.
Driving from Addis Ababa Airport towards the city to the hotel, the contrasts were striking: old beaten up blue-and-white taxis, repainted by hand with grainy paint-brush strokes, mixed with a small few shiny new cars on a new main road to the city. There’s a lot of building going on, revealing a city working hard to drive itself into the modern world. Of course, it also has the wonderful all-year-round pleasant heat of a sub-tropical, high-altitude climate, which made for a pleasant change from the rain and sleet I left behind in Ireland.
My first trip to one of the schools that Camara works with was an amazing experience. Seid Kasim, a 15-year-old student had this to say: “We can now use computers to help with our homework and the applications help with our learning process. Before these computers we hadn’t worked with the internet, so it helps, for example, if we have projects or group work that we can now use these computers.”
Although the surroundings and environment that these children go to school in every day would be utterly unthinkable for us, they don’t see it that way. The grounds are comprised of solid, hard, dry earth and the smell of warm dust in the air is permanent. The run-down classroom walls - inside and out - would probably reject a lick of paint at this stage.
There was time for lunch too at a local, authentic Ethiopian restaurant with a wide array of tasty, mostly spicy vegetarian food. Afterwards, we had the best coffee I’ve ever tasted from their own charcoal coffee brewing pot. Every household in Ethiopia has one.
The Ethiopian people are inspiring: everyone I met had the same soft spoken, humble and good-natured way about them. They bring a new meaning to the word dignity.
Addis Ababa is almost 2,500m above sea level, twice the height of Ireland’s highest mountain Carrauntoohil, so the air is thin and sometimes you can feel short of breath. I wondered what the air in Kenya had in store as I departed on safari njema part two.
Madam Rose, the English teacher at Star of the Sea Primary School in Mombasa, told me proudly with a smile: “This is Kenya. This is my home. Home is always best.” Wonderful, softly-spoken, simple words of wisdom.
As an Irishman in Africa, it seems apt to blend some Irish and Swahili words together. I think “Safari njema abhaile” has a nice ring to it; the good journey home.
There were many heart-warming moments on this trip, and at the core of every one were the wonderful people I met. From the children of all ages whose universal language of laughter brought a smile to me every day, to the teachers and staff at the schools I went to visit. All were kind, humble, proud and honourable people, working hard to give the next generation of children a better chance to break the cycle of poverty through education.
Source: http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/travel/travel-writer-east-africa-the-people-were-kind-humble-proud-1.2320746