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Friday, July 31, 2015

US President Barack Obama made history this week by becoming the first sitting president to visit Ethiopia and to deliver a speech before the African Union.

Obama's plan to visit Ethiopia was rebuked by human right advocates who argued that it would award undue praise to the Ethiopian government, which has pursued a crackdown on local media workers resulting in dozens of detentions and multi-year prison sentences, including the jailing of six members of the Global Voices community. The ruling party also secured 100% of parliamentary seats in the May 2015 elections, leaving Ethiopians suspicious that authorities had interfered with electoral systems.

The tone of the disappointment and anger began to ease after the release of several bloggers and journalists prior to the arrival of President Obama.

President Barack Obama and Ethiopia Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn hold a press conference at the National Palace
Barack Obama and PM Hailemariam Desalegn hold a press conference at the National Palace. Public Domain photo by the White House.

During his visit, President Obama and PM Desalegn were joined for a state dinner by prominent Ethiopian figures including artists, sportsmen and politicians. However, the leader of the Ethiopian Blue Party Yilikal Getnet turned down an invitation to the dinner, saying “it would amount to taking part in a luxurious dinner while millions suffer in Ethiopia.”

Displeased with President Obama's support for the Ethiopian government, Jawar Mohammed, a prominent advocate in Ethiopia-Oromo affairs, wrote on Facebook:

The US is now firmly and officially endorsing authoritarianism in Ethiopia

When we look at the statements by US officials Donald Booth (former ambassador to Ethiopia who said the 2010 election was good enough), Wendy Sherman (Deputy Secretary of State), Susan Rice (national security adviser) and now president Obama who in his speech twice declared the regime is democratically elected, we reach a conclusion that the United States [has] decided to publicly align itself with the Ethiopian authoritarian regime, both in words and deeds. The US has always supported this regime practically through massive aid, however, even George Bush's administration maintained verbal criticism of the authoritarian nature of the regime. The US has now gone blunt as Obama's administration has officially and openly endorsed the ‘developmental dictatorship’ narrative. Why is that?

1) Somalia- after the attempt to replace Ethiopia by Kenya and Uganda as its own extended hand for messing with Somalia's internal affairs failed to produce result, America is now back to the old tactic of fully relying on Ethiopian army and intelligence.

2) China- While US remains increasingly dependent on Ethiopia for its security interest, China has developed unmatched influence in the economy. William Davison nicely summarized this reality in his latest report, writing ” When Barack Obama became the first sitting President of the United States to touch down in Ethiopia’s capital on Sunday evening, it was at an airport being upgraded using a $250-million Chinese loan. His convoy then zipped along a six-lane urban expressway, also funded by the Export-Import Bank of China, to Meskel Square, where the two lines of a new Chinese-built electric railway intersect. Towering over the capital’s southwest, he may have spotted the headquarters of the African Union, a $200 million giveaway from China’s leaders.”


US President Barack Obama's visit to Ethiopia, which saw him speak out against democratic restrictions, was positive but Washington must maintain pressure on the government, an Ethiopian opposition figure said Wednesday.

"I was not in favour of his coming, but (the visit) exposed Ethiopia and its government," said Merera Gudina, the vice-president of the opposition Medrek party, hailing the media and NGO interest generated by Obama's remarks.

"I think the cause of democracy benefited from this," Gudina said.

"But we have to wait for the follow-up. If the US really means business, they have a lot of leverage with the Ethiopian government. But the US needs Ethiopia on the war on terror. It's a major ally in the Horn of Africa," he said, adding that he feared Obama's comments were "only for public relations."

Obama was in Ethiopia on Monday and Tuesday, making the first-ever visit to the country by a US president.

On Tuesday he became the first US leader to address the Addis Ababa-headquartered African Union.

Obama delivered a blunt appraisal of Ethiopia's democracy deficit but said it would not scuttle the two countries' close security and political relationship.

"There is still more work to do, and I think the prime minister is the first to admit there is still more to do," Obama said during a joint news conference on Monday with Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose party won 100 percent of seats in parliament two months ago.

Rights groups had warned that Obama's visit could add credibility to a government they accuse of suppressing democratic rights -- including the jailing of journalists and critics -- with anti-terrorism legislation said to be used to stifle peaceful dissent.

But Hailemariam pushed back against criticism his government has quashed opposition voices and suppressed press freedom.

"Our commitment to democracy is real and not skin deep," he said, adding that Ethiopia is a "fledgling democracy, we are coming out of centuries of undemocratic practices".


Thursday, July 30, 2015

Caroline White
Thursday, 30 July 2015

A planned caesarean section birth is ‘safest’ for breech delivery, but the absolute risks of vaginal delivery are small, reveals an analysis* of the available published evidence in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
The best way to deal with breech babies is the subject of ongoing debate, as C-section is not without risk. The researchers therefore pooled the data from 27 relevant studies, involving just short of 259,000 women, to find out the absolute and relative risks of death and complications associated with planned vaginal breech delivery up to seven days after the birth.
The analysis suggests that the overall perinatal mortality in the planned vaginal delivery and planned caesarean section groups for a term breech baby were 253 (0.3%) and 79 (0.05%), respectively.
In other words, the absolute risks of perinatal mortality in planned vaginal and planned caesarean deliveries were about 1 in 300 and 1 in 2,000, respectively.
These results were lower than the perinatal mortality rates associated with a vaginal delivery where the baby was positioned head first in a WHO study. This found the risk of foetal and neonatal death was 0.39 and 0.38%, respectively.
Furthermore, the absolute risks of neurological problems, birth trauma, 5 minute Apgar score of less than seven, and neonatal asphyxia were 0.7%, 0.7%, 2.4% and 3.3%, respectively.
Study co-author Yifru Berhan, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ethiopia, commented: “Our results show that the relative risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity was between 2 and 5 times higher in planned vaginal breech delivery compared to planned caesarean section birth. However, the absolute risks were very small.”
He added: “Although the controversy is still unresolved, our study substantiates the practice of individualised decision making around delivering a breech baby. Future research should focus on a comparative study on vaginal breech and non-breech delivery.”
Professor Alan Cameron, Vice President of Clinical Quality for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), commented: “The College currently recommends that caesarean delivery is the safest mode of delivery for the baby when in a breech position.
“However, there are benefits and risks associated with both caesarean delivery and vaginal breech birth, and women are encouraged to discuss and weigh up the options with their obstetrician so they can choose the best plan for themselves and their baby.”
Royal College of Midwives practice and standards professional advisor, Mervi Jokinen, added: “This is an interesting topic where some studies have had a significant impact in changing practice, reducing women’s choice, and to some extent contributing to the rising numbers of caesarean sections globally.”

She continued: “The authors conclude even combining all the studies does not necessarily give the right answers on an individual level. All births carry an element of risk, however small.
“The important issue here is that women are aware of the evidence around breech birth, including the risks and the benefits of either a vaginal delivery or caesarean, so that they can make a decision about how they want to give birth. It is important that they discuss this with their midwife or doctor.”

Read more at: http://www.onmedica.com/newsArticle.aspx?id=f78fab39-86c2-4a32-86e4-4ac92bc428ff

Sunday, July 26, 2015

Image result for coffeeየቡናን ዘርፍን በበላይነት እንዲመራ የሚቋቋመው የኢትዮጵያ የቡናና ሻይ ልማትና ግብይት ባለሥልጣን፣ ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት እንዲሆን ጥያቄ ቀረበ፡፡ 
ባለሥልጣኑን ለማቋቋም የተዘጋጀው የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ረቂቅ ደንብ እንደሚለው ባለሥልጣኑ ተጠሪነቱ ለግብርና ሚኒስቴር ነው፡፡
ሰሞኑን የኢትዮጵያ ቡና ላኪዎች ማኅበር በረቂቅ ደንቡ ላይ ለመወያየት ባዘጋጀው መድረክ ላይ ቡና ላኪዎች፣ ባለሥልጣኑ ለግብርና ሚኒስቴርም ሆነ ለንግድ ሚኒስቴር ተጠሪ ከሆነ ቀደም ሲል ከነበረው የተሻለ አደረጃጀትም ሆነ ሥልጣን አይኖረውም ብለዋል፡፡
ዘርፉ ያለበት ችግር የተወሳሰበ በመሆኑ ተጠሪነቱ በቀጥታ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት እንዲሆን ነጋዴዎቹ አሳስበዋል፡፡
አገሪቱ ትልቁን የውጭ ምንዛሪ የምታገኝበት የቡና ዘርፍ በተለይ ልማቱ በግብርና ሚኒስቴር፣ ግብይቱ ደግሞ በንግድ ሚኒስቴር ሆኖ ቆይቷል፡፡ የቡና ዘርፍ በእነዚህ መዋቅሮች በሚተዳደርበት ወቅት በተከታታይ ዓመታት ከቡና ዘርፍ ትልቅ ገቢ ለማግኘት ቢታቀድም፣ ጠንካራ የማስፈጸም አቅም ያለው የቡና ዘርፍ አመራር ባለመኖሩ ዕቅዱን በስኬት ማጀብ አለመቻሉ ይነገራል፡፡
ይህንን ችግር ለመፍታት የተለያዩ ጥናቶች ከመደረጋቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ጥናቶቹን ያካሄዱ ኤክስፐርቶች የኮሎምቢያንና የጓቲማላን ልምድ ለመቅሰም የተለያዩ ጉዞዎችን አድርገዋል፡፡ በመጨረሻ የተደረሰበት ውሳኔ በደርግ መንግሥት ዘመን ዘርፉን ሲመራ የነበረውን የቡናና ሻይ ባለሥልጣን መልሶ ማቋቋም ሆኗል፡፡
የቀድሞ ቡናና ሻይ ባለሥልጣን፣ በአሁኑ ወቅት ለግል ኩባንያዎች የተላለፉት በበቃ፣ ሊሙና ቴፒ  እርሻ ልማት ድርጅቶችን ጨምሮ ያስተዳድር ነበር፡፡
አዲሱ ተቋም የሚያስተዳድረው እርሻ ባይኖርም፣ አገሪቱ የምታመርተውን የቡና ምርት ማሳደግና የተወሳሰበውን የቡና ግብይት ወደ ተሻለ ደረጃ ማሳደግ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡ ረቂቅ ደንቡ በተጨማሪም ሙሉ ሥልጣን ሰጥቶታል፡፡
ላለፉት ዓመታት መንግሥት ከቡና ዘርፍ ብዙ ቢጠበቅም ባለበት ከመሄድ አልፎም ዝቅ ያለ የሥራ አፈጻጸም ሲያስመዘግብ ቆይቷል፡፡
በተጠናቀቀው በጀት ዓመት ከዘርፉ 191 ሺሕ ሜትሪክ ቶን ቡና ወደ ውጭ በመላክ 1.2 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ለማግኘት ታቅዶ ነበር፡፡ ነገር ግን በበጀት ዓመቱ 184 ሺሕ ሜትሪክ ቶን ተልኮ 780 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ተገኝቷል፡፡ ይህ ገቢ ከአምናው በ61 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ብልጫ ቢኖረውም፣ ዕቅዱ ላይ መድረስ አልቻለም፡፡
የዘርፍ ተዋናዮች እንደሚሉት በቡና የውጭ ገበያ በዓመቱ መጀመርያ ከፍተኛ ችግር የነበረ ሲሆን፣ የበጀት ዓመቱ ሊጠናቀቅ አቅራቢያ የዓለም የቡና ዋጋ ከፍ በማለቱ የተወሰነ ለውጥ መጥቷል፡፡
መንግሥት በቡና ዘርፍ ግብይት በየዓመቱ አሥር በመቶ ዕድገት ለማስመዝገብ ቢያቅድም፣ በተለይ በንግድ ሚኒስቴር ሥር በአንድ አነስተኛ ዲፓርትመንትት የሚመራ በመሆኑ ዕቅዱን መሳካት አለመቻሉ በቡና ላኪዎች ማኅበር ውይይት ላይ ተገልጿል፡፡
ባለሀብቶቹ በማኅበራቸው አማካይነት ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ጋር በቅርቡ በጉዳዩ ላይ ይመክራሉ ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡

ምንጭ፦ ሪፖርተር ጋዜጣ 
2015 good food awards
The 5th Annual Good Food Awards Ceremony took place last night in San Francisco, honoring coffee roasters alongside craft producers in categories such as beer, cheese, spirits, oils and preserves. Sixteen winning single-origin coffees from 16 U.S. roasteries were deemed award-worthy out of a pool of 24 finalists. All but two coffees, both from Panama, came from either Ethiopia or Kenya.
The awards program has become one of the most influential in the coffee world, giving winners a chance to market the GFA seal and trumpet their coffees as the best of the best, both in terms of cup quality and sustainable and responsible practices. As its influence has grown and the growing program has gotten more competitive, so too has it taken some criticisms. (See our companion piece with GFA coffee awards committee chair Jen Apodaca to discuss how the program operates and what changes we might see moving forward.)

Without further ado, here are the 2015 Good Food Award Winning Coffees

Bean Fruit Coffee Co., Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Chele’lektu, Mississippi
Blue Bottle Coffee, Ethiopia Sidama Homacho Waeno, New York
Case Coffee Roasters, Kenya Muthonjo AA, Oregon
Four Barrel Coffee, Ethiopia Bulga, California
Kaldi’s Coffe Roasting Co., Ethiopia Dama, Missouri
Kuma Coffee, Panama Carmen Estate, Washington
Madcap Coffee, Ethiopia Reko, Michigan
Magpie Coffee Roasters, Kenya Gondo AB, Nevada
Metric Coffee Co., Kenya Kayu AB, Illinois
Metropolis Coffee Co., Ethiopia Sidamo Suke Quto & Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Aylele, Illinois
Noble Coffee Roasting, Ethiopian Shilcho, Oregon
Onyx Coffee Lab, Julio’s El Zapote Gesha, Arkansas
Panther Coffee Roasters, Kenya Kirura, Florida
ReAnimator Coffee, Ethiopia Aramo, Pennsylvania
Square One Coffee, Ethiopia Kore Kochore, Pennsylvania
Verve Coffee Roasters, Elida Estate Green-Tip Gesha, California
ምንጭ፦ http://dailycoffeenews.com

Monday, July 20, 2015

Ethiopia has been named to be the World’s Best Tourism Destination for 2015. It was given the award by the the European Council on Tourism and Trade, who praised Ethiopia’s outstanding natural beauty, dramatic landscapes and ancient culture. Thirty-one …

Sidama’s New Year
Ethiopia has been named to be the World's Best Tourism Destination for 2015. It was given the award by the the European Council on Tourism and Trade, who praised Ethiopia's outstanding natural beauty, dramatic landscapes and ancient culture.
Thirty-one countries were considered for the illustrious award this year, with Ethiopia coming top of the pile. Ethiopia has nine UNESCO World Heritage sites, which were heralded by the commission and the aim is to boost tourist revenues to USD three billion this year - in 2013 revenues from tourism were at USD two billion. But instead of beach holidays and safaris, Ethiopia is promoting its imperial past, its natural beauty and its cultural heritage, one of which is Sidama's New year, Fitche-Cambalala, writes Henok Reta.
Ethiopia has long been known for its cultural diversity. Words such as multi-lingual, multi-cultural and a typical heterogeneous society have been used by many to express these massive contrasts. 
However, this time, the diversity includes the use of a different calendar. Visiting the land of the Southern Peoples, Nations and Nationalities at the present time would be an extraordinary experience for one who still wonders if Ethiopia uses a different calendar. Indeed, many have been surprised that the latest millennium celebration in Ethiopia  took place  nearly eight years after the rest of the world.  
In Hawassa, seemingly attracting more massive numbers of local and foreign visitors than other bigger towns in the country, an ambitious plan is taking place—a plan that would probably make it an ideal tourist destination in East Africa due to its massive potential for tourism. 
With a population of over 300,000 Hawassa is ever-working, ever-growing. The city is located 275km south of Addis Ababa, 180 km South of Ziway and 20 km south of Shashemene. It is one of the fast growing cities in the country and can be considered to be model for many other towns all over the country. Since the current political administration took power almost 25 years ago, Hawassa  has been named the capital of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Regional State.
Founded more than 50 years ago, Hawassa typically distinguishes itself as a home for more than 45 tribes in the southern region, which does not happen in other regional capitals. In spite of previous tribal conflicts in the regional capital, particularly between the indigenous Sidama tribe and others, nowadays Hawassa remains a capital of diversity. It draws tens of thousands of people for annual festivals and rituals.
Nevertheless nothing is as dominant as Fitche-Cambalala, the Sidama people’s New Year. According to socio-cultural heritages handed down by forefathers through generations to descendants, Sidama New Year (Fitche) has been celebrated for more than 2000 years. The basis for such unique local New Year’s Day determination and celebration is the Sidama calendar which was an outcome of unreserved and relentless innovative efforts of selected knowledgeable and highly respected group of people who were actively involved in a profound study of the solar system among which the moon, earth, sun and stars are included.
Starting from the ancient times up to the present day this selected group of people has been undertaking comprehensive study on characteristics including shape, color, volume, distance between each other, mobility, change of their position through time and related situations of the solar system. To accomplish the very tasks of such unique phenomenon in the locality, they get out of their living house at midnight and assemble outside and observe situations of the moon and stars for several hours a day for at least four to six days per month. Most of the time they perform such tasks collectively and on some occasions they carry out their study individually. When undertaking the investigation in groups each will present analyzed findings of what he has observed and thoroughly discussions on observations and findings will be conducted to arrive at plausible conclusion. If observations and related investigations are done individually, investigation findings will be presented on appointed time and place where general meeting of the group is held.
Basically, it marks the herald of spring at least by a month beforehand. According to Aklilu Adelo, chief of Sidama zonal administration, the New Year celebration is based on a traditional wisdom of astronomy. Ayantos, respected elders, are the people who declare the day on which the New Year falls on after having appraised the stars in their calm night sky. He explains that Fitche-Cambalala has long been the most exciting holiday, featuring dramatic rituals for the Sidama people. 
“Now, we have embarked on a new era to celebrate it with festivities and gatherings,” he says. 
The regional capital is decked out with the Sidama clothing, dance and culinary activities on this three-day long festivity while the countryside continues celebrating for more than a couple of weeks. 
From the very day the ayantos announce the start of the New Year, millions of Sidama people commence preparations at home. Somewhat conforming with another popular holiday—Meskel—everything, including food making, is held months ahead across the region. False bananas, locally known as enset, are the most significant source of food. A variety of Sidama’s traditional foods are made from enset. 
Dances and merrymaking, popular activities among Ethiopians, have, for some time, been an incredible identity amongst the peoples all over the country. The first day of the festival features an eve revelry. 
The eve of the New Year is popularly called Fitaari. During this event households residing nearby gather in the house of this eldest father in the neighborhood to celebrate the event. As mentioned above, preparations  made by each household to celebrate New Year had commenced several months ago and kocho or preferably bulla is prepared and mixed with butter. It will be served with milk to those who gather for the feast to welcome the New Year. Similar events take place on that very special event in each household in the communities.
Thousands of young men tour the city, dancing, chanting and carrying out the rituals that used to be made by their forefathers. The eve revelry starts at the city’s grand monument named Suduma and ends at the city’s rift valley lake. The next day, the ayantos, gather at Gudumale, a savanna venue, to announce through a series of rituals that the New Year has arrived. An intense look into the lamb cecum (a pouch considered the beginning of the large intestine) by elders is also a basic part of the rituals held at the Gudumale that determines what is good or evil. 
“We are not performing witchcraft, but we have an ancient traditional wisdom of prediction from the stars above and the pouch below,” Elder Shumumale Aluda, says. Despite a stern approach many of the youth have towards this practice, he believes they will ensure that their rituals live on. “Look at them. They are eager and willing to learn from us. They are all happy and proud of what we do.” 
In fact, this reality is made clearer as the city sees an influx of young men holding spears and sticks, and wearing animals skins like their fathers did. 
“We love our culture. We want to show Sidama’s culture is the best amongst the many Ethiopian cultures,” Teshale Fugamo, 24, says. 
Sidama’s New Year, which is primarily celebrated in the Southern Region, does not only promote the young men, but also has a spot for girls and young women to display their attractive looks as well. Hundreds of young women and girls put on their typical traditional outfits for the festivities.
“I really enjoy it. I’m extremely happy to be a part of it. That’s why I can’t miss it every year, even though I live in Addis Ababa,” Lemlem, in Miss Sidama pageant winner, says. 
Born from a traditional protestant family, Lemlem sees nothing that contrasts with her belief. 
“I understand what many of my friends think. They’re wrong. It’s just a practice regardless of belief,” she explains. 
According to the Sidama Zone Culture and Tourism Bureau, the regional government, along with the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, are working hard to get United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO's) recognition for its valuable preservation in the area of traditional rituals that can be used as a basis for science. 
“We have a positive view with regard to its UNESCO registration. I hope it will be realized in a few years’ time,” Workneh Flate, the head of the bureau told The Reporter.

የሲዳማ ተወላጅ የሆኑት ዶክተር ኣንበሴ ተፈራ በቴልኣቪቪ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የመጀመሪያው ኢትዮ_እስራኤላዊ ሲኒዬር ሌክቸሬር ሆኑ ።

የወራንቻ ኢንፎርሜሽን ኔትዎርክ በእስራኤል ኣገር የሚታተመውን ዘ ታይምስ ኦፍ እስራኤን ጠቅሶ እንደዘጋበው፤ ዶክተር ኣንበሴ የኢትዮጵያ ተወላጆ የሆነ ሰው በእስራኤል ዩንቪርስቲዎች ታሪክ የsenior lectureship ቦታ ሲያገኝ የመጀመሪያው ናቸው። ዝርዝሩ እንደምከተለው ቀርቧል፦

Dr. Anbessa Teferra, a professor of Semitic languages at Tel Aviv University, with a copy of Yedioth Negat, an Amharic newspaper. (Ilan Ben Zion/Times of Israel staff)

Teferra’s a soft-spoken, modest academic in his early fifties, quick to laugh and with a talent for languages. He immigrated to Israel in 1990 after completing his master’s degree in linguistics in Addis Ababa and has taught Ethiopian languages in various capacities in Israel since 1993. He earned the rank of senior lecturer, the equivalent of associate professor in the US, in June.
“This is one kind of advancement for Ethiopians” in Israel, he said in an interview with The Times of Israel, in his office overlooking the northeast corner of the campus in Ramat Aviv. “It’s really a great achievement for Ethiopian-Israelis.” He called it a “first step” for the integration of the community in Israeli society.
His appointment came during a spate of Ethiopian-Israeli protests against perceived discrimination following the beating of an Israeli soldier of Ethiopian descent by Israeli police officers. Thousands took to the streets in Tel Aviv in May to demonstrate against police brutality and were met with tear gas.
Protesters call for an end to discrimination against Israelis of Ethiopian descent at a protest in Tel Aviv on March 18, 2015 (Judah Ari Gross/Times of Israel)
Dr. Anbessa Teferra, a professor of Semitic languages at Tel Aviv University, with an Amharic-Hebrew pictorial dictionary he edited. (Ilan Ben Zion/Times of Israel staff)
MK Avraham Neguise speaks in a committee meeting at the Israeli Knesset in 2012. (Photo by Miriam Alster/FLASH90)
Protesters call for an end to discrimination against Israelis of Ethiopian descent at a protest in Tel Aviv on March 18, 2015 (Judah Ari Gross/Times of Israel)
Professor Eyal Zisser, dean of the Faculty of the Humanities at Tel Aviv University, said he was “very proud of being the first faculty of the first university to have an Ethiopian on staff.” He insisted, however, that the decision “had nothing to do with the fact that he’s Ethiopian” and was entirely based on Teferra’s academic merit as an expert of Semitic languages.
Teferra teaches Ethiopian languages — Amharic, Ge’ez and Sidama, specifically — at Tel Aviv University. Most Ethiopian Israelis speak Amharic, a very distant cousin on the Semitic language family tree. Although Amharic’s structure is completely different, and the writing system antique and unique, there are some cognates, he explained: the words for blood — dam — and for eye — ayin — are identical in both Hebrew and Amharic.
The name Anbessa, Teferra explained, means lion in Amharic — the same as Assad in Arabic and Aryeh in Hebrew or Leo in Spanish.
“Swahili speakers call me Simba,” he said with a chuckle.
Dr. Anbessa Teferra, a professor of Semitic languages at Tel Aviv University, with an Amharic-Hebrew pictorial dictionary he edited. (Ilan Ben Zion/Times of Israel staff)
Teferra’s one of the few academics in Israel to teach Ethiopian languages at the university level. “All the Ethiopian stuff is on my small shoulders,” he said. While his language courses tend to be small, he said that there’s greater interest in his class on Ethiopian history, culture and language, which attracts between 20 and 30 students each semester.
“Mostly, I don’t have Ethiopian students,” he said, “most of them are ferenjiz… an Amharic expression for a white person.” The term, he said, derived from the Arabic term il-franj, the word denoting European Crusaders, or Franks.
For Teferra, the road to professorship was long. He taught for years at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, where he did his PhD, as an external lecturer, before leaving for Tel Aviv.
“I should have been a lecturer, even a professor, a long time ago, to tell you the truth,” Teferra said, but didn’t attribute it definitively to race.
“Sometimes also I feel there is, how do you say, insensitivity,” Teferra said. Academic advancement must be based on merit and accomplishment, not because of skin color, he said, but scholars from less advantaged backgrounds should be given an opportunity so that there’s a more equitable representation of Israel’s diversity. Likewise, he said, the government should do more to assist Ethiopian-Israeli students with after-school education, and promote educational diversity in higher education.
As of the end of 2013, the country was home to 135,500 citizens of Ethiopian origin, making up 1.5% of the population, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics. Only 50% of Israeli high school students of Ethiopian ancestry that year qualified to take the matriculation exams, compared to 63% among the general population. (The CBS didn’t provide statistics on passing rates.)
In the 2013 academic year, only 0.9% of Israel’s 312,000 university students were Ethiopian-Israelis. Of the 12,480 doctoral students enrolled that year, only 14 were of Ethiopian descent.
Ultimately, however, he argued the solution to the inequality in higher education, and society as a whole, must come from the bottom up. “Integration must start from the kindergarten level” and work its way up to universities, he said.
The sole Ethiopian-Israeli lawmaker in the 20th Knesset, elected earlier this year, hailed Teferra’s appointment. Likud party MK Avraham Neguise told the Times of Israel that Teferra “is a model for emulation for members of the community in order to strengthen their integration in academia and higher education.”
“This is what will advance our integration into Israeli society,” Neguise said.
MK Avraham Neguise speaks in a committee meeting at the Israeli Knesset in 2012. (Miriam Alster/FLASH90)
When he’s not teaching at TAU, Teferra works to keep Ethiopian language and culture alive among the community. Like Yiddish, Ladino and so many other languages spoken by first generation immigrants to Israel, the mother tongue has been supplanted by Hebrew among young Ethiopian-Israelis.
Teferra works as a supervisor for Amharic with the Israeli education system, helping develop the curriculum for the 40 high schools nationwide that teach Amharic. The education system offers an Amharic matriculation exam in the language, which he said helps many Ethiopian immigrants get high school diplomas who may have otherwise struggled with Hebrew-language examinations.
Teferra is the editor of the only newspaper in Israel catering to the Ethiopian population.Yedioth Negat, a bi-monthly paper with perhaps 20,000 readers, features articles in Amharic and Hebrew touching on subjects relevant to the community. He has also translated and edited an Amharic-Hebrew pictorial dictionary.
“From my experience, the children are losing fast their language,” Teferra said. His own daughter spoke Amharic when she first arrived in Israel at age six and now regrets having focused on Hebrew and lost it.
“Sometimes I feel that I’m fighting a lost battle concerning Amharic,” he said. “But I also want to preserve the language, the culture, although it’s very difficult.”
He said Ethiopian Israelis should embrace and preserve their language and promote Amharic education among the younger generation.
“We really encourage youngsters to learn Amharic and Ethiopian culture, because Hebrew is obligatory. You can’t run away from it,” Teferra said.
ምንጭ፦  www.timesofisrael.com

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

cceccChina Civil Engineering Corporation (CCECC) sealed a USD 246 million deal with the Industrial Corporation on July 1, 2015, for the construction of Hawassa Industrial Park, according to Addis Fortune.
The project focuses on garment manufacturing and agro-industry constructions and it will be completed within nine months.
MH Engineers is a consultant to the project.
The first phase of the construction includes 35 factory sheds and 19 buildings which will be used as exhibition halls, food courts, dormitories and other purposes. The first phase of construction will cover 100 hectare, where as extra 200 hectare of land will be added for the second phase.
Currently, there are four industrial zones in Ethiopia, three foreign, one government owned. Eastern at Dukem, Lebu and Modjo are the private industrial parks. Bole Lemi Industrial Zone is the only government owned Industrial Park in Ethiopia.

Source: Addis Fortune

Monday, July 13, 2015

 July 9, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Marley Coffee (OTCQB:JAMN), the sustainably grown, ethically farmed and artisan-roasted premium coffee company, today announced the launch of its new My Cup series, a small batch, single origin, limited release specialty coffee available exclusively on the company's online store as part of its recurring subscription or one-time product purchase. The first My Cup batch will be available in whole bean format in 10-ounce bags, hand-labeled and hand-numbered before being shipped with love from the company's corporate headquarters in Denver, CO.
The first batch in the series, Congo Kivu, is a top-grade bean sourced from the Eastern Congo chosen for the complex flavor notes and unique story behind the coffee from this exceptional growing region. Future My Cup series will be sourced from renowned coffee regions around the world to highlight diverse offerings and create positive change in coffee regions globally. Subscribers to the My Cup series will enjoy convenient auto-ship of each new batch every three months.
Rohan Marley, Chairman and Founder of Marley Coffee said, "I am proud to present this unique offering to Marley Coffee enthusiasts and discerning coffee aficionados everywhere. We can create positive change and economic opportunity in the Congo, and other regions where we will source coffee for the My Cup series, by investing in great regional coffee producers, and bringing that taste of change into each and every cup."
Rooted in the Marley family values of love, passion and social responsibility, Marley Coffee is making a contribution for every My Cup series bag sold directly to Water Wise Coffee, a nonprofit sustainability initiative dedicated to improving water quality in regions affected by coffee production. Currently, Water Wise Coffee is helping to build vetiver grass wetlands in the Sidama region in Ethiopia.
"Recurring products of the month clubs are becoming a powerful revenue generator for companies online, and we see this as one of the key drivers for our top and bottom line in the next few years. My Cup is an exciting opportunity to capture a larger segment of the online market seeking that next level coffee experience. Consumers everywhere are responding to the convenience and quality of the online membership model, and we believe we can excel in the specialty coffee club space by continuing to source unique coffees at a great value for consumers," said Brent Toevs, CEO of Marley Coffee.
In addition to the My Cup series subscription club, Marley Coffee's online store offers the brand's ten existing roasts as well as merchandise and monthly coffee subscriptions. For more information on the My Cup series, visit www.marleycoffee.com/mycup. For more information on Marley Coffee, visit www.marleycoffee.com or contact Jessica Weeg at 212-219-0321 or weeg@havasformula.com.
- See more at: http://globenewswire.com/news-release/2015/07/09/750865/10141113/en/Marley-Coffee-Announces-the-Launch-of-Its-New-Small-Batch-Single-Origin-Coffee-Series-My-Cup-to-Online-Subscription-Model.html#sthash.xPabzHr4.dpuf

Thursday, July 9, 2015

Eight Ethiopian journalists have been released after more than a year in prison. They’d been accused of attempting to destabilize the state. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) tweeted the news:

The first three were released on Wednesday. On Thursday CPJ said charges against five more journalists had been dropped.

“The release of these five journalists is a welcome turn of events in Ethiopia, where the number of journalists in prison has steadily increased in recent years,” said CPJ East Africa Representative Tom Rhodes in a statement.

Monday, July 6, 2015

Hacking team
 The cybersecurity firm Hacking Team has itself been the victim of a major hack. Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA
The cybersecurity firm Hacking Team appears to have itself been the victim of a hack, with documents that purport to show it sold software to repressive regimes being posted to the company’s own Twitter feed.
The Italy-based company offers security services to law enforcement and national security organisations. It offers legal offensive security services, using malware and vulnerabilities to gain access to target’s networks.
According to the documents, 400GB of which have been published, Hacking Team has also been working with numerous repressive governments – something it has previously explicitly denied doing. It has not been possible to independently verify the veracity of the documents.
The perpetrators of the apparent hack used the company’s own official Twitter feed (renamed to “Hacked Team”) to communicate. They continued to post to the feed for hours after, highlighting specific documents they claim come from the hack, such as emails, invoices, and even screenshots of Hacking Team employee’s computers, until the company regained control on Monday morning and removed the posts.
One such tweet, which has since been removed, purports to show Hacking Team negotiating with a third-party reseller to export its malware to Nigeria. If the sale took place, it may have bypassed Italian export controls. Another is claimed to show the company debating what to do after an independent investigation from the University of Toronto attacked it for selling hacking tools to Ethiopia, which then used it to target journalists in the US and elsewhere. The company has never publicly confirmed nor denied working with Ethopia, and in March this year a spokesman dismissed earlier reports as “based on some nicely presented suppositions”.
The company has repeatedly denied selling its technology to repressive regimes. In 2013, a Reporters Without Borders report which named Hacking Team as one of the “corporate enemies of the internet” for its position as a “digital mercenary” prompted a response from the firm. In a statement, it said that “Hacking Team goes to great lengths to assure that our software is not sold to governments that are blacklisted by the EU, the USA, Nato and similar international organisations or any ‘repressive’ regime.”
But, if genuine, the leaked documents suggest that among Hacking Teams clients are the governments and security services of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE, many of whom have been criticised by international human rights organisations for their aggressive surveillance of citizens, activists and journalists both domestically and overseas.
Most notably, the documents include an invoice for €480,000 which purports to be from the Sudanese national intelligence service, dated June 2012. Three years later, in January 2015, the company told the UN’s Italian representative that it had no current business relations with the country, prompting the follow-up question “as to whether there have any previous business arrangements” with Sudan, the answer to which is not recorded.
A separate document contained in the apparent file dump appears to show Sudan, along with Russia, listed as “not officially supported”, as opposed to the “active” or “expired” status held by most other nation states.
The company describes itself as in the business of “providing tools to police organisations and other government agencies that can prevent crimes or terrorism”, but if the documents are genuine they suggest it may be willing to sell to non-state actors as well. One invoice apparently reveals the company dealing with a private Brazilian firm, YasNiTech, to whom it sold three months access to its remote access tool, allowing the firm to hack in to Android and Blackberry phones, and Windows devices. We do not know if this sale was part of a wider contract with the Brazilian government.
Hacking Team is one of a number of security firms which sell surveillance technology and malware to national governments, enabling them to access the computers of their targets. Gamma International, another firm in the same space which was best known for its FinFisher surveillance software, suffered a similar hack in 2014. In the 40GB of data on FinFisher leaked, the company’s clients, capabilities and pricing was revealed; according to the leaked documents, Hacking Team was celebrating the demise of “a wannabe competitor of ours”. The hacker behind the Gamma International hack has now claimed responsibilityfor the Hacking Team leak as well, according to Wired’s Lorenzo Franceschi-Bicchierai.
Hacking Team refused to give comment over the phone, directing the Guardian to an email address. Multiple emails to that address and others given on the firm’s website were returned as undeliverable, and on a follow-up call, Hacking Team again declined to comment and directed the paper to the broken email address. When the Guardian explained that the email address was not working, Hacking Team declined to give an alternative address or any other form of contact.
Christian Pozzi, one of the firm’s employees, tweeted to say that the documents contained “false lies” about the services the company offers.
“A lot of what the attackers are claiming regarding our company is not true. Please stop spreading false lies about the services we offer,” Pozzi tweeted. “We are currently working closely with the police at the moment. I can’t comment about the recent breach.”
Pozzi’s feed was later itself hacked, and later still the entire account was deleted.
Privacy groups have welcomed a rare chance to potentially look inside the workings of a cyber-surveillance company such as Hacking Team. PrivacyInternational said in a statement that: “Yesterday’s leak of materials reportedly shows how Hacking Team assisted some of the world’s most repressive regimes - from Bahrain to Uzbekistan, Ethiopia to Sudan - to spy on their citizens.
“We know from investigations by Citizen Lab that these tools are used to target human rights activists and pro-democracy supporters at home and abroad.Surveillance companies like Hacking Team have shown they are incapable of responsibly regulating themselves, putting profit over ethics, time after time. Since surveillance companies continue to ignore their role in repression, democratic states must step in to halt their damaging business practices.”