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Friday, July 11, 2014

The Ethiopian authorities are using a repressive Anti-Terror law as a pretext to crush dissent.
© AFP/Getty Images

The Ethiopian authorities must halt their continuing onslaught on dissent, Amnesty International said today, after the arrest of four more opposition party members this week, who are believed to be at risk of torture or other ill-treatment.

All four were arrested on 8 July in the capital Addis Ababa and the northern city of Mekele on “terror” accusations: a charge commonly used as a pretext to put dissenters behind bars in Ethiopia. 

“These latest detentions add to Ethiopia’s ever-increasing number of journalists, opposition members, activists and other dissenting voices locked up for alleged ‘terrorism’ offences,” said Claire Beston, Amnesty International’s Ethiopia Researcher. 

“In the run-up to next year’s general election, the fear is that this number will continue to grow as the government continues its onslaught on dissent. Everyone who has been arrested because of their peaceful expression of dissenting opinions, their blogging activities, membership of a legally-registered political opposition party or participation in peaceful protests must be immediately and unconditionally released.”

Latest arrests and torture concerns

Those arrested on 8 July are: Abraha Desta of the Arena Tigray party, who is also a lecturer at Mekele University; Habtamu Ayalew and Daniel Shebeshi, both members of the Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) party and Yeshewas Asefa of the Blue Party. 

Abraha Desta is believed to be detained in Mekele, in the northern region of Tigray, while the other three have been taken to the Maikelawi federal police detention centre in Addis Ababa. 

Blue Party and UDJ members say they tried to visit the men in Maikelawi on 9 July but were not permitted access and were told they could not have contact until the police investigation was concluded. 

It is commonplace for detainees in Maikelawi to be denied access to legal representatives and family members in the initial stages of detention. This can last for as long as two or three months and is in violation of Ethiopian and international law. This incommunicado detention significantly increases the risk of detainees being subjected to torture. Political detainees in Maikelawi are frequently subjected to torture during interrogation. 

Illegal transfer from Yemen

Also on 8 July, state-run Ethiopian Television (ETV) confirmed that an opposition leader who had disappeared on 24 June in Yemen was being detained in Addis Ababa. Andargachew Tsige, Secretary General of the outlawed Ginbot 7 movement, was illegally transferred from Yemen, and his precise whereabouts in the Ethiopian capital have still not been disclosed. A British national of Ethiopian origin, he continues to be denied access to consular or legal representatives or relatives. 

In the broadcast, ETV (the country’s only TV channel) showed footage of Andargachew Tsige looking haggard and exhausted saying his arrest was a blessing in disguise and he just wanted to rest. His wife told Amnesty International that she did not understand what the footage or the message was intended to mean. 

There are a number of precedents of the authorities taking footage of defendants in terrorism trials and broadcasting it on ETV. In each case, this violated the individuals’ right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty in a court of law. Andargachew Tsige has already been tried on three separate occasions in absentia and sentenced to death as well as life imprisonment.

The same broadcast announced that other opposition leaders had been arrested, based on their contact with Ginbot 7 and Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) – a satellite TV channel broadcast in exile and which the Ethiopian authorities called the “official media of Ginbot 7”. Details of the arrests emerged subsequently. 

Ethiopia has previously used alleged contact with Ginbot 7 and ESAT as a reason to imprison and thereby silence other dissenting voices on allegations of terrorism. In 2011, the Ethiopian authorities banned Ginbot 7 as a terrorist organization.

Journalists and bloggers held under Anti-Terrorism Law

Six bloggers from the group Zone 9 and three journalists are also among those detained under the Anti-Terrorism Law in Maikelawi. All nine have been detained without charge since their arrest on 25 and 26 April 2014 for alleged terrorism offences. The deeply flawed Anti-Terrorism Law allows for up to four months’ detention without charge – one of the longest remand periods in the world. 

On 9 July, six of the detainees were granted access to visitors for the first time since their arrest two and half months ago. They reported they had been moved from the underground cells in Maikelawi where political detainees are regularly held in the early stages of their detention to a different part of the prison which detainees jokingly call “Sheraton”.

All six said that they have been forced to sign confessions of their alleged crimes. Three had previously complained in court remand hearings that they had been tortured. The court took no action on the allegations. 

The remaining Zone 9 members, Abel Wabela and Mahlet Fantahun, and journalist Edom Kasaye, continue to be detained incommunicado. 

“The Ethiopian government’s record on respecting the rights of detainees is alarming to say the least,” said Claire Beston. 

“All detainees must be granted immediate access to lawyers and family members, must be charged with a recognizable offence or immediately released, and the Ethiopian government must ensure that no-one is ever subjected to torture.” 
Source: http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/ethiopia-end-onslaught-dissent-arrests-continue-2014-07-10  

Before biogas came to the SOS Village in Hawassa, mums had to get up in the middle of the night just to cook breakfast. Photo from http://www.soschildrensvillages.org.uk/ 
It's easy to take fast energy for granted. But for mothers in many parts of the world, an unreliable power supply makes cooking the family meal a difficult business. For five years, the SOS Children's Village in Hawassa, Ethiopia, has been using home-produced biogas made with cow manure to take the stress out of cooking – giving SOS mothers time to help their children with homework instead!
Read about their success andwatch the video below...
“We really needed innovation,” says SOS mother Almas. By 2008, the Village had tried a number of energy sources and was getting desperate. Cylinder gas had proven too expensive, so the families switched to kerosene, but it smelt appalling and filled the house with smoke. In the end, they resorted to electric cookers, but a poor electricity supply meant cooking took forever. “When we had power, it was so low that it took hours to cook anything,” says Almas. “That meant that I had to wake up as early as three in the morning.”

Down on the farm

Village Director, Aster, spoke to the SOS mothers and decided that enough was enough. “They all told me how their work was being badly affected by power cuts,” Aster explains. “They were often too tired to stay up late and help the children with their homework.”
After some research and a bit of thought, Aster came up with a plan: biogas. The Village would use cow manure from its own livestock to generate energy. The process is simple but effective. Dung is collected daily and mixed with water before being channeled into pits, where it is left to ferment. The rotting manure gives off a gas, 65% of which is methane. This methane can then be stored in tanks and piped to each house individually, providing energy for cooking, heating water and - well, anything! And what's more, it's totally free to produce, and the leftover manure can be used as fertiliser on the farm.

“I couldn't believe how fast it was”

The SOS mothers were bowled over by a solution that was right on their doorsteps all along. Mentamir lives at house 16. “I had never heard of biogas until Aster mentioned it. The first time I used biogas, I couldn't believe how fast it was. Life is so much easier now. I feel healthier and more energetic. Even helping the children with their homework was difficult when we used to get up so early. It's hard to believe that we did that for four years!”

Biogas in action

Going green globally

Over the last few years, we have been investing in green energy projects wherever possible. Renewables certainly sound good on paper and are an easy way to demonstrate your green credentials, but in practice they have innumerable benefits.
You've already seen how it can have a dramatic impact on quality of life because it focuses on power sources which are always there - from cow poo to the sun, the wind and the tides. It is also hugely cost-effective when compared with non-renewable alternatives. In developing countries, we are often forced to use diesel generators to power our Villages. These need ongoing maintenance and run on vast quantities of diesel at a time when fuel prices are rising. At our Village in Mombasa, Kenya, we have recently switched to solar (photo-voltaics, to be precise!) and are seeing the benefits already.
Reduced costs and improvements to living standards are benefits we can see before are eyes. But of course, moving to green energy is helping us reduce our global carbon footprint, which has benefits for every single one of us.
Source: http://www.soschildrensvillages.org.uk/news/how-poo-can-change-your-life