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Thursday, May 15, 2014

The  “Tree Against  Hunger” Enset-Based Agricultural Systems in Ethiopia
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Sidama de Cali is track 01 from the album "Footprints" which is available on Jazz & Milk
This is an official audio stream from Jazz & Milk. Distributed by Kudos

About This Release
Jazz & Milk is back with a brand new compilation series featuring previously unreleased tracks by international label artists, friends & family! 
Everyone familiar with Jazz & Milk probably knows about the importance of musical diversity to the label's spirit. However, once you listen closer you will definitely hear the connecting force, a rhythmic and soulful foundation of these 15 tracks. The sum of the album's musical influences lead back to Africa and its long lasting impact on numerous modern music genres throughout the world. A good many times such musical footprints are shining through on this record ranging from Jazz, Funk, Afrobeat, Cumbia, Ethio-Jazz to Hip Hop, deep House and Bass music. While each style is unique, they have a strong rhythmic element in common. 
Footprints starts off with the energetic raw sound of Todd Simon & TheAngel City All Star Brass Band. Amusingly, the song has been inspired by a culinary experiment, a 50/50 blend of Ethiopian coffee beans from the Sidama region and Colombian beans not too far from Cali. Aiming at translating the experiment's success into a completely different sphere, that of music, Simon combined the traditional sounds of both regions. The track not only features musical prodigy Quantic on the guacharaca (colombian version of the guiro) but also a 'who is who' of LA's music scene. Jazz & Milk label-founder and "Footprints" compiler Dusty delivers a heavy Afro-Funk vibe by remixing the Bad Jazz Troupe, a live project he formed together with his musical soulmate Jerker Kluge. Label artist Sam Irl from Vienna takes us on a journey of raw emotions. On "Time" he fed his MPC with filthy vinyl samples, jazzy rhodes chords, deep basslines and smooth synth-arpeggios - all glued together on top of a driving House beat. The legendary Munich-based formation Karl Hector & The Malcouns (Now-Again) is also contributing to the album's special flavor. "Who's Foolin' Who?" was written by JJ Whitefield (producer and guitarist for thePoets of Rhythm and the Whitefield Brothers) and obviously reflects his affinity for sounds from across the African diaspora. Jerker Kluge and hisDeep Jazz Project, more local talent from Munich, is performing a fantastic cover version of Andy Bey's classic "Celestial Blues" with JuliaFehenberger on vocals. 
Footprints has to offer much more and includes further contributions by Jazz & Milk artists & friends such as Romanowski featuring P.E.A.C.E. (Freestyle Fellowship), Mr Chop (UK), Ray Lugo (NYC), Lay-Far (Russia), GTAHoffmann, Lipanti-Rodrigez or the 45prince. 
The Munich-based label, and its associated clubnight, have been a city fixture for the past eight years and represent an integral component ofGerman club culture. Just like on "Footprints" Jazz & Milk keeps pushing musical boundaries, seeking new territories and a distinctive sound that blends sophisticated old- and contemporary electronic music.
More on Sidama de Cali

አዲስ አበባ ግንቦት 7/2006 ዘጠኝ ክልሎችና ሁለት ከተማ አስተዳደሮች ተሳታፊ የሚሆኑበት 12ኛው የባህል ስፖርት ውድድር በሀዋሳ ከተማ  እንደሚካሄድ የኢትዮጵያ ባህል ስፖርት ፌዴሬሽን አስታወቀ፡፡
ውድድሩ ''የህብረተሰቡን ተስፋና ተጠቃሚነትን በባህል ስፖርት ይጎለብታል'' በሚል መሪ ቃል ከግንቦት 10 እስከ ግንቦት 20 እንደሚካሄድ  የባህል ስፖርት ሀላፊ አቶ ቢቃሙ ብሩ  ተናግረዋል።
አቶ ቢቃሙ እንዳሉት የውድድሩ አላማ ህብረተሰቡን የራሱን ባህል የሚያሳድግበት ፣ የሚያስተዋውቅበት ፣ ባህልና ወግ እርስ በርስ የሚወራረስበት እና የህዝቡን ቅርርብ የሚያጠናክርበት ነው።
ውድድሩ በዘጠኝ የስፖርት አይነት ይካሄዳል ያሉት ኃላፊው የገና ጨዋታ ፣ትግል ፣ ኩርቦ ፣ ገበጣ ባለ 12 ጉድጓድና ባለ 18 ፣ቡብ ፣ሻህ ፣ የፈረስ ጉግስና የፈረስ ሸርጥ  የስፖርት ዓይነቶች መሆናቸው ገልጸዋል።
ወንዶች በሁሉም የስፖርት ውድድር ዓይነቶች ተካፋይ እንደሚሆን አስታውቀው ሴቶች ግን ከገና ጨዋታ ውጭ በስምንቱ እንደሚሳተፉ አስረድተዋል።
ክልሎች በቂ ዝግጅት ባለ ማድረጋቸው ምክንያት በቀስትና በሀርቤ ስፖርቶች ዘንድሮ በውድድሩ ላይ አለመካተታቸውን  ኃላፊው ገልጸዋል።
11ኛው  የባህል ስፖርት ውድድር በትግራይ ክልል መቀሌ ከተማ መካሄዱን ይታወሳል።
ምንጭ፦ ኢዜኣ
By Peter Wonacott
CAPE TOWN, South Africa--Each sparkly green television motherboard that rolls off the Hisense Co. factory line here moves China a tiny step toward a new global manufacturing base.
The line's eight South African technicians monitor the assembly process by computer and have incentives to work quickly. In less than a year of operation, they are producing at the same clip of 70 seconds per board as their Chinese counterparts.
But there's a hitch: Hisense factories in China use half as many workers to make the same product. In South Africa, one technician monitors one machine. In China, the company's technicians monitor two machines apiece.
"Step-by-step," says Jerry Liu, general manager for the Middle East and Africa unit of the home-appliance maker. "We'll get there."
Faced with rising labor costs at home and negative perceptions about their employment practices in Africa, Chinese companies are setting up new factories on the continent and hiring more Africans. The companies efforts will test whether the masters of low-cost manufacturing can be as productive in Africa as they are in China.
Many bet they can be.
"China is a resilient investor," says Martyn Davies, chief executive of Frontier Advisory, a consulting firm that does business in China and Africa. "You see it in Ethiopia at the bottom end and in South Africa in the higher-end stuff."
Auto maker China FAW Group Corp. is building a new factory in the South African industrial hub of Port Elizabeth to produce trucks and light commercial vehicles. Huajian Group, a Chinese shoemaker, plans to invest as much as $2 billion in Ethiopia over the next decade to make the country a base for exports to Europe and North America. Chinese factories also produce steel pipe and textiles in Uganda.
Mounting labor costs in China are part of what makes Africa so attractive. The average monthly wage for a low-skilled Ethiopian factory worker, for example, is about 25% of the pay for a comparable Chinese worker, according to the World Bank. As the wage gap widens between unskilled Chinese workers and their counterparts elsewhere in Asia and in Africa, as many as 85 million factory jobs could leave China in the coming years, according to former World Bank chief economist Justin Yifu Lin.
In addition to its pool of low-cost labor, Africa represents an enticing market for Chinese products manufactured on the continent. Africa is now home to six of the world's 10 fastest-growing economies, according to the International Monetary Fund, and many African countries are reducing their dependence on extracting resources, such as oil, metals and gems.
Africa's poor infrastructure and uneven distribution of skills erode its cost advantages, however. The World Bank study estimated that a Chinese worker making shirts, for example, could produce about twice as many per shift as an Ethiopian worker.
The common Chinese response to such productivity gaps has been to send more Chinese workers. China says it dispatched 214,534 workers to Africa last year, about one-fourth of all workers the country sent abroad. That was 18% more than in 2011, according to China's Commerce Ministry, which didn't provide 2012 figures or a breakdown by industry. Analysts suspect the official figures vastly understate the numbers because they don't include entrepreneurs and traders doing business in Africa.
China's expanding African footprint has caused friction, however. A survey from the Ethics Institute of South Africa, a research and training organization based in Pretoria, reported in February that 46% of respondents in Africa had a negative impression of Chinese employment practices, while 19% were positive. Another 55% agreed with the statement that Chinese companies in Africa use only Chinese employees.
Such perceptions are rooted in reality. In Angola and Zimbabwe, Chinese companies bring workers from China for the most basic tasks, such as laying bricks and driving trucks. In Ethiopia, road crews have complained that Chinese supervisors cut their shovels in half so they will use them only for digging, and not for leaning to rest or gossip. In Zambia, Chinese mine bosses have tossed cold water on dozing employees, according to interviews with miners.
Chinese officials, eager to erase China's image as what critics call the continent's "new colonialist," have urged its biggest companies to put their best foot forward in Africa. Chinese Premier Li Keqianq visited several African countries this month and promised to ramp up assistance to various projects. Tian Xuejun, China's ambassador to South Africa, says he holds regular meetings with Chinese executives to encourage local hiring, partly to help spur the continent's industrial development.

"We have some experience in this area, and we're willing to share it," Ambassador Tian says. "We're teaching people how to fish rather than giving them fish."
Access to HIV medication has significantly reduced the number of AIDS related deaths in Africa. Yet in a number of African countries one in four HIV infected still dies within months of commencing treatment. One reason for these deaths is malnutrition which causes the HIV-virus to develop unreasonably aggressively. Now a team of researchers from University of Copenhagen, Denmark and Jimma University in Ethiopia have shown that a dietary supplement given during the first months of HIV treatment significantly improves the general condition of patients. Their results are published in the journal BMJ.
Roughly 25 million Africans live with HIV, many of who now have access to antiretroviral drugs (ARVs). Among their side effects, ARVs can cause patients to put on weight. Subsequently, attention paid to malnutrition among African HIV patients has waned. However, widespread malnutrition has been identified as a reason that up to a quarter of HIV patients in a number of African countries die just months after beginning medical treatment.
A collaborative project between the University of Copenhagen and Jimma University, Ethiopia has demonstrated that daily nutritional supplementation for the first three months of ARV treatment vastly improves the condition of HIV patients:
PhD-student Alemseged Abdissa in front of the HIV clinic (left) and the study clinic (right), at Jimma University, Ethiopia. Download free press photo.
"Patients added three times as much weight as those who took ARVs without the nutritional supplement. And, in contrast to the medication-only group, the supplement takers didn’t just add fat – a third of their increased weight came from added muscle mass. Furthermore, grip strength improved, and thereby the ability of patients to manage work and typical daily tasks," according to PhD Mette Frahm Olsen, one of the project researchers and together with Alemseged Abdissa, the main author of the BMJ article.
The results also reported effects upon the immune system:
"The immune system cell types typically supressed by HIV were restored more quickly in those patients who received a whey protein nutritional supplement. Therefore, the effects of the supplement were measurable, and very relevant for HIV patients living in countries where malnourishment is common," continues Mette Frahm Olsen.
For three months, patients received a daily supplement of 200 grams of peanut butter to which soy or whey protein, along with other vitamins and minerals, was added. The advantage of the supplement is that it is incredibly rich in energy and low in water content, allowing it to be better preserved in warm climates. The supplement was originally developed for severely malnourished children, but modified for the research project to satisfy the needs of adults living with HIV.

Medication induced weight gain has no benefit

Prior to ARV medication, HIV was characterised by massive weight loss that made the role of nutrition impossible to ignore. But today, the significance of a nutritious diet in conjunction with HIV treatment is often forgotten:
"We know that malnutrition fuels the AIDS epidemic, in part because poor nutrition facilitates the virus’ attack on the human immune system. But today, the significance of nutrition is often ignored because patients gain weight while being treated with ARVs. As a result, a patient’s doctor may believe, mistakenly, that the patient’s nutritional state has been normalised. However, if the patient has not had a nutritious diet, the weight increase may be without benefit and consist mainly of fat," says PhD Mette Frahm Olsen.
The research project also demonstrated that it is possible to integrate a daily nutritional supplement into the lives of Ethiopian patients without disrupting cultural, social and religious practices regarding diet, as well as when and with whom eating takes place.

PhD Mette Frahm Olsen, mobile: +45 28 34 09 79, mail:meo@nexs.ku.dk
Source: http://www.healthcanal.com/infections/hiv-and-aids/50836-hiv-patient-nutrition-more-vital-than-once-assumed.html

Credit: Rostislav Kralik/public domain
Life expectancy in the globe's poorest countries has risen by an average of nine years over the past two decades, thanks to major improvements in infant health, the United Nations said Thursday.
In its annual statistics, the UN's World Health Organization (WHO) said that six of the had even managed to raise life expectancy to over 10 years between 1990 and 2012.
The top achiever was Liberia, where average lifespans increased by a full 20 years, from 42 to 62.
Next in line were Ethiopia (from 45 to 64 years), Maldives (58 to 77), Cambodia (54 to 72), East Timor (50 to 66) and Rwanda (48 to 65).
"An important reason why global life expectancy has improved so much is that fewer children are dying before their fifth birthday," WHO chief Margaret Chan said in a statement.
Globally,  rose by six years during the same period.
Based on global averages, a girl who was born in 2012 can expect to live to around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68, the WHO said.
"But there is still a major rich-poor divide: people in high-income countries continue to have a much better chance of living longer than people in low-income countries," Chan said.
A boy born in 2012 in a high-income country can expect to live to the age of around 76—16 years longer than a boy born in a low-income country.
For girls, the difference is even wider, with those in high-income countries likely to live to the age of 82 and those in poor nations to 63.
Female life expectancy in all the top 10 countries of the globe is 84 years or more, the WHO said.
Women in Japan enjoy the world's best life expectancy, at 87 years, followed by Spain, Switzerland and Singapore on 85.1 years each.
Life expectancy among men, meanwhile, is 80 years or more in nine countries, with the longest in Iceland (80.2), Switzerland (80.7) and Australia (80.5).
"In , much of the gain in life expectancy is due to success in tackling noncommunicable diseases," said Ties Boerma, head of the WHO statistics division.
"Fewer men and women are dying before they get to their 60th birthday from heart disease and stroke. Richer countries have become better at monitoring and managing for example," he added.
Declining tobacco use is also a key factor in helping people live longer in several countries, the WHO said.
At the other end of the scale,  for both men and women is still less than 55 in nine sub-Saharan African countries: Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Lesotho, Mozambique, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.