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Monday, March 31, 2014



Overview


The Sidama people had suffered a lot by repeated undemocratic and brutal rulers like other nations, nationalities and people suffered in Ethiopia although; the Sidama nation in the history had never acknowledged unjust and undemocratic regimes and brutality peacefully. Sidama nation had made various attempts to shape the autocratic nature of the recent four subsequent regimes of Ethiopia including the present narrow sated regime. In the early, the Sidama people had fought against with Menelik-II regime which was for the first time invaded the Sidama land. Before this time Sidama was autonomous state in the history and the state was governed by traditional administration which was fair, just and democratic management system and by far better and democratic than any democratic country in the world.
In 1880’s Menelik-II sent bouquets of first group invaders to Sidama land led by General Beshah Aboye. The Menelik army was highly organized and equipped with weaponries and carrying guns aided from Europe. Even though; Sidama was not armed and was not carrying weapons equivalent to that of Beshah forces, the battle was completed with full control and domination of organized Sidama army and civilians. The battle was organized by local leaders of Sidama so called Mootee from Sidama side. The army of Beshah Aboye was totally beaten and returned back to Addis Ababa. After the defeat of his first army, the Menelik Government left in confusion until the second round junta of attack was launched. Another general who led second attack of invasion of Sidama land was general Leulseged. During this attack, the Menelik force returned back with comparatively superior forces than the first attempt. Thus, Sidama resistance force devised to strategically retreat. Because of superior army, Menelik force was able to break the force of Sidama and established full domination in the Sidama land. During this time Menelik army killed many Sidama heroes and kings. Balicha Worawo one of the notable kings who was killed by Menelik force for the revenge of complete dismantle of Bashah Aboye led army.
After this time, the nation relatively remained calm and the brutal suppression continued until the Italian occupation of the country. The nation has gained comparative freedom during the Italian invasion and Sidama accepted Italians in varying intensities however, some lowlanders completely reject it. The best example was one of the Yanasie King (Moote) Alito Heewano, who fully rejected and expressed his objection to Italian Leader saying you and your army will stay in Ethiopia and in my land for short period of time probably five years then after you and your army body will be dragged out. The Sidama resistance movement gained impetus during the Italian occupation. Using this opportunity, various Sidama nationalist individuals started armed struggle to uproot the miscellany of the Menelik regime from the Sidama land although, after Italy was driven out of the country by the allied forces, the rulers had got an upper hand and were able to temporarily silence the struggle of the Sidama people for freedom. As revenge to the resistance movement of Sidama on Abyssinian during Italian invasion, the Abyssinian rulers massacred over hundred thousands of Sidama armed forces and innocent civilians.
As we heard from our elders, General Leulseged who forcefully invaded Sidama land used to design divide and rule system to scatter the indigenous unity of Sidama. Thus, General Leulseged called by Sidama people as bad engineer who divided the unity of Sidama people to fight their enemy. After his invasion Sidama lost unity and few nationalists continued fighting with invaders. Notable example is heroic individual resistance movements that led by recognizable Sidama patriot Takilu Yota, who had shaken the foundation of Abyssinian ruler in Sidama land until the last stages of the last emperor regime ruling time that the Sidama was able to reunite.
In the late 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s notable Sidama heroes and resistance leaders formed the first organized Sidama Liberation Struggle which mobilized Sidama in the large scale. For the first time Sidama fragmented force allied to fight their enemy. During this time, their organized unity was not formally structured then after many Sidama freedom fighters joined the unity and established well organized libration organization called Sidama Libration Movement (SLM). For the first time SLM started an armed struggle against military regime for consecutive eight years from 1976-1983 and fully liberated the three former wide districts now became six districts namely Harbagona, Hororessa and Bansa Daye and partly Hawassa, Leku, Aleta wondo and Hulla. During this struggle, Sidama sacrificed lives of thousands of freedom fighters and innocent Sidama civilians and the struggle made historical contribution for the final fall down of the derg regime however, the current brutal TPLF monopolized the outcome of the struggle.
In the begging the current regime tried to attract local libration fighters and international community by devising fake democracy and self determination policy documents that were only on the papers which none of them were put on practice. During this time, the fake regime pledged to put the documents on practice and to let nations and peoples to demonstrate their basic human rights and self determination. Late the regime continued to violate and suppress basic human rights that it did pledge. The May 2002 Sidama Loqqe massacre, Sheko Mezhenger, and Gambella people massacre and 2005 National election  followed Addis Ababa massacre are the best examples of clear human right violation of the regime.
The Sidama nation is one of the nations in Ethiopia who fully taken off its right of self determination which thousands of Sidama nationalists and innocent civilians were sacrificed their life. For the last twenty years, the Sidama people were questing for their regional autonomy but it was denied by the regime and the regime decided to merge the nation under the southern nations and nationalities regional state. The nation quest for self determination was hijacked by some opportunists and the regime continued to terrorize the Sidama nationalists who raise the banners of late heroes an action which led Sidama people to develop lack of trust and dissatisfaction on the regime.
In Sidama today, there is widespread disappointment and insurgent civil movements are developing in different areas of the region, even though, with varying degrees. Instead of responding to the demands of the people, the regime is engaging into suppression and brutality, which in turn is fueling the resistance movements. Unless there is timely resolution to these growing problems, the danger in advance is more likely to be of serious consequences. Our nation, Sidama, the third most populous nation in Ethiopia with more than 6 million people, must be considered as pivot of economic and political stability in the country. If current trends of the regime’s implementation continue, we fear that the Sidama people will indulge into dispute that will weaken the entire image of the country.
In addition, the Sidama nation is affected by persistent extreme poverty and famines that our nation had never been experienced in their life, health problems such as vaccine preventable disease, malaria, AIDS, tuberculosis, and other diseases that are killing many lives. However, the country boasts as it has achieved health related Millennium Development Goals; thousands of children are dying from lack of health and mal-nutrition, high maternal mortality as a result of poor quality of health coverage in the region. The Sidama nation is also suffering with poor quality of education, high unemployment rate; people are suffering with lack of good governance, no accountability among appointees and widespread corruption that worsening the situation and leading the nation to complete disarray.
Thus, the Sidama nation can no longer shoulder continued subjugation and basic human and democratic right violation and denial of self determination. The nation believe that all the peaceful efforts made with current regime to practice the stated democracy and self determination to bring effective and efficient management system to meet the demands of our nation has already been exhausted and the remaining ultimate alternative is using unavoidable force to sustainably build peace and democracy in Ethiopia broadly and in Sidama land specifically. To achieve this end, the Sidama nation and Sidama nationalists are once again decided to continue to fight for their peace, Justice, freedom and self determination. Accordingly, the Sidama National Democratic Movement (SNDM) has been re-established and developed a political program to strengthen and guide a continuation of previous heroic movement and Sidama Liberation struggle.
ስለ ፓርቲው ኣጠቃላይ የፖለቲካ ኣቋምን እና ኣላማ እንድሁም ለበለጠ መረጃ የፓርቲውን ድረ_ገጽ ይመልከቱ @  http://sidamanationaldemocraticmovement.org/about-us/overview/

ኢትዮጵያ በኣሁኑ ጊዜ በኣለም ደረጃ የተሻለ ኢኮኖሚያዊ እድገት እያስመዘጋቡ ካሉት 10 ኣገራት መካከል ኣንዷ መሆኗን ሰሞኑ ከፈረንሳይ ፓርስ የወጡ ዘጋባዎች ያመለክታሉ። ኣገሪቷ  እያስመዘገበች ያለችው የኢኮኖሚ እድገት ከሲዳማ በምገኙ ምርት እና በሲዳማውያን የሰው ኃይል ጭምር በመሆኑ፤ ሲዳማውያን ለእኮኖሚያዊ እድገቱ ካላቸው ኣስተዋጽኦ ኣንጻር ተጠቃሚነታቸውም እንድሁ መረጋገጥ ስላለበት የዞኑ መንግስት የዞኑን ነዋሪዎች ተጠቃሚነት ለማረጋገጥ የተለያዩ የልማት ፕሮግራሞችን በመቅረጽ እና በልማት ተግባራት ህዝቡን ቀጥተኛ ተሳታፊና ተጠቃሚ የማድረግ ስራ  ኣጠናክሮ መስራት ይጠበቅበታል።  

Business | Economy

10 upstarts hot on the heels of Brics economies

Indonesia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia are among 10 countries set to take over as emerging economies from the powerful BRICS nations 
Paris: Indonesia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia are among 10 countries set to take over as emerging economies from the powerful Brics nations as they struggle with growing pains, a French credit body said on Tuesday.
“After 10 years of frenetic growth”, the big five emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa — the Brics — “are slowing down sharply,” the French trade credit and insurance group Coface said.
In a report entitled “Coface identifies 10 emerging countries hot on the heels of the Brics,” the organisation said that average economic growth by the Brics this year would be 3.2 percentage points less than the average in the last 10 years.
But “at the same time, other emerging countries are accelerating their development,” it said.
The growth of emerging economies and the effect this has on world trade flows is closely analysed by economists because of the huge impact on every aspect of the global economy and power balances.
Coface broke the 10 new emerging economies it has identified into two groups.
The first comprises Peru, the Philippines, Indonesia, Colombia and Sri Lanka, which it named the PPICS.
They had “strong potential confirmed by a sound business environment,” Coface said.
The second group comprises Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia.
But these countries are marked by “very difficult or extremely difficult business environments which could hamper their growth prospects,” Coface said.
However, the head of country risk at Coface, Julien Marcilly, said that in 2001 “the quality of governance in Brazil, China, India and Russia was comparable to that of Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Bangladesh and Ethiopia today.”
But the 10 “new emerging countries” currently accounted for only 11 per cent of the world population whereas the Brics had accounted for 43 per cent of the population in 2001.
The total gross domestic product of the new 10 was only 70 per cent of the output of the Brics in 2001, and they had a current account deficit of about 6 per cent of GDP whereas the Brics had run a surplus on average.
On a positive note, the new 10 had inflation which was about 2.8 percentage points lower than Brics’ inflation in 2001, and their public debt was about 40 per cent of output compared with 54 per cent for the Brics at that time.
Coface said that growth in the Brics was slowing down, despite favourable trends for consumption, because of an adjustment in supply and “a marked slowdown in investment.”
Local businesses could no longer satisfy strong demand, it said.
Marcilly said that the Bric were moving into a new phase since their exports were becoming less competitive, and because they were not yet competitive in offering products with very high added value.
This was why Coface had set out to identify the next wave of driving emerging markets, looking for potential annual growth exceeding 4 per cent, a diversified economy without undue dependence on the sale of raw materials, and some capacity to absorb economic shocks.
These conditions had to be matched by a financial system capable of supporting investment, but without raising risks of overheating.
The chief economist at Coface, Yves Zlotowski, said that the organisation had tried to combine measures of growth potential and risk potential.
This method had excluded Vietnam from the list of new emergers because although it had strong economic potential, its financial system was out of control, he said.
Coface said that its list of so-called neo-emerging markets could not be compared with the Brics in terms of size and population.
The use of the word PPICS as an acronym comes in a line of attempts by economists to group various types of new emerging economies.
Among these are MINT for Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey, or CIVETS for Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa.
ምንጭ፦ ገልፍኒውስ http://gulfnews.com/business/economy/10-upstarts-hot-on-the-heels-of-brics-economies-1.1311905



March 31, 2014
“Big Brother is Watching You!” secretly: The snooping thug state in 2014 Ethiopiana
The secrecy-obsessed regime in Ethiopia has a huge creepy dragnet of secret electronic surveillance programs to sniff out the deeply-buried secrets of the people of Ethiopia. They spend sleepless nights interrogating  themselves about what the people could do to them. Who do they talk to secretly? What do they secretly say about them? Do the people secretly despise them as much as they think they do? (That’s an open secret.) Are the people secretly planning to overthrow them? Who are the secret conspirators? Where are they? In Ethiopia? Europe? America? Could the secret enemies be extraterrestrial Ethiopians from Planet X?The passing  of Meles Zenawi
For the regime knowledge is strength. No! Ignorance is strength. The regime must find out by hook or crook. Bug the landlines. Intercept the mobile phones. Hack the personal computers.   Filter the critical websites. What else? They rack their brains and spend sleepless nights not only because they don’t know but also because they do. They know what they have done; and now they want to know what could be done unto them, secretly.  They turn and toss. In their nightmares, they are chased by the Truth. They wake up in cold sweat. Such is the secret night life of ignorant thugs in power in Ethiopiana.
Secrecy is the brick and mortar in the architecture of oppression established by the regime in Ethiopia over the past two decades. The regime is so obsessed with secrecy that nearly two years after the passing  of Meles Zenawi, its  “Great, Visionary, Heroic, Renaissance, etc., Leader”, there is no official word on the cause of his death. It is a highly guarded state secret. From their days in the bush, those running regime have cultivated a stenchy culture of official secrecy and corruption (what I call a “culture of secrruption” for readers familiar with my neologisms). In fact, they have refined official secrecy and corruption to an art form. They make decisions under the proverbial cone of silence and secrecy. A secret shadow government  (a “state within a state”) of faceless, nameless and conscienceless power-brokers makes all of the important decisions in the country. The regime operators and their cronies stash their stolen millions in secret off shore accounts. Global Financial Integrity not long ago reported that since 2000, Ethiopia has lost nearly USD$12 billion in secret illicit financial outflows. A cloak of secrecy shrouds public works and projects contracts which are back-channeled secretly to regime supporters and cronies.  The country’s best lands are given away (excuse me, “leased for 99 years”) for pennies to Saudi, Indian and Chinese “investors” in total secrecy. An Indian multinational actually claimed it acquired “2,500 sq km of virgin, fertile land – an area the size of Dorset, England-” in Ethiopia, together with generous tax breaks,  for £150 a week ($USD245). (Yeah! Right. If anyone believes that, I have the Brooklyn Bridge for sale at rock bottom prices. Somebodies got big secret paydays from that deal.)  The regime operators are secret (silent) partners in all of the investments and procurement deals they hand out.
Winston Churchill once observed that, “Russia is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.” I would say the ruling regime in Ethiopia is a riddle wrapped in secrecy inside corruption. It is comically ironic that the secrecy-obsessed regime recently sought membership in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), an international organization dedicated exclusively to promote openness, transparency and accountability in the global mining industry.  It is like the proverbial Ethiopian wolf who sought membership among a flock of sheep by wrapping himself in sheep’s wool to keep his identity secret. (Could EITI be a pack of wolves wrapped in sheep’s wool?)
“They Know Everything We Do”
Last week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released its report on the secret massive electronic surveillance program of the regime in Ethiopia. In its report entitled, “‘They Know Everything We Do’: Telecom and Internet Surveillance in Ethiopia”, HRW concluded, “The Ethiopian government is using foreign technology to bolster its widespread telecom surveillance of opposition activists and journalists both in Ethiopia and abroad… The government is using control of its telecom system as a tool to silence dissenting voices…” The report documents the regime’s “complete control over the telecom system… (and the fact that) Ethiopian security officials have virtually unlimited access to the call records of all telephone users in Ethiopia. They regularly and easily record phone calls without any legal process or oversight. Recorded phone calls with family members and friends – particularly those with foreign phone numbers – are often played during abusive interrogations in which people who have been arbitrarily detained are accused of belonging to banned organizations.”
The regime has gone to extraordinary lengths to “curtail access to information by blocking websites and bloggers that offer any independent or critical analysis of political events in Ethiopia.” The regime has used “mobile surveillance” and “frequently targeted the ethnic Oromo population.” It has used “taped phone calls to compel people in custody to confess to being part of banned groups, such as the Oromo Liberation Front.”  The surveillance technology is provided by China which has been the “exclusive supplier of telecom equipment from 2006 to 2009.” A number of “European companies have also provided advanced surveillance technology to Ethiopia, which have been used to target members of the diaspora.” The report points an accusatory finger at the “foreign firms that are providing products and services that facilitate Ethiopia’s illegal surveillance are risking complicity in rights abuses.”
Redwan Hussein, an apparatchik in the regime’s “Ministry of Information”, regurgitated the now familiar litany of demonization against Human Rights Watch:  “This is one of the issues that it [HRW] has in the list of its campaigns to smear Ethiopia’s image, so there is nothing new to respond to it, because there is nothing new to it.”
The regime is simply not constructed to handle the truth. Time and again, it has shown unwillingness and inability to defend against the truth; so it reverts to its favorite and predictable five-pronged PR tactic: Deny the truth. Dismiss the truth as “smear”. Disguise the truth. Divert attention from the truth. Denigrate the truth-sayers and truth-diggers. But resistance to truth is futile.
When the European Union Election Observer Group confronted the late Meles Zenawi with the truth about his daylight theft of the May 2010 election by 99.6 percent, he denied and dismissed the truth and denigrated the entire EU Group for preparing a “trash report that deserves to be thrown in the garbage.” In August 2005, Meles, following the electoral drubbing of his party by a coalition of opposition parties in May, unleashed his wrath on European Union parliamentarian Ana Gomes and her election observer group. “We shall, in the coming days and weeks, see what we can do to expose the pack of lies and innuendoes that characterise the garbage in this report.”
So it is with the HRW and its report on internet and telecom surveillance in Ethiopia. All the regime can say in its defense is, “It is a campaign to smear Ethiopia’s image.” Truth be told, when it comes to “fear and smear campaigns” and fabrication of falsehoods, the regime in Ethiopia takes the cake. In my commentary, “The Politics of Fear and Smear” in Ethiopia, I demonstrated the regime’s propaganda campaign of smear, falsehoods and defamation against Ethiopian Muslims protesting political interference in their internal religious affairs.
The Federal Republic of Dystopia Ethiopia
With every passing day, Ethiopia is becoming a hardcore dystopia (that would be the exact opposite of a utopia.) Dystopia Ethiopia is a frightening place. It is a place where thugs rule! It is a place where humans are dehumanized, civilization is barbarized, justice corrupted, ethnic cleansing practiced, people impoverished and hungry, the youth gagged, bound and canned, the environment destroyed, dams used to damn indigenous peoples and society in cataclysmic decline. If that sounds like George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four” Oceania, it is not. It is “Nineteen Eighty-Four” in 2014 Federal Republic of Dystopia Ethiopia!
In Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four” Oceania, there is omnipresent government surveillance, public manipulation and thought-control by a regime under the control of a privileged “Inner Party” elite that persecutes all dissent and prosecutes freedom of thought as “thought crimes”. The state in Oceania thrives on deception, secret surveillance and mass psychological manipulation. The head honcho tyrant is an elusive “Big Brother” who is worshiped as a demigod. Orwell writes, “Nobody has ever seen Big Brother. He is a face on the hoardings and a voice on the telescreen. We may be reasonably sure that he will never die, and there is already considerable uncertainty as to when he was born. Big Brother is the guise in which the Party chooses to exhibit itself to the world. His function is to act as a focusing point for love, fear, and reverence, emotions which are more easily felt towards an individual than towards an organization.” The slogans of Big Brother’s party are: “War is peace. Ignorance is strength. Slavery is freedom.”
The “state” in 2014 Ethiopiana is uncannily similar to Orwell’s fictional Oceania. Big Brother Meles is the  infallible and all-powerful leader from the “telescreen” when he was alive (he never mingled with people in the street) and now from the grave. To Big Brother Meles belongs, “Every success, every achievement, every victory, every scientific discovery, all knowledge, all wisdom, all happiness, all virtue, are held to issue directly from his leadership and inspiration.”  To his party acolytes, Big Brother Meles the omniscient,  was, is and will forever be the fountainhead of knowledge and wisdom. He is the source of all good and great ideas.
Meles’ handpicked replacement, Hailemariam Desalegn, in his eulogy at Meles funeral spoke of the “great and exemplary leader” who created the “grand vision of what we can achieve and become in the future.” He described Big Brother Meles as the man with the plan who led Ethiopia to stratospheric heights. Hailemariam said, the “wise, insightful and decisive leader established the EPDRF party and was the chief architect and engineer of Ethiopia’s developmental plan”. Hailemariam credited Meles for singularly designing policies and strategies for the country and creating an economy that produced 10 percent plus growth over a period of 9 years. Meles was the “Renaissance and heroic leader who gave Ethiopia economic growth and transformation. Even though he left us, his vision will remain nor only with the party but also every individual in the country,” eulogized Hailemariam.
Big Brother Meles is “superman”, if not demigod, in the imagination of a few of his powerful foreign Little Sisters.  Clare Short, Tony Blair’s former Secretary for International Development and the current chair of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative spoke of her unbounded admiration for Meles as “the most intelligent politician I’ve ever met in my life.“ Ditto for Susan Rice, the former U.S. ambassador to the U.N. and the current national security advisor to Obama. In her eulogy Rice said, “The Meles I knew was…  the smartest person in the room, and most of the time Meles was right…” Big Brother Meles of Ethiopiana, like the Big Brother of Oceania, comes alive today not only on the telescreen, but also from the grave, to guide and goad his Little Brothers, “War is peace. Ignorance is strength. Slavery is freedom.” He taught his Little Brothers, “Surveillance is the soul of secrecy.”
Indeed, in Ethiopiana war is peace (though the society is seething with rage and rebellion but they can pretend it is all peaceful); ignorance is bliss (the less the people know, the happier they will be and therefore it is necessary to twist and distort the truth to keep the people ignorant) and freedom is slavery (“Secrecy is the freedom tyrants dream of”, said Bill Moyers.)
The freedom to think freely is the death knell of tyranny. The unshackled mind is the terror of the ignorant.   In Oceania,  2+2=5, because everyone is manipulated to believe it to be so. In Ethiopiana’s voodoo economics, 6.5% annual economic growth= 11-15% annual economic growth, if there is anyone to believe it (that is, other than he World Bank and the International Monetary Fund).  Orwell’s formulaic slogans for Nineteen Eighty Four Oceania have been updated for 2014 Ethiopiana: Poverty is prosperity; famine is feast; government wrongs are human rights; repression is expression and thugogcracy is democracy. Ignorance is illuminance. Ignorance in Ethiopiana is the national equalizer. The purpose of the state is to twist, stretch and massage the truth to keep the people ignorant, dumb and unquestioning.
Nelson Mandela said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Knowledge, information, consciousness and enlightenment are the most powerful weapons in the hands of 21st Century men and women to change their lives, the lives of their families and communities and control the destiny of their nations. For the regime in Ethiopia, the reverse is true: Ignorance and secrecy are the most powerful weapons they can use to prevent change and cling to power. The singular motto of the “Little Brothers of Dystopia Ethiopia” is, “Secrecy is power. Secrecy is strength.” Secrecy combined with ignorance yields absolute power. Absolute power in the hands of the “ignorati” (willfully ignorant) ensures the manipulation,  emasculation and subjugation of the masses. “Keep ‘em ignorant, impoverished, hungry and divided and they will be your door mats,” is the mantra of the “Inner Party” (the “state within the state’) of Ethiopiana.
As I have argued on numerous occasions, the regime knows that it is detested and contemned by the vast majority of the population. Thus, the sleepless nights. They have done everything to get a little peace of mind, but to no avail. They have undertaken vicious propaganda campaigns to pit one ethnic group against another. They have tried to create war between Christians and Muslims; and thank God, they have completely failed! They have unleashed a barrage of propaganda, misinformation, disinformation, indoctrination, worn out slogans and sterile dogmas from a bygone era to cling to power. They have tried to clothe their deplorable human rights record with bogus statistics of economic growth and economic development.
For over two decades, Meles and his gang have tried to keep Ethiopians in a state of blissful ignorance. At gunpoint, they have forced the people speak no evil, see no evil and hear no evil about them.  Meles and his posse have spent a king’s ransom to jam international radio and satellite transmissions to prevent the free flow of information to the people. They have blocked internet access to alternative and critical sources of information and views. According to a  2012 report of  Freedom House, the highly respected nongovernmental research and advocacy organization established in 1941, “Ethiopia has one of the lowest rates of internet and mobile telephone penetration on the continent. Despite low access, the government maintains a strict system of controls and is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa to implement nationwide internet filtering.” They have shuttered independent newspapers, jailed reporters, editors and bloggers and exiled dozens of journalists in a futile attempt to conceal their horrific crimes against humanity and vampiric corruption. Their “growth and transformation plan” has succeeded in transforming Ethiopia from the “Land of 13 Months of Sunshine” to “Ethiopiana, the Land of Perpetual Ignorance and Darkness”.
All of the surveillance and spying program is part of an elaborate conspiracy by the regime to create the “Benighted Kingdom of Ethiopiana”, where ignoramuses are kings, queens, princes and princesses.  The educational system in Ethiopiana is corrupted and serves as a system of indoctrination. By providing the youth with substandard education, the regime aims to permanently cripple them intellectually not only by denying them formal learning opportunities but also the chance to acquire knowledge on the Internet and transform their lives and take control of the destiny of their nation. In my September 2010 commentary, “Indoctri-Nation”, I criticized the Meles regime for politicizing education. The “Ministry of Education” (reminds one of Orwell’s “Ministry of Truth” (Ignorance)) a few years ago issued a “directive” effectively outlawing distance learning (education programs that are not delivered in the traditional university classroom or campus) throughout the country.  (Interestingly, Meles and his top lieutenants got their “graduate education” using foreign distance learning programs.) The regime also sought to corner the disciplines of law and teaching for state-controlled universities, creating a monopoly and pipeline for the training of party hacks to swarm the teaching and legal professions.  There is no academic freedom in Ethiopiana. I have previously commented on the lack of academic freedom in Ethiopian higher education and the politicization of education in Ethiopia. In my February 2008 commentary “Tyranny in the Academy”, I called attention to the lack of academic freedom at Mekelle Law School.
Why does the regime spy on the people?   
The regime secretly spies on the people because it is afraid of the people. In 1962, President  John F. Kennedy cautioned the American people, “We are not afraid to entrust the American people with unpleasant facts, foreign ideas, alien philosophies, and competitive values. For a nation that is afraid to let its people judge the truth and falsehood in an open market is a nation that is afraid of its people.” The regime in Ethiopia is afraid  of the people and seeks to overcome its fear through secret surveillance programs and open harassment.
What is tragically ironic is the fact that the official secrecy religiously practiced by the regime today is a constitutional anathema. The Ethiopian Constitution mandates government transparency and accountability under Article 12 (1) (“Functions and Accountability of Government”): “The activities of government shall be undertaken in a manner which is open and transparent to the public.” The regime has translated that constitutional mandate to mean, “The activities of government shall be undertaken in a manner which is totally secret and non-transparent to the public.” Secrecy is a powerful tool to deceive the people.
The great French man of letters, Victor Hugo observed, “You can resist an invading army; you cannot resist an idea whose time has come.” The Internet is an idea whose time has come. B.I. (Before the Internet) will never come back, only A.I. (After the Internet).  The Internet, not ignorance, is the great equalizer and democratizer in the world. With an inexpensive personal computer or mobile phone, knowledge and information in any language are at one’s fingertips. The regime in Ethiopia is fighting a losing war against the invisible empire of ideas and knowledge. The Internet is the 21st Century’s evergreen Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. The regime in its assumed divinity wants to impose an edict on the people of Ethiopia: “Thou must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” The Internet “Tree of Knowledge” shall give life to all those that have been rendered zombies by ignorant tyrants.  The Internet genie is out of the bottle, and there is no way of putting it back. Neither telecom filters, electronic monitoring nor ownership of entire telecom systems will deter the determined “cyber-warriors” from empowering themselves with the truth, knowledge and information. In the Internet Age, resistance to truth, knowledge and information is futile!
Well, Big Brother Meles is gone (sort of) from Ethiopiana but he shall live on the “telescreen” and in the grave for his  ”Little Brothers” of his “Inner Party”. They shall go on visioning,  watching, looking, peeping, observing, surveilling, ogling, listening, sniffing, and yodeling:
…The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power, pure power. What pure power means you will understand presently. We are different from the oligarchies of the past in that we know what we are doing. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites. The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended, perhaps they even believed, that they had seized power unwillingly and for a limited time, and that just around the corner there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know what no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. Now you begin to understand me.
Ethiopiana’s Inner Party should know a few truths about the 21st Century: Secrecy is impotency. Ignorance is indolence.  Freedom is the essence of humanity; and the truth shall make them and all Ethiopians free. Orwell wrote, “During times of deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.” But what happens when silence is accepted as a revolutionary act?
“When an entire generation of Ethiopian scholars, academics, professors and learned elites stands silent as a bronze  statute witnessing the tyranny of ignorance in action, the burden on the few who try to become the voices of the voiceless on every issue is enormous.” From my commentary, “Edu-corruption and Mis-education in Ethiopia”.
Oceania Ethiopiana!  Welcome to the Federal Republic of Dystopia Ethiopia!
Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.
posted by Daniel tesfaye
ይህ ጽሑፍ በ Alemayehu G. Mariam ተጽፎ በ Daniel tesfaye የተለጠፈ ምንጭ፦ http://daniboy8935.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/nineteen-eighty-four-in-2014-ethiopiana/
Around the world, 768 million people don't have access to safe water, and every day 1,400 children under the age of five die from water-based diseases. Designer Arturo Vittori believes the solution to this catastrophe lies not in high technology, but in sculptures that look like giant-sized objects from the pages of a Pier 1 catalog.
His stunning water towers stand nearly 30 feet tall and can collect over 25 gallons of potable water per day by harvesting atmospheric water vapor. Called WarkaWater towers, each pillar is comprised of two sections: a semi-rigid exoskeleton built by tying stalks of juncus or bamboo together and an internal plastic mesh, reminiscent of the bags oranges come in. The nylon and polypropylene fibres act as a scaffold for condensation, and as the droplets of dew form, they follow the mesh into a basin at the base of the structure.
Vittori decided to devote his attention to this problem after visiting northeastern Ethiopia and seeing the plight of remote villagers first hand. "There, people live in a beautiful natural environment but often without running water, electricity, a toilet or a shower," he says. To survive, women and their children walk for miles to worm-filled ponds contaminated with human waste, collect water in trashed plastic containers or dried gourds, and carry the heavy containers on treacherous roads back to their homes. This process takes hours and endangers the children by exposing them to dangerous illnesses and taking them away from school, ensuring that a cycle of poverty repeats.
Though the structure is made from organic material, Vittori designed it using traditional CAD tools
Arturo Vittori
Exposure to this horrific scene motivated Vittori to take action. "WarkaWater is designed to provide clean water as well as ensure long-term environmental, financial and social sustainability," he says. "Once locals have the necessary know how, they will be able to teach others villages and communities to build the WarkaWater towers." Each tower costs approximately $550 and can be built in under a week with a four-person team and locally available materials.
A more obvious solution to a water shortage would be digging a well, but drilling 1,500 feet into Ethiopia's rocky plateaus is expensive. Even when a well is dug, maintaining pumps and ensuring a reliable electrical connection makes the proposition unlikely.
Instead of looking to Western technology for a solution, Vittori was inspired by the Warka tree, a giant, gravity-defying domed tree native to Ethiopia that sprouts figs and is used as a community gathering space. "To make people independent, especially in such a rural context it's synonymous of a sustainable project and guaranties the longevity," says Vittori. "Using natural fibres helps the tower to be integrated with the landscape both visually with the natural context as well as with local traditional techniques."
Each pillar is comprised of two sections; a semi-rigid exoskeleton built by tying stalks of juncus or bamboo together and an internal plastic mesh reminiscent of the bags oranges come in
Gabrielle Rigon
The design has been two years in the making and though the final product is handcrafted, Vittori has used the same parametric modelling skills honed working on aircraft interiors and solar powered cars to create a solution that is safe and stunning. The 88-pound sculpture is 26-feet wide at its broadest point but swoops dramatically to just a few feet across at its smallest point. Vittori and his team have tested the design in multiple locations and worked in improvements that increase the frame's stability while simultaneously making it easy for villagers to clean the internal mesh.
Vittori hopes to have two WarkaTowers erected in Ethiopia by 2015 and is looking for financial rainmakers who'd like to seed these tree-inspired structures across the country.
This article originally appeared on Wired.com
A couple of times each year, home espresso purveyorNespresso unveils a new expression in its Grand Cru series of coffees. On January 21st, the company unveiled its latest addition, Bukeela ka Ethiopia, sourced exclusively from Ethiopia, one of the birthplaces of thecoffee plant.
Crafted by blending two distinct Arabica coffee beans with distinct aromatic profiles, the coffee is designed to be pressed from Nespresso machines as a "Lungo" or long coffee (about 3.75 oz), rather than a smaller espresso. The first bean is a washed Arabica from the small Sidama zone, in south-central part of the country. The region is known for its washed coffees and experts can identify Sidama beans from their specific floral and Jasmine aromatics. The second bean hails from western Ethiopia, where the pland grows wild. The beans are unwashed and sun dried, and lend an earthy, "wild" taste. Beans are selected from the top 1% to 2% of each area's coffee harvest, and conform to Nespresso's AAA Sustainable Quality Program.
The final blend ranks a 3 (out of 10) on Nespresso's intensity scale (a measure of the boldness and depth of the taste, not the amount of caffeine). The crema (froth) is a rich rose gold to amber, with a bone finish. On the nose, it is a blend of pungent floral notes: jasmine, chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, combined with wood/forest floor green notes. On the palate it is earthy and full-flavored, while being medium to light bodied, with medium acids and a smooth, lingering finish. This would make a terrific breakfast coffee to kickstart the day.
Bukeela is also the fourth expression in the brand's Pure Origin range, and the company's first single origin coffee from Africa. According to literature from Nespresso, the brand chooses "a few of the most iconic coffee-growing countries to create the Pure Origin Grand Crus. Each of these coffees is profoundly linked to its country of origin, thus reflecting its soul, climate, flavors and nuances." In addition to Bukeela, Pure Origin includes Rosabaya (Colombia), Dulsão (Brazil) and Indriya (India). In addition to individual sleeves, Bukeela is also currently available in a four-sleeve pack with the other three Pure Origin coffees.
Bukeela is available, beginning January 21st, at Nespresso flagship boutiques in New York, Miami, Boston, San Francisco and Beverly Hills, along with boutique-in-shop locations in participating department and cookware stores, though the Nespresso Club (800.562.1465) or at nespresso.com.
ፎቶ ሮፖርተር ጋዜጣ
ታዋቂው የሆሊውድ አክተር ኬጂ ቻን ለሦስት ቀናት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ጉብኝት አድርጓል፡፡ በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት የምግብና እርሻ ልማት ድርጅት (ፋኦ) ጋባዥነት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የመጣው ተዋናዩ ፋኦ በደቡብ ክልል ያሉትን ፕሮጀክቶች ተዘዋውሮ ጐብኝቷል፡፡ 
ከጉብኝቱ መልስ ዓርብ መጋቢት 12 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም. ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ የሰጠው ቻን እንደገለጸው፣ ጉብኝቱ የግብርና ባለሙያዎችን፣ ሴቶችን፣ ሕፃናትን፣ ሠራተኞችንና ተማሪዎችን ለመመልከትና ከሚኒስትሮች ጋር ለመወያየት ዕድል ሰጥቶታል፡፡ ከጉብኝቱ በፊት ስለ ኢትዮጵያ የነበረው ዕውቀት በእውን ካለው የተለየ እንደነበር የገለጸው ቻን፣ የአጭር ጊዜ ዕርዳታ ከመስጠት በዘለለ ዘለቄታ ያለው ዕርዳታ ማቅረብ እንደሚገባው የተማረበት እንደሆነ ተናግሯል፡፡ 
ጄኪ ቻን በተለያዩ የዕርዳታ ሰጪ ቡድኖች የሚንቀሳቀስ ሲሆን ይህን ለየት የሚያደርገው ከ60ኛ ዓመት ክብረ በዓሉ ጋር በተያያዘ በተለይም ረሀብን ለማጥፋትና ሰላምን በዓለም ለማስፈን ጥሪ የሚያቀርብበት መሆኑ ነው፡፡
ለቻን 60ኛ ዓመት ልደት ከሃምሳ በላይ አገሮች የተወጣጡ ሙዚቀኞች ይሳተፉበታል የተባለ የሙዚቃ ኮንሰርት በቤጂንግ የሚካሄድ ሲሆን ‹‹ፒስ ኤንድ ላቭ›› (ሰላምና ፍቅር) በሚል የዕርዳታ ማሰባሰቢያም ይሆናል፡፡
በዕለቱ ተዋናዩ የሰው ልጅ እርስ በርስ በፍቅርና በሰላም ይኖር ዘንድ ጥሪውን ያቀረበ ሲሆን ‹‹ተፈጥሮአዊ አደጋ በሞላበት የሰው ልጅ ሰቆቃ በተንሰራፋበት ዓለም ሰው ሠራሽ ችግር በላይ በላዩ አይጨመር፤ ሁላችንም በሰላም እንኑር፤›› የሚል መልዕክቱን አድርሷል፡፡ 
ሐዋሳ ላይ በኃይሌ ሪዞርት ልደቱን አስመልክቶ የተጋበዘው ቻን በጉብኝቱ ወቅት በተለይ በኢትዮጵያ ባህላዊ እስክስታ በመደመም፣ የኢትዮጵያ ባህላዊ እስክስታ በዓለም መተዋወቅ ያለበት መሆኑን ሳይናገር አላለፈም፡፡ 

Wednesday, March 19, 2014

The Hong Kong native Hollywood film star, Jackie Chan, is to visit Ethiopia for two days, arriving here in Addis on Thursday, March 20, 2014, the Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) disclosed today. Known for his acrobatic fighting style, with a bit of comic timing, Chan is invited by FAO to visit one of its programmes in Hawassa, 276Km south of Addis Abeba.
Copied from Brazil, FAO has Purchase from Africans for Africa (PAA), a programme that buys cereals and vegetables from smallholder farmers to supply feeding programmes made to schools. FAO and the World Food Programme (WFP) jointly run PAA in Boricha Wereda of the Southern Regional State, targeting 2,000 farmers. WFP distributes the food bought through this programme to 8,000 students in seven primary schools.
Chan, to be received by Tefera Deribew, minister of Agriculture, and Modibo Traore (PhD), sub-regional coordinator of FAO in East Africa, at Bole International Airport tomorrow, will meet some of the 1,334 students at Hanja Chefa Primary School, near Hawassa, the following day.
Chan has been acting since the 1960s and appeared in 150 of them, including his famous Rush Hour, where he acted alongside Chris Tucker. The film grossed 130 million dollars in the US alone, and made the actor a Hollywood star.

http://addisfortune.net/breaking-news/news-alert-jackie-chan-to-visit-addis-hawassa/

PUBLISHED ON MARCH 19, 2014 [ VOL 14 ,NO 724]


Sidama and Ethiopianthe emergence of the Mekane Yesus Church in Sidama


Abstract(en) :
The present work belongs to local African church history and international mission history.The author shows why and how the Sidama people in south Ethiopia became part of theevangelical movement. During the last hundred years this group has experienced a lot ofchanges, incorporated in the greater Ethiopia, being influenced by the internationalmissionary movement, occupied by an European power and becoming a part of themodernising movement.
As a result of all the changes and impulses the people faced, the Sidama to a great extendturned away from their traditional worldview and practices including their religion andaccepted the Christian Evangelical faith.
The origin and the development that led to the foundation of the Ethiopian EvangelicalChurch Mekane Yesus in Sidama are described, as part of the local church history. Theauthor wants to underline how political, social and cultural presuppositions paved the wayfor the church. On the other hand the Christian message through the evangelical movement had an impact on the political, social and cultural development in Sidamaland. Obviously the Sidamas used the missionary movement as a vehicle for progress.
On the basis of literature, archive studies and field research the author describes how theSidama people, in spite of strong opposition from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and locallandlords, welcomed and shaped an Ethiopian evangelism including education as well ashealth programmes.

Read More @http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:169403