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Saturday, November 16, 2013

Imperial, California - Potatoes may seem fairly humble, but there are more than 4,500 species of potato in the world. Likewise, there are at least 1,000 pepper plant varieties, 7,500 tomato species, and 7,500 known apple varieties worldwide.
However, the incredible variety of the planet’s plant life is disappearing. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports that approximately 75 percent of the Earth’s plant genetic resources are now extinct. Another third of plant biodiversity is expected to disappear by 2050. This is no small problem--humans eat biological diversity.

Unfortunately, most investment in agriculture is for crops such as wheat, rice, and maize, rather than more nutritious foods--and this focus has had devastating consequences. Global obesity rates have doubled over the last 30 years, increasing the risk of diet-related illnesses including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease in industrialized and developing countries alike.

But many indigenous crops can be environmentally sustainable, improve food security, help prevent malnutrition, and increase incomes.

"I don't believe we can address the issues of nutrition security, poverty, and health in Kenya without relying on African indigenous crops. With a soaring food crisis, and maize harvests predicted to be 16 percent below former years as a result of changing Kenyan weather patterns, the only grains that could adequately replace maize in my opinion would be indigenous millets and sorghum, which are more drought tolerant," said Mary Abukutsa-Onyango horticultural scientist, teacher, and researcher at Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology.

Enset is one crop that has multiple benefits. Also known as the false banana, enset is a staple crop common to Southern Ethiopia and traditionally harvested by women. Enset requires few inputs and, in addition to food, it's used for clothing, shelter, and medicinal purposes.

“[Enset] helps to feed approximately ten million people in Ethiopia and Eritrea,” writes Peter Schmidt, Director of Sub-Saharan Africa Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
  
 

And like enset, there are thousands of other indigenous crops you may not know exist. Here are fifteen indigenous vegetables, which are nutritious, delicious, and contribute to the livelihoods of people around the globe.

1. Amaranth: This versatile plant, which grows quickly in the humid lowlands of Africa, is a leafy vegetable typically consumed in Togo, Liberia, Guinea, Benin, and Sierra Leone. The plant thrives in hot weather and is an excellent source of protein, vitamins, and essential minerals, including calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc.

2. Bunya Nut: Bunya nuts have long been a prominent food in the culture of Australian Aboriginals - so much so that, prior to European settlement, Aboriginal tribes would travel long distances to attend festivals celebrating the Bunya season. The Bunya nut is similar to the chestnut, both in appearance and taste. The nuts grow on enormous Bunya pines in the few rainforest regions on the continent.

3. Cowpea: Originating in Central Africa, this legume is one of the region’s oldest crops. It is also drought resistant and can thrive in poor soil conditions. In addition to the peas, the leaves of the plant are also consumed.

4. Enset: Also known as the false banana, enset is native to tropical regions of Africa. The plant’s outward appearance resembles that of a banana tree, but the two actually are very different. Fruit of the enset tree is inedible, so the plant is primarily grown for the meat inside its trunk and roots. The pulp inside the tree is similar in both taste and appearance to a potato. Enset has been a staple crop in Ethiopia for thousands of years.

5. Filder Pointed Cabbage: The cruciferous vegetable provides a rich source of beta-carotene, vitamins C and K, and fiber, and it serves as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Cabbage can be stored cold for months at a time and is eaten in the dead of winter when other vegetables are dormant.

6. Formby Asparagus: Formby asparagus is notable for its coloration: white base, green stem, and purple-tinged tip. The vegetable is rich in protein, fiber, vitamin B6, calcium, magnesium, and zinc. It aids in protein synthesis, reduces calcium loss, and has antioxidant properties.

7. Hinkelhatz Pepper: The Hinkelhatz pepper has been cultivated by the Pennsylvania Dutch since the 1880s. The plant produces small, heart-shaped peppers with a red or yellow color. Hinkelhatz peppers have a stocky, spicy flavor, so they are frequently pickled or pureed into a pepper vinegar used as a food topping. The pepper is important because it is cold-tolerant, pest and disease-resistant, and a prolific producer.

8. Kumara: Also known as the sweet potato, kumara is cultivated in many Pacific Islands and was a staple crop for hundreds of years. The vegetable is a great source of protein, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium, and fiber.

9. Lifou Island Yam: This starchy tuber plays an important role in both nutrition and food security in many Pacific Island nations. The vegetable is also very versatile--it can be roasted, fried, grilled, boiled, smoked, or grated. Yams are important because they can be stored for long period of time, and the vegetable has a social and cultural significance on many islands.

10. Målselvnepe Turnip: This hardy, root vegetable variety has been improved over the years through selective cultivation in Norway. It has a strong and distinct taste compared to other turnip varieties. It can be eaten raw, roasted, baked, and boiled, and is frequently used to enhance the flavor of soups, salads, and side dishes. The turnip is an excellent source of vitamin C and potassium.

11. Mungbean: The mungbean is important in Asian diets and valuable for its easily digestible protein. High levels of iron in the vegetable can help improve the diets of the most vulnerable women and children, and mungbean production offers an opportunity for increased income for small-scale farmers. In addition, the vegetable can fix nitrogen in the soil, making it valuable for crop rotations.

12. Okra: The edible green seed pods of this plant are a common ingredient in soups and sauces and popular in Indian and Pakistani cuisine. Okra is also an important export crop in The Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and Vietnam. The vegetable is a rich source of vitamins and minerals and the seeds provide quality oil and protein.

13. Papalo: This popular herb, known for its strong skunk-like smell, is used in the American Southwest, Mexico, and South America. Papalo, typically eaten as a garnish, is valued for its medicinal properties, including regulating blood pressure, relieving stomach disorders, and addressing liver problems. This unique herb has a hardiness to heat, allowing it flourish in hot climates.

14. Perinaldo Artichokes: This popular thistle vegetable, valued for its tasty center, is native to the Mediterranean region and originally cultivated in ancient Greece. The edible flower bud is a good source of fiber, vitamin C, folic acid, and various minerals. This variety of artichoke is drought resistant and very hardy.

15. Rourou (Taro Leaves): In a number of Pacific Island countries, including Fiji, taro leaves are eaten and used in various cooking techniques. The leaves provide an excellent source of vitamins A and C. The leaves also have a social importance in ceremonial feasts and are a good local cash crop. In addition, the corms of the giant swamp taro plant have the potential to help feed a large number of Pacific Island countries.
ቡና ልብሳቸው፣ ምግባቸው፣ ጌጣቸው፣ መዝናኛቸው እንዲሁም መድመቂያቸው እንደሆነ የሲዳማ ዞን አርሶ አደሮች ያለአንዳች ማመንታት ይናገራሉ። ቡና ሸጠው ቤታቸውን ይገነባሉ፣ ቡና ሸጠው ልጆቻቸውን ያስተምራሉ እንዲሁም ቡና ሸጠው ሀብት ንብረት ይቋጥራሉ። ቡና አፍልተው የሩቁንም ሆነ የቅርቡን ወዳጃቸውን እንዲሁም ዘመድ አዝማድን ያስተናግዱበታል።
ታዲያ በዞኑ ካሉት አርሶ አደሮች መካከል ቡና በማሳው አልያም ደግሞ በጓሮው ያልተከለ የለም ለማለት ያስደፍራል። ከማጀታቸውም ቢፈለግ የታጠበ አሊያም ደግሞ እሸት ቡና አይታጣም-አሁን ቡና የሚለቀምበት ወቅት ነውና።
በአገር አቀፍ ብሎም በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ ጥሩ ስም ያለውን ቡና የሚያመርቱት የእዚህ ዞን ነዋሪ የሆኑ አርሶ አደሮች ቀደም ባሉት ጊዜያት ምንም እንኳ ቡና የማምረቱን ሂደት በራሳቸው የአመራረት ስልት ማምረት ባያቋርጡም የምርቱ ተጠቃሚ አልነበሩም። ይልቁንም ይላሉ የዞኑ አርሶ አደሮች «እኛ በለፋንበትና በደከምንበት ነጋዴውና በመሀል ያለው ደላላ ምርቱ ላይ አያዋጣኝም ያዋጣኛል በሚል ድርድር ኪሳቸውን ሲሞሉ እንደነበር የቅርብ ጊዜ ትዝታ ነበር» ይላሉ። ምንም እንኳ በዞኑ ያሉ አንዳንድ መሠረታዊ ማህበራት የተቋቋሙት በ1968ዎቹ ዓመተ ምህረት አካባቢ ቢሆንም አርሶ አደሩ የአሁኑን ያህል በወቅቱ ከማህበራቱ አለመጠቀማቸውንም ሳይገልጹ አላለፉም።
ከቡና ምርታቸውም ሆነ በማኅበር በመደራ ጀታቸው አሁን አሁን ይበልጥ ተጠቃሚ እያደረ ጋቸው መምጣቱን የሚጠቅሱት አርሶ አደሮቹ በተለይ የዓለም የቡና ገበያ የተረጋጋ ነው ተብሎ ከዛሬ አራት ዓመት በፊት ሲሸጥ የነበረበት ዋጋ ለድካማቸው መልካም የሆነ ምላሽ የሚሰጥ እንደነበር ያመለክታሉ። አምናና አቻምና ግን «በድካማችን ልክ ያለማግኘታ ችንን እንቆቅልሽን ማን ይሆን የሚፈታልን» በሚል ጥያቄ ውስጥ እንዲወድቁ አድርጓቸዋል።
አቶ ዶጎማ ዶና በሲዳማ ዞን በሸበዲኖ ወረዳ በፉራና አካባቢው የገበሬዎች ኅብረት ሥራ ማህበር አባል ናቸው። ማህበሩን ከተቀላቀሉ ወደ ስምንት ዓመት ይጠጋቸዋል። የቡና ማሳቸው አንድ ሄክታር መሬት ሲሆን፤ በየዓመቱም እንደመሬቱ አሰጣጥ ከ100ኩንታል እስከ 200ኩንታል ቡና ለማህበሩ ያቀርባሉ።
አርሶ አደሩ ከማህበሩ በብዙ እንደተጠቀሙ ይናገራሉ። ቡናቸው ሲደርስ በተቆረጠለት ዋጋ ለማህበሩ ያስረክባሉ። ከማህበሩ ታዲያ ቡናቸውን ሸጠው ገንዘብ ከማግኘት ባለፈም በዓመቱ መጨረሻ የትርፍ ክፍፍል ይደርሳቸዋል። ለአብነትም ሲጠቅሱ የዘንድሮውን የትርፍ ክፍፍል 18ሺ ብር ያህል ማግኘታቸውን ነው የሚያመለክቱት። ማህበሩ ተጠቀመ ማለት መልሶ ራሳቸውን ስለሚጠቅም በአካባቢያቸው ላሉት ነጋዴዎች ቡናቸውን እንደማይሸጡ ነው ያብራሩት።
እንደ እርሳቸው አነጋገር ማህበሩ ትርፋማ በመሆኑ መኪና መግዛት ችሏል። ማንኛውም በቀበሌው ነዋሪ የሆነና የማህበሩ አባል መሆኑ የተረጋገጠ ሰው ቢታመም በቀላሉ ወደ ጤና ተቋም እንዲደርስ ይደረጋል። አያድርገውና እንዳጋጣሚ ሆኖ ሕይወቱ ቢያልፍም አስከሬኑን ለመመለስም በሌሎች የትራንስፖርት አገልግሎት ሰጪዎች ከሚጠየቀው ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ ለመዳን ምቹ ሁኔታን ፈጥሯል።
«እኔም በኑሮዬ በብዙ ተለውጫለሁ። በባንክ ያለኝ ካፒታል ወደ 60ሺ ብር ያህል ደርሷል። ልጆቼንም በማስተማር ላይ እገኛለሁ። ጥሩ መኖሪያ ቤት ከእነሙሉ ዕቃው አለኝ። አባላት ለማህበሩ ያለን ግንንቤ ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ ከፍተኛ መሻሻል ታይቶበታል» ይላሉ።
ይሁንና አሁን ላይ ግን አንዳች ስጋት እንደገባ ቸው ነው የሚገልጹት። የቡና ዋጋ ከተጠበቀው በታች ዝቅ ማለቱ ግር አሰኝቷቸዋል። የለፉበትና ያለመሰልቸት የታገሉበትን ቡና እንደ አንዳች የማይረባ ምርት መሸጥ የሞራል ውድቀት ነው። በባለሙያዎች የሚሰጣቸውን ምክርና አገልግሎት ተግባራዊ በማድረግ የቡናው ጥራት ከወትሮ በተለየ ሁኔታ በጠበቁበት በእዚህ ወቅት ደግሞ ይበልጥ ከምርቱ ተጠቃሚ መሆን ሲገባቸው የምርቱ ዋጋ ማሽቆልቆል ስጋት ፈጥሮብናል ሲሉ ይናገራሉ።
በእዚሁ በሸበዲኖ ወረዳ ፉራ ቀበሌ ነዋሪና የማህበሩ አባል የሆኑት አርሶ አደር ደቀማ ደበሳ የሁለት ሄክታር መሬት ቡና ባለቤት ሲሆኑ፤ ከቡና ሌላ እንሰት፣ በቆሎ፣ ሸንኮራና ሙዝ ያመርታሉ። የፉራ አገልግሎት የገበሬዎች ኅብረት ሥራ ማህበር መስራች ከሆኑት መካከል አንዱ ናቸው።
እርሳቸውም ልክ እንደ አርሶ አደር ዶጎማ ሁሉ ማህበራቸው በርካታ አገልግሎት እየሰጠ ስለመሆኑ ይናገራሉ። ማህበሩ በደርግ ሥርዓት ሲቋቋም በግዴታ እንደነበር የሚያስታውሱት አርሶ አደሩ፤ዛሬ ግን በርካታ ጥቅም እናገኝበታል ነው የሚሉት። በተለይም የእህል ወፍጮ አገልግሎትን ጨምሮ የሸማቾች የኅብረት ሥራ ማህበርም በመቋቋሙ ያልተገባ ትርፍ ከሚያጋብሱ ነጋዴዎች መዳን መቻላቸውን ያመለክታሉ።
«ዘንድሮ ከትርፍ ክፍፍሉ ወደ ሰባት ሺ አካባቢ አግኝቻለሁ። በማህበሩ ይበልጥ ለመጠቀም ደግሞ እኛ አርሶ አደሮች ቡናችንን ለሌላ ለማንም አናስረክብም። በአካባቢው ያለው ባለሀብት ቡናችንን በጣም ትንሽ በሆኑ የገንዘብ ልዩነት እንድናስረክብ ቢፈልጉም ያንን አናደርገውም» ይላሉ። ያም ሆኖ ግን አንዳንድ የማህበሩ ጥቅም ብዙም ያልገባቸው ጥቂት አባላት የ25 እና የ50ሳንቲም ልዩነትን በማየት ለባለሀብቱ እንደሚያስረክቡ ይጠቅሳሉ፤ ይህ እንዳሆን ግን የማህበሩን ጥቅም ለአባላቱ እየገለጹ መሆኑን ነው ያመለከቱት።
ነገር ግን ይላሉ አርሶ አደር ደቀማ የቡና ዋጋ አሳሳቢ መሆኑን ለማመልከት «ቡናችን ጥራቱን ሳያጓድል እየተመረተ የዋጋው ዝቅ ማለት ግራ የሚያገባ ነው። በእርግጥ የቡናችንን ዋጋ የሚወስነው የዓለም የቡና ዋጋ መሆኑን በቂ መረጃ አለን። ይሁን እንጂ ይህንን ለማስወገድ መፍትሔ የለም ወይ የሚል ጥያቄ በውስጤ ይመላለሳል» ሲሉ ነው ምላሽ የሚሻ ጥያቄያቸውን የሚያነሱት።
በእዚሁ ሲዳማ ዞን የአለታ ወንዶ ወረዳ የሆሞቾ ጫዋ ወረዳ ነዋሪ አርሶ አደር ፍቅሬ ሸለሞ የሆሞቾ ዋኤኖ አገልግሎት ኅብረት ሥራ ማህበር አባል ናቸው። ምንም እንኳ በቡና ምርት ኑሯቸውን በተሻለ ሁኔታ መምራት ቢችሉም የልፋታቸውን ዋጋ አለማግኘታ ቸውን ግን ከመናገር አልተቆጠቡም። እንዲያውም ቡና ከአርሶ አደሩ በርካሽ ዋጋ እንደሚገዛና ወደ ማዕከላዊ ገበያ ሲቀርብ ደግሞ በውድ እንደሚሸጥ ማወቃቸውን ያመለክታሉ።
እንደ እርሳቸው አነጋገር ከአርሶ አደሩ የሚገዛበት ዋጋና በዓለም ለሽያጭ የሚቀርብበት ዋጋ ተቀራራቢ ይሁን ባይባልም መመጣጠን መቻል አለባቸው። የቡና ዋጋ አንዴ ዝቅ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ ከፍ እንደሚል ግንዛቤ ያላቸው ሲሆን፤ በእዚህ መሀል ግን መንግሥት የራሱን አማራጭ ሊወስድ ይገባል ሲሉ ነው የተናገሩት። «እኛ አርሶ አደሮች የደከምንበትን የልፋታችንን ዋጋ በአግባቡ ልናገኝ የተገባ ነው» ይላሉ።
አርሶ አደር በእነርሱ በኩል ጥራት ያለው ቡና በስፋት ለማቅረብ ቁርጠኞች መሆናቸውን ይናገራሉ። በባለሙያዎች የተሰጣቸውም ሥልጠና መኖሩን ገልጸው፤ የመሥራት ፍላጎታቸውም ከፍ ያለ መሆኑን ነው ያብራሩት። መንግሥት ደግሞ እነርሱ የሚጠበቅ ባቸውን በቁርጠኝነት ለማከናወን ዝግጁ መሆናቸውን ተከትሎ ለቡና ዋጋ መውደቅ ምክንያት ናቸው የተባሉት ላይ መፍትሔ ለማምጣት መንቀሳቀስ አለበት ሲሉ ያሳስባሉ።
እሸት ቡና በአሁኑ ወቅት ለአንድ ኪሎ እስከ አምስት ብር ነው እንዲሸጥ የሚደረገው።ይህ ደግሞ ድካምን ገደል ይከታል የሚል እምነት አለኝ ይላሉ።ይህ ዋጋ በክልላችንም ሆነ በዞናችን ደረጃ መሻሻል የሚቻልበት መፍትሔ ቢገኝለት መልካም ነው።አንድ አርሶ አደር የድካሙን ዋጋ ያገኛል ተብሎ የሚታሰበው ቢያንስ የአንድ ኪሎ እሸት ቡና ዋጋ ከ10 ብር መውረድ አይገባውም ባይ ናቸው።
አቶ ለገሰ ላሚሶ የእዚሁ የአለታ ወንዶ ወረዳ የኦሞቾ ዋኤኖ አገልግሎት ኅብረት ሥራ ማህበር ሊቀመንበር ናቸው። ማህበሩ የተመሠረተው በ1968 .እንደሆነ ጠቅሰው፤ የአባላት ብዛትም 3955 መሆናቸውን ተናግረዋል። ማህበሩ አራት ቀበሌዎችን የያዘ ሲሆን፤ ወደ 12 ሚሊዮን የሚጠጋ ካፒታልም አለው።
ማህበሩ ለቀበሌዎቹ የበኩሉን አስተዋፅኦ በማድረግ ላይ ይገኛል።ለአብነትም ለትምህርት ቤት ግንባታ ለመንገድ ሥራ እና እንዲሁም ለሌሎች አገልግሎቶች ድጋፍ እንደሚያደርግም ነው ያመለከቱት። ሦስት መኪና ያለው ሲሆን፤ ሕዝቡ የሚገለገልበት ወፍጮ ቤትም እንደሠራ ተናግረዋል።
አቶ ለገሰ በዞን ደረጃ ያለው ዩኒየን ብዙ እገዛ እያደረገላቸው እንደሆነ ይጠቁማሉ። በተለይ ገበያ ከማፈላለግ ጋር ተያይዞ እያደረገ ያለው አገልግሎት ይበል የሚያሰኝ ነው ብለዋል። በአሁኑ ሰዓትም ቡናውን ወደ መዳረሻ አገራት በጥሬው ከመላክ እሴት ወደ መጨመሩ ለመሸጋገር በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ በመሆኑ ይህም ማህበራቱን ተጠቃሚ እንደሚያደርግ ያላቸውን እምነት ተናግረዋል።
ይሁንና ይላሉ ሊቀመንበሩ አንድ ስጋት ላይ የጣላቸው ጉዳይ እንዳለ በማመልከት።ይኸውም የቡና ዋጋ መውረድ ግራ እንዳጋባን ነው በማለት። በ2003 .ም አንድ ኪሎ ግራም እሸት ቡና በ15 ብር ይገዛ ነበርና ማህበሩም ሆነ ቡና አምራች አርሶ አደሩ ተጠቃሚ ነበር ይላሉ። ይህ ዋጋ በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ አሽቆልቁሎ አምና በስምንትና ዘጠኝ ብር ሲሸጥና ሲገዛ መክረሙን ያመለክታሉ። ዘንድሮ ይባስ ብሎ ከድንችም ዋጋ ባነሰ አንዱን ኪሎ እሸት ቡና በዞኑ ውስጥ በአምስት ብር የመገበያያ ዋጋ ሆኖ መቆረጡ በጣም አሳሳቢ ሆኗል ነው ያሉት።
በቡና ጥራት ምንም አይነት ችግር ሳይኖርብን እንዴት ነው በእዚህ ዋጋ የምንሸጠው የሚል አመለካከት ነው በአምራቹም ሆነ በማህበሩ እየተነሳ ያለው አስተያየት፤ገበያውን በተመለከተ ሕዝቡስ እስከ መቼ ያለቅሳል ሲሉም ይጠይቃሉ።

By David Ochami
Lawyer organisations in East Africa have warned that East African countries and Ethiopia are descending into dictatorships that seek to curtail basic constitutional freedoms including the right of the media and civil society to operate unhindered.
They cited the recent passing of oppressive laws against the media and attempts to legislate against civil society in Kenya, raids on media in Uganda and shutdown of newspapers in Tanzania to illustrate alleged evidence of receding freedoms.
“We seem to be depleting the democratic gains we have been making,” said Law Society of Kenya chairman Eric Mutua in a key note speech where he also accused East African regimes of targeting the media and embarking on a “conspiracy not to democratise these countries.”
President Uhuru Kenyatta skipped the opening of the 18th annual conference of the East Africa Law Society (EALS) in Mombasa yesterday where he was to be the main speaker.
Investment opportunities
Delegates from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Ethiopia are attending the conference which among other issues will discuss constitutionalism and democracy in East Africa, lawyers’ ethics, relations among the bar, bar and executive, transparency in business.
The lawyers also intend to discuss investment opportunities in the oil and gas sectors in the region and plot how to benefit from this. The president sent his advisor on constitutional and legal affairs Mohamed Abdikadir to defend his record and tried to portray him as “a foremost believer in the rule of law” and the integration of the East African.
But the Law Society of Kenya and EALS was unrelenting in spite of Uhuru’s absence and insisted that the president and the Kenyan state have joined a trend of dictatorship they alleged has been gathering storm in the region.
New restrictions
The LSK chairman and EALS President James Mwamu said there seems to be a conspiracy by the governments in the region to impose new restrictions using similar repressive laws imposed or passed simultaneously or separately.


Mwamu warned that the regime of laws adopted by Kenya’s Parliament, the Kenyan state and its neighbours imply a reversal of freedoms and constitution that will transform the region into a rogue state like Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe.
“This is how Zimbabwe started,” said Mwamu referring to Zimbabwe’s steady decline that he said began with the enactment of laws suppressing the media, civil society and free speech.
“We think there is a wider plot in the region that by 2015 we shall have a much close society,” said Mwamu referring to copycat laws and anti-freedom policies in Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi and Kenya.
Mwamu said parliaments and governments in the region are attempting to weaken institutions through oppressive laws and policies, adding that attempts to restrict foreign financing of civil society in Kenya by Parliament are a replica of a law in Ethiopia that restricts foreign donations to non-governmental organisations to 15 per cent of their budgets.
He claimed that leaders in the said countries appear to admire or emulate each other as far as rolling back constitutional freedoms is concerned.
Good faith
Abdikadir defended Uhuru’s record, describing him as a democrat who believed in constitutionalism “even before he was elected,” and argued that the president had demonstrated good faith by referring the oppressive media bill to Parliament.
“The president is not interested in rolling back any rights,” Abdikadir said and added that the Uhuru government “will hold to the tenets of the constitution.”