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Thursday, May 31, 2012



1. Introduction

The absurd and false notion that one race is superior to another is founded either on absolute lack of knowledge about or deliberate denials of the contributions of different races to human civilization; it has nothing to do with skin colour. Human civilization as we know it today cannot be solely attributed to a single race or region of the world. Today's revolution in science and technology is a cumulative outcome of the ideas of all great human minds from all parts of the planet earth during the past six millennia of recorded history of human civilization. As a cradle of all human races, Africa remains undisputed origin of the early human civilization.

Ancient Egyptians, who claimed to have originated in the heart of Africa from around Mount Ruwenzori range in East Africa, are credited for various inventions that laid foundation for today's development in science and technology. The first farming technique, oxen-driven plow, which revolutionized the agricultural production, was invented by ancient Egyptians in 2700 B.C. It was the ancient Egyptians who introduced to the world the technique of mining of precious metals: gold, tin, iron, copper and so on. The ancient Africans (Egyptians) were also the first to bestow the world with writing and papers. They invented paper from papyrus plant abundant around the Nile river. Not only that the English name, paper, was derived from the African Papyrus but the advances in western education and science would not have been possible without papers from Africa. Moreover, the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics was one of the two first writing systems invented by human beings, the other one being the Sumerian script.

It was the ancient Egyptians who invented the first wooden lock. They invented locks to prevent repeated robberies that plagued their prosperous ancient kingdom. The locks were made from a wooden crossbar that was almost entirely enclosed except for some space for the key and the pins.

Moreover, the world's first major stone building that laid foundation for today's construction industry was the Step-Pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis in ancient Egypt. The pyramid was designed by an African, Imhotep, an architect, a priest, and a father of scientific medicine who was an advisor to King Djoser of the third Dynasty of Egypt at around 2630 B.C.

It was an ancient Egyptian King, Akhenaten, who first introduced the concept of monotheism, belief in one God, long before Jesus and the Old Testament. Although Akhenaten's one God referred to sun, it was a major departure from the belief system based on multiple gods that exists in many parts of the world even today.

2. Black inventions and the scientific and technological revolution

In his remarkable book, "Black Inventors, Crafting Over 200 Years of Success" , Keith C. Holmes (2008) unraveled the origin of inventions and the contributions of black inventors to the global advancement in science and technology. He has spent more than twenty years researching information on inventions by Black people from five continents, over seventy countries, including almost all fifty states in the United States, Australia, Barbados, Canada, France, Germany, Ghana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, citing a number of black inventors from 1769 - 2007, making the book one of the most comprehensive recent works on black Inventors.

His book documents "a number of inventions, patents and labor saving devices conceived by black inventors. Africans, before the period of their enslavement, developed agricultural tools, building materials, medicinal herbs, cloth and weapons, among many other inventions. Though millions of black people were brought to Canada, the Caribbean, Central and South America and the United States in chains and under the yoke of slavery, it is relatively unknown that thousands of Africans and their descendants developed numerous labor saving devices and inventions that spawned companies which generated money and jobs, worldwide".

Holmes finds that black inventors, from the very beginning of their involvement in the invention and patenting process, have had an important and earth shattering impact on the world. Commenting on his book Giorgio Migliavacca (Island Sun Newspaper, British Virgin Island, 2010) states: "His book proves that without the inventors, innovators, designers and laborers of African descent, in Africa as well as throughout the African Diaspora, western technology, as we know it today, would not exist."

Holmes book underscores that the invention process did not originate in Europe; and that from 1900 to 1999, black inventors patented over 6,000 inventions (at least 400 of them by black women), and between 2000 and 2007, blacks patented over 5,000 inventions; nowadays American icons such as Oprah Winfrey has 61 trademarks; and a significant number of black inventors live in Europe where they have patented thousands of inventions.

The book illuminates the fact that inventions created by black people both past and present were developed and patented on a global scale thereby making tremendous contribution to the current advancement in global scientific and technological revolution. It is pity that these inventions have not been applied to change the lives of millions of Africans who languish under poverty, hunger and illiteracy in the African continent today, but that does not make an African man or woman an inferior human being. The main cause of Africa's underdevelopment is not lack of inventing black minds but foreign interventions of the past 500 years that culminated in colonial occupation and destruction of the socio-political fabric of the continent leading to eternal chaos and conflicts among the African peoples and hence the overall disruption of the 5000 years of African civilization.

3. Celebrating African American Inventors from Benjamin Banneker to George Edward Alcon, a living Physicist.

Holmes' book highlights the work of early black inventors from almost all fifty states in the United States. The book finds that in the United States, to date, sixteen African American men have been inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Two of these inventors, Jan E, Matzeliger, (Suriname) and Elijah McCoy, (Canada) were born outside the United States. The book also cites a number of African inventors who have received the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Gold medal for their inventions and has uncovered thousands of inventions by people of African descent.

Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806), a descent of slaves, but who was born a free man, is widely regarded as the first African American inventor in the United States. He was a self-educated scientist, astronomer, inventor, writer, and antislavery activist. He built a striking clock entirely from wood, one of the first watches built in United States, in 1753, published a Farmers' Almanac, and actively campaigned against slavery. He was one of the first African Americans to gain distinction in science. Banneker made astronomical calculations that enabled him to successfully forecast a 1789 solar eclipse. His estimate made well in advance of the celestial event, contradicted predictions of better-known mathematicians and astronomers. But he first achieved national acclaim for his scientific work in the 1791 survey of the Federal Territory (now Washington, D.C).

Banneker's mechanical and mathematical abilities impressed many, including Thomas Jefferson, the then Secretary of State to whom Banneker sent a copy of his first Almanac (Banneker is best known for his six annual Farmers' Almanacs published between 1792 and 1797 covering Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. The almanacs included information on medicines and medical treatment, and listed tides, astronomical information, and eclipses, all calculated by Banneker himself). In his enclosed letter to Thomas Jefferson, Banneker questioned the slaveholder's sincerity as a "friend to liberty" and urged Jefferson to help get rid of "absurd and false idea" that one race is superior to another. Over 206 years since the death of this great black scientist, there are some people on this planet who still think that one race is superior to another. Ignorance or malice aforethought; only time will tell.

A living African-American Physicist, George Edward Alcon, born in 1940, invented an imaging x-ray spectrometer using thermomigration of aluminum, for which he earned a patent in 1984. In 1986 he devised an improved method of fabrication using laser drilling. His work on imaging x-ray spectrometers earned him the 1984 NASA/GSFC Inventor of the Year Award. Alcorn a Ph.D. in Atomic and Molecular Physics from Howard University holds Eight Patents in the United States and Europe on semiconductor technology, one of which is a method of fabricating an imaging X-ray spectrometer. His area of research includes: adaptation of chemical ionization mass spectrometers for the detection of amino acids and development of other experimental methods for planetary life detection; classified research involved with missile reentry and missile defense; design and building of space instrumentation, atmospheric contaminant sensors, magnetic mass spectrometers, mass analyzers; and development of new concepts of magnet design and the invention of a new type of x-ray spectrometer.

There are many more noble African minds that have made the current global revolution in science and technology possible. Among these some of the African American inventors include:

• air conditioning unit: Frederick M. Jones; July 12, 1949
• almanac: Benjamin Banneker; Approx 1791
• auto cut-off switch: Granville T. Woods; January 1,1839
• auto fishing devise: G. Cook; May 30, 1899
• automatic gear shift: Richard Spikes; February 28, 1932
• baby buggy: W.H. Richardson; June 18, 1899
• bicycle frame: L.R. Johnson; Octber 10, 1899
• biscuit cutter: A.P. Ashbourne; November 30, 1875
• blood plasma bag: Charles Drew; Approx. 1945
• cellular phone: Henry T. Sampson; July 6, 1971
• chamber commode: T. Elkins; January 3, 1897
• clothes dryer: G. T. Sampson; June 6, 1862
• curtain rod: S. R. Scratton; November 30, 1889
• curtain rod support: William S. Grant; August 4, 1896
• door knob: O. Dorsey; December 10, 1878
• door stop: O. Dorsey; December 10, 1878
• dust pan: Lawrence P. Ray; August 3, 1897
• egg beater: Willie Johnson; February 5, 1884
• electric lampbulb: Lewis Latimer; March 21, 1882
• elevator: Alexander Miles; October 11, 1867
• eye protector: P. Johnson; November 2, 1880
• fire escape ladder: J. W. Winters; May 7, 1878
• fire extinguisher: T. Marshall; October 26, 1872
• folding bed: L. C. Bailey; July 18, 1899
• folding chair: Brody & Surgwar; June 11, 1889
• fountain pen: W. B. Purvis; January 7, 1890
• furniture caster: O. A. Fisher; 1878
• gas mask: Garrett Morgan; October 13, 1914
• golf tee: T. Grant; December 12, 1899
• guitar: Robert F. Flemming, Jr. March 3, 1886
• hair brush: Lydia O. Newman; November 15,18--
• hand stamp: Walter B. Purvis; February 27, 1883
• horse shoe: J. Ricks; March 30, 1885
• ice cream scooper: A. L. Cralle; February 2, 1897
• improv. sugar making: Norbet Rillieux; December 10, 1846
• insect-destroyer gun: A. C. Richard; February 28, 1899
• ironing board: Sarah Boone; December 30, 1887
• key chain: F. J. Loudin; January 9, 1894
• lantern: Michael C. Harvey; August 19, 1884
• lawn mower: L. A. Burr; May 19, 1889
• lawn sprinkler: J. W. Smith; May 4, 1897
• lemon squeezer: J. Thomas White; December 8, 1893
• lock: W. A. Martin; July 23, 18--
• lubricating cup: Ellijah McCoy; November 15, 1895
• lunch pail: James Robinson; 1887
• mail box: Paul L. Downing; October 27, 1891
• mop: Thomas W. Stewart; June 11, 1893
• motor: Frederick M. Jones; June 27, 1939
• peanut butter: George Washington Carver; 1896
• pencil sharpener: J. L. Love; November 23, 1897
• record player arm: Joseph Hunger Dickenson January 8, 1819
• refrigerator: J. Standard; June 14, 1891
• riding saddles: W. D. Davis; October 6, 1895
• rolling pin: John W. Reed; 1864
• shampoo headrest: C. O. Bailiff; October 11, 1898
• spark plug: Edmond Berger; February 2, 1839
• stethoscope: Imhotep; Ancient Egypt
• stove: T. A. Carrington; July 25, 1876
• straightening comb: Madam C. J. Walker; Approx 1905
• street sweeper: Charles B. Brooks; March 17, 1890
• phone transmitter: Granville T. Woods; December 2, 1884
• thermostat control: Frederick M. Jones; February 23, 1960
• traffic light: Garrett Morgan; November 20, 1923
• tricycle: M. A. Cherry; May 6, 1886
• typewriter: Burridge & Marshman; April 7, 1885

These are many more inventors of African descent in Africa, Australasia, and Europe that have shaped the global scientific advancement today. What more does a black African need to provide to the rest of the world to prove that a dark skin colour does not in any way imply a dark brain?

4. Skin colour and intelligence

As to the skin colours which many falsely regard as the source of intelligence and racial superiority, there are no people who actually have true black, white, red, or yellow skin. These colour terminologies do not reflect biological reality. Our skin color is due primarily to the presence of a pigment called melanin which both light and dark complexioned people have.

The colour we show around today is due to natural selection for biological adaptability and survival in different geographical zones of our planet. Nature has selected for people with darker skin in tropical latitudes, where ultraviolet radiation from the sun is usually the most intense to produce eumelanin as a protective biological shield against ultraviolet radiation, while for those in temperate zones nature has selected for them to produce pheomelanin. By doing this, it helps to prevent sunburn damage that could result in DNA changes and, subsequently, several kinds of malignant skin cancers in tropical latitudes.

Those who argue therefore that skin colour due to pheomelanin is equivalent to more intelligent being compared to skin colour due to eumelanin fail to understand the basic Darwinian concept of evolution. And by doing so negate the very notion of superiority of scientific knowledge they claim to possess compared to those with eumelanin dominated skins. As to the latter, we have shown above that melanin has nothing to do with the brain functions of any human being and race!!

References:

• Holmes, H. (2008). Black Inventors, Crafting Over 200 Years of Success. 2008.
• Inventors, Benjamin Banneker Biography, http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventors/a/Banneker.htm
• Some Inventions Made by Black People, http://creativebrother.freehosting.net/invent.html
Article Source: http://www.afroarticles.com/article-dashboard

Wednesday, May 30, 2012



Three micro hydropower plants were inaugurated at the villages of Ererte, Gobecho and Hagara Sodicha in the Sidama zone in the Southern Nations and Nationalities People’s Regional State (SNNPRS) on February 24th and 25th, 2012. In total, they have a power generation capacity of 125 Kilowatt, which for example can be used to light up more than 17,000 energy saving light bulbs. 
The Energy Coordination Office of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH supported the construction of the three micro hydropower
plants on behalf of the German and Dutch Governments. It was implemented in partnership with Sidama Mines, Water and Energy Agency, the Sidama Development Association and local communities. 
Small rivers and waterfalls could generate electricity to energize many off-grid rural areas in Ethiopia – however, this potential is often not used: “Ethiopia is referred to as ‘the water tower of Africa’. Despite the fact that around 97 percent of the electricity in Ethiopia is generated from hydropower, only about three percent of the whole potential
is currently tapped”, said Lieselore Cyrus, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany during the inauguration. 
“These three micro hydropower plants are not only shining examples on how to use this potential, but also show excellent community development through the utilization of local resources,” she noted. The Ambassador especially thanked The Royal Netherlands Embassy in Addis Ababa for its continuous effort to realize these projects and make them visible. “When you want to achieve results you need to join  forces “, Ambassador Hans Blankenberg of the Kingdom of the Netherlands said  during the inauguration. “Since 2005 we have successfully cooperated with the Germans in the Energising Development Partnership. This has resulted in energy activities in 20 countries, benefiting more than 7.2 million people. These people have now been provided with electricity or with improved cooking technologies.  Access to energy is vital. Many economic activities are simply not possible if energy is unavailable and therefore economic growth is inhibited. We all know that Ethiopia needs economic growth.“
”The micro hydropower plants now provide clean energy to more than 22,000 inhabitants,” said Henning Vogel, Programme Manager of GIZ Energy Coordination Office. “The electricity is used to enhance public  services such as powering three elementary secondary schools, three health posts, three farmer training centres, three Kebele administration offices, several religious institutions and three battery charging stations, among others,” he added. 
In association with the local administration, GIZ has supported the project implementation and the establishment of electricity service cooperatives to own and operate the three micro hydropower plants.  
About the inauguration ceremony
The Micro hydropower stations were inaugurated in the presence of the following excellencies: 
• H.E. Ato Shiferaw Shigute, President of SNNPR 
• H.E. Mrs. Lieselore Cyrus, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany 
• H.E. Mr. Hans Blankenberg, Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 
• H.E. Mr. Odd-Inge Kvalheim, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Royal Norwegian Embassy 
• H.E. Mr. Dragan Momcillovic, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Serbia 
About Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and ECO The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is a federal enterprise with worldwide operations. It supports the German Government in international cooperation for sustainable development and in international education work. GIZ supports people and societies in shaping their own futures and improving living conditions. 
The GIZ Energy Coordination Office (ECO) is supporting the improvement of access to modern energy services in Ethiopia through its Energizing Development Program (EnDev Ethiopia).

http://www.addis-abeba.diplo.de/contentblob/3480888/Daten/2238737/downloaddateiEinweihungMHP.pdf

Sunday, May 27, 2012



Sidama nation across the world marked the 10th anniversary of the May 24 2002 Loqqe massacre.  Ten
years after Ethiopian government orchestrated killing that claimed more than 100 innocent sidama people,
commemorations were held in many places around world, with Sidama people in Diaspora and at home
voicing renewed commitments to unity of their nation.
Ten years ago today, the nation confronted one of darkest days in Sidama History. Lives ended
instantly. Dreams were shattered. Friends and neighbors, farmers and teachers, students and business
people, fathers and sons – they were taken from loved ones with heartbreaking cruelty. In the decade
since, perpetuators have never been brought to justice. Sidama people have endured hardship and gross
human right violations.
History shows that, sidama nation does not give in to fear. The attempt that the successive brutal regimes
waged to put sidama people into submission has repeatedly failed. Today, the nation has united more than
ever and all Sidama people around world have proved that nothing breaks the will of Sidama people.
Loqqe massacre commemorating ceremonies were held around world in the cities like Washington DC,
London, Johannesburg and others. Participants that attended the ceremony that took place at Unification
Church in Washington, DC honored the victims with prayers, candle vigil and renewed commitment for
unity of Sidama people. They believe, however, the finest tribute to pay, to Loqqe victims of atrocity lies
in our hearts of all sidama people where ever they live. They all vowed to make sure that perpetuators of
Loqqe massacre cannot hide from the reach of justice.

http://www.sidamaliberation-front.org/Sidama%20Nation%20marks%2010th%20anniversary%20of%20Loqqe%20Massacre.pdf

The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a 50 million US dollars credit from the International Development Association (IDA) for the Women Entrepreneur Development Project to help open doors for female entrepreneurs in Ethiopia and give them access to appropriate skills and employment opportunities to contribute to the country’s economic growth.
The Bank is committed to help in creating equal access to the necessary resources for both female and male entrepreneurs in Ethiopia so that they can develop their business and generate employment in the country” said Guang Z. Chen, Country Director for Ethiopia.
According to the bank, resources from IDA bring positive change for 2.5 billion people living on less than 2 US dollars a day. Since its inception, IDA has supported activities in 108 countries. Annual commitments have increased steadily and averaged about 15 billion US dollars over the last three years, with about 50 percent of commitments going to Africa.
Major obstacles that hinder the role female entrepreneurs can play in Ethiopia’s economy include limited access to vital resources such as finance, land, training, education, and effective business networks. Particularly, the microfinance institutions in Ethiopia have a low coverage for women entrepreneurs and do not provide suitable financing.
In order to alleviate these challenges, the World Bank has created an innovative project specifically targeted to female entrepreneurs in Mekele, Bahir Dar, Hawasa, Adama, Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.
The project aims to increase the earnings and employment of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE) owned by female entrepreneurs by improving access to financial services and by providing working capital and investment finance through a dedicated line of credit. It will also improve existing Micro Finance Institutions’ capacity to provide tailored financial products to these female entrepreneurs.
According to recent estimates, in addition to creating employment for women in the economic sectors, reducing gender inequalities in education and the labor market could increase Ethiopia’s annual GDP growth by almost 1.9 percentage points. In addition to providing financing, the project will build the women entrepreneurs’ skills, facilitate their access to technologies that will help them be more productive, and unleash synergies from clustering.

“The project will give women entrepreneurs the necessary finance, skills, services and support that they are currently lacking to grow their business,” said Yasmin Tayyab, Task team leader for the project. “As a result, this will help to substantially increase their earnings while at the same time creating jobs for Ethiopians.”
The World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA), established in 1960, helps the world’s poorest countries by providing loans (called “credits”) and grants for projects and programs that boost economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve poor people’s lives. IDA is one of the largest sources of assistance for the world’s 81 poorest countries, 39 of which are in Africa.
http://www.newbusinessethiopia.com/index.php

Saturday, May 26, 2012



.ታላቁ ሩጫ በኢትዮጵያ  በሐዋሳ ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ ሊኖረው የሚችል የማራቶን ውድድር ለማዘጋጀት ማቀዱ ታወቀ፡፡ የሃዋሣ ከተማ ዓለምአቀፍ ደረጃ ያለው የማራቶን ውድድር ለማዘጋጀት ተስማሚ አየርና የመሮጫ ጐዳና ያላት ሲሆን በ2013 የመጀመሪያ ማራቶንን ለማካሄድ የታላቁ ሩጫ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ እየተሯሯጠ ነው፡፡  ባለፈው ሳምንት በሐዋሳ ከእንግሊዝ ሕፃናት አድን ድርጅት ጋር በመተባበር ‹‹ሁሉም›› በሚል መሪ ቃል የተዘጋጀ ግማሽ ማራቶን የሩጫ ውድድር የተካሄደው በርካታ የውጭ አገር እና የከተማውን ህዝብ በማሳተፍ ነበር፡፡ የውድድሩ አዘጋጆች እንደገለፁት ከ60 በላይ የውጭ አገር ተሳታፊዎች ከዩናይትድ ;;;; ጀርመንና ጣሊያን በመምጣት ተሳትፈዋል፡፡
ባለፈው እሑድ በዋናው የግማሽ ማራቶን ውድድር ላለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት አሸናፊ የነበሩት ኬንያውያን  አልተሳካላቸውም፡፡ኢትዮጵያውያንና ኬንያውያን ታዋቂ አትሌቶች በተሳተፉበት የሴቶች 21 ኪሎ ሜትር የማረሚያ ቤቶቿ አትሌት ዘይቱና አረዋ ርቀቱን 1 ሰዓት 13 ደቂቃ 40 ሰከንድ አጠናቃ ስታሸንፍ፣ ሁለተኛ የማረሚያ ቤቶቿ ጽጌረዳ ግርማ ሦስተኛ ቀነኔ ሆነዋል፡፡ በወንዶች ምድብ የግል ተወዳዳሪው ሀብታሙ አሰፋ 1 ሰዓት 03 ደቂቃ፣ 38 ሰከንድ በማጠናቀቅ አንደኛ ሲወጣ፣ ስንታየሁ መርጋና ፀጋዬ አሰፋ ከኦሮሚያ ፖሊስና በግል ሁለተኛና ሦስተኛ ሆነው የብርና ነሐስ ተሸላሚ ሆነዋል፡፡ በሁለቱም ጾታ ከአንደኛ እስከ ሦስተኛ በመውጣት ያጠናቀቁ አትሌቶች የአሥራ አራት፣ የሰባት እና የሦስት ሺሕ ብር የገንዘብ ሽልማት ተበርክቶላቸዋል፡፡
በሌላ በኩል በታዋቂ አትሌቶች መካከል በተደረገው ሰባት ኪሎ ሜትር የሩጫ ውድድር ሴቶች፣ ፀጋ ደሳለኝ ቀዳሚ ሆና ስታጠናቅቅ ሁለተኛና ሦስተኛ የወጡት ደግሞ ትዕግስት ተካና ሃና አሕመድ ናቸው፡፡ በተመሳሳይ ርቀት ወንዶች የሻሸመኔ አትሌቲክስ ክለብን ወክሎ የተወዳደረው መርዕድ መኮንን አንደኛ ሲወጣ፣ የደቡብ ፖሊሶቹ ደጀኔ ሙላይ እና አብዱሶ ማላ ሁለተኛና  የመጀመሪያ ማራቶንን ለማካሄድ የታላቁ ሩጫ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ እየተሯሯጠ ነው፡፡ በሌላ በኩል ቀዋል፡፡ ብዙኀን የተሳተፉበት የሰባት ኪሎ ሜትርና ሁለት ኪሎ ሜትር የሸፈነ የሕፃናት ውድድር ተካሒዷል፡፡በአጠቃላይ ታዋቂ አትሌቶቹን ጨምሮ በዚህ ‹‹ሁሉም›› ዘመቻ ቁጥራቸው እስከ አሥር ሺሕ የሚገመቱ ተወዳዳሪዎች ነበሩ፡፡ በክብር እንግድነት ኃይሌ ገብረ ሥላሴን ጨምሮ የተለያዩ መንግሥታዊና መንግሥታዊ ካልሆኑ ድርጅቶች ኃላፊዎች ተገኝተዋል፡፡ በተመጣጠነ ምግብ ምክንያት የእናቶችና ሕፃናት ሞትን በመከላከል ላይ ትኩረት ያደረጉ መርሆች  በውድድሮቹ ታጅበው ቀርበዋል፡፡
http://www.addisadmassnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2245:2012-05-12-11-00-07&catid=103:2011-01-30-11-15-00&Itemid=501


   
Hawassa, Ethiopia  - Habtamu Assefa and Zeytuna Areb scooped the top prizes at the 3rd edition of the Every One Half Marathon Races staged at Haile Resort in Hawassa on Sunday.
Areb, a member of the Federal Prisons club and who trains alongside Dire Tune and Teyba Erkesso, won in a time of 1:13:40. Assefa, who has previously raced abroad as part of Gertaneh Tessemas global club, won a closer duel with Sintayehu Merga, breaking clear in the final kilometer of the race before reaching the line in 1:03:38. Merga clocked 1:03:49.
Haile Gebrselassie awarded the prizes to all race winners at the event which included a mass 7km race for 2000 participants, a non-elite race over 21km and a series of children’s races.
Note: Hawassa is at 1700 metres above sea level.
Leading RESULTS:
Men -1. Habtamu Assefa 1:03:38
2. Sintayehu Merga 1:03:49
3. Tsegaye Assefa 1:04:02
Women1. Zeytuna Areb 1:13:40
2. Tsegereda Girma 1:14:03
3. Keneni Assefa 1:14:12


Thursday, May 24, 2012


ሚያዝያ መካተቻ ላይ ሐዋሳ ከተማ የዘለቁት የባህልና ቱሪዝም ሚኒስቴር አገራችንን እንወቅ ክበብ አባላት ከተፈጥሯዊና ታሪካዊ መስህብ ቦታዎች ጉብኝታቸው ባሻገር ያከናወኑት ዐቢይ ተግባር ችግኝ ተከላ ነበር፡፡ ዘላቂ የቱሪዝም ልማት ተግባራዊነትን ከአካባቢ ጥበቃ አንፃር ዕውን ለማድረግ አንዱ መገለጫው ዛፍ ተከላ እንደመሆኑ፣ የሐዋሳ ከተማ ልዩ መገለጫ የኾነው ሐዋሳ ሐይቅ ህልውናውን ለመጠበቅ በራስጌው ያለውን የታቦር ተራራ ደን ለማልበስ ይረዳ ዘንድ የክበቡ አባላት የችግኝ ተከላውን አካሒደዋል፡፡ ችግኙ የተተከለባት ሐዋሳ ከ52 ዓመት በፊት በልዑል ራስ መንገሻ ሥዩም ስትመሠረት ስሟን ያገኘችው ከሐይቁ መጠርያ ነው፡፡ 

በሲዳማ ዞን ውስጥ የምትገኘውና ከአዲስ አበባ 273 ኪሎ ሜትር የምትርቀው ሐዋሳ በምዕራብ ሐዋሳ ሐይቅ፣ በደቡብ ሐዋሳ ዙርያና ሸበዲኖ ወረዳዎችን በምሥራቅ ወንዶገነት ወረዳ፣ በሰሜን ሻሸመኔ ይከቧታል፡፡  

ከባሕር ወለል 1685 ሜትር ከፍታ ላይ የሚገኘው ሐይቁ የተለያዩ የዓሣ ዝርያዎች እንደአምባዛ ቆሮሶ፣ ቤሩስ ዓይነቶች አሉበት፡፡ አዕዋፋትና የዱር እንስሳትም በአካባቢው ይገኛሉ፡፡ ከአካባቢው ጋር ተስማሚ የሆነ ቱሪዝም ለማስፋፋት፣ ብዝሃ ሕይወትን ለመጠበቅ በአካባቢው የሚገኘውን ታቦር ተራራ በደን መሸፈን አስፈልጓል፡፡ በየጊዜው እንክብካቤ እየተደረገለት በመሆኑም ተራቁቶ የነበረው ታቦር አሁን መልክ እየያዘ ነው፡፡ 

“ለፍቅር ሐይቁ ውበት ዋስትና የታቦር ገላ በዕጸዋት መሸፈን አለበት” የሚለውን የኅብረተሰቡ አገላለጽ ይበልታ ለመስጠት የተካሔደውን የሚያዝያ 28 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም. የችግኝ ተከላ ያስተባበረው በሐዋሳ ከተማ የሚገኘው አፊኒ ኢኒሼቲቭ ዴቨሎፕመንት ፎረም ነው፡፡ ችግኝ ተከላውን ሲያስተባብር የነበረውን የፎረሙን ዳይሬክተር አቶ አራርሶ ገረመውን የ“አፊኒ” ምንነት ጠየቅነው፡፡ መለሰልንም፤ “አፊኒ ቃሉ ሲዳምኛ ነው፡፡ በቁሙ ሲተረጐም ‘ሰማችሁ’ ማለት ነው፡፡ ቃሉ የዘርም፣ የሃይማኖትም፣ የጾታም ልዩነት ሳይኖረው ሁሉን ያማክላል፡፡ በሲዳማ ባህል ይህንን ቃል ችግሮች ሲፈጠሩ ለመፍታት፣ የተለያዩ ውሳኔዎችን ለማሳለፍ ብሔሩ ይጠቀምበታል፤ ይህን ስም አፊኒን ልማትን ለማቀጣጠል እየተጠቀምንበት ነው፡፡”

በአፊኒ ስም ከአምስት ዓመት በፊት በ12 ወጣቶች የተቋቋመው ፎረሙ በትምህርት፣ በአካባቢ ጥበቃ በጤናና ኤችአይቪ በሥራ ፈጠራ ላይ ያተኮሩ ዓላማዎችንም ሰንቋል፡፡ ከአገሪቱ የተለያዩ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎችና አንድ በአሜሪካ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የሚማርን ተማሪ ጨምሮ በርካታ ወጣቶችን አቅፏል፡፡

በፎረሙ ዓላማ መሠረት “ሰዎች ይህን ሰማችሁ ወይ? የትምህርት ጥራት እየደከመ ነው? ወይስ እየተጠናከረ ነው? አያችሁ ወይ ለማለት ገዢ ቃል የኾነውን የሲዳምኛውን “አፊኒ” ለፎረማችን መጠርያ አደረግነው፤ ቃሉ ራሱ አሳታፊ ነው በማለት አቶ አራርሶ ያብራራል፡፡ ፎረሙ ጉልህ ተግባር አከናውኛለሁ የሚለው በትምህርት መስክ ነው፡፡ በደቡብ ክልል በሲዳማ ዞን ሁሉም ወረዳዎችና በሐዋሳ ከተማ የማጠናከርያ ትምህርት ለተማሪዎች በየጊዜው እየሰጠ ይገኛል፡፡ 

በርካታ ተማሪዎችንና ወጣቶችን በፎረሙ ሥር ተደራጅተው በመንቀሳቀሳቸው በአካባቢው ሰፊ ዕውቅናና የሕዝብ ተቀባይነትን ማግኘቱን፣ የአካባቢ ጥበቃ ሥራውንም የተባበሩት መንግሥታት የልማት ፕሮግራም (ዩኤንዲፒ) በመደገፉ ሦስት ማኅበራትን በመመሥረት የደን ተከላውንም ሆነ እንክብካቤ የማድረጉም ሥራ እየተሳካለት መሆኑንም አቶ አራርሶ ያወሳል፡፡ “በአካባቢ ጥበቃ  ላይ ያለው የኅብረተሰባችን ግንዛቤ ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ እየተሻሻለ ቢመጣም አሁንም ብዙ መሥራት ይጠበቅብናል” የሚለው አቶ አራርሶ፣ የባህልና ቱሪዝም ሚኒስቴር አገራችንን እንወቅ ክበብ አባላት ከአዲስ አበባ ሐዋሳ መጥተው በታቦር ላይ ችግኝ መትከላቸው ለኅብረተሰቡ አርአያነት እንደሚኖረው ያምናል፡፡ 

“እዚህ ያለው ሰው እነርሱን ሲያይ በጣም ይነሣሣል፡፡ ስለ አካባቢ ጥበቃ ያለውንም ግንዛቤም ሆነ ስሜቱ ይጨምራል፤”

አፊኒ አገር በቀል ዕውቀት ጎልቶ እንዲታወቅ ትውልዱም በቅጡ እንዲያውቀው ለማድረግ ራዕይ አለው፡፡ ነባርና ጠቃሚ ባህሎች ተጠብቀው እንዲቆዩ ትልቅ ሥራ ለመሥራት መነሣቱንም ዳይሬክተሩ ይናገራል፡፡
http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/component/content/article/300-social/6436-2012-05-23-07-51-16.html

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

New

The 10th Anniversary of the Loqqe Massacre of Sidama Civilians Coincides with the
Formation of ‘United Sidama Parties for Freedom and Justice’ USPFJ!
Press Release by ‘USPFJ’
May 24, 2012
The Loqqe Massacre of the Sidama Civilians,
On May 24, 2002, Sidama people of all walks of life staged on a peaceful, nonviolent and unarmed demonstration claiming their unconditional rights for regional autonomy that was accorded to the nations whose population is significantly smaller than that of theirs. The current estimated population of Sidama is over 5.5m. Despite their peaceful demand for regional autonomy, the demonstrators were met with live ammunitions from the army and
the police forces that were assigned to monitor the protest. The regime’s political leadership from Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia Nations and Nationalities and People’s Regional State up to the central government carefully planned and managed the massacre. Up to 100 Sidama demonstrators from whom 69 were confirmed were slaughtered in a broad day light for which neither the killers nor those who ordered the massacre were held accountable for their hideous crimes against humanity. To this date, the Sidama families whose fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers, relatives, sons and daughters died continually mourn their loss, and continue to do so until justice prevails.

The Current Political Developments in Sidama and Ethiopia at large
The Ethiopian government continues to grossly violate fundamental rights of its citizen disregarding its own constitution that unequivocally guarantees these. The basic human rights and freedom of expression and assembly are not respected. There is no serration of powers and checks and balances in state apparatus. The legislative, the executive and the judiciary branches of government do not function independently. The defense and police forces solely serve the interest of the regime. People are incriminated for their political  views, opinions, and their affiliation and for being members of certain ethnic/national groups. Currently, the Sidama people are reduced to virtual slaves in their own land where a very few renegades trade by their names.

Abject poverty, deprivation, extra-judiciary arrests and killings and human misery characterize the lives of the majority of the citizens of the entire country. Sidama is not
immune to the above. The security forces of the current regime indiscriminately fire into
peacefully demonstrating crowds that claim constitutional rights enshrined in the constitution promulgated by the regime itself and collectively massacre hundreds with
absolute impunity. 

The culprits and miscreants widely circulate among the society creating unstoppable havoc.The regime is so virulent to any opposing ideas contrary to its malicious ideologies of brutalizing citizens and targeting all without distinction. Citizens of the country live in an atmosphere where relentless intimidation and surveillance is a daily phenomenon. The
regime’s politicians expropriate the resources of Sidama as well as the entire country by
leaving the majority with absolute poverty.

Although the degree to which the Sidama people are subjugated differs, all peoples of
Ethiopia are being collectively repressed and punished by the incumbent regime for their
views and for being ‘who they are’. There is no safe heaven for all who are being ruled by the incumbent regime. Thus, the need to work together to ensure the transfer of power to the people is increasingly becoming a matter of survival for all involved. Cognizant of this fact, three hitherto independent Sidama political organizations came together to form a united front for freedom and justice under the banner of ‘United Sidama Parties for Freedom and Justice’ (USPFJ) on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Loqqe massacre, i.e. May 24,2012 whilst globally Commemorating Sidama victims of atrocity.

Brief Background on Sidama Resistance Movements
The Sidama people had never accepted the conquest of King Minelik II since the early
1890s peacefully. Several initial attempts by the invading army were repulsed by the
Sidama heroes and heroines. Leulesged and Beshah Aboye, the two famous war leaders of
the said King, met formidable resistance from the Sidama people. The first wave of
Menellik’s invading army was fully defeated by the gallant Sidama warriors led by their
(Mottes) kings and Gaadana (war leaders). However, the second wave of invaders came up with superior and the then modern weaponry provided to them by their European colonial counterparts to consolidate their grip onto the Sidamaland and its resources to tame the nation for eternal subjugation. Several atrocities were committed by the invading army during pre and post WWII periods as to avenge those armed resistance movements. Some villages were totally wiped out with their entire population amounting to genocide.

The Sidama people however continued their resistance for the last 122 years albeit limited success. The current derive to consolidate the fragmented Sidama political movements signifies the importance of preserving the achievements of the liberation struggles of our forefathers and forge ahead in unison for self determination.

Sidama Opposition Parties and the Need for a United Voice
The Sidama Liberation Movement (SLM), Sidama Liberation Front (SLF) and Sidama National Liberation Organization (SNLO) are a continuation of over 120 years of resistance movements of the wider Sidama nation for freedom, justice, and self-determination. The
USPFJ aims at harnessing political, economic, social and cultural advancement of the Sidama people. It also strives to forge alliances with likeminded political and nonpolitical
organizations that work towards asserting justices, freedom, liberty and equality of opportunity to all Ethiopians where the ultimate goal shall be enabling the majority to determine their own destiny.
In light of such extremely appalling situation that all Ethiopians are in general and the
Sidama people are in particular are; the Sidama Liberation Movement, Front and National
Liberation Organization agree to create a conceptual understanding on the need to have an Umbrella organization whose main objective is to mobilize and lead popular struggle that enables the Sidama people to exert consorted pressure to bring an end to the highly
repressive and authoritarian system that reduced the lives of its citizens to a virtual slavery under its deceitful tactics of ‘Divide-And-Rule’. Therefore, the Sidama opposition parties unanimously agree that the collective approach to bring an end to the suffering of the Sidama people primarily and the wider peoples of Ethiopia at large shall be paramount.

The need for a globally collaborative action to stop the Sufferings of Ethiopians!
In the light of the available evidences on the nature, attitude, behaviors and practices of the incumbent Ethiopian regime that depersonalized, dehumanized and reduced its subjects to virtual objects where its political cadres use and throw them as perishable items:-
· The USPFJ urges all Sidama people within the country as well as in Diaspora to stand shoulder to shoulder in their attempt to work towards ending the vicious circles of injustice and systematically denigrating treatment imposed on Sidama people by the incumbent regime.
· The USPFJ calls up on international community in particular Western politicians to hold the incumbent regime solely accountable for the Loqqe massacre of the Sidama civilians on May 24, 2002 and request an independent inquiry into the massacre where the culprits are brought to an independent justice.
· The USPFJ calls up on all likeminded Ethiopia related liberation movements, democracy loving civic and political organizations and personalities, religious groups and intelligentsia to condemn the incumbent regime’s uncivilized treatment of its citizens and work towards common ground for the best interests of all Ethiopians where the fruit of struggle shall be enjoyed equally by all.
· The USPFJ calls upon UN, OAU, HRW, AI, and others organizations to condemn the undemocratic and authoritarian nature of the current regime that keeps its citizens as virtual slaves in their own lands.
· The USPFJ calls upon the International and Regional organization to support all genuine democratic movements with care and sensitivity.
· We urge the incumbent regime to unconditionally stop mass killings of Oromo, Somali, Amhara, Sidama, Afar, Gambella’s Agnuak, Kefa Shaka….and all Ethiopian nations that raise the issues of their fundamental rights to freedom and self determination; and requests to stop stifling freedom of expression and unconditionally release all political prisoners and journalists.
· Finally, the USPFJ calls upon all Ethiopian related democracy cherishing organizations, establishments, fronts, movements and others to put their differences aside and stand shoulder to shoulder to fight common enemy to genuine democratic principles, justice, liberty, freedom and equality of opportunity to all Ethiopian without distinction.

May the souls of innocent Sidama victims of the Loqee massacre as well as victims of
similar other atrocities carried out across the country by the incumbent regime rest in peace until justice prevails on their behalf!! We salute you all who have paid and are paying precious sacrifices of your lives for liberty and justice in the country!
United Sidama Parties for Freedom and Justice (USPFJ) May 24, 2012

Bath City


 the city of Hawassa

A proposal to twin Bath with a city in Ethiopia has been discussed by councillors.
The Ethiopian ambassador Berhanu Kebede visited the city this week to meet the Mayor of Bath and discuss the possibility of a twinning arrangement with the city of Hawassa.
He was taken to Fairfield House, in Newbridge, which was the home of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie during an exile in the UK between 1936 and 1941. It is this historic link which is the driving force behind the proposal to secure a formal bond between Bath and the African city.
Mr Kebede said: "We know this history of this city and how our emperor used to live here and we want to establish a relationship with this historic city.
"I have heard from people that the emperor was thankful to the people of Bath during his time of trials and the people of Bath gave him full hospitality and support."
He added that there were common links between Hawassa and Bath, with any possible twinning arrangement allowing them to build on the fact that they are both tourist destinations.
"An issue which needs to be addressed is how to forge a win-win situation. I'm sure we can find a common ground where the two cities can benefit from this relationship."
Mayor Bryan Chalker, who as the chairman of the Charter Trustees will be involved with the decision on whether Bath should be twinned with Hawassa, said he was supportive of the idea.
He said: "It is a wonderful idea. Particularly in view of the fact that Haile Selassie was given the freedom of the city. He still commands a tremendous amount of respect, so to have his excellency and his aides with us today is a privilege.
"I'm always supportive of anything to promote relationships between different countries and cultures."
The Charter Trustees of the City of Bath, a body which is made up of councillors, has responsibility for twinning links and it will be their decision if a new link with Hawassa is given the go-ahead.
It is not known how long the decision-making process is likely to take, but the plans are at an early stage and the group met to discuss the proposal for the first time this week.
The last city to be officially twinned with Bath was Alkmaar, in the Netherlands, which after a long period of informal links signed an arrangement 22 years ago.

Tuesday, May 22, 2012


መ/ር ቀለሙ ሁነኛው
Kelemhun@yahoo.com
አቶ ኃ/ማርያም የገፅታዎ ወዘና ሲታይ በእውነቱ
ወንበሩ የተመችዎት ይመስላል፡፡ እነ አቶ መለስ ደደቢት
በረሀ መሽገው ሲዋጉም ሆነ ደርግን ድል አርገው
ቤተመንግስት ሲገቡ ርስዎ በትግል ማህፀን ውስጥ
አልተፀነሱም ነበር፡፡ ከወቅቱ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ርቀው
ባህር ማዶ በትምህርት ላይ እንደነበሩ ወዳጄ ተመስገን
በፍትህ ጋዜጣ ላይ አስነብቦናል፡፡ መቼም እደለኛ ነዎት
ይህም ከዕድል ከተቆጠረ፤ ህወሓት /ኢህአዴግ ሕዝብን
በብሔረሰብ ከፋፍሎ የመግዛት ፖሊሲውን በመላው
አገሪቱ ሲተገብር በወላይታ ብሔር ተወላጅነታችሁ ርስዎና
አምባሳደር ተሾመ ቶጋ የአቶ መለስ ቀኝ እጅ በመሆን ብቅ
አላችሁ፡፡ የሁለታችሁ ፍፁም ታዛዥነት ለስልጣን ማማ
አበቃችሁ፡፡
ክቡር አቶ ኃ/ማርያም የርስዎ መሰላል ግን የሚገርም
ነው፡፡ ከስልጣን ወደ ስልጣን ለመሸጋገር ከመፍጠንዎ
የሀላፊነትዎ መደራረብ ከበረሀ ጀምሮ ለ17 ዓመታት በፅናት
የታገሉት አቶ አዲሱ ለገሠና አቶ ስዩም መስፍን በተናጠል
የያዙትን የሥልጣን ቦታ ርስዎ በግልዎ ሲጠቀልሉት ምን
አይነት ደስታ ተስማዎት ይሆን? የተደራረበልዎት ሥልጣን
የኢህአዴግ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር፣ የኤፌዲሪ ም/ጠ/ሚ/ር፣
የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚ/ር፣ የሕዳሴ ግድብ አስተባባሪ ብሔራዊ
ኮሚቴ የበላይ ጠባቂ የ. . .ድርጅት የቦርድ ሰብሳቢ . . .
አቤት የስልጣንዎ ብዛት! መቼም ስልጣንም “የቁጩ”
ባይሆን ኖሮ ምድር የሚበቃዎት አይመስለኝም፡፡ አቶ
መለስም መተካካት በሚል ለፈጠሯት የሥልጣን ዕድሜ
ማራዘሚያቸው ከ2002 ዓ.ም ምርጫ በኋላ ርስዎ ብርሃንዋ
በደበዘዘ ባትሪ ተፈልገው ተገኙ፡፡ “ከአብሮ አደግ አትሰደድ”
በሚል ውስጠ ሚስጥር የሕይወት መስዋዕትነት እየከፈለ
የመጣውን ጀግናውን የህወሓት ሠራዊት በዘዴ የሸኙት
አቶ መለስ በሁለት አስርት አመታት አገዛዛቸው የትግል
አጋሮቻቸውን በሰበብ በአስባቡ ከጨዋታ ውጭ እያደረጉ
በሥልጣን መንበራቸው ዙሪያ ከኮለኮሏቸው ጋሻ ጃግሬዎች
እንደ ጆከር እየተሰኩ የፖለቲካውን ቁማር የሚያስቆምሩ
በመሆንዎ፡፡
ክቡር ም/ጠቅላይ ሚ/ርና የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚ/ር
የሲዳማ ብሔር ተወላጆች የሆኑት አቶ አባተ ኪሾና አቶ
ሽፈራው ሽጉጤ የደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ህዝቦች
ክልል ፕሬዝዳንት ሆነው ክልሉን ሲመሩ ርስዎ ለበለጠዉ
ቦታ በአቶ መለስ ተቀቡ፡፡ የደቡብ የሹመቱ ተራ ከሲዳማ
ብሔረሰብ ወደ ወላይታ አመራ፡፡ በወቅቱ ሁኔታው በክልሉ
የበላይነት ስሜትን ለሚያንፀባርቁና በአንዳንድ አራዳዎች
አባባል “የደቡብ ትግሬዎች” የሚል ስም ለተሰጣቸው
የሲዳማ ብሔረሰብ ሹማምንት የእርስዎ ፕሬዝዳንት
መሆን አልተዋጠላቸውም ነበር፡፡ ውስጥ ውስጡን እያየለ
የመጣው ሽኩቻ ውሎ አድሮ ችግር መፍጠሩ አልቀረም፡፡
የደቡብ ክልል በጉያዋ ካቀፈቻቸው ከ56 በላይ ብሔረሰቦች
መካከል የሲዳማና የወላይታ ብሔረሰብ ተወላጆች
ቁጥራቸው የላቀ እንደሆነ ይታመናል፡፡ የወላይታ ህዝብ ግን
ስፋት ባለው የመሬት ይዞታ ላይ አለመስፈሩ ይታወቃል፡፡
የክልሉን የፕሬዝዳንትነት ሥልጣን ያጡት የሲዳማ
ተወላጅ ሹማምንት በምርጫ 97 ዓ.ም ዋዜማ ላይ በብርቱ
አጉረመረሙ፡፡ መልክአ ምድራዊ አቀማመጣቸውንና
የህዝባቸውን የቁጥር ብዛት አንተርሰው ራሳቸውን ችለው
ክልል ለመሆን ለፌደራል መንግስት ጥያቄ አቀረቡ፡
፡ በወቅቱ የሲዳማ ዞን ዋና ከተማ ከሀዋሳ ተነስቶ ወደ
ይርጋለም ከተማ መዛወሩና ሀዋሳ የደቡብ ህዝቦች ክልላዊ
መንግስት ርዕስ ከተማ መሆኗ የሲዳማን ህዝብ በብርቱ
እንዳስከፋው ይታወቃል፡፡ ውድ አንባብያን በ1997 ዓ.ም
ምርጫ ቅንጅት አዲስ አበባ ላይ በማሸነፉ የኦሮሚያ ክልላዊ
መንግሥት ዋና ከተማ ከአዳማ አዲስ አበባ እንደመጣና
ሕዝቡ በየአካባቢው የድጋፍ ሰልፍ እንዲወጣ መደረጉ
ይታወቃል፡፡ ሁላችንም እንደምናውቀው ከምርጫው
በፊት የኦሮሚያ ክልላዊ መንግስት መቀመጫው ወደ
አዳማ ሲዛወር በተለያዩ ዩኒቨርስቲዎች የሚገኙ የብሔረሰቡ
ተወላጆች ድርጊቱን በመቃወማቸው ብዙ አፍላ ወጣቶች
የጥይት ራት ሆነዋል፤ ብዙዎቹ ታስረዋል፤ የቀሩትም
ከአገር ተሰደዋል፡፡ ይህን ግፍ የፈፀመው ኢህአዴግ አይኑን
በጨው አጥቦ “አዲስ አበባ የኦሮሚያ ዋና ከተማ በመሆኗ
ህዝቡ ለኢህአዴግ ያለውን ድጋፍ በደስታ ገለፀ” ሲል ነጋሪት
አስጎሰመ፡፡ የታሪክ ማፈሪያ!
ወደ ዋናው ጉዳዬ ስመለስ በወቅቱ የነበረው የሲዳማ
ብሔረሰብ ተወላጆች ኩርፊያ አቶ መለስን ሁለት ጊዜ
ወደ ሀዋሳ አመላለሳቸው፤ ጥያቄው ለሕወሓት ዘዋሪው
ኢህአዴግ ለአፍታ እንኳን የማይዋጥ ጉዳይ በመሆኑ
“ሳይቃጠል በቅጠል” እንዲሉ በአጭሩ መቀጨት ነበረበት፡፡
በመጀመሪያው ዙር ድርድር ራሳቸውን ችለው ክልል መሆን
እንደማይችሉ አስረግጠው የነገሯቸው አቶ መለስ “ለህፃን
ልጅ ብርጭቆ አይሰጥም” ሲሉ ቅስማቸውን በመስበር
አሸማቀቋቸው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ የተቀጣጠለው እሳት ሙሉ
ለሙሉ አልጠፋም ነበር፡፡ ችግሩ እንደገና አገርሽቶ ሕዝቡ
ተቃውሞ በመውጣቱ አያሌ የሲዳማ ብሔረሰብ አባላት
ከአኝዋክ ህዝብ ባልተናነሰ ሁኔታ መጨፍጨፋቸው
የሚዘነጋ አይደለም፡፡ አቶ መለስም ከሁኔታዎች አሳሳቢነት
የተነሣ ዳግም ሀዋሳ ከተማ ተገኙ፤ እንደ ቀድሞው
ተለሳልሰው ሳይሆን እሳት ጎርሰው እሳት ለብሰው አመፁን
በቀዳሚነት የመሩትን የሲዳማ ብሔረሰብ ሹማምንትና ጋሻ
ጃግሬዎቻቸውን ከስልጣናቸው አራግፈውና የሲዳማ ዞንን
ዋና ከተማ ወደ ሀዋሳ እንዲመለስ መመሪያ ሰጥተው ካረጋጉ
በኋላ “ምጣዱ መስማቷ ላይቀር እንጨት ትጨርሳለች፡፡”
ሲሉ ተሳለቁባቸው፡፡ እንቅስቃሴውን ለአንዴና ለመጨረሻ
ጊዜ ለማዳፈንም አቶ ኃ/ማርያም ደሳለኝን አንስተው
ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ አቶ ሽፈራው ሽጉጤን ሾሙ፡፡ መንበር
ስልጣኑ ከወላይታ ወደ ሲዳማ ሲመለስ ነገሮች ፀጥ ረጭ
አሉ፡፡

የበለጠውን በምቀጥለው ሊንክ ያንቡ:
http://andinet.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Finote-Netsanete-Issue-35.pdf

Monday, May 21, 2012



አዲስ አበባ፣ግንቦት 13 2004 (ዋኢማ) - የኢትዮጵያን የልማት እቅድ ለማሳካት በተዘጋጀ አዲስ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ፈጠራ ረቂቅ ፖሊሲ ላይ የሚነጋገር የምክክር መድረክ በአዳማ እየተካሄደ ነው።
የምክክር መድረኩ ላይ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስትር አቶ ደሴ ዳልኬ እንደገለጹት አዲሱ የሳይንስ ቴክኖሎጂና ፈጠራ ረቂቅ ፖሊሲ የሀገሪቱን ውስን ሀብት በአግባቡ ለመጠቀምና ሊፈጠር የሚችለውን አለም አቀፍ ተጽእኖ ለመቋቋም የሚያግዝ ነው።
በውድድር ማእቀፍ ውስጥ በሚካሄደው እንቅስቃሴ ግንባር ቀደም ለመሆን እንደሚያስችልም ተናግረዋል።
ፖሊሲው ሀገሪቱ የተያያዘችውን ፈጣንና ዘላቂ የእድገት ጉዞ በአስተማማኝ ሁኔታ ወደፊት በማራመድ ለልማት እቅዱ ተግባራዊነት የሚረዱ የአዳዲስ ቴክኖሎጂዎችን አጠቃቀም ለማገዝ እንደሚያስችል መናገራቸውን ኢዜአ ዘግቧል።

Saturday, May 19, 2012


Tiny changes are sometimes the most significant.
The Ethiopian Commodity Exchange recently renamed one of that country’s most iconic products: Sidamo Coffee, long one of the best-recognized coffee brands in the world, will now be officially traded as Sidama Coffee. The switcharoo has passed with little fanfare, and many American roasters continue to offer their customers Sidamo—though this trend does seem to be changing.
What’s the story here?
Ethiopia’s Sidama zone (also formerly Sidamo) occupies the southwestern corner of that country, spreading out across a landscape of green hills from the great Rift Valley lakes of Abaya and Awasa. Coffee originated not far from here—the details are debated, but the northern Rift Valley and the Horn of Africa are generally recognized as the ancestral, wild homeland of arabica coffee.
Taking a restThe Sidama people have lived here for longer than any tradition can recall, part of the Kushitic cultural patchwork that extends from Sudan south to Tanzania and Uganda. While the Greeks may have referred to this area as Ethiopia (“Land of Burned People”) for millennia, the Sidama region was not a part of the Ethiopian state until 1893, when Ethiopia’s Abyssinian king Menelik II occupied the loosely-governed Kushitic chiefdoms around the Rift Valley. In keeping with the traditions of empires large and small, this conquest led to a long period of social upheaval and a concerted effort by the Ethiopian government to dismantle “local” identities in favor of a broader sense of “Ethiopian-ness.” Enter the name-game: to signify a break with the past and the end of a distinctive Sidama identity, the government named their newly-acquired province Sidamo—a subtle, but direct, negation of the people, their language, and their sense of place.
sorting cherriesWhen Ethiopia finally made its entrance onto the world coffee stage as a distinctive “terroir” in the mid-Twentieth Century, Western coffee importers had little information to go off of, except for what they learned from centralized (often state-owned) coffee exporters and other middle-men. Thus, the name Sidamo entered the Western coffee lexicon. And because the coffee from this region is exceptional—both as a blend component and as a single-origin—Western roasters and consumers came to know and love the name very quickly.
The first rumblings of change began in 2007. In October of that year, Side Goodo, a self-described Sidama intellectual, published an open polemic letter titled “There are no people called ‘Sidamo:’ stop the use of ‘Sidamo’ misnomer.” In that letter, he outlined the general history of the Sidama people and detailed their incorporation into the Ethiopian state, emphasizing the disenfranchisement and offense many Sidama people had come to associate with the “Sidamo” name.
Goodo had not specifically targeted the coffee business in his letter—in fact he didn’t even mention it—but industry ears-to-the-ground quickly took note, and the letter (plus a fewothers like it) began circulating in the coffee blogosphere. A few roasters—mainly those, such as ourselves, dealing directly with farming communities—re-named their offerings to little fanfare (and only modest customer confusion). The only real blip in the transition was egg on the faces of some roasters and cafe owners who had fought to get lazy-tongued employees to pronounce the name “properly” for years, only to discover that the employees were (inadvertantly) right.
While many offering sheets still say “Sidamo,” this story is steadily progressing towards a happy ending. The Ethiopian Coffee Exchange’s move to re-designate coffee from the Sidama region is an important, if quiet, acknowledgment of past wrongs, and it means that Western importers will now be greeted with the proper name on every contract. So with bags of coffee now leaving the country clearly marked “Sidama,” it’s up to those of us on the final end of the coffee business to break with tradition as well. The Sidama people deserve to have their name back.
Sidama kids

The welcome party for a Coop Coffees delegation to the Sidama 
Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union

Thursday, May 17, 2012

New

ናማ


በአበበ ከበደ
ኣርትኦት በመልካም
ናማ ብዙ ፍየሎች የነበሯት የሲዳማ እረኛ ልጃገረድ ነበረች፡፡ ኪናማ ትኖር የነበረው በአንድ በጣም ግዙፍ የአለት መዝግያ በነበረው ትልቅ ዋሻ ውስጥ ነበር፡፡
ፍየሎቿን ወደ ግጦሽ ይዛ ስትሄድ ሁለት ከባድ ችግሮች ነበሩባት፡፡ አንደኛው ሁልግዜ ልጆቿን እየሰረቀ የሚያስቸግራት ነብር ሲሆን ሁለተኛው ደግሞ ሁልጊዜ የሚያስቸግራት ጅብ ነበር፡፡ ነገር ግን ዋነኛው ጠላቷ ነብሩ ስለነበረ ሁልጊዜ ልታሞኘው ትሞክር ነበር፡፡ ጠዋት ትነሳና ፍየሎቿን ከዋሻ ውስጥ “ግዙፉ ዋሻዬ ሆይ! በርህን ክፈተው!” እያለች የዋሻው መዝጊያ አለት ሲከፈት ልጆቿን ይዛ ትወጣለች፡፡
ከዚያም በግሩም ድምጿ ጮክ ብላ “ዛሬ ፍየሎቼን ወደ ዲጋሬ ይዣቸው እሄዳለሁ፡፡” ብላ ትናገራለች፡፡
ሆኖም ወደ ዲጋሬ ሳይሆን ወደ ተመዴ ትሄዳለች፡፡ በሌላ ቀን ደግሞ ጠዋት ትነሳና “ዛሬ ወደ ተመዴ ነው የምሄደው፡፡” ብላ ተናግራ ወደ ዲጋሬ ትሄዳለች፡፡
እናም በየቀኑ በዚህ ዓይነት ነብሩን እያታለለች ፋጎ ፋጋግ  “ግዙፉ ዋሻዬ ሆይ! በርህን ክፈት፡፡ ክቦ ክቢብ  ግዙፉ ዋሻዬ ሆይ! በርህን ዝጋ፡፡” እያለች ትኖር ነበር፡፡ ሁልጊዜም ማንም እንዳይሰማት በማድረግ ስትኖር ነብሩ የሚያማምሩትን ልጆቿን እያየ በመጎምዠት እርሷንም እንዴት ሊያታልላት እንደሚችል ያስብ ነበር፡፡
ታዲያ ከእለታት አንድ ቀን ነብሩ ከዋሻው አናት ላይ ካለ ዛፍ ላይ ተደብቆ ሳለ ኪናማ ከዋሻው ወጥታ ስትመለከት ማንንም ስላላየች በተለመደው ቆንጆ የድምጽ ቃና ጮክ ብላ “የኔ ዋሻ ሆይ! በርህን ዝጋ!” ካለችው በኋላ ፍየሎቿን ይዛ ሄደች፡፡
በዚህ ጊዜ ነብሩ ከዛፉ ላይ ዘሎ ወርዶ ወደ ዋሻው ሮጦ በመሄድ “ዋሻዬ ሆይ! በርህን ክፈት!” አለው፡፡
እናም ዋሻው ተከፈተ፡፡ ነብሩም ዋሻው ውስጥ ገብቶ ከአንድ የዋሻው ጉብታ ላይ ተደብቆ ተቀመጠ፡፡
ኪናማም ወደ ዋሻው ተመልሳ መጥታ “ግዙፉ ዋሻዬ ሆይ በርህን ክፈት!” ስትለው ዋሻውም ተከፍቶ ልጆቿን ሁሉ ይዛ ገብታ “ግዙፉ ዋሻዬ ሆይ! በርህን ዝጋ!” ስትለው መዝጊያው ተንሸራቶ ተዘጋ፡፡
ከዚያም ተቀምጣ እሳት ማቀጣጠል ስትጀምር ነብሩ ከላይ ካለ ጉብታ ላይ ሆኖ ለሃጩን ሲያዝረበርብ አንዲት ምራቅ ወርዳ እሳቱ ላይ ጠብ ስትል ኪናማ ነብሩ ዋሻው ውስጥ መሆኑን ወዲያው አወቀች፡፡ ጠረኑም ሸተታት፡፡
በዚህ ጊዜ “የጌታዬ ጠረን እየሸተተኝ ነውና እዚህ ዋሻ ውስጥ ነው ያለው፡፡” ብላ እሳቱን “እፍ! እፍ!” እያለች ማቀጣጠሏን ቀጠለች፡፡
አሁንም ሌላ የምራቅ ጠብታ ስትወድቅ ኪናማ “ጌታዬ እዚህ ዋሻ ውስጥ እንዳለ እርግጠኛ ነኝ፡፡ ጠረኑንም በደንብ እያሸተትኩት ነው፡፡” አለች፡፡

ነብሩም ከተቀመጠበት ቦታ ሆኖ “አዎ! እዚህ ዋሻ ውስጥ ነኝ፡፡ አሁን የቱን ትመርጫለሽ ዘልዬ ወርጄ አንቺን ልግደልሽ ወይስ ዘልዬ ወርጄ ወፍራሙ ልጅሽን ዋርፖን ልብላው?” አላት፡፡
እርሷም “ታላቁ ጌታ ሆይ! ይህንን ወፍራሙን ዎርፖን ያሳደኩት ለአንተ እንደሆነ ታውቃለህ፡፡ እኔ ላይ ለምን ትዘላለህ? ዎርፖ ላይ ዘለህ ግደለው፡፡” አለችው፡፡
ነብሩም ዘሎ ወርዶ ዎርፖን በማነቅ ደሙን መጠጠው፡፡  ኪናማም “አሁን ጌታዬ ስጋውን ላዘጋጅልህ፡፡” አለችው፡፡ እርሱም “አዎ፣ አዘጋጂ፡፡” አላት፡፡
እርሷም ዋርፖን ከገፈፈች በኋላ “ስጋውን የምቀቅልበት ውሃ ያስፈልገኛል፡፡” ስትለው ነብሩም “ወደ ወንዙ ሄደሽ ይዘሽ ነይ፡፡” አላት፡፡
እርሷም ከዋሻው ወጥታ ውሃውን ቀድታ ተመለሰች፡፡ ታዲያ ውሃውን ከቀዳችበት ወንዝ ውስጥ አንድ ጬላ ግላካ የተባለ ትልቅ ነጭ ድንጋይ ይዛ ተመለሰች፡፡ ድንጋዩንም በዋርፖ ጮማ ስጋ ጠቅልላ ካዘጋጀች በኋላ ስቡን እሳቱ ላይ አድርጋ በጣም እንዲግል አደረገችው፡፡
ነብሩም በጣም ርቦት ስለነበረ ምራቁን ይውጥና ከንፈሮቹንም ይልስ ጀመር፡፡ እርሷም “ጌታዬ ሆይ! እኔ ላጉርስህ፡፡ አፍህን ክፈት፡፡”1 ስትለው “አአአ….” ብሎ አፉን በሰፊው ሲከፍት የጋለውን ድንጋይ አፉ ውስጥ ጨምራበት ገደለችው፡፡  አሁን ቀንደኛ ጠላቷን ስላስወገደችው በዚሁ ዓይነት ጅቡንም መግደል አሰበች፡፡ 

የልጇንም አጥንቶች አውጥታ በዋሻው በራፍ ላይ ስታስቀምጥ ከትንሽ ጊዜ በኋላ ጅቡ መጥቶ “እነዚህ ሁሉ አጥንቶች ምንድናቸው?” አላት፡፡
እርሷም “ለአንተ ነው ያስቀመጥኳቸው፡፡ ለምን ወስደህ አትበላቸውም? ብዙ አጥንቶች አሉኝ፡፡ ብዙ ነገሮች አዘጋጅቼልሃለሁ፡፡” አለችው፡፡

እንደምታውቁት ጅብ ስግብግብ ነውና “አሃ! አዘጋጅተሽልኛል?” ሲላት “አዎ ብዙ የምትበላው ነገር አለኝ፡፡ ነገር ግን በአንድ ቅደመ ሁኔታ ብቻ ነው የምሰጥህ፡፡ ይኸውም የእኔንና ያንተን ጭራ አብሬ መስፋት ከቻልኩ ብቻ ነው፡፡” አለችው፡፡
ጅቡም ጓጉቶ ምራቁን እየዋጠ ነበርና “እሺ ስፊው፡፡” አላት፡፡ አጥንቶቹንም እየበላ እርሷ ቆዳውን እየወጋች ስትሰፋው “ተይ! ያማል!” ሲላት እርሷም “እንግዲያው አንተም መብላትህን ተው!” ትለዋለች፡፡
እርሱም “አይ ስለራበኝ መብላት እፈልጋለሁ፡፡” ሲላት “እንግዲያው መብላት ከፈለክ ጭራዎቻችንን መስፋት አለብኝ፡፡” ትለዋለች፡፡ ከዚያም “እሺ ቀጥይ” ይላታል፡፡
እርሷም የጅቡንና የነብሩን ጭራዎች በአንድ ላይ ሰፍታ ጅቡ አጥንቱን ቆረጣጥሞ ሲጨርስ “ጅብ ሆይ ጌታህ ነብር ቢመጣ ምን ታደርጋለህ?” አለችው፡፡
እርሱም “ተይ ባክሽ! ስሙን አትጥሪ፡፡ እርሱ ቢመጣ ህይወቴን ለማትረፍ ከዚህ እጠፋለሁ፡፡ በጣም ስለምፈራው በየቁጥቋጦው ላይና ባገኘሁት ነገር ላይ ዘልዬ ምናልባትም ገደል ውስጥ እገባለሁ፡፡” ሲላት እርሷም “እርግጠኛ ነህ?” ስትለው “አዎ” አላት፡፡
ከዚያም ጥቂት አጥንቶችን እስኪበላ ድረስ ጠብቃ “ጌታችን ኋላህ ነው! ነብሩ ኋላህ ነው!” አለችው፡፡
ጅቡም ዞር ብሎ ሲመለከት የነብሩን መልክ ያይና ሩጫውን ሲያስነካው የሁለቱ ጭራ በአንድነት ስለተሰፋ የነብሩን በድን አካል እየጎተተ በየቁጥቋጦው ላይ እየዘለለ ሄዶ ገደል ውስጥ ገብቶ ሞተ፡፡
ይህ የሚያሳየው ጭንቅላታችንን ተጠቅመን ጠላቶቻችንን ማሸነፍ እንደምንችል ነው፡፡

1. በአንዳንድ የኢትዮጵያ ክፍሎች ሰውን ማጉረስ የአክብሮት መግለጫ ተደርጎ ይታሰብ ነበር፡፡ [ መመለስ ]