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Thursday, January 21, 2016

Ethiopia Sidama region of the traveling photographer Ron Hallam, the children deprived of educational opportunity to explore an initiative which has helped to return to school.
Ethiopia Sidama region is one of the world's poorest places. Most of the people earning less than $ 2 per month and rely on agricultural products in order to maintain their livelihood. Seasonal products and the sales they have grown from a small amount of flour, salt, in order of importance, are buying things like sugar.
 Although free education in Ethiopia, items needed for families of children go to school, even if they are forced to go small necessities such as books. Although education is inaccessible for thousands of families.
 In sub-Saharan Africa region, and the number of children who can not receive education outside of school found 30 million in the last 5 years. The number of children deprived of education in rural areas is more than twice those in urban areas.
In 2011, he could only finish primary school children and 41%. However, the proportion of highly educated adults are still very high ... natural disasters, such as periodic riots and violence is flooding the Regional extreme poverty coupled with very heavy results. This means there is a lot of work going on in the region and still do despite all difficulties in a country like Ethiopia are also working to reverse this situation. Believing the freedom and happiness can come only through education initiatives in several cases at hand this problem.
The initiative also called Speed ​​School, only three years of training in a period of 10 months makes up for lost time by compressing the children. Before taking any training opportunities are not provided, books, pens and so on. by exposure to an accelerated training with training tool is provided for returning to school is brought to the level of their peers.
Only 25 students per class is then divided into group training and classes in the coefficients of five. Children's songs spread around the room, they quickly learn the curriculum through games and group activities. Retention and comprehension-oriented action is being taken literally with training of the senses. Applied learning techniques are prepared in three languages: Amharic, the local bishop, Ethiopia's national language and English.
Children receiving their education, mothers meet every two weeks, under a tree outside Collecting and health issues, discussing everything from the business plan.
Amarech store employees in their business to the nearest village to the village to do the shopping mall was walking up to 15 minutes before starting. Amarech as women to start their own businesses and their families and about 10-15 pounds to provide a relatively rapid growth of the community needs to be able to support only a very small seed fund.

Ethiopia: Day 04 Aleta chukophotograph: Rosie Hallam

ምንጭ ከhttp://www.rotka.org ተወሰዶ በጎግል ተተርጉሞ የቀረበ 
ኦርጅናል ጽሑፉን 

Etiyopya’da Özgürleştirici Bir Eğitim Mücadelesi

ለማንበብ እዚህ ይጫኑ 
ከጽሑፉ ጋር የቀረቡ ፎቶዎች በሙሉ ከhttp://www.rotka.org  የተገኙ ናቸው
File:Fichchee- The New Year of Sidama- The Sidama people celebrate the festival en mass in their sacred place called Gudumale which is located on the beautiful city of Hawassa- 2013-12-18 17-37.jpgAbstract 
The major goal of this study was to assess the role of indigenous institutions in handling/ settling conflicts in the Sidama Society. Sidama Communities are found in Sidama Zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS). The research was conducted in Dalle woreda, Sidama Zone and it was purposively selected. Qualitative research methodology was employed in the study for its appropriateness to assess the role of indigenous institutions in handling/ settling conflicts in the study area and data was collected through the use of interview, key informant interview, focus group discussion, personal observation and document review. The results obtained from the study suggest that Conflicts in Sidama, as in anywhere else, may vary from trivial interpersonal disagreements to a serious dispute which might eventually lead to homicide. The most common conflict issues in Sidama are grazing land, water, farmland and borderland. There are many deeds and accounts in the daily activities of the society which are considered to be crimes with regard to the norms and traditions of the Sidama community. However, the most serious ones are: beating a man with a slump and/or thin stick, Beating elderly, raping, murder, Physical damage, Adultery. Sidama indigenous institutions have played a great role to solve different local conflicts and for the development of modern institutions. The modern institutions (Courts) have and took a strong base from the indigenous institutions in resolving conflict and preserving peace and security. Besides to modern institution, the indigenous institutions have played a great role for the emergence of cooperative unions. To sum up, indigenous/traditional/ institutions are costly and time effective in addition to many other benefits provide for the society when we compare with modern institutions. Therefore, at this time government courts encourages indigenous/traditional/ institutions to promote peace and to solve conflicts at the grass root level or at the local level. 

Keywords Indigenous Institutions, Conflict Resolution, Sidama, Dalle Woreda and Southern Ethiopia
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