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Sunday, March 27, 2016

(Reuters) - An Ethiopian state body that has been involved in leasing tracts of land for commercial farming has suspended the issuance of new licences until it completes a review because of scant progress in developing areas leased so far, an official said.
The Horn of Africa country in 2011 allocated 3.6 million hectares of land, close to the size of Switzerland, for firms seeking to invest in agriculture, mostly around its western Gambela and Benishangul Gumuz regions.
More than 2.43 million hectares has been leased to nearly 5,700 domestic and foreign firms at 20 Ethiopian birr ($0.90) per hectare on average, said Daniel Zenebe, spokesman for the Agriculture Investment and Land Administration Agency.
But investors have only developed 30 percent of the land leased. "There is a need for a review on where it has gone wrong. The suspension is indefinite," he said.
For now, the suspension affects the Agriculture Investment and Land Administration Agency, which has leased 476,000 hectares since it was set up in 2013, he said.
But he added that regional authorities, which were responsible for leasing 1.95 million hectares, were expected to suspend such activity soon.
Addis Ababa said leasing land aimed to introduce modern technology and new farming techniques. But the programme has attracted criticism from rights groups, saying it often hurt the environment or led to forced resettlemment of some locals.

    "The policy's aim is to boost production, foster the transfer of technology, as well as increase foreign currency earnings from exports," Daniel said. "But we clearly have an execution problem."
Read more at Reuters
Bekele Bulado (PhD), photo from HU
Dr. Bekele Bulado former Vice President for Business and Development, HU, was given warm farewell March 19, 2016 following his assignment as CEO for the Ethiopian Trading Businesses Corporation.
At an event held at Haile Resort Hawassa the University President, Vice Presidents, Directors and officers at various capacities attended. Prof. Yosef Mamo, HU President, counted the successful contributions of Dr. Bekele from the days of his leadership as Vice President for Administration and Business Development before his departure for PhD study. Various speakers like Mr. Ayano Beriso, Vice President for Administration & Student Services, Prof. Fikere Dessalegn, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Dr. Sheleme Beyene – former Vice President for Academic and Research Affairs and and W/ro Almaz Kebede, Office Assistant at Presidents’ Office and the former Office Assistant of Dr. Bekele, Prof. Etana Debela, Colleague and former Head of School of Veterinary Medicine has mentioned the personal and professional qualities of Dr. Bekele. Among pints mentioned frequently were; Dr. Bekele’s commitment for family, ever-cute dressing, approachability and simplicity, firm stand in decision making process, rich experiences & expertise, wider view that integrate international & national thinking to local /institutional interests.
Dr. Bekele also recounted that he is thankful to God that he started his career at Ethiopian Airlines and worked in Banking Industry, Beverage Industry, Regional Bureaus, Academic Institutions as well as other companies and in all he left with precious memories plus warm farewell and he still remains in touch with his former colleagues as a family member. He also added, he will just move physically from Hawassa otherwise remains in touch with the University and the academic community in research, graduate students advising and any commitment that can be handled in weekends and holidays. Prof. Yosef presented golden necklace which was prepared by the colleagues and Haile Resort also presented a big book which documents the Biography of the great Haile Gebresilasie, signed by himself, and a bottle of Double Black Label Whisky to Dr. Bekele’s ceremony. The waiting staff of the Resort also for the first time in its history prepared a special cake on which HU logo has been beautifully encrypted in honor of this key Officer and customer.
The event was concluded with warm spirits and wishing all the best to Dr. Bekele & family at their new assignment as well as all attendants to ever push forward on the legendary achievements Dr. Bekele and colleagues have laid foundation for.



በዳዊት በቀለ

The Peoples’ Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (PAFD) has been deliberating an important high level international conference in the Eritrean capital, Asmara for last several days.
Kala Betana Hotesso, chairman of SNLF, Photo from Gadaa.net
PAFD, founded and inaugurated on 23 October, 2015 in Oslo, Norway, is comprised of five armed national liberation movements – Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), Sidama National Liberation Front (SNLF), Benishangul People’s Liberation Movement (BPLM), Gambela People’s Liberation Movement (GPLM), all of whom are engaged in national liberation struggles against the Addis Ababa regime in Ethiopia.
The conference, being convened and participated by all founding members of PAFD, is also attended by various dignitaries, including ambassadors, government representatives and high profile eminent persons. The Ogaden News Agency has confirmed that the primary objective of the meeting is to create a General Council, an Executive Committee, and comprehensive strategy and plan of action for the Alliance.
The leaderships of the founding fronts – Admiral Mohamed O. Osman, chairman of ONLF; Daud Ibsa, chairman of OLF; Betana Hotesso, chairman of SNLF; Abdulwahab Mahdi, chairman of BPLM; and Okello Okidi, chairman of GPLM, all converged at the strategically located Horn of Africa country to lead and preside over the Alliance’s efforts to create an effective, efficient, cohesive and objective framework for the grand movement.

Friday, March 25, 2016

On World Water Day, we highlight coffee farming communities in Ethiopia that are taking action for clean water. 
To provide for his five children, farmer Belayneh Otisso relies on the income he earns supplying coffee to his local cooperative’s wet mill. But he could see the environmental damage caused by the mill every harvest season, when it would send noxious wastewater into the neighboring river. “When the animals drank from [the river], they died. The children of the community were stricken with waterborne illnesses. When the wastewater was used for irrigation, the crops were destroyed,” he said. The wet mill would have to shut down for a week or two at a time when the pollution was at its worst, driving down the price that local farmers received for their coffee.
It’s a problem that has been shared by many coffee-farming communities in Ethiopia. Wet mills, which separate the coffee bean from the cherry that surrounds it, produce a consistent, high-quality product, allowing the cooperatives or companies that operate them to offer farmers higher prices. However, older wet mills use large volumes of water to process coffee, and then that water – filled with decaying organic material stripped from the coffee beans – often overflows the lagoons where it is stored, pouring into neighboring rivers. The wet mill owners have been faced with a difficult dilemma: operate the mills and degrade the community members’ quality of life, or shut down the mills and threaten community members’ livelihoods?
Fortunately, there is a solution that allows wet mills to operate without polluting the rivers. Since 2012, Mother Parkers Tea & Coffee and TechnoServe have partnered on the Water Wise Coffee Initiative to protect the rivers of Ethiopia’s Sidama coffee region. The project works with wet mill owners to implement an innovative solution to their wastewater problems. With support from TechnoServe advisors, wet mill operators and workers learn how to monitor and reduce their water usage, separate the coffee pulp from the wastewater, and plant vetiver grass wetlands. The wastewater is then absorbed by the vetiver grass or evaporates harmlessly in a shallow pool, while the coffee pulp is composted and distributed to farmers as organic fertilizer.
The program has helped 49 wet mills along the Kola, Malebo and nearby rivers to implement these solutions. In 2015, participating wet mills processed 13,812 metric tons of coffee cherry and converted coffee pulp into over 2,400 metric tons of compost, which will be distributed to farmers. Testing downriver from wet mill sites has shown that the Water Wise approach restores rivers to their pre-harvest condition.
That’s the case in Belanyeh’s community. After constructing a vetiver grassland, reducing water usage, and composting the coffee pulp, the local wet mill has been able to run throughout the harvest season without polluting the local river. Community members can once again use the river for washing, watering their animals, irrigating their crops and other daily activities. “The vetiver wetland has made a real difference in so many ways,” Belanyeh said.
- See more at: http://www.technoserve.org/blog/clean-rivers-and-profitable-farms-in-ethiopias-coffee-country#sthash.pK5Ec0jh.dpuf
Two women in Sidama Zone, Ethiopia. Alan Nicol
Two women in Sidama Zone, Ethiopia. Alan Nicol

Selilah stares out over a landscape she has inhabited for 70 years. In the valley below, deep gullies scar the slopes where rains have carried away the soil. Living with three of her four sons, she is struggling to make ends meet in this part of Sidama Zone, Ethiopia, where, she says, there used to be a forest more than 40 years ago.
Now most trees have been felled and water is scarce. Selilah spends two hours a day collecting her two jerrycans (50 liters) from a neighboring kebele (neighborhood), but when that source fails she has to buy water from a vendor at ETB 6 (30 US Cents) per a jerrycan, a huge cut into her income.
In the last 10 years, she says, the rains have changed – they are lighter than before and more infrequent. As a result, production from her meager plot – just 0.25 ha – is declining. After her husband died more than a decade ago, she now only makes ends meet through the daily wage-labor income of her sons. Like many others, Selilah is on the frontline of climate change in a landscape under increasing pressure.
But transformations are possible. Her friend, Kababot, of similar age and also widowed, nods in agreement as Selilah sets out how she helps to restore their degraded Kolante watershed under a GEF Small Grants Program. Along with other men and women, Selilah and Kababot help build terraces, plant trees and introduce other measures to reduce soil erosion. In return, they receive harvested grasses for fodder, and fruits for consumption. The ecosystem is slowly being restored, but it’s taking huge community effort.
In North Shewa, hundreds of kilometers to the north, farmers are waiting for the Belg (short) rains, this year disrupted by El Niño. The rains are already a month late.
A feeder road completed in the last four years cuts through barren fields, ploughed but still bone dry, where harsh winds carry away the fragile topsoil.
The road has opened up new markets for farmers, including dairy products. But it has also driven demand forkubet, round dung cakes produced by farmers using vital organic matter that would otherwise help bind the soils and increase moisture retention. At the same time they have value as a cooking fuel. A truck load can fetch $1,000. The irony is that farmers stack up piles of kubet for sale while at the same time purchase chemical fertilizers to maintain their crop yields.
These stories have a common thread – that landscapes share an increasingly fragile natural capital base. The importance of integrating landscape protection with measures aimed at supporting the resilience of food production is now the centerpiece of an Integrated Approach Pilot project being designed by UNDP-GEF.  This requires new ways of valuing (and maximizing value from)  natural capital as well as diversifying livelihoods away from reliance on ecosystem resources.
Water-smart agriculture is also a central feature – ensuring that soils are effective soaks and pumps for crop root systems, that watersheds are effective water-harvesting systems and can mitigate the destructive effects of more erratic rainfall patterns in this part of Africa.
Selilah looks out at the recently-planted saplings in the watershed below and talks of the need for her grown-up children (and their children) to work in towns and gain more cash income. Her 0.25 ha of land is unsustainable as a basis for future livelihoods, she says.
In North Shewa, too, a farmer explains how he sees little future for his six children if their livelihoods continue to depend on just a 1 ha plot and the uncertain skies above. He sees technological change as critical to enabling a shift to more productive systems in which his family can shift to refining products and achieving greater value from farming.
Watershed management is now at the center of efforts across Ethiopia to restore landscapes and, through restoration, underpin future production and productivity.  The challenge lies in constructing approaches that are comprehensive enough to have an impact at a landscape scale and that can sustain actions by communities beyond the usual project cycle of 3-4 years. This is truly an inter-generational effort.
Selilah smiles and remembers a past when there used to be animals in a thick forest below. Now too old to travel, she sees her role as an elder and mother deeply involved in restoring the community’s landscape and ensuring future generations do the same.
At the same time, she says, the future belongs not just to ensuring environmental sustainability. It also requires livelihood security and resilience that derives from her children (and their children) having job opportunities and cash income that extend far beyond reliance on the natural capital around them.

Sunday, March 6, 2016


CULTURAL JUSTICE OF SIDAMA PEOPLE

Sidama people have their concept of Seera, which gives them a feeling of identity strong moral commitment, and culturally defined ability to debate conflicts and create consensus. In cultural morality and ethics of Sidama society, truth has great value and justice procedure treat through Halaale/truth principles through analyze by Hayyo/logical reasoning. This could be a strong asset for building a democracy. Among them, Sidama people gather at Gudumale/gathering place and at Mote/chief before Cimeessa/elder; the truth never gets dried up, rather it continues strong and viable. The justice of Sidama/conflicts resolution mechanism is taken place with four levels of councils that deliberate and decide on matters of societal affairs which show the democratic nature of the system. It includes in ascending from lower to high: Olluu Songo (the lowest unit of elders council), Ayidu Songo (medium level council) and Garote Songo (the highest council of elders). These levels of Songo have legitimate authority to deal on different issues and pass decisions applicable in their respective jurisdictions. The role of Songo in the traditional authority is highly capitalized in its exercise of power and authority in mitigating the issue of conflicts. All kinds of conflicts management activities are based on concept of “Halaale”/supreme truth. The core function of the political and administrative system is managing and solving conflicts peacefully between and among the members of the community. The Sidama people`s traditional judiciary system is highly surprising. The strength of this judiciary system lies in bringing together the participation of much reconciliation (Araarsa) between the parties in conflict. The hearing is conducted in a calm manner and deep insight to the cases under discussion. The hearing is performed by local elders, especially by prominent leaders in the shade of an aged tree. It is hearing that is founded on search for truth and justice. The place where tribunal sits is called Gudumale. The Gudumale are structured in hierarchical chain of power. The cases submitted to the tribunal are dealt with depending on their magnitude. The plaintiff or the complaining part presents his case to the tribunal /Songo. After hearing to the case the elders begin the examination and analysis of the case by saying “Affini” which means «Have you heard» and calculate the case among the members of the tribunal. It is discussed thoroughly by valuing every ideas, comments and suggestions forwarded by the members of the tribunal. Then the truth starts to shine in this filtering process. With this, the tribunal begins to step-by-step move to process of forgoing judgment. After the judgment is passed in this way, if there is any party dissatisfied by the judgments, such a party may submit its appeal against the judgments to the next higher Gudumale/assembling place. However, this right is granted only if the elders believe that case is tough enough to call for an appeal. For meeting more time elders uses ancestors burial arias due to these places were believe as safe and  respected; in order to truth never gets dried up. At some places ancestor burial areas and Gudumale/meeting places are separated. The“Gudumales”/ Songo places such as Xumano, Bunamo, and Gadira in Shabadino Woreda, Burxe in Bansa Woreda, Wonkano in Gorchee Woreda, Shiisho in Dara Woreda Bera in Dale Woreda, Garamba in Harbegona Woreda, Manicho in Malga Woreda, are the ideal places to visit cultural justice of the Sidama people. Sidama Zone department of tourism and all Ethiopian tour operators can arrange your tour.

Source: From Social media- Toursim Sidama Facebook
Dagger Mountain Sidama Ardi
Dagger Mountain Sidama ArdiWe’ve come to the end of the road of the samples that Dagger Mountain Roastery sent my way. Even more sad, this coffee is sold out (although that’s a good problem for my friends in Valparaiso, IN!). Nonetheless, it’s worth sharing my thoughts with you so it can help you make good coffee purchasing choices in the future! When this coffee was available, it retailed directly from Dagger Mountain Roastery for $18/12oz bag. The coffee is made up of heirloom varietals grown around the town of Kilenso Moconissa in the Sidama region of Ethiopia. Altitude is 1850-1950masl in this part of the country and this is a natural process coffee with tasting notes of, “Strawberry, blueberry, cocoa nibs, orange wafer.”
So, first things first, which is correct? Sidama or Sidamo, because you’ll see it written both ways all the time. Well, both are correct, so never fret, my spell-checking friends! The language of Ethiopia, Amharic, uses its own non-Roman characters for letter, and there is no agreed way of transliterating the characters. As such, you’ll see multiple spellings all over coffee bags for places in Ethiopia, and they are all more or less correct! One last fun fact and then it’s on to the coffee… this coffee, Ardi, shares its name with Ardi, the oldest human-ish skeleton ever found. Ardi’s skeleton was dated to being 4.4 million years old and it was found in an excavation in Ethiopia.
Now, let’s check out this natural coffee from Dagger Mountain! It was a pretty light roast level, which is necessary when the roaster is trying to enhance the fruit flavors in a natural coffee instead of the chocolates and cocoas. The fragrance on the dry grounds was redolent of ripe strawberry and a bit of blueberry and it reminded me of Frankenberry cereal from when I was a kid! In the cup this proved to be a light and subtle take on this style of coffee, which can often be very sweet and rather heavy on the palate.
Dagger Mountain’s Sidama Ardi had a light body and mouthfeel for me. It had lots of fresh strawberry flavors in it, true to the fragrance on the grounds, and a fair amount of sweet lemon acidity, like a lemon candy. The aftertaste was fruity with a bit of chocolate and overall I found this coffee to be sweet and bright, but not at all cloying. Natural coffees can sometimes be too fruity, too fermented, too sweet and/or too heavy to some palates. I didn’t find any of that with this coffee and I actually liked it the best of the three that Dagger Mountain sent my way. It’s a shame it’s sold out, but keep your eyes peeled for their next natural coffee from Ethiopia and jump on it when you get the chance!
Source
Kenyan striker Eric Muranda struck once as Sidama Bunna were held to a 1 – 1 draw by Dashen Bira in an Ethiopian Premier League fixture played on Friday 4 March in Yirgalem.
The former Tusker FC, City Stars and Posta Rangers man broke the deadlock on the sixth minute capitalizing on the opponent’s defensive lapse but Yetesha Gizaw pulled back in the 37th minute.
Position
None of the side could snatch the winner in the final half. Bunna remains fourth on the 14-team log with 19 points, four behind leaders St. George FC from 13 games.
Bira on their side are a point above the relegation zone. Muranda, meanwhile scored his third goal so far this season.
Degu Debebe
Elsewhere, Hawassa Ketema edged out champions St. George in a game played at Hawassa Stadium. Firdawek Sisay and Asechalew Girma scored a goal apiece for Hawassa with Degu Debebe getting a consolation for the visitors.
Saint George missed an opportunity to extend their lead at top as Hawassa City beat them 2-1 in a Week 13 of the Ethiopian Premier League on Saturday, 4 March 2016.
The 'Horsemen' were in league action for the first time since a 1-1 draw away wit Seychellois side, Saint Michel United at the preliminary round of the Orange CAF Champions League.
It was the second loss for the Addis Ababa based side, after a 2-0 defeat to Adama City last October.
The hosts, Hawassa City were the dominant side in the first half creating numerous goal scoring chances in the process. Captain Mulugeta Mherete and Mujib Kassim came very close to open the scores whilst Adane Girma had the best attempt on goal at the other end.
Hawassa broke the deadlock nine minutes after recess through Firdaaweke Sisay. Desta Yohannis set up Sisay to slot home from close range and give Hawassa a surprising lead.
Saint George managed to equalize when captain Degu Debebe headed home a free kick from Behailu Assefa in the 78th minute.
The hosts turned things around in the dying moments of the game as Asechalew Girma finished off a great cross from Yohannis to clinch a shock victory.
The Horsemen tried to level matters through unlikely source when Ugandan-import Robert Odongkara rose to head a corner, but his effort sailed wide off the post.
Despite the defeat, Saint George, who have played two games less remains at the top of the log with 23 points. Adama City sits second on same points but inferior goal difference with Dedebit in third position on 22 points.
Adama City forward Tafesse Tesfaye leads the top goal scoring chart with nine, two more than Saint George's Girma and last season's top scorer, Nigerian Samuel Sanumi of Dedebit.
Meanwhile, the Ethiopian champions will come up against holders TP Mazembe of DR Congo next weekend at the 1/16th round of the Orange CAF Champions League.
Source

Saturday, March 5, 2016

(ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) የኢትዮጵያ ፕሪሚየር ሊግ የ13ኛ ሳምንት ዛሬ በተደረጉ ሁለት ጨዋታዎች ተጀምሯል።
ሁለቱም ጨዋታዎች በክልል የተደረጉ ሲሆን፥ እነዚህም ሀዋሳ እና ይርጋለም ላይ የተካሄዱት።
በዚህም መሰረት ዛሬ በ09፡00 ሰዓት ሀዋሳ ላይ ሀዋሳ ከተማ ሊጉን በአንደኝነት የሚመራውን ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስን በሜዳው አስተናግዷል።
ጨዋታውንም ሀዋሳ ከተማ 2ለ1 በሆነ ውጤት አሸንፏል።
Image result for hawassa fc'ለሀዋሳ ከተማ የማሸነፊያ ጎሎቹን ፍርደአወቅ ሲሳይ እና አስቻለው ግርማ ከመረብ ያሳረፉ ሲሆን፥ ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስን በባዶ ከመውጣት የታደገችውን ጎል ደግሞ ደጉ ደበበ ከመረብ አሳርፏል።
በተመሳሳይ ዛሬ በ09፡00 ሰዓት ላይ በተደረገ ሌላ ጨዋታ ይርጋለም ላይ ሰዳማ ቡናን እና  ዳሽን ቢራን አገናኝቷል።
ጨዋታውም 1ለ1 በሆነ የአቻ ውጤት የተጠናቀቀ ሲሆን፥ ለሲዳማ ቡና ኤሪክ ሙራንዳ እንዲሁም የተሸ ግዛው ደግሞ ለዳሸን ቢራ የአቻነት ጎሎቹን ከመረብ አሳርፈዋል። 
የ13ኛ ሳምንት ቀሪ ጨዋታዎች እሁድ እና ማክሰኞ ቀጥሎ የሚደረጉ ሲሆን፥ እሁድ በ09፡00 ሰዓት በሚደረጉ ጨዋታዎች ድሬዳዋ ላይ ድሬዳዋ ከተማ ከአርባምንጭ ከተማን እንዲሁም  ሆሳዕና ላይ ሀድያ ሆሳዕና ከደደቢት ጨዋታቸውን ያደርጋሉ።
እንዲሁም ማክሰኞ 09፡00 ሰዓት ላይ ወላይታ ድቻ ኢትዮጵያ ቡናን ቦዲቲ ላይ የሚያስተናግድ ሲሆን፥ በተመሳሳይ መከላከያ  አዳማ ከተማን አዲስ አበባ ስታድየም ያስተናግዳል።
የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ከኤሌክትሪክ  ደግሞ ጨዋታቸውን  በ11፡30 አዲስ አበባ ስታድየም ጨዋታቸውን ያደርጋሉ።
ትናነት በተደረገ የኢትዮጵያ ፕሪምየርሊግ የ12ኛ ሳምንት የመጨረሻ ጨዋታ አዳማ ከተማ ኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክን ገጥሞ 3 ለ 2 በሆነ ውጤት ተሸንፏል።
በሌላ የፕሪሚየር ሊጉ መርሃ ግብር ኤሌክትሪክ ከወላይታ ድቻ በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም ያደረጉት ጨዋታ 1ለ1 በሆነ የአቻ ውጤት ተጠናቋል።
ፕሪምየር ሉጉን አንድ ቀሪ ጨዋታ የሚቀረው ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስ በ23 ነጥብ ሲመራ፣ አዳማ ከተማ በተመሳሳይ 23 ነጥብ በግብ ልዩነት 2ኛ ደረጃን ላይ ተቀምጧል።
ደደቢት በ22 ነጥብ 3ኛ ደረጃ ላይ ተቀምጧል።
ዳሸን ቢራ በ13 ነጥብ እንዲሁም ሀዲያ ሆሳዕና በ5 ነጥብ የወራጅ ቀጠና ውስጥ ይገኛሉ።
በሙለታ መንገሻ