Saturday, April 4, 2015
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 02:25:00 PM
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 08:12:00 AM
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 08:05:00 AM
Polish instructors and experts in the field of fire fighting units will train and equip volunteer and professional firefighters in Kenya and Ethiopia - informs the Polish Center for International Aid (PCPM). The funds for this purpose - nearly 1 million zł - Polish Foreign Ministry sent.
As pointed out by Wojciech Wilk, President of the Foundation and the coordinator of the project PCPM outfits, both in Kenya and in Ethiopia are not trained firefighters or fire-fighting or rescue disaster victims, for example. Flooding and landslides. Lack basic equipment including extinguishing hoses, breathing apparatus. Kenyan and Ethiopian firefighters are often dressed only in suits or overalls instead of uniforms and fire-resistant clothing.
As indicated PCPM, including problem three regions of Kenya (Machakos, Kiambu and Muranga) and two administrative regions of Ethiopia capital cities (cities Hawass and Bahir Dar) is a rapid increase in the population, an increasing number of residential buildings, including multi-storey skyscrapers and traffic volume.
"The Ethiopian town Hawass firefighters can not effectively extinguish fires without approaching a fire on a dangerous distance for them. They have specialized clothing or equipment of a professional firefighter. The only thing I have is a blank breathing apparatus, approx. 100 meters of hose and two generators . It must be sufficient for 300 thousand. residents "- emphasizes Wolf.
As part of a special program of Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of professionals involved Centre Fire and rescue workers. They will assist in the creation of volunteer firefighters in the poorest neighborhoods of the Kenyan and Ethiopian cities. Poles will organize training in the fight against fires, floods and other disasters. African firefighters gain skills from water rescue, evacuation of people from high-rise buildings, rescue victims of road accidents and collapses.
Covered by the training unit will be equipped with specialized equipment. Eg. For the district in Kenya Murunga will light a fire truck purchased. The total value of the Polish project is over 912 thousand. respectively.
The latest initiative of the Polish Center for International Aid in East Africa can be supported by transferring any amount to the bank account number: 18 1140 1010 0000 5228 6800 1001), quoting "Project fire".
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 07:15:00 AM
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 07:13:00 AM
- Exchanges aren’t helping farmers as foreign backers hoped
Mondelez International’s February announcement that it would increase production of coffee from Ethiopian beans 50 percent in two years was good news for the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange, started in 2008 with the help of foreign donors to improve food distribution in a country where millions often went hungry. By government decree, almost all buying and selling of coffee, sesame seeds, and navy beans for export must take place on the exchange.
The ECX , which got funding from the U.S. and the United Nations among others, is one of at least eight commodity exchanges started in sub-Saharan Africa over the past two decades with the aim of improving food security for local populations. Many have failed, and only South Africa’s is thriving without government support. Exchanges are a distraction from other initiatives that would better serve poor farmers, says Nicholas Sitko, a Michigan State University agricultural economist who’s based in Zambia, where a commodity exchange closed in 2012. “We’ve learned that no amount of money pumped into them and no amount of government effort to get them off the ground can force them to work,” he says.
With its buyers and sellers in colored jackets and open-outcry trading floor displaying real-time market data from around the world, the ECX has been a prime example of what an exchange can and can’t do. The government ordered export coffee trading onto the exchange shortly after it opened, hoping it would jump-start activity and help attract other business. That didn’t work: Small amounts of corn and wheat are traded, but coffee and sesame seeds account for about 90 percent of exchange volume.
Eleni Gabre-Madhin, who founded the ECX and served as its first director, says one obstacle for the exchange was that the state didn’t build enough warehouses to store bulky items such as cereals. During the government’s next five-year growth plan starting in July, the ECX will “restrategize from the bottom up” so it can handle staple foods, says ECX Chief Executive Officer Ermias Eshetu. He says the ECX is now allowed to license private warehouse operators to expand storage capacity.
Ethiopia’s fragmented, barter-based agricultural economy will have to modernize before it can benefit from a Western-style commodity exchange, according to Fekade Mamo, general manager of Mochaland Import and Export and a former ECX board member. “The objective was to bring about an equitable food supply system” in the country, Fekade says. (Ethiopians are known by their first name.) “That has completely failed.”
Trading floors have flopped in Zambia, Uganda, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. Each one, analysts say, suffered from the same flaw: a top-down approach that’s better at attracting foreign aid than at improving farming practices and developing transportation and communications networks. Donors like exchanges because they look like institutions in their own countries, says Peter Robbins, a former commodities trader in London who’s studied African exchanges. And “African leaders like to show off trading floors to show how modern their countries have become,” he says.
Commodity exchanges can encourage a consistently higher crop quality, a key condition for global trade, says Gary Robbins (no relation to Peter), chief of the economic growth and transformation office at the U.S. Agency for International Development in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital. ECX founder Eleni says farmers who use the exchange have seen benefits: Posting prices publicly has boosted their income, and centralized trading means buyers don’t default on contracts.
The concept continues to appeal to outsiders. Since leaving the ECX in 2012, Eleni has been working with investors, including International Finance Corp.—an arm of the World Bank—and Bob Geldof’s 8 Miles private equity fund, to establish an exchange in Ghana. Next she hopes to help set up one in Cameroon.
Under the right circumstances, exchanges can make sense, says Shahidur Rashid, a food-security analyst with the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington. The problem is that conditions for success, such as large trading volumes, a strong financial sector, and a commitment to transparency, don’t yet exist in most countries, he says. “A new institution should add value, and I struggle to find that value,” Rashid says. “Every country does not need an exchange. Nor is it any good to establish them in places where they will fail.”
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 07:10:00 AM
"Our investigations show that this was not a deliberate attack," ministry spokesperson Tewolde Mulugeta told The Anadolu Agency.
World Bulletin / News Desk
The Ethiopian embassy in Yemeni capital Sanaa was shelled on Friday, the Foreign Ministry has said.
"We believe it is a collateral damage occurred in the crossfire between the warring factions in the Yemeni capital," said ministry spokesperson Tewolde Mulugeta.
According to the spokesperson, no one was hurt in the attack.
"The embassy continued its normal functioning," Mulugeta said.
Meanwhile, the spokesperson said that some 30 Ethiopians, including 11 children and 12 women, have been evacuated from Yemen.
According to the spokesperson, some 2,000 Ethiopians have been registered to be evacuated from the war-torn country.
"We are exerting efforts to evacuate the registered Ethiopians in spite of the deteriorating situation that is making rescue operations very difficult," he said.
Yemen has fallen into violence since September, when the Shiite Houthi militant group overran Sanaa, from which they have since sought to extend their influence to other parts of the fractious country.
Last week, Saudi Arabia and several Arab allies have launched a military offensive against the Houthi positions across Yemen.
Riyadh says its anti-Houthi campaign comes in response to appeals by President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi to "save the [Yemeni] people from the Houthi militias."
Some Gulf States accuse Shiite Iran of supporting Yemen's Houthi insurgency.
Posted By: Nomonanoto Sidama | At: 4/04/2015 07:07:00 AM
April 7 is World Health Day, a day originally created to recognize the founding of the World Health Organization. Today, organizations like Food for the Hungry (FH) celebrate World Health Day by recognizing the successes of global health programs like the establishment of defecation-free zones in Ethiopia and Kenya.
Those living in communities where public restrooms are a fact of life may have a hard time understanding the risks and challenges associated with public defecation.
In villages in Ethiopia and Kenya, however, it is common practice for people to go to the bathroom outdoors, behind a bush and not wash their hands afterward, leading to the spread of disease and water contamination. The human waste then seeps into the stream or spring the village uses for drinking, which then contaminates even the best water systems. If a village doesn’t protect the watershed from contamination, greater quantities of water will never decrease the rate of serious water-borne diseases that can kill children.
FH helps communities with water programs that protect their villages by first educating them about the causes of diarrhea and sickness and helping the village build both a latrine and a hand washing station to cut down on disease transmission.
Such a program had a significant impact on 35-year old Ethiopian mother of four, Melkie Yaregal.
Speaking about the FH hygiene and sanitation program in her village, Yaregal said “[This] training has brought significant change to the community. Each household prepared pit latrines and avoided open defecation. If FH did not construct these water facilities, we would continue to suffer from our illness that we keep getting from our filthy water source.”
“For latrines to be effective, widespread adoption of the practice is essential,” said Gary Edmonds, FH President and CEO. “FH is motivating communities in Ethiopia and Kenya to establish this practice, and we are seeing amazing results.”
Once a village has attained the goal of 100% participation, it is declared an “open defecation free zone” – complete with celebratory parties and the installation of a sign clearly indicating that the village has been declared a potty-free zone.
“In 2014, our goal was to have 80 villages declared open defecation free zones,” said Edmonds. “In actuality, we were able to have 601 villages certified. People really jumped on the bandwagon.”
Founded in 1971, Food for the Hungry provides emergency relief and long-term development programs with operations in more than 20 countries to help the world’s most vulnerable people. Learn more by visitingwww.fh.org. Social connections include www.facebook.com/
foodforthehungry and www.twitter.com/ food4thehungry.