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Wednesday, March 18, 2015

  
Hawassa has grown explosively in recent years. After 30 years of its establishment, Hawassa is serving as the capital of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples State (SNNPS) since 1991. The 57 years old town consists of eight sub-cities and 32 kebelles. The total population of the town is estimated to be 350,000.
The Ethiopian Herald recently conducted an exclusive interview with Mayor of Hawassa Town Administration, Yonas Yosef on the development progress of the town. Hawassa has been undertaking various projects aimed at reducing poverty. The administration has given prime attention to the development of infrastructure, construction, trade, and social services among others.
Yonas noted that Hawassa town has got its name from the name of “Lake Hawassa.” 'Hawassa' means 'big' in Sidama language. Hawassa was chosen as urban centre due to its natural beauty and attractiveness of the area around. Before 1960, the place was not inhabited by many people, but pastoralists used to graze their cattle around the lake. The existence of water throughout the year and the availability of grass for grazing the cattle steadily appealed the highlanders to visit the area regularly and at the same time people from different surroundings began to settle in the area now become Hawassa.
As far as educational facilities are concerned, Hawassa has 87 kindergartens, 81 primary schools, eight secondary schools, 12 preparatory schools, one university and eleven colleges. These schools are meant to produce citizens with strong sense of responsibility to provide quality education locally and nationally. According to Yonas, higher level educational institutions in the town work to identify and address gaps in skills and competencies of students.
Hawassa also has various health institutions. The number of hospitals has reached five while the number of clinics is 50. There are also seven governmental health centres. The health institutions play an important role in promoting and improving healthcare delivery within the community. The health centres work to address the needs of the community and to build a strong, integrated healthcare service delivery. They help improve the well-being of patients and communities by delivering compassionate, patient and family-centred healthcare, enriched by education, science, and technology, says Yonas.
Concerning road development, Yonas explained that Hawassa has 61.55 Km asphalt, 81.36 Km cobblestone and 312 Km gravel roads. The emerging cobblestone construction industry in Ethiopia is proving to be a major role player not only in increasing the road networks but also in creating job opportunities. Cobblestone roads are expanded to inter-city roads, walkways, car parks and inter-community links.
-በጥይት ተመትተው የተረፉት ሌላው ጠበቃ አካላቸው አይንቀሳቀስም 
በሐዋሳ ከተማ የተከራካሪያቸውን ጠበቃ ገድለዋል የተባሉት ባለሀብት በሞት እንዲቀጡ ተወሰነበደቡብ ክልል በሐዋሳ ከተማ መስከረም 27 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. የተከራካሪያቸውን ጠበቃ በሽጉጥ ገድለዋል ተብለው ክስ ተመሥርቶባቸው የነበሩት የ‹‹ብሉ ናይልና ኢቪኒንግ ስታር›› ሆቴሎች ባለቤት አቶ ታምራት ሙሉ፣ መጋቢት 4 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. በሞት እንዲቀጡ ሐዋሳ የሚገኘው የደቡብ ክልል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት የቅጣት ውሳኔ ሰጠ፡፡
ፍርደኛው አቶ ታምራት የተከራካሪያቸውን ጠበቃ አቶ ዳንኤል ዋለልኝ በጥይት መትተው ከገደሏቸው በኋላ፣ ረዳት ጠበቃ የነበሩትን አቶ ዳግማዊ አሰፋን አንገታቸው አካባቢ በጥይት መትተው በማምለጥ ለ15 ቀናት ያህል ተሰውረው መክረማቸውን የዓቃቤ ሕግ ክስ ያመለክታል፡፡
የደቡብ ክልል ፍትሕ፣ ፀጥታና ፖሊስ ኮሚሽን የመርማሪ ቡድን በፍጥነት በማቋቋም ከፌዴራል ፖሊስ፣ ከብሔራዊ መረጃና ደኅንነትና ከአዲስ አበባ ፖሊስ ኮሚሽን ጋር በመተባበር ባደረገው ክትትል፣ አቶ ታምራት ወደ አዲስ አበባ እየሄዱ ሳለ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ገላን ከተማ በቁጥጥር ሥር መዋላቸውንም ክሱ ያስረዳል፡፡
ፍርደኛው በቁጥጥር ሥር ከዋሉ በኋላ ለፖሊስም ሆነ ፍርድ ቤት ቀርበው በሰጡት የዕምነት ቃል ድርጊቱን መፈጸማቸውን አረጋግጠዋል፡፡ አቶ ታምራት ሟች ጠበቃ ዳንኤልን ሊገድሉዋቸው የቻሉት፣ ቀደም ብሎ በሟች ደንበኛ ተከሰው የተወሰነ ጊዜ ከተከራከሩ በኋላ በሟች አማካይነት ጉዳዩን በስምምነት ይጨርሳሉ፡፡ ከጠበቃ ዳንኤል ጋርም በዚያ ምክንያት ይተዋወቁና ይግባባሉ፡፡ ነገር ግን አቶ ታምራት በሌላኛው የጠበቃ ዳንኤል ደንበኛ ሌላ ክስ ሲመሠረትባቸው፣ ጠበቃ ዳንኤል ጥብቅና እንዳይቆሙላቸው ፍርደኛው ይነግሩዋቸዋል፡፡ ጠበቃ ዳንኤል ግን ይቃወማሉ፡፡ የደንበኛቸውን ጉዳይ የሚይዙት እሳቸው መሆናቸውን፣ ከአቶ ታምራት ጋር ለመነጋገር የጥብቅና ሥነ ምግባሩም ስለማይፈቅድላቸው መነጋገር የሚችሉት ከደንበኛቸው ጋር ብቻ መሆኑን ያስረዷቸዋል፡፡ ሥራቸውንም ይቀጥላሉ፡፡ በጠበቃ ዳንኤል የተናደዱት አቶ ታምራት ሲዝቱባቸው ከርመው መስከረም 27 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. የሚሠሩበት ቢሮ ድረስ ሄደው ግድያውን እንደፈጸሙባቸው ዓቃቤ ሕግ በክሱ አስረድቷል፡፡
የሰውና የሰነድ ማስረጃዎችን በማሰባሰብ እንዲሁም የክልሉ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ቅርንጫፍ ጽሕፈት ቤት አቶ ታምራትን በታክስ ጉዳይ ክስ መሥርቶባቸው 12 ዓመታት የእስር ቅጣት የተጣለባቸውን የውሳኔ ሰነድ በማቅረብ ዓቃቤ ሕግ ክሱን ሲመሠርት፣ አቶ ታምራት በጠበቃቸው አማካይነት ክሱን ተቃውመዋል፡፡ ድርጊቱን በደም ፍላት እንደፈጸሙት በመግለጽ የተመሠረተባቸውን ክስ የተቃወሙ ቢሆንም፣ ፍርድ ቤቱ ሳይቀበላቸው በመቅረቱ የዕምነት ክህደት ቃላቸውን ሰጥተው ወደ ክርክሩ ገብተዋል፡፡ 
ከሳሽ ዓቃቤ ሕግ አቶ ታምራት ላይ የመሠረታቸው ክሶች አራት ናቸው፡፡ የግፍ አገዳደል፣ በከባድ የሰው መግደል ሙከራ፣ ሕገወጥ የጦር መሣሪያ ክምችትና ከባድ ዛቻ የሚሉ ናቸው፡፡ ዓቃቤ ሕግ 13 የሰው ምስክሮችን አቅርቦ 12ቱን አሰምቷል፡፡ የግፍ አገዳደልና ከባድ የመግደል ሙከራ በሚለው ላይ የተቆጠሩት ምስክሮች አቶ ታምራት ሽጉጣቸውን በጨርቅ ጠቅለውና በፌስታል አድርገው ዕቃ በማስመሰል፣ የጠበቃ ዳንኤልን ጸሐፊ በማነጋገር ወደ ውስጥ ገብተው ሟቹን ተኩሰው ጎናቸው ላይ በመምታት ሲገድሉ ማየታቸውን፣ ረዳት ጠበቃ ዳግማዊ አሰፋ ‹‹ሰው ገድለህ የት ታመልጣለህ?›› በማለት ሲከተሏቸው እሳቸውንም ተኩሰው አንገታቸው አካባቢ ሲመቱ ማየታቸውንና ሌሎች ድርጊቶችን በመናገር የምስክርነት ቃላቸውን ሰጥተዋል፡፡ 
ዓቃቤ ሕግ በፍርደኛው ቤት የተገኙ አምስት የተለያዩ ዘመናዊ ያልሆኑ ሽጉጦች፣ 102 ጥይቶችና ሁለት ኤፍዋን ቦምቦችን በሚመለከት ሕገወጥ መሆናቸውን አስረድቷል፡፡ ፍርድ ቤቱ የዓቃቤ ሕግን ክስና የምስክሮች ቃል ከመረመረ በኋላ ፍርደኛው አቶ ታምራት እንዲከላከሉ ብይን ሰጥቷል፡፡
አቶ ታምራት ሁለት መከላከያ ምስክሮችን የቆጠሩ ሲሆን፣ መከላከያ ምስክሮቹ አቶ ታምራትና ሟች ጠበቃ ዳንኤል መልካም ግንኙነት እንደነበራቸው፣ ጠበቃ ዳንኤል በተደጋጋሚ ወደ ብሉ ናይል ሆቴል እየሄዱ ከአቶ ታምራት ጋር ይገናኙ እንደነበር መስክረዋል፡፡ የጦር መሣሪያዎቹ ለቱሪዝም አገልግሎት የሚውሉ መሆናቸውንም አስረድተዋል፡፡ አቶ ታምራት ወንጀሉን ለመፈጸም ያነሳሳቸውን ምክንያት ግን እንደማያውቁ ተናግረዋል፡፡
ፍርድ ቤቱ ሁለቱ ወገኖች ያቀረቡትን ማስረጃና የክስ ሒደት መርምሮና መዝኖ፣ አቶ ታምራት የዓቃቤ ሕግን ክስ ሙሉ በሙሉ ሊያስተባብሉ ባለመቻላቸው የካቲት 27 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. በሁሉም ክሶች ጥፋተኛ ብሏቸዋል፡፡
በደቡብ ክልል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት መጋቢት 4 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. የተሰየሙ ሦስት ዳኞች፣ አቶ ታምራት ጥፋተኛ የተባሉባቸውን አራት ክሶች በቅጣት አወሳሰን መመርያው አማካይነት ሲመለከቷቸው፣ ሁሉም የመጨረሻውን ቅጣት የሚይዙ ሆነው አግኝተዋቸዋል፡፡ አቶ ታምራት በአንድ የክስ መዝገብ በተደራራቢ ወንጀል ጥፋተኛ ከመባላቸው አንፃር በአራቱም ላይ ቅጣት መጣል እንደማይቻል ገልጸው፣ ሁሉንም ክሶች አካቶ የሚይዝ ወንጀል ‹‹የግፍ አገዳደል ወንጀል›› በሚለው ሥር እንዲጠቃለሉ አድርገዋል፡፡ የመጀመሪያ ክስ የሆነው የግፍ አገዳደል ወንጀል ቅጣት ደግሞ ሞት በመሆኑ፣ የብሉ ናይል ሆቴልና የኢቪኒንግ ስታር ሆቴል ባለቤት አቶ ታምራት ሙሉ ምትኩ በሞት እንዲቀጡ የቅጣት ውሳኔ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ ረዳት ጠበቃ አቶ ዳግማዊ አሰፋ አንገታቸው አካባቢ በደረሰባቸው የጥይት ምት ጉዳት አዲስ አበባ በሚገኘው ኮሪያ ሆስፒታል በተደረገላቸው ምርመራ፣ አከርካሪያቸው ውስጥ ያለ አንድ መቅኒ ስለፈሰሰ አካላቸው እንደማይታዘዝ (ፓራላይዝድ) መረጋገጡም ታውቋል፡፡ ክሱን የመሠረተው የደቡብ ክልል ከፍተኛ ዓቃቤ ሕግ ሲሆን፣ ክርክሩን ያደረጉት ዓቃቢያነ ሕግ አቶ ሲሳይ ጌታሁንና አቶ አበዙ አስፋው ናቸው፡፡
Event Information
Coffee Meets Water: Restoring Clean Water Through Crowdfunding - SIDAMA

By Nellie Kim and Sarah Ford
Can you imagine not having access to clean water?  The truth is, not having access to clean water is truly incomprehensible for most of us; we take it for granted. The closest many of us have ever come to not having access to water is when a damaging storm has hit or the community water system has been contaminated and everyone runs to the nearest store to stock up on water bottles.  Even in those cases though, we know it will only be a temporary nuisance because there’s a system in place and professionals dedicated to restoring our access. 
But for nearly 750 million people around the world this isn’t the case. 

Accessing Water At Any Cost

1 in 9 people do not have access to clean water, and half of those people reside in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health Organization, Sub-Saharan Africa loses an estimated 4.3% of its GDP each year due to lack of adequate water supply and sanitation. Because water impacts everything from food and health to energy, education and urbanization, these people will go great lengths to access any water despite the risks and lasting effects on their family and community. In many developing countries, women and children are tasked with walking miles every day (sometimes several times a day) to collect water from nearby rivers or streams, using the same water for drinking, bathing, laundry, and animals. As a result of such regimes, “Half the hospital beds in the world are filled with people suffering from water-borne diseases,” according to the UNDP. This is a resolvable issue though.
When a water well is built in a community, the impact is immediate--health can be improved dramatically, children can prioritize attending school, and women can seek income-generating opportunities, which can lead to an investment in their families and their community.  The World Health Organization estimates that, on average, every $1 invested in water and sanitation provides a $4 economic return.
But without proper maintenance, tools, or parts, water wells can break down over time for a number of reasons, stripping away a community’s water source.  This forces families to resort to the “old” way of collecting water, again compromising their health, education, and opportunity to develop their community--the very things they were fighting to protect.
These problems can be fixed fairly easily with a little funding and collaboration through campaigns like Good Neighbors USA’s Coffee Meets Water.
Good Neighbors, America's Charities

Repairing Broken Systems

Good Neighbors, America's CharitiesGood Neighbors, an international humanitarian organization, has been raising public awareness about development problems and solutions, and advocated for change since 1991.  When Good Neighbors recently examined the water well situation in the community of Sidama, one of Ethiopia’s leading coffee-producing regions, they found a staggering 22 out of 38 water wells were broken, meaning the coffee farming community had little to no access to clean water. So Good Neighbors set out to fix this problem by raising awareness and money to repair the wells using a crowdfunding platform called Indiegogo
Good Neighbors’ Indiegogo campaign, Coffee Meets Water, was a success and in January 2015, Good Neighbors traveled to Ethiopia to repair broken water wells in Sidama with a partner organization, Let It Flow, founded by professional skateboarder Nyjah Huston.  Over the course of six days, Good Neighbors and Let It Flow’s repair team directly involved members of Sidama’s community in fixing nine broken water wells. As a result, clean water was immediately restored to nearly 2,000 people (320 families) throughout Sidama. Furthermore, Good Neighbors and Let It Flow provided tools, parts and training to teach local community members how to maintain and fix the wells, so they can be self-reliant in the future, ensuring sustainability and ongoing access to safe water for their community.

Using Technology and Teamwork to Teach and Solve

Two primary things were integral to the Coffee Meets Water campaign’s success:
1. Technology:
Good Neighbors has its own website, but instead chose to utilize Indiegogo’s crowdfunding platform to bring attention to the water well issue in Sidama. Indiegogo’s platform is designed to make it easy for people to join forces around a common goal and is democratizing the way ideas and issues get funded, with 15 million people from all over the world visiting the site each month. Indiegogo’s multiple funding models and payments options, fundraising goal tracker, and social sharing features made it easy for Good Neighbors to share videos, facts and narratives about the people in Sidama all from one centralized location, and provided Good Neighbors’ campaign with amplified exposure to meet its goals.
2. Collaboration:
Indiegogo made it easy for Good Neighbors to reach the right target audience, uniting a diverse network of supporters and funders around repairing Sidama’s broken water wells. For instance, several Southern California based coffee roasters – Groundwork Coffee, Demitasse Roasters, Copa Vida, Cognoscenti, and Los Angeles Coffee Club – have all sourced coffee beans from Ethiopia. Realizing the importance of clean water, especially its impact on high quality coffee beans, each jumped at the opportunity to join Good Neighbors’ Coffee Meets Water campaign and lent their support to a cause they new would resonate with their customer base. 
Good Neighbors also expanded its capacity and reach by working in partnership with another non-profit group, Let It Flow.  Let It Flow’s sole focus is bringing clean, safe water to extremely poor communities. Rather than compete with another organization for resources, Good Neighbors joined forces with Let It Flow, leveraging their expertise to help solve a shared interest.
Good Neighbors, America's Charities

Bringing Impact Closer to Home

Developing communities like those in Sidama may seem like distant places with little impact on our lives, but the water crisis is growing, and it is projected that two thirds of humanity will live in water-stressed areas by 2025.  Gaining a better understanding of how water impacts political and social stability around the globe and knowing how to solve these problems is vital to addressing the growing water crisis.  And we can learn a lot by supporting collaborative models like Good Neighbors’ Coffee Meets Water campaign.
Good Neighbors has been building on its success with Indiegogo so funds can continue being raised for additional broken water well repairs in Sidama. In an effort to share the project’s impact and support World Water Day, Good Neighbors is hosting a free exhibit of photos and film, on Thursday, March 19thin Venice, CA, documenting the journey to restore clean water in Sidama.  To join Good Neighbors for this inspirational event, visithttp://www.eventbrite.com/e/coffee-meets-water-an-exhibit-of-photos-and-film-tickets-15747333699 for more information.
In addition to Coffee Meets Water, Good Neighbors has several other projects built on a similar model of collaboration, including Water For Life, which is focused on building water wells in developing countries like Chad and Malawi.  You can contribute to Water For Life by clicking here, and learn about additional Good Neighbors campaigns like Project Cookstoves, Food For Kids, and Project Bright Lights at www.goodneighbors.org

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