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Tuesday, March 10, 2015

የምስረታ ጊዜው 2001 ዓመተ ምህረት የሆነው የኢትዮጵያ ፌደራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ አንደነት መድረክ/መድረክ በምርጫ 2002 ተሳትፏል።
የፓርቲው የወቅቱ ሊቀመነበር ፕሮፌሰር በየነ ጴጥሮስ ስለፓርቲው አመሰራረትና ስሪት ሲገልፁ፥ መድረክ የአራት ፓርቲዎች ጥምረት በአደረጃጀቱም ግንባር መሆኑ ያነሳሉ።
የመድረክ የርእዮተ አለም አሰላለፉ እና የምርጫ ዝግጅቱ ሲቃኝየኢትዮጵያ ማህበራዊ ዴሞክራሲ ፓርቲ/ደቡብ ህብረት አንድነት ፓርቲ፣ የኦሮሞ ፌድራል ኮንገረንስ፣ አረና ትግራይ እና የሲዳማ አርነት ንቅናቄ ናቸው አባላቱ።
የኢትዮጵያ ማህበራዊ ዴሞክራሲ ፓርቲ እና የኦሮሞ ፌድራል ኮንገረንስ ሀገር አቀፍ ፓርቲ ሲሆኑ፥ አረና ትግራይ እና የሲዳማ አርነት ንቅናቄ ክልላዊ ፓርቲዎች ናቸው።
መድረክ በጠቅላላ ጉባኤ በየአመቱ የሊቀመንበር ምርጫ ያካሂዳል፤ አንድ አባል ጠቅላላ ጉባኤው እስከ መረጠው ድረስ በተከታታይ ሁለት ጊዜ በሊቀ መንበርነት መምራት ይችላል።
ከሁለት ጊዜ በላይ ግን መመረጥም፤ መምራትም አይቻልም።

የሚከተለው ርእዮተ አለም
ፓርቲው የተለያየ ርእዮተ አለም ያላቸው አራት ፓርቲዎች ስብስብ ነው። ስለዚህ የሚከተለው ርእዮተ አለም ምንነት ላይ ጥያቄ የሚያነሱ አሉ።
ሊቀመንበሩ ፕሮፈሰር በየነ መድረክን ያስገኙት አባል ፓርቲዎች የየራሳቸው ርእዮተ አለም እንዳላቸው ነው የሚጠቅሱት።
አራቱን ፓርቲዎች በአንድ ጥላ ስር መድረክ ብሎ ያሰባሰባቸው የሚከተሉት ርእዮተ ዓለም ሳይሆን ያላቸው መለስተኛ የፖለቲካ ፕሮግራም ነው ይላሉ ሊቀመንበሩ።
መድረክ የተለያየ የፖለቲካ መስመርን ይዞ አንድ ፓርቲ መሆን ይቻላል ባይ ነው፤ በአሁኑ ወቅት የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ የርእዮተ አለም ሹክቻ ውስጥ የመግቢያ ደረጃ ላይ ያልደረሰ በመሆኑ የሚል መከራከራም አላቸው።
በዚህ የተለያዩ ርእዮተ አለሞችን ይዞ በተመሳሳይ መለስተኛ የፖለቲካ ፕሮግራም አንድ ግንባር መፍጠር ይቻላል በሚል መሰረተ ሀሳብ ላይ የቆመ፤ ስድስት አመታትንም ያስቆጠረ ፓርቲ ነው።
ሆኖም አንዳንዶች መድረክ ማህበራዊ ዴሞክራሲ /ሶሻል ዴሞክራት ነው ሲሉ ይደመጣሉ።
ለዚህ ሁለቱ አባል ፓርቲዎች ማለትም የሲዳማ አርነት ንቅናቄ እና የኢትዮጵያ ማህበራዊ ዴሞክራሲ/ደቡብ ህብረት አንድነት ፓርቲ መስመር ሶሻል ዴሞክራት መሆኑ ማሳያ ነው ይላሉ።
ፕሮፈሰር በየነ ጴጥሮስ እንደ ሊቀ መንበር፣ እንደ ግለሰብ እና እንደ ፓርቲው እምነት የማህበራዊ ዴሞክራሲ ርእዮትን የሚያዋጣ መንገድ ይሉታል።
እንደሳቸው ማህበራዊ ዴሞክራት/ሶሻል ዴሞክራት ብዘሃነትን ይደግፋል ብዙ ልዩነቶችን ያስተናግዳል።

የምርጫ 2007 ተሳትፎ
ፓርቲው በዘንድሮው ምርጫ ለህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ከ300 በላይ እጩዎችን እና ለክልል ምክር ቤቶች 900 የሚጠጉ እጩዎችን አቅርቧል።
መድረክ በመላው ሃገሪቱ በሚባል ደረጃ ለሁለቱም ምክር ቤቶች የትምህርት ደረጃን፣ የፖለቲካ አቅም እና የህዝብ ተቀባይነትን ዋና መስፈርቶች አድርጎ እጩዎቹን መልምሎ ማቅረቡን ሊቀመንበሩ ተናግረዋል።
የፓርቲው ሊቀ መንበር ፕሮፈሰር በየነ ጴጥሮስ ከፓርቲው ለህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ውድድር ካቀረባቸው እጩዎች አንዱ ናቸው።
የሚወዳደሩትም በሀዲያ ዞን ምስራቅ ባድዋች ሾኔ ከተማ ላይ ነው።
ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ 
Front CoverIn this research, a combination of literature study, surveys, as well as annual research review participation were implemented. The results of the study showed that different factors are constraining the system in the area. Low capacity of farmers, lack of motivation of stakeholders, lack of motivation and knowledge of development agents, poor linkage among actors, negligence of farmers' indigenous knowledge, and low interest/resistance of farmers to newly emerging technologies were among the main bottlenecks in their respective orders. Based on the finding of this study, it is concluded that practicing participatory research approach, capacity building, training, and mobilization of farmers towards agricultural information & knowledge transfer system, equipping development agent workers with knowledge, motivating them and monitoring their performance, giving air time in the government Medias to broadcast agricultural information, considering and incorporating farmers indigenous knowledge from the beginning of technology development needs to get due attention so as to improve the information system as well as smallholders livelihood.

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Ethiopian PM Hailemariam wears his international face at a World Economic Forum. Back home, his government has been accused by rights groups of wielding the hammer against opponents. (Photo WEF/flickr).
THE UK ended support for a programme funding public services in Ethiopia partly because of the  Horn of Africa nation’s crackdown on journalists and opposition politicians in the run-up to May elections, the Department for International Development said.
The Secretary of State for International Development Justine Greening decided to “accelerate” DfID’s withdrawal from the multi-donor funded Promotion of Basic Services (PBS) in January after making an initial decision in May 2014 to focus more on supporting economic development, according to a statement made to the UK High Court on March 4 and e-mailed to Bloomberg by DfID’s press office two days later.
“This was as a result of ongoing concerns related to civil and political rights at the level of the overall partnership in Ethiopia,” DfID told the court. “And in particular recent trends on civil and political rights in relation to freedom of expression and electoral competition, and continued concerns about the accountability of the security services.”
Ethiopia will hold parliamentary elections on May 24. Rights groups including Amnesty International and donors such as the US have criticized Ethiopia’s government for criminalizing dissent using a 2009 anti-terrorism law. Ethiopian officials say cases against the media and political activists haven’t infringed on constitutionally protected civil rights.
Ethiopian State Minister of Communications Shimeles Kemal wasn’t available to comment when contacted on Tuesday.
Resettlement plan
The DfID statement was an explanation to an Ethiopian plaintiff, identified only as Mr. O, about why the organisation ended its support for PBS on January 6. He has now dropped his complaint that DfID funded an allegedly abusive resettlement plan in the western Gambella region through PBS.
DfID planned to donate 368 million pounds ($554 million) to Ethiopia this year, part of a 1.33 billion-pound five-year package announced in 2010 that made it the single largest recipient of British assistance. Aid in the past five years has helped Ethiopia reduce child mortality by two-thirds and introduce social welfare for 8 million of its poorest people, DfID said.
DfID will re-direct the PBS funds into other health, education and water programmes because of the rights issues and Ethiopia’s increasing ability to fund public services using growing tax revenue, according to the court statement. “Those programmes involve a lesser degree of responsibility and authority of the government of Ethiopia than the PBS,” DfID said.
The World Bank’s $4.9 billion PBS programme runs from 2012 to 2016 and provides Ethiopia with grants to be spent by local authorities on health, education, agriculture, water and roads.
After a two-year investigation, the World Bank’s Inspection Panel said last month that there was an “operational link” between PBS and the government’s resettlement programme in some areas of Gambella.
Ethiopian Satellite Television Executive Director Neamin Zeleke is seen in his office in Alexandria, Va., Monday, March 9, 2015. More than a year after researchers revealed an electronic eavesdropping campaign aimed at D.C.-area journalists, the hackers are at it again. Internet watchdog group Citizen Lab said in a report published Monday that hackers who attacked a U.S. employee of Ethiopian Satellite Television in 2013 have recently launched a new round of attacks using upgraded espionage software. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)
Ethiopian Satellite Television Executive Director Neamin Zeleke is seen in his office in Alexandria, Va., Monday, March 9, 2015. More than a year after researchers revealed an electronic eavesdropping campaign aimed at D.C.-area journalists, the hackers are at it again. Internet watchdog group Citizen Lab said in a report published Monday that hackers who attacked a U.S. employee of Ethiopian Satellite Television in 2013 have recently launched a new round of attacks using upgraded espionage software. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)
More than a year after researchers revealed an electronic eavesdropping campaign aimed at D.C.-area journalists, the hackers are at it again.
Internet watchdog group Citizen Lab said in a report published Monday that hackers who attacked a U.S. employee of Ethiopian Satellite Television in 2013 have recently launched a new round of attacks using upgraded espionage software.
Citizen Lab, which is based at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, says the hackers used three booby-trapped emails sent out in November and December. The broadcaster’s general manager, Neamin Zeleke — one of those targeted by the malicious messages — says it didn’t take a genius to figure out the same actors were at work.
“They didn’t even bother to change the email address,” he said.
Zeleke believes Ethiopia’s authoritarian government — one of Africa’s top jailers of journalists — is behind the hackers. He said it was part of a broader campaign of “threats, intimidation and cyberattacks” designed to stifle independent reporting outside the country. According to Human Rights Watch, at least 38 journalists have been charged under terrorism laws or the criminal code since 2010 — and 60 have been forced into exile over the same period.
“They want to know who is sending us information,” Zeleke said. “They will cut off our oxygen, which is information from inside the country.”
Ethiopian officials have previously denied such claims, but Citizen Lab said it linked the spyware to the Ethiopian government, citing internet protocol addresses traced to Ethiopia Telecom, the country’s state-run carrier, among other forensic clues.
The electronic messages — which carried suspicious-sounding asides such as “please note I have temporarily changed my email to this one” — may have been clumsy but the espionage software they carried was not. Citizen Lab identified the program as a product of Hacking Team — an Italian company that specializes in spyware geared to law enforcement and intelligence agencies.
Hacking Team spokesman Eric Rabe did not immediately respond to a written request for comment on the report. The Ethiopian Embassy in Washington did not immediately return messages asking for comment. Neither did the FBI’s Washington field office.
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1277574-hackers-possbily-from-ethiopia-government-attack-us-reporters/
Ethopia's despotic regime has become the world's first "turnkey surveillance state," thanks to technology sold to it by western companies, including, it seems, Italy's Hacking Team, whose RCS spyware product is implicated in an attack on exiled, US-based journalists reporting on government corruption.
Ethiopian Satellite Television is a consistent thorn in the ruling elite's side. Journalists there were repeatedly targeted with what appears to be a weapon from Hacking Team. Hacking Team has never confirmed that it supplies weapons to Ethiopia, and it claims that its weapons have built-in monitoring systems to prevent abuse by its customers. Ron Deibert from the University of Toronto's Citizenlab has sent an open letter to Hacking Team formally notifying it of the Citizenlab report on Ethiopia's use of spyware to attack journalists.
Ethiopia ranks second in African nations for jailed journalists (Eritrea comes first).
Dissidents and others fleeing repressive regimes have long found a degree of protection by seeking refugee status in the West. Throughout the 20th century refugees from political persecution have established thriving diaspora communities where they have been able to continue their activity without fear of physical persecution. For at least as long, the security services from the countries they left have attempted to monitor and sometimes interfere with their activities.
We have documented a year-long campaign of spyware attacks against journalists at ESAT, using what appears to be Hacking Team’s RCS spyware. Many of the journalists targeted in these attacks are legally considered US persons, and located in the US.
In its customer policy, Hacking Team notes: “[I]n HT contracts, we require customers to abide by applicable law. We reserve the right in our contracts to suspend support for our software if we find terms of our contracts are violated. If we suspend support for HT technology, the product soon becomes useless.”We will refuse to provide or we will stop supporting our technologies to governments or government agencies . . . who refuse to agree to or comply with provisions in our contracts that describe intended use of HT software, or who refuse to sign contracts that include requirements that HT software be used lawfully.”57
The policy suggests that Hacking Team will cease support for its technology when a client violates terms of its contract by failing to abide by applicable law. The lawfulness of government targeting of individuals based in the US with spyware, however, is in question; for example, a lawsuit brought by a US citizen against the government of Ethiopia in February 2014 claims that such actions violated the US Wiretap Act [18 U.S. Code § 2511(1)( a )].58
http://boingboing.net/2015/03/09/italys-hacking-team-allegedl.html