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Friday, February 27, 2015



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እንደ ፈረንጆቹ ዘመን ኣቆጣጠር በ1894 ኣም ማለትም ከመቶ ኣመታት በፊት ከኣዲስ ኣበባ ወደ ጅቡቲ ወደብ በተዘረጋው ባለ ኣንድ የባቡር መስመር ትታወቅ የነበረችው ኢትዮጵያ ኣሮጌውን የኣዲስ ኣበባ_ጅቡቲ የባቡር መስመር በዘመናዊ መስመር ከመተከቷ ባሻገር በኣምስት ኣመት የትራንስፎርሜሽን ኣቅድ በሺዎች በሚቆጠሩ ኪሎ ሜትሮች መላዋን የኣገርቱን ክልሎች ለማገናኘት ፕሮጄክት ነድፋ ከመንቀሳቀሷ ላይ ናት።

ኣሁን ኣሁን እንደምሰማው ከሆነ በእቅድ ተይዘው የነበሩ ፕሮጄክቶ ወደ ስራ እየገቡ ያሉ ሲሆን፤ የኣዲስ ኣበባ ከተማ ቀላል የባቡር ፕሮጄክት የሙከራ ስራ ጅምሯል። ከዚህም ባሻገር ሰሞኑን ኣዋሽ_ኮምቦልቻ_ወልዲያ_ሐራ ገበያ የምሽፍነው ባለ 375 ኪሎ ሜትር የባቡር መስመር ስራን ጨምሮ በኣጠቃላይ በኣገሪቱ 1 500 ኪሎ ሜትር የምሸፍን የባቡር መስመር ስራ በመሰራት ላይ ነው።

ይህ የኣገሪቷን ክልሎች ያገናኛል የተባለለት የባቡር መስመር ዝርጋት ፕሮጄክት የትኛውንም የሲዳማን ከተማ እና ኣከባቢን ኣይጨምርም። ለኣብነት ያህል ከኣዲስ ኣበባ ተነስቶ ወደ ሞያሌ የምዘልቀው የባቡር መስመር ሆነ ተብሎ በኣርባምንጭ_ኮንሶ ኣድርጎ እንድሄድ ተደርጓል። 


ለመሆኑ የባቡር መስመር ዝርታ ፕሮጄክቱ የሲዳማን ኣከባቢዎች ያላከተተበት ምክንያት ምንድነው

ወገን ተወያይ!
የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች በመገናኛ ብዙሀን የሚያደርጉት ክርክር መጋቢት 4 ይጀመራል
The Joint Council of Political Parties has selected nine subjects as the agendas for televised debates between the political parties in the planned televised debating sessions. This is part of the election campaign to help voters make informed decisions for the May Federal and National Elections.
The subjects identified for debate in the televised election programs cover a variety of subjects: the Multi Party System and Building Democracy; Federalism; Agricultural and Rural Policy; Urban Development and Industrial Policy; Good Governance and the Rule of Law; National Security; Foreign Policy; Infrastructure; Education and Health.
The FAA has lifted a nearly 15-year-old prohibition on flight operations within the airspace or territory of northern Ethiopia.
The ban was instituted in May 2000 “because of the threat posed by the outbreak of hostilities between Ethiopia and Eritrea,” according to the FAA. The agency, at that time, banned U.S. air carriers, commercial operators, holders of FAA-issued airman certificates and U.S.-registered aircraft (with the exception of foreign air carrier aircraft) from operating north of 12 degrees north latitude – roughly north of Lake Tana, Ethiopia’s largest lake.
“The FAA has now determined that the safety and security situation that prompted the above flight prohibition has significantly improved, and that it is safe for U.S. civil flights to be operated within the entire territory and airspace of Ethiopia, subject to the approval of and in accordance with the conditions established by the appropriate authorities of Ethiopia,” the FAA said in its February 4 notice lifting the ban.
http://www.airtrafficmanagement.net/2015/02/faa-lifts-northern-ethiopia-overflight-ban/
All low-income countries have the potential for dynamic economic growth. We know this because we have seen it happen repeatedly: a poor, agrarian economy transforms itself into a middle- or even high-income urban economy in one or two generations. The key is to capture the window of opportunity for industrialization arising from the relocation of light manufacturing from higher-income countries. That was true in the 19th and 20th centuries, and it remains true today.Japan seized its opportunity in the years following World War II, using labor-intensive industries, such as textiles and simple electronics, to drive its economy until rising labor costs eroded its comparative advantage in those sectors. That shift then allowed other low-income Asian economies – South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and to some extent Malaysia and Thailand – to follow in Japan’s footsteps.
China, of course, is the region’s most recent traveler along this well-trodden path. After more than three decades of breakneck economic growth, it has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries on earth to the world’s largest economy. And now that China, too, is beginning to lose its comparative advantage in labor-intensive industries, other developing countries – especially in Africa – are set to take its place.
Indeed, ever since the Industrial Revolution, the rise of light manufacturing has driven a dramatic rise in national income. The United Kingdom’s economic transformation started with textiles. In Belgium, France, Sweden, Denmark, Italy and Switzerland, light manufacturing led the way. Similarly, in the United States, cities like Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia became centers for producing textiles, garments and shoes.
Until recently, few believed that Africa, too, could become a center for modern manufacturing. But, with the right policies, there is no reason why African countries could not follow a similar trajectory.
Consider land-locked Ethiopia, which only 10 years ago seemed to be an especially bad bet. But then the country built an industrial park near Addis Ababa and invited the Chinese shoemaker Huajian to open a factory there. Huajian opened its doors in January 2012 with two production lines and some 600 workers. By the end of the year, it had employed 2,000 Ethiopians and doubled the country’s exports of leather shoes. Today, the company has 3,500 workers in Ethiopia producing more than 2 million shoes a year.
In 2013, spurred by Huajian’s success, the Ethiopian government created a new industrial park, with space for 22 factory units. Within three months, all of them had been leased by export-oriented companies from Turkey, Korea, Taiwan, China and elsewhere. The World Bank has provided $250 million to support the continued construction of these industrial parks.
The Ethiopian success story is just the start. As investors learn more about Africa, they will increasingly see what it has to offer. Indeed, the cost of labor in Africa is competitive enough that Ethiopia could attract companies from countries as poor as Bangladesh. Africa has a surplus of agricultural labor and too few other jobs. As foreign firms launch operations in the labor-intensive sectors in which Africa has a comparative advantage, they will train the local workforce.
Some workers will become managers. They will become familiar with the technology and learn how to maintain consistent quality in the production line. They will establish contacts with international buyers and investors. And, eventually, some of them will be able to raise capital and start firms of their own – export companies owned and operated by Africans.
Mauritius shows the path ahead. In the 1970s, the government set up industrial parks to process textiles and garments for export. At the time, most of the owners were from Taiwan or Hong Kong; today, more than 70 percent of the island’s industrial companies are locally owned.
A carefully focused export strategy is crucial. The international development community and many African governments want to work toward regional integration, linking the markets of 55 African countries. This might have its advantages, but it should not be a priority. Africa today accounts for just 1.9 percent of global GDP, compared to 21 percent for the United States and 23 percent for Europe.
Developing countries must use their limited resources in the most effective way, and there is no question where the most attractive opportunities in Africa are to be found. For example, instead of investing heavily in the infrastructure needed for regional integration, a country like Ethiopia would be better off building industrial parks and linking them by road to ports in Djibouti.
With the right growth strategy, far-reaching change can come within a person’s lifetime – sometimes more than once.
My native Taiwan is now a high-income economy. But when I was born there, in 1952, the island was poorer than almost every country in Africa.
Then it happened to me again. I moved to mainland China in 1979, when the country’s per capita income was less than one-third of Sub-Saharan Africa’s. Today, China has become an upper-middle-income country, and it is on track to become a high-income country by 2020.
My hope is that I can witness a third economic transformation in my lifetime, this time in Ethiopia and other countries in Africa. If they stay on the tried and tested path of those who have gone before, there is every chance that I will.
Justin Yifu Lin, a former chief economist and senior vice president at the World Bank, is a professor and honorary dean of the National School of Development, Peking University, and the founding director of the China Center for Economic Research. He is the author, most recently, of “Against the Consensus: Reflections on the Great Recession.” THE DAILY STAR publishes this commentary in collaboration with Project Syndicate © (www.project-syndicate.org).
 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on February 26, 2015, on page 7.
- See more at: http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Opinion/Commentary/2015/Feb-26/288773-in-terms-of-economic-growth-africa-may-go-the-way-of-china.ashx#sthash.i3fOHOLG.dpuf