Nomonanoto Show

Friday, February 20, 2015

Photo: El & Marty
የሃዋሳ ከተማ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በከፍተኛ ፍጥነት በማደግ ላይ ካሉ ከተሞች ግንባር ቀደም መሆኗን የተለያዩ ድርሳናት ይጠቅሳሉ። ከተማዋ ተፈጥሮ ባደለቻት መልካም ኣየር ንብረት፤ በእንግዳ ተቀባይ ህዝቧ፤ ለስራ፤ ለትምህርት እና ለኑሮ ምቹ በመሆኗ ብሎም ኣዲስ ኣበባ እና ለሌሎች ትላልቅ የኣገሪቷ ከተሞች በኣንጻሩ ቅርብ መሆኗ፤ ለእድገቷ እና ለተወዳጅነቷ ምክንያት ሆኗል።

ሃዋሳ ልክ እንደ ኣሜሪካዋ ላስቬጋስ ከተማ በኣገሪቱ የመዝናኛ ከተማ እየሆነች መጥታለች ይባላል።ምንም እንኳን የከተማዋ የመዝናኛ ከተማ መሆን ለነዋሪዎቿ ኣዎንታዊ እና ኣሉታዊ እድምታ ያለው ብሆንም። ኣሉታዊ ገጽታውን ለኣብነት ያህል ማንሳት ካስፈለገ፦ በሃዋሳ ከተማ ለማዝናናት የምመጡ ሰዎች ለምዝናኛ የምሆናቸውን ገንዘብ ኣስበው እና ቆጥበው ይዘው ስለምመጡ የተጠየቁትን ከፍሎ መዝናናት ስችሉ የከተማዋ ነዋሪ ግን ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ እየናረ ያለውን ኑሮ ለመቋቋም ኣዳጋች እየሆነባቸው ነው። በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ እንመለስበታለን።

የከተማዋን እድገት ተከትሎ በከተማዋ መንገዶች ላይ የፈሰሱት ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎች ቁጥር በከፍታኛ ሁኔታ ጨምሯል። ከጥቂት ኣመታት በፊት በከተማይቱ ቤተክርስቲያናት ደጃፍ ብቻ ይታዩ የነበሩት ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎች በኣሁኑ ጊዜ በየትኛውን መንገድ እና ኣከባቢ ይታያሉ። ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎቹ በኣብዛኛው ከገጠር ወረዳዎች የመጡ ሲሆን፤ በኣብዛኛው ኣቅሜ ደካማ ኣረጋውያ፤ሴቶች እና ህጻናት ናቸው። የሃዋሳ ዙሪያ እና ቦሪቻ ወረዳ በኣብዘኛው በሃዋሳ ከተማ ያሉ ጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች የመጡባቸው ወረዳዎች ሲሆኑ፤ የሁላን ወረዳ ጨምሮ ከሌሎች የሲዳማ ወረዳዎች የመጡ ይገኙበታል።

ከጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች መካከል ከፍተኛውን ቁጥር የምይዙት ህጻናት እና ታዳጊዎች ሲሆኑ፤ እነዚህ ህጻናት እና ታዳጊዎች ለኣደገኛ ሱሶች እና ለተደራጀ ወንጀል የተጋለጡ ናቸው። በመሆኑም የሃዋሳ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር እና የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት በተለይ ለህጻናቱ ቅርበት ያላቸው የህብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ችግር የደረሰባቸውን ህፃናት ማህበራዊናኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮች በመፍታት የዜግነት ግዴታቸውን መወጣት እንደሚጠበቅባቸዋል።

በተለይ ችግሮችን በዘላቂነት ለመፍታት ማህበረሰብ አቀፍ ድጋፍና ክብካቤ ጥምረት ምክር ቤቶችን በማጠናከር፣ በህፃናት ላይ የሚሰሩ መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ተቋማትን አሰራርና አደረጃጀቶች በማስተካካል ችግሩን ለመፍታት ጥረት ብያደርጉ መልካም ነው።


zonondergang the lake at Hawassa (made in Oromiya)

A sunset is always a rewarding subject. Here a sunset at the Hawassa lake in southern Ethiopia. The orange sunset diffuse broken by the relatively thin air, while the trees on the banks form a welcome contrast.
Photo:http://www.columbusmagazine.nl/afrika/ethiopie/oromiya/reisreporter/fotos/483419.html
Local girls bringing back firewood near Jinka, Southern Ethiopia. (David Stanley/flickr)All laws in the world discriminating against women were supposed to be wiped out by 2005. Ten years later, numerous countries still have laws that restrict equality between men and women. Many of the 189 government that agreed to ending gender inequality at the U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women 20 years ago are not living up to their promises, says the women’s group Equality Now.
“[I]nequality, even in its most overt form, has not been vanquished,” says the group in its report Words and Deeds: Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing+20 Review Process. “Without good laws women and girls have no formal recourse to protect and promote their rights and cannot fully participate in society. ”
It is the fourth edition of the report, published every five years since the 1995 meeting in China. While there are countries where laws against women are unchanged or worse, there are many others that have made positive reforms. About half of the laws highlighted in the group’s previous reports have been repealed entirely or amended, says Equality Now. Countries such as Argentina, Iraq, Nepal, Morocco, Poland Korea and Ethiopia are listed places where such reforms took place.
Changes since 2000 range from the enshrinement of basic rights to protection against harm. Women can now vote in Kuwait and obtain a passport on their own in Iraq. Rapists can no longer use marriage to protect themselves after committing the crime in Costa Rica and Peru. And in Korea, men are no longer the designated head of family.
But more must be done.
“Governments must turn words into deeds and finally repeal or amend all laws that discriminate on the basis of sex so the next generation of women and girls can enjoy their rights and live as equal partners in society,” says the report.
While some countries are making steady improvements, others are going backwards. Kenya, for example, enshrined a polygamy law last year that allows a man to take on additional wives without consulting his first wife. Other laws that discriminate against women remain on the books across the world. After a divorce, the law in Japan says men can remarry as soon as they’d like, but women must wait at least six months.
Such discrimination against women not only violates individual rights, but it restricts opportunities for women and girls. Equality Now Director Jacqui Hunt argued in the Huffington Post this week that action must be undertaken now to meet the goals set for 2005.
“Since many forms of violence against women and girls are interlinked, it is vital that governments recognize these relationships and ensure that their country’s laws fully empower rather than impede a girl or woman on her journey through life,” she wrote.
Recent successes give reason for optimism. Malawi passed its Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Bill last week. It raised minimum marriage age for girls from 15 years old to 18. The law is in direct response to the country’s 52 percent child marriage rate, reported the Malawi Voice. The links between child marriage and a lack of education for girls were leading concerns that led to the change.
There is still a long way to go before all laws that discriminate against women and girls are abolished from every country, but progress towards gender equality continues forward.
Source: http://www.humanosphere.org/human-rights/2015/02/laws-discriminating-women-persist-globally/
Origin Africa 2015
ASFW 2015 will be the largest Pan-African event cotton, textile & apparel event in the region and is profiled to raise awareness of Africa as a place to do business and as a sourcing destination. The event highlights the creativity and innovation of the African cotton, textile and clothing industries, with a specific focus on business, trade and investment both regionally and internationally while capturing the spirit, style and innovation of modern Africa.
African Cotton & Textile Industries Federation (ACTIF) together with International event organizers Trade & Fairs East Africa (TFEA) and in Partnership with the East Africa Trade and Investment Hub (EATIH) will organize ORIGIN AFRICA 2015, set to take place from the 21st – 23rdOctober 2015 at the Millennium Hall in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and will host the AFRICA SOURCING & FASHION WEEK (ASFW) 2015.
The 3 day event will encompass a Trade Exhibition, Conference, B2B Meetings and a Fashion Designer exposition. Being an integral part of the expo, the Exhibition shall have a section for cotton fiber, textile & export ready apparel industries, machinery & technology, Home textile & décor and a brand new beauty section. Special B2B meetings will be organized for buyers to meet procurement officers whereby they set their own needs and topics, while investors will have meeting set at their offices to discuss both local and foreign investments. The conference will have keynote speakers discussing topics that emphasis on the buyers & investors interest: Financial Institution packages for investment development; the manufacturer’s challenges, involvement of Government support and the role of Associations.
The 2014 Origin Africa event was a high profile, international event with more than 400 participants from 11 countries participating, including 15 regional and international buyers, with strong representation from across the cotton, textile and apparel value chain. And the organizers plan for an even bigger and better display this year with over 200 exhibitors and 1500 participants targeted from: Cotton, Fiber, Yarn & Textiles, Apparel & Fashion, Home Textiles & Décor, Gifts and Accessories sectors; Support Agencies; Investment Agencies; Export Agencies; Textile Machinery/Technology Suppliers; leather and leather goods; Beauty items, Cosmetics and Treatments; International Investment delegation; Financial Intuitions; National Delegations; and Country Pavilions.
ORIGIN AFRICA / ASFW 2015 event is for those who want to be part of a wider solution in raising Africa awareness and as the upcoming and most targeted sourcing destination.
Further information log on to: www.originafrica.org or email info@origin-africa.org
Source: Origin Africa
APA
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Ethiopia have faced severe credit service constraints owing to absence of financial institutions catering them, the World Bank said on Thursday.A study by the bank released on Thursday has revealed that young and smaller firms across the country are much more likely to be rejected from line of credit and discouraged from applying for loans due to high collateral requirements.
“Almost 70 percent of SMEs are either fully or partially credit constrained, meaning they don’t have access to external forms of finance,â€� said Francesco Strobbe, World Bank’ Senior Economist at the launching session of the Study in Addis Ababa.
“Small and Medium enterprises are being underserved compared to micro and large firms as Micro Finance Institutions primarily cater micro firms and larger banks are discouraged to serve SMEs primarily due to perceptions of lower returns and higher risk,� Strobe added.
The government of Ethiopia has managed to create about six million job opportunities through Micro and Small enterprises over the last four years.
“At the beginning, our intention was to create as much jobs as possible; the challenge came as thousands of micro enterprises have been graduated to small and medium enterprises,â€� said Desalegn Ambaw, Ethiopia’s State Minister of Urban Development, Housing and Construction.
The study proposed a set of interventions including Micro Finance Institutions and that large banks need to down or upscale their credit service to financially support SMEs which were reportedly poorer performance and productivity.
Source: http://en.starafrica.com/news/ethiopia-smes-facing-sever-credit-constraints-wbank.html