Nomonanoto Show

Saturday, February 14, 2015

video

ገዥው ፓርቲ በሚከተለው የከተሞች ልማት ፖሊስ የተነሳ በኢትዮጵያ በርካታ የከተማ ኣስተዳደሮች በየከተሞች ዙሪያ የምገኙትን ገጠራማ ቀበሌዎችን በመዋጥ ላይ ናቸው። በቅርቡ የኣዲስ ኣበባ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር በኣከባቢው የሚገኙትን ገጠራማ ትናንሽ የኦሮሚያ ከተሞችን በልማት ስም ከስሩ ኣስገብቷል።

በርግጥ ትናንሽ ገጠራማ ከተሞችና ቀበሌዎች በትላልቅ ከተሞች ስዋጡ ይህ ለመጀመሪያ ግዜ ኣይደለም። እንዳውም የኣዲስ ኣበባ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር ከእኛዋ ከሃዋሳ ከተማ ልምድ የወሰደ ነው የሚመስለው። ከኣመታት በፊት የሃዋሳ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር በዙሪያው በሲዳማ ዞን ስር ይተዳደሩ የነበሩትን 14 ቀበሌያት በቱላ ክፍለ ከተማ ስር ማጠቃለሉ ይታወሳል።

በጊዜው የደኢህዴን ካድሬዎች ቀበሌያቱ ከሃዋሳ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር ሰር ከተጠቃለሉ ብዙ ጥቅሞች እንደሚያገኙ በመስበክ የየቀበሌያቱን ነዋሪዎች መቆሚያ እና መቀመጫ በማሳጣት እንዲጠቃለሉ እንዳደረጉ ይታወቃል። በርግጥ በርካታ ሰዎች በጉዳዩ ላይ ደሰተኛ ባይሆኑም ለልማት እና ለለውጥ ጉጉ ስለነበሩ ደጋፋቸውን ከመስጠት ኣልተቆጠቡም። እንዳውም የቀበሌያቱን ከሃዋሳ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር ስር መሆንን ኣስመልክተው ከብት ኣርደው ደግሰዋል።

የሆነ ሆኖ፤ በኣሁኑ ጊዜ የቀበሌያቱ ነዋሪዎች በካድሬዎቹ የተገባላቸው የልማት ስራ ኣለመሰራቱን ይናገራሉ። በርግጥ ኣንዳንድ የልማት ስራዎች እየተሰሩ ያሉ ቢሆኑም እየተሰሩ ያሉት የልማት ስራዎች በሌሎች ክፍለ ከተሞች እየተሰሩ ካሉት ጋር የሚወዳደሩ ኣይደሉም ይላሉ። እንዳውም፤ የቀበሌዎቹ ከከተማ ኣስተዳደር ስር መሆናቸውን ተከትሎ በተለይ ከመሬት ይዞታ ጋር በተያያዘ በርካታ ችግሮች ኣጋጥሞቸዋል።

በየቀበሌያቱ ያለው መሬት ተጠንቶ ፕላን እስኪሰራ ድረስ ቤት መገንባት በመከልከሉ የየቀበሌያቱ ነዋሪዎች በወግ ባህላቸው መሰረት የመሬት ይዞታቸውን ለልጆቻቸው ኣውርሰው ቤት መገንባት ኣልቻሉም። ከዚህም ባሻገር የከተማው ኣስተዳደር የመሬት ይዞታችንን ሸንሽኖ ለሌላ ይሰጥብና፤ መሬታችንን በመንግስት እንቀማለን በምል ስጋት ሳይቀድሜን እንቅዴም ኣይነት ኣስተሳሰብ በርካታዎቹ የየቀበሌያቹ ነዋሪዎች የመሬት ይዞታቸውን በህገወጥ መንገድ ለጸጉረ ልውጦች በመሸጥ ላይ ናቸው። ለኣብነትም ያህል በዳቶ ኦዳሄ ቀበሌ ከጥቁር ውሃ ኣንስቶ እስከ ሃዋሳ ሴራሚክ ፋብሪካ ጀርባ ያለው በርካታ ኪሎ ሜትሮችን ያካለለ መሬት በህገ ወጥ ፕላን በሌላቸው ቤቶች ተሞልተዋል።

የቤቶቹ ግንባታ የኣካባቢውን ብሎም የከተማዋን ገጽታ ከማበላሸቱ በላይ ሃብታም የሃዋሳ ከተማ ነዋሪዎች ከድሃው የሲዳማ ተወላጅ በቀላል ዋጋ መሬትን በመግዛት የመሬት ወረራ እያካሄዱ ነው። መንግስት መሬትን መሸጥ እና መለወጥ ከልክሎ እያለ የድሃ ሲዳማ ኣርሶ ኣደሮች የመሬት ይዞታ በሃብታሞች ስወረር የከተማው ኣስተዳደር ጆሮ ዳባ ልበስ ከማለቱ በላይ ሰሞኑን እንደተሰማው ከሆነ ግለሰቦችን ያለ ፍቃዳቸው ከቤት ንብረታቸው እንድነሱ በማስገደድ ላይ ነው።

ሰሞኑን ከማህበራዊ መረብ የተገኘው መረጃ እንደሚያመለክተው ኣቶ ሁሴን ከድር የተባሉ የከተማዋ ነዋሪ ለ22 ኣመታት ከኖሩበት እና ቤትና ንብረት ካፈሩበት የመሬት ይዞታቸው በከተማ ኣስተዳደር እንድለቁ ተገደዋል።

‹‹ … ለንብረቴና መኖሪያ ቤቴ ተመጣጣኝ ካሳ የማይሰጠኝ ከሆነ ሕይወቴን አጠፋለሁ›› 
አቶ ሁሴን ከድር ይባላሉ:: 1985 .ም ጀምሮ በሀዋሳ ከተማ በታቦር ክፍለ ከተማ በፋራ ቀበሌ ልዩ ቦታ አዲሱ ገበያ አጠና ተራ አጠገብ ከሁለት ሚስቶቹና 12 ልጆቹ ጋር መኖሪያ ቤት ሰርተው ይኖራሉ:: 
ለአቶ ሁሴን ከድር ከ22 ዓመታት በኋላ ከመኖሪያ ቤታቸው እንደሚነሱ/እንደሚፈናቀሉ ከሀዋሳ ከተማ አስተዳደር የማስፈራሪያ ጥር በዚህ ዓመት የተለያዩ ጊዜያት ይደርሳቸዋል :: አቶ ሁሴንም እንደት ይሆናል? መቼ ይሆናል? እያሉ ስጠባበቅ ይቆያሉ:: አቶ ሁሴን ግን ለንብረቴና ለመኖሪያ ቤቴ ተመጣጣኝ ካሳ የማይከፈለኝ ከሆነ ማንም በንብረቴና በመኖሪያ ቤቴ ላይ ስልጣን የለውም እያለ ቆይቷል::
የሆነው ሆኖ የህዝብ ስሜት የማይረዳውና ገበረውን በማፈናቀል መሬትን በቸርቸር የሚታወቀው የሀዋሳ ከተማ አስተዳደር በየካቲት 05/2007 .ም የአቶ ሁሴን ከድር መኖሪያ ቤት ከእነ ንብረታቸው ሊያፈርስ የታዘዘው ዶዜር መኪና ወደ ቦታው በደረሰ ጊዜ የአቶ ሁሴን ከድር ውሳኔያቸውን በመቃወም በራሱ ይዞታ ውስጥ በሚገኘው ዋንዛ ዛፍ ላይ ወጥተው ተመጣጣኝ ካሳ ሳይሰጠኝ መኖሪያ ቤቴን ይሁን ንብረቴን የሚትንኩ ከሆነ ሕይወቴን አጠፋለሁ በማለት ከየካቲት 05/2007 .ም ጀምሮ በወጣበት ዛፍ ላይ ይገኛል:: የከተማው አስተዳደር ግን ድርግቱን በዝምታ እየተመለከተ ይገኛል::የመሬት ወረራ ይቁም!!

ይህን መሰል ታሪኮች ከከተማዋ ነዋሪዎች ዘንድ በተደጋጋሚ የምሰሙ ከመሆናቸው በላይ በኣሁኑ ወቅት ኣሳሳብ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሰዋል። ስለዚህ የከተማው ኣስተዳደር የኣገሪቱ ሕገ መንግስት ለዜጎች ያጎናጸፈውን ቤትንብረት የማፍራት እና በነጻነት የመኖር መብት ልያስጠበቅ እንጅ ልጥሰው ኣይገባም።


imageAs we count down to the Year of Goat, we celebrate in advance with a new coffee from Ethiopia - Wottona Bultuma. This coffee hails from the Sidama region. Sidama is known for its clean and high quality washed coffee with unique red berry flavours. Due to the different growing conditions, coffee from the Sidama zone can be quite different from each other. This new coffee is from a cooperative called Wottona Bultuma. It is sold and marketed by the Sidama Cooperative Union. They are also responsible for the dry milling, sorting and bagging before export. The coffee cherries are bought in the local surroundings which is more than 2000 metres above sea level. The coop has several collection centers. The cherries are from small family plots of both recently planted trees and improved varietals and traditional old varieties. The variety is called Sidamo type. The coffee from this coop is limited in amounts and thanks to our partners at Nordic Approach, we managed to get hold of a small quantity of this delicious coffee handpicked by them.
This coffee is from acoffee cooperative called Wottona Bultuma. It is sold and marketed by the Sidama Cooperative Union. They are also responsible for the dry milling,sorting and bagging be­fore export. The coffee cherries are bought in the localsurround­ings and are brought in from plots that are more than 2000 meters above sea level. They have several collection centers in the local areas. The cherries are from small family plots of both recently planted trees of improved varietals and traditional old varieties. The variety is called Sidamo type. The coffee from this producer is limited in amount and thanks to our partners at Nordic Approach, we managed to get some of this delicious coffee from Wottona Bultuma.
This coffee comes with complex acidity that tantalizes your palate with layers of red berries, stone fruits and sweet spice. The citric and floral aromatics draws you in to savour this juicy cup. Well-structured in body and elegant in flavours, this coffee will definitely be a crowd pleaser.
  • Cooperative: Wottona Bultuma
  • Zone: Sidama, Ethiopia
  • Altitude: 1900 masl
  • Varietal: Ethiopian Heirloom. Improved varietals and native coffee of forest origin transferred to family smallholder plots and gardens. In this case referred to as Sidamo type
  • Processing: Pulped and wet fermented, graded in washing channels, soaked in water and sundried.
  • Drying: Sun dried 10 – 15 days on African drying beds on hessian cloths. Coffees are covered in plastic during midday and at night  

The most aromatic coffee, which emerges from the wild forests of Ethiopia, is making its way to Japan and this time around, bullet train passengers are sipping some 10 thousand cups per day, which is said to be the highest turn out so far. 
Ueshima Coffee Co. (UCC), one the biggest Japanese coffee and tea manufacturers, together with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have organized a promotional event in Japan where bullet train commuters would have the chance to taste Ethiopian forest coffee originating from the southwestern part of the country: namely Belete-Gera forestry in the Oromia Regional State. 
According to Fumiaki Saso, head of JICA’s agricultural division, the event is getting momentum in Japan where commuters increasingly are expressing their interest to taste the coffee’s flavor which is grown in a wild forest naturally. 
Next to quality and affordability, many consumers in Japan give priority for environmentally friendliness. Following suit, UCC and the likes prefer to ship commodities that meet such requirements labeling the cups with the origins of the coffee.
In his recent visit to Belete-Gera area, Naomi Nakahira, coffee advisor and cupper at the UCC, said that Ethiopia’s forest coffee has the potential to become one of the major global brands.
So far, the country sells Yigachefe, Harar and Sidama coffees as branded commodities internationally. Nakahira is certain that if branding procedures are dealt with, Belete-Gera forest coffee could become one of the leading brands in the specialty category. 
A US-based NGO called Rainforest Alliance is behind the forest coffee certification activities internationally. It has been certifying Belete-Gera forest coffee annually since 2007. That has prompted Japanese firms and government agencies to take part both in the conservation and coffee buying businesses. Currently, UCC buys some two containers or 36 tons annually from farmers’ cooperatives in Belete-Gera forest coffee. 
Saso of JICA said that branding the Belete-Gera forest coffee as the best specialty requires the attention of the government. 
In a conserved 3,290 hectare of forest, farmers cooperatives such as Shabe-Sabaka are chosen for their best quality coffee harvest and are mentioned in the coffee cups sold in the fast edging train that connect the two Japanese cities of Tokyo and Osaka.
Selling Ethiopia’s finest coffee in the bullet train has some historical backgrounds, Saso notes. After the horrific devastation of the Second World War, the gradually emerging Japan was able to host Olympic Games. During the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, the legendary athlete Abebe Bikila, still highly regarded by Japanese people, won the men’s marathon competition. Japan is bidding to host the 2024 Olympics. Aimed also at commemorating the legendary athlete, both UCC and Japan Railway Company are promoting Ethiopia’s Arabica organic coffee among commuters.
Moreover, Belete-Gera coffee is set to be contestant in one of the coffee brewing championships in Japan. Annually, Specialty Coffee Association of Japan (SCAJ) organizes numerous coffee related competitions. In one of the categories called “Siphonist Championship” a Japanese contester was acclaimed for wining high prizes by brewing Ethiopian origin specialty coffee from Belete-Gera area. In September, a barista competition is scheduled to take place which, according to Nakahira, is planned to include Ethiopian coffee.
Source: Reporter

Africa coffee producing states kicked off a three-day meeting in Nairobi on Thursday to seek ways of reversing the declining coffee production.
All the continent’s coffee producers except Ethiopia and Uganda have witnessed dramatic declines in coffee production in the past two decades or so.

Africa Fine Coffee Association (AFCA) chairman Abdullah Bagersh lamented that the decline in Africa’s coffee production is happening against a backdrop of an increase in world coffee consumption which is growing at an average of two percent.
“It is therefore critical for African coffee producing countries to increase their productivity and quality of their coffees to ensure that farmers realize higher incomes,” he said during the official opening of the 12th African Fine Coffees Association (AFCA) Conference and Exhibition.
The latest figures indicate that the global coffee production is about 147 million bags annually with Africa’s production standing at 19.1 million bags.
The continent’s share in world coffee production has declined from a high of 25 percent in 1988 to the current average of 14 percent.

The continent’s biggest producer is Ethiopia, whose annual production is approximately 450,000 metric tons while Uganda produces at 220,000 metric tonnes.
Bagersh said the best way to revitalize the sector is to develop a strong domestic coffee drinking culture.
“When there is a base consumption locally, the farmers will not be too worried about the international price as they will have a ready market,” the chairman said. In Africa, only Ethiopia has a strong coffee drinking culture.
Ethiopia’s high coffee consumption has helped the nation to develop a strong vibrant coffee sector. Bagersh, who is also the Chairman of the Ethiopian Chapter of AFCA, said that approximately half of the country’s production is consumed locally.

He said on average Ethiopian farmers produce 300 kilogrammes per hectare per year compared to the international average of 1, 000 kgs, adding that low returns have forced some African farmers to uproot their coffee trees and plant alternative crops.

As part of plans to revive the continent’s coffee sector, AFCA is planning to launch a coffee fund in order to provide cheap finance to the sector. The fund has already received seed funding of 500,000 U.S. dollars.
“The fund will give coffee farmers bridge finance so that the farmers avoid taking high interest loans from unscrupulous money lenders,” Bagersh said.
He noted that traditionally farmers take high interest loans and this forces them to sell their coffee at low prices in order to repay the loan.
The fund will begin to disburse concessional loans on a pilot basis in the next four months. However, only cooperatives will be eligible for funding.

Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta said African governments have an important role to play in facilitating the development and promotion of the coffee industry in the continent.
“In particular, governments should enhance financial investment in the coffee industry as well as to support production and market research,” Kenyatta said.
He noted that Kenya’s national development blue print Vision 2030 recognizes coffee as one of the critical sub-sectors under the agriculture sector.
“In order to support the sector, the government is undertaking a number of measures aimed at revitalizing the industry,” Kenyatta said.
“These include streamlining the institutional, legal and policy framework, infrastructure improvement and implementation of a credit access framework,” he said.
Kenya’s Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Principal Secretary Sicily Kariuki said the African continent is a source of some of the world’s highest quality coffees in the global market.
“Unfortunately the consumption of coffee in Africa is only about three percent of local production,” she said.

Source: Xinhua