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Wednesday, February 11, 2015

NEW YORK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Children across Africa face unacceptably high levels of physical, sexual and emotional violence at home, at school and in the streets, researchers specializing in children's rights said on Wednesday.
Some 92 percent of pupils interviewed in Togo, 86 percent in Sierra Leone, 73 percent in Egypt, 71 percent in Ghana and 60 percent in Kenya said they had experienced violence from teachers and classmates, according to a report by the African Child Policy Forum (ACPF).
The report by the Ethiopia-based research institute also showed that 60 percent of children in Zambia, Morocco and Uganda had been physically punished by family members, as were nearly half of children surveyed in Mali and Ethiopia.
In Ethiopia, Mali, Morocco, Uganda and Zambia, 16 percent of children interviewed said they had scars on their bodies due to physical punishment.
"The burden of creating a continent where children live and grow up in safety principally lies on the shoulders of Africans themselves," Thespian Nikyema, Calf's executive director, said in a statement.
The report, launched at the United Nations, attributed some of the violence to pervasive traditional attitudes that condone or accept violence against children as the norm in African society.
Despite efforts in some African countries to protect children through policies and laws against corporal punishment, statutory rape, sexual violence, abuse and exploitation, violence persists because laws were not enforced, ACPF said.
As children grow older, their risk of experiencing violence outside the home increases, particularly for girls, the researchers said.
In Kenya, 46 percent of girls reported experiencing sexual violence in their communities, as did nearly 66 percent of schoolgirls in Sierra Leone.
The report found that the risk of violence and abuse was also greater for children with disabilities, those living and working on the streets and those doing domestic work.

Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary General on Violence against Children, Marta Santos Paisa, said children's freedom from violence is "indispensable for the sustainable social and economic development of African nations."

አዲስ አባበ፣ ጎንደርና ሀዋሳ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች በወርልድ ቴኳንዶ የመጀመሪያ የወርቅ ሜዳሊያቸውን አገኙእየተካሄደ ባለው የመንግሥት ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች 8ኛው የስፖርት ፌስቲቫል ላይ የወርልድ ቴኳንዶ ውድድር ትናንት በመክፈቻው በሴቶችና በወንዶች በድምሩ 37 የዙርና የፍፃሜ ጨዋታዎች ተካሄዱ።             
በርካታ ተመልካች የነበረውና ብርቱ ፉክክር የተደረገበት የወርልድ ቴኳንዶ ውድድር በሦስት ምድብ የተወዳዳሪዎች የክብደት ልዩነት ተከፍሎ በሴቶች ከ46 እና 49 እንዲሁም በወንዶች ከ54 ኪሎ ግራም በታች የዙርና የፍፃሜ ጨዋታዎችን አስተናግዷል።
ለፍፃሜ በተደረጉት ውድድሮች ሦስት ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የወርቅ ሜዳሊያ ማንሳት ችለዋል።
ከ46 ኪሎ ግራም በታች በተደረገው ውድድር ምህረት ከድር 5 ተጋጣሚዎቿን በማሸነፍ ለአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የወርቅ ሜዳሊያ ከማስገኘቷ ባለፈ የአምና የሻመፒዮንነት ክብሯን ማስጠበቅ ችላለች።
በዚህ ዘርፍ የአዳማ ሣይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የብር እንዲሁም የድሬዳዋ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የነሐስ ሜዳሊያ ተሸላሚ ሆነዋል።
በተመሳሳይ በሴቶች ከ49 ኪሎ ግራም በታች በተደረገ ውድድር ህይወት ተስፋ ለሀዋሳ ወርቅ ስታስገኝ ድሬዳዋና ወልዲያ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች በቅደም ተከተላቸው የብርና የነሐስ ሜዳሊያ መሆን ችለዋል።
በወንዶች ከ54 ኪሎ ግራም በታች ደግሞ የጎንደር ዩኒቨርሲቲው ውብሸት ደስያለው ድንቅ ብቃት በማሳየት ጭምር የወርቅ ሜዳሊያውን አንስቷል።
የመቐለና የሀሮማያ ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ደግሞ በቅደም ተከተላቸው የብርና የነሐስ ሜዳሊያ ተሸላሚ ሆነዋል።
የወርልድ ቴኳንዶ ውድድር ዛሬም በወንዶች ከ58 ኪሎ ግራም በታች የሚጠበቅ ሲሆን ሌሎች የማጣሪያና የፍፃሜ ውድድሮች በመካሄድ ላይ ናቸው።
በአዳማ ሣይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ዩኒቨርሲቲ አስተናጋጅነት እየተካሄደ ያለው የመንግሥት ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች 8ኛው የስፖርት ፌስቲቫል በመልካም ስፖርታዊ ጨዋነት ታጅቦ ፍፃሜው ለማግኘት ጥቂት ቀናት ቀርተውታል።
- See more at: http://www.ena.gov.et/index.php/sport/item/1837-2015-02-10-05-39-02#sthash.OUVbKa9h.dpuf
(From left) Einstein medical students Corey Fulcher, Vivy Tran, Joann Anthonypillai, Kedong Wang and Audrey Chan stand in front of a traditional Tukul hut
When Dr. Carol Harris arrived for an early morning meeting this summer at Black Lion Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, dozens of weary patients and their families huddled together in dark stairwells, or on wooden benches lining the hallways outside the dimly lit oncology ward. One patient lay motionless, shrouded in a colorful sheath, surrounded by family.
(From left) Drs. Aynalem Abreha, Carol Harris and Agonafer Tekalegne at Black Lion Hospital, in Addis Ababa
(From left) Drs. Aynalem Abreha, Carol Harris and Agonafer Tekalegne at Black Lion Hospital, in Addis Ababa
As Ethiopia's main cancer referral hospital, the government-run facility offers the only sliver of hope for more than 200 new patients who arrive every day from around the sub-Saharan nation. Each year, Black Lion gets about 6,000 new cancer cases, most of them poor individuals traveling from distant villages by bus, foot, bijaj, or even donkey cart.      
On this rainy day at 8 a.m., the lights flickered and the radiation machine was shut down—a frequent occurrence with the rolling power outages that regularly occur.    
"The lack of infrastructure and shortage of basic services is overwhelming," said Dr. Harris, as she comforted a frail woman receiving a chemotherapy infusion on one of the 18 beds reserved for cancer patients.
The hospital employs only three adult oncologists—who represent all such specialists in the nation—and endures a chronic shortage of chemotherapy drugs. It has the only working radiation machine for the entire country—with a population of roughly 90 million—requiring patients to wait up to six months for treatment of their diagnosis.
Despite no assurance of a cure, desperate families sell their livestock and even their homes to afford the trip to Black Lion, which represents their only glimmer of hope.

Recognizing a Need

A professor of clinical medicine within the division of infectious diseases and director of Einstein's Institute of Global HIV Medicine, Dr. Harris has been working with Ethiopian caregivers and leaders since 2002, when she established a global health program to address the nation's HIV epidemic. She has helped establish an expansive network of programs and services throughout Ethiopia—all focused on capacity building.
(From left) Einstein medical students Corey Fulcher, Vivy Tran, Joann Anthonypillai, Kedong Wang and Audrey Chan stand in front of a traditional Tukul hut
(From left) Einstein medical students Corey Fulcher, Vivy Tran, Joann Anthonypillai, Kedong Wang and Audrey Chan stand in front of a traditional Tukul hut
She turned her attention to cancer in 2012, to address the growing number of Ethiopians who are living with—and dying from—a disease that has not been a priority in sub-Saharan Africa.
"Cancer is a noisy disease and it's shouting, but nobody is listening," said Dr. Aynalem Abreha, a palliative care oncologist at Black Lion with whom Dr. Harris works closely. "People go home to die because there is no treatment. Chemotherapy drugs are in short supply because the government has not listed them among essential drugs."
- See more at: http://www.einstein.yu.edu/features/stories/1069/addressing-breast-cancer-in-ethiopia/#sthash.kNpOmvXV.dpuf
Public Diplomacy and Regional Infrastructure investment news. By Lucy Kassa, Addis Fortune. African Union’s (AU) high level panel on illicit financial flows (IFF) from Africa ranked Ethiopia ninth from the top 10 African countries with high illicit financial flows from 1970 to 2008 next to Côte d’Ivoire and Sudan.
The panel, which was chaired by Thabo Mbeki, former South African president and comprised nine other members, released its report at Hilton Hotel on February 1, 2015.
The high level panel is the first African initiative mandated to be established after the fourth joint annual meeting of the AU/ECA conference of ministers of finance, planning and economic development adopted a resolution to establish the level of IFF from the continent, to asses its long term impacts and to propose policies in reversing the illegal outflows.
The Report of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, used estimates by various researches on illicit financial flows from Africa, adding that a significant amount was from sources such as bribing and trafficking of drugs, people and firearms, which are secret in nature and could not be properly estimated.
The panel reported that Ethiopia could have lost 16.5 billion dollars due to illicit financial flow from 1970 to 2008, which was 2.3pc of the total IFF from the continent, based on which the total continental loss could be computed to a little over 700 billion dollars. However, the report gives a different figure, 854 billion dollars for the total loss during the period.
The report, however, also adds that the loss of the last 50 years could be in excess of over one trillion dollars, adding the average annual loss could be significantly higher than the estimates because of secret bribes and trafficking.
Similar reports have previously been released by other bodies. Citing corruption and bribery as major reasons for the increase in IFF, the Global financial report, which had illustrated data from World Bank and the International Monetary Fund showed that Ethiopia had lost 11.7 billion dollars in illegal financial out flow between 2000 and 2009. Similarly, the UNDP report had shown that Ethiopia had lost 8.3 billion dollars from 1990 to 2008 representing 3.6 pc of its GDP.
The AU panel, after noting that IFFs had a negative impact on fiscal shortfall and on social spending, showed that Ethiopia loses six percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) due to IFF per year. According to the report, Nigeria, Egypt and South Africa are the top three African countries with 217.7, 105.2 and 81.8 billion dollars cumulative IFFs respectively from 1970 to 2008, with Nigeria accounting for 30.5 pc of the total.
Ethiopia would take only nine years to reach the MDG goal of under-five mortality since 2000 if IFF was eliminated, instead of 13 years, the report said. The actual annual reduction in under-5 mortality rate between 2000 to 2011 was 5.3 pc according to the report. This rate of the under five mortality rate will potentially reduced to 7.58 pc in the absence of the illegal flow, the report claimed.
The report identifies three prominent grounds for the illegal flow with IFF originating from commercial activities accounting 65 Pc. Abusive transfer pricing, trade mispricing and misinvocing of services with the aim of tax evasion, aggressive tax avoidance and illegal export of foreign exchange are the activities mentioned within IFF originating from commercial activities by the report. Criminal activities such as human trafficking, drug trafficking and money laundering account for 30pc of the illicit flow, with corruption accounting for just five percent.
Corruption, particularly in relation to the construction and hydroelectric sector is the main reason for the high illicit financial flow from Ethiopia, an economist who wished to remain anonymous told Fortune, adding that over invoice of import items and under invoice of export items have also contributed to the high IFF in the country.
Ensuring publicly accessible national and sub-national budget information and transparent auditing is recommended by the report for African countries to curb the corruption element of IFF. Moreover, to eliminate trade mispricing, the report advises countries to have clear and concise laws that illegalize intentional stating of prices. Addis Fortune.
- See more at: http://www.geeskaafrika.com/ethiopia-released-report-the-possible-lost-of-16-5-billion-dollars/8037/#sthash.00e2njOF.dpuf
"As every day goes by..."
David Foster is singing over the phone, remembering Gordon Lightfoot"killing it" on the opening vocals of Tears Are Not Enough, the all-star Canadian charity single recorded 30 years ago today.
Foster's Malibu, Calif., home is far away in both time and space from the frigid February Sunday in 1985 when more than 50 of Canada's top entertainers met at Toronto's Manta Studios to make a recording for African famine relief.
"It was a magical day," he says. 
But it's all a blur to him, because he barely slept the night before — so intense was the pressure to get it right after fellow music producer Quincy Jones phoned and asked him to helm a Canadian song for the We Are the World album his USA for Africa supergroup was recording.
Foster, working with manager Bruce Allen, had nine days to do it.
"The West and East Coast of Canada weren't exactly on the best of terms, musically," he says. "We were bringing them together for the first time."
Tears Are Not Enough
It's been 30 years since over 50 Canadian entertainers gathered in Toronto to record Tears Are Not Enough, a charity single to help with African famine relief. The group was known as Northern Lights. (Dimo Safari/CBC)
​The group, named Northern Lights, boasted some of Canada's top recording artists including Joni Mitchell, Anne Murray, Bruce Cockburn, Dan Hill, Paul Shaffer, Tommy Hunter, Carole Pope, Véronique Béliveau and Burton Cummings, among many others.
The tune itself, Foster now reveals, was a reject – he'd offered it to Joel Schumacher for the soundtrack of St. Elmo's Fire, but the film director hated it.
Jim Vallance and Bryan Adams stayed up all night to turn it into a famine relief anthem instead. Then Schumacher called back. The melody was right for Rob Lowe's face after all.
Too late. "He was really pissed," Foster says.
And Adams's demo tape was so good, Foster ended up using those vocals in the final mix.
"Nothing was as good as that feeling that he had from staying up all night with that gravelly voice of his," he says.
Their song, urging Canadians to "pull together" and "change the world forever," went triple-platinum — topping the singles chart and raising $3.2 million.

Canadians gave $150 million

The video opened with CBC footage from the Ethiopian famine. Correspondent Brian Stewart, then based in London, learned only later that his voice was on what would be the most requested video on MuchMusic for March 1985.
A last-minute shoot at the NHL all-star game captured a young Wayne Gretzky singing along.

"This is what we do, so this is what we give," Rush frontman Geddy Lee said in the documentary about the making of the Tears Are Not Enough recording. 
Mila Mulroney taped the introduction for the doc, which aired on CBC-TV on Dec. 22, 1985.
David MacDonald ran the Mulroney government's co-ordination office for African famine relief. He remembers Allen, the organizer, approaching him for financial assistance, although he doesn't remember now the exact amount of the government's contribution to the recording session, which he attended.
2015 MusiCares Person Of The Year - Arrivals
David Foster was asked by Quincy Jones 30 years ago to organize a Canadian track for the We Are The World record. But unlike the U.S. and U.K. African famine relief songs, Tears Are Not Enough has not been remade. (Richard Shotwell/Invision/Associated Press)
​The former MP remembers then external affairs minister Joe Clark telling him he had thousands of dollars in his desk drawer: people were mailing him cash and cheques, so strong was the collective sense of "we need to do more."
The record's proceeds were matched by the Canadian International Development Agency and funded projects by the Red Cross, UNICEF and CARE. Ten per cent went to Canadian food banks.
MacDonald says Adams in particular stayed involved, making several trips to Africa. Adams also performed the song at Bob Geldof's Live Aid concert that summer.
French-Canadian artists, including Céline Dion, also recorded a famine relief single, Les Yeux de la Faim.
"I went around and did a survey around all the NGOs that were raising money ... I think their estimate was that they raised another $150 million, so there was a collective response which was in today's terms pretty darn impressive," MacDonald says.
However, it was a "once in a lifetime" phenomenon, he says.  "I think the pitch it was making ... it's not a balanced approach to the problems of Africa."

'Ethiopia Thanks U'

With international help, Ethiopia made steady progress toward food security. It's now one of Africa's fastest-growing economies.
Thirty years ago, Ainalem Tebeje was one of only a few hundred Ethiopians living in Canada. She'd been studying journalism at Carleton University for less than a year when she started seeing the traumatic images the Ethiopian government didn't want her family back home in Addis Ababa to see.
Organizers brought her to Toronto for the recording session. She didn't know any of the celebrities, but became emotional when she saw fans lined up outside holding signs saying things like "Ethiopia Thanks U."
"The public relates better to celebrities than to politicians," she told the performers.
She also got to sing along, and her relatives back home passed the video around. 
"It was surreal for me," she says. "There was so much compassion in those days." 
Today, Tebeje works for the federal government and helps run an organization that supports medical students in Ethiopia.
"That period gave Canada its image, its credibility as a nation that extends a helping hand," she says. 

When fist bumps were fist pumps

Halifax-based music journalist and critic Ryan McNutt blogged about the fist-pumping awesomeness of "Canada's charity anthem." He's still drawn to the "mega-wattage of star power" in the original charity singles. 
Each represents a cliché stereotype about its country, he suggests. The British Do They Know It's Christmas? takes a colonial attitude, while the American We Are the World is very self-centred. Tears Are Not Enough offered an emotional but indistinct humanitarianism. 
Britain #Bandaid30
Irish rocker Bob Geldof, right, and singer-songwriter Midge Ure remade their 1984 single Do They Know It's Christmas? last year to raise funds to fight Ebola in West Africa. (Matt Dunham/Associated Press)
​"The songs don't feel like a dialogue with a problem or a place. We're talking to ourselves ... it's more about us," he says.​
No one would consider any of the three truly great songs, he says. "They're like an artifact or a time capsule ... [none] have aged very well."
Pop culture and music journalist Alan Neal thinks David Foster knew exactly what he was doing.
"A song should be structured to get to a desired purpose," the CBC Radio host says. "If you're trying to write a song to inspire to give, this song does that."
Looking back, one of its most powerful lyrics, Neal thinks, was Neil Young singing "somehow our innocence is lost."

Northern Lights revival?

Neal would love to hear a remake of Tears, but concedes that today's more cynical attitudes would diminish its appeal.
"There's something fair about saying this is the way we saw the world in the '80s," he says. "Maybe Canada would say something different now?"
Foster says he's never thought about his song's legacy. It's been 20 years since he listened to it.
Would he ever put a group together to re-record it – asBob Geldof's Band Aid 30 did last Christmas for Ebola charities, or Quincy Jones did five years ago, reviving We are the World to help victims of Haiti's earthquake?
No one's ever suggested it to Foster. And he doesn't think he should.
"I think those songs are sort of untouchable. There's just certain songs you leave alone," he says. 
"If you do it right the first time everything else is going to be second best.
Source: http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/tears-still-are-not-enough-30-years-later-1.2949836
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- While enjoying its status as an international development darling, Ethiopia has been chipping away at its citizens' freedom of expression. The country now holds the shameful distinction of having the second-most journalists in exile in the world, after Iran. That combination of Western subsidies and political persecution should not be sustainable.
According to a new report by Human Rights Watch, at least 60 journalists have fled the country since 2010, including 30 last year, and at least 19 have been imprisoned. Twenty-two faced criminal charges in 2014. The government closed five newspapers and a magazine within the past year, leaving Ethiopia with no independent private media outlets. With the country headed toward elections in May, the pressure on the media has undermined the prospect of a free and fair vote.
Ethiopia has long been known for its censorship and repression of the media, but the situation has deteriorated in recent years. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the country has since 2009 "banned or suspended at least one critical independent publication per year." After the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in 2012, successor Hailemariam Desalegn has tightened the regime's stranglehold on the press. Even Ethiopia's rival Eritrea looks better: It released several imprisoned journalists last month.
As Human Rights Watch documents, journalists and media outlets who dare publish critical articles routinely receive threatening phone calls, texts and e-mails from party officials and security personnel. Journalists' movements are often restricted outside of the capital, Addis Ababa. Sources who talk to foreign journalists and human rights organizations can face threats and detainment.
The repression extends across the media ecosystem. State agents harass printers and disrupt distribution processes associated with critical publications. Journalists who flee into neighboring countries are tracked and threatened. The government blocks Web sites from the Ethiopian diaspora, and it has jammed signals of foreign broadcasters, including Voice of America.
Much of the persecution has come under the guise of counterterrorism by a regime that has been a player in the fight against the al-Qaida-allied al-Shabab. At least 38 journalists have been charged under a 2009 "anti-terrorism proclamation" and the criminal code. In 2012, prominent journalist and blogger Eskinder Nega was jailed for 18 years on charges of terrorism after criticizing the government's repression.
Despite these policies, Ethiopia has retained its status as a U.S. ally and recipient of large amounts of U.S. development assistance -- including $373 million for health and humanitarian programs in 2014. By contrast, U.S. spending on democracy and human rights assistance in Ethiopia has fallen dramatically in the past several years, from $3.4 million in 2012 to $162,900 in 2014. The decline in assistance for human rights bows to a 2009 law that prohibits nongovernmental organizations receiving more than 10 percent of their funding from abroad from conducting human rights advocacy.
The State Department recently spoke out against the media crackdown. But more than words should be at stake. The Obama administration should link continued aid to the release of imprisoned journalists and bloggers, and it should enlist other Western aid donors to do the same. The West should not be subsidizing a regime that is one of the world's leading persecutors of journalists.
-- The Washington Post