Nomonanoto Show

Wednesday, January 21, 2015


ISS and Hawassa University have signed a Memorandum of Understanding in order to achieve cooperation in academic education and research. In the photo Dr Yosef Mamo (r), President of Hawassa University and professor Leo de Haan (l), Rector of ISS.

ISS and Hawassa University have signed a Memorandum of Understanding in order to achieve cooperation in academic...
BGI Ethiopia, Ethiopia’s giant brewery, received eight large fermentation tanks for the expansion of its Hawassa plant on Thursday January 15, 2014 with an investment of 30 million euros.
The eight large fermentation tanks will increase the production capacity of the Hawassa plant by nearly double, said Essayas Hadera, marketing manager of BGI Ethiopia. Each having a capacity of 2,200hl, two of the tanks are Bright Beer Tank (BBT), used for fermentation process and the remaining six tod tanks used for processing the beer.
Ziemann International GmbH, a Germany based Company supplied beer tanks for many countries, including Russia, Mexico, and Belgium, manufactures the fermentation tanks. The tanks were purchased two months ago, all of which arrived at the Hawassa plant last Thursday.
St George beer entered the Ethiopia market in 1922 by Belgian owners. Later it had German owners, before it was nationalized by the military regime. It is currently owned by BGI, which also has a winery at Zeway. BGI has three plants at Hawassa, Addis Abeba and Kombolcha, with a total of 2,687 permanent and temporary workers.
BGI Brewery has three brands – St. George, Amber and Castel– with an annual production capacity of 2.65 million hectoliters. It has paid a total of 1.5 billion Br in taxes during the last fiscal year, having a total investment of 2.8 billion Br.
The Hawassa plant was inaugurated on June 7, 2011, as the company’s third plant in Hawassa town, located 273km south of Addis Abeba.
“Installation of the tankers will start by this week,” Essayas told Fortune.
The installation of the tankers will be completed in process between April and September 2015, he added. When all have been installed, the Hawassa plant will have the capacity to produce 1.44 million hectoliters a year, raising the total of the three plants to 3.6 million hectoliters. A quarter of the installation will be finalized by April 2015 and will increase the production capacity by quarter, according to Essayas.
Ethiopia’s beer industry consists of five major breweries: Meta Abo Brewery, Harar Brewery, Bedele Brewery, Dashen Brewery, and BGI. Combined, they have an annual production capacity of close to 5.62 million hectolitres. Raya is expected to be inaugurated by mid-February 2015, having a total capacity of 5.62 million hectoliters annually and BGI has a 42pc share in Raya. Habesha Brewery another new company is currently under formation.
BGI sources 50pc of its malt input from the Assela Malt Factory, supplier of malt for the existing breweries except Dashen, who sources from Gonder Malt Factory. Currently, Assela meets only 52pc of the annual malt barley demanded by the breweries. Production amounts to 36,000tn to 40,000tn a year.
The demand for beer is projected to grow by 15pc annually, much higher than the African average of five percent recorded in 2014 and the current production stands at 5.6 million hectoliters. On the same day BGI received the tanks, Heineken inaugurated its plant located at Kilinto, which it built for 110 million euros, with 10 tanks and a production capacity of 1.5 million hectoliters, pushing the total production capacity of the factory to three million hectoliters. By the next Ethiopian fiscal year, the country will have a total production capacity of 12.2 million hectoliters annually from the six breweries.
የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ፌዴሬሽን በክለቦች ላይ የሚታየውን የተጨዋቾች የዝውውር ስርዓት ወደ ዘመናዊ አሰራር ለመቀየር የሚያስችል ሰነድ ይፋ አደረገ።
የፌዴሬሽኑ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ ወንድምኩን አላዩ ሰነዱ አለም የሚከተለውን አሰራር ለመተግበር የሚረዳው ይሆናል ብለዋል።በተጨዋቾች ዝውውር ጊዜ የኪራይ ሰብሳቢዎች፣ ያልታወቁ ደላሎችና አጭበርባሪዎችን ለመከላከል  የሚያስችል መሆኑን ተናግረዋል።
ሰነዱ የተጨዋቾች ዝውውር በፌዴሬሽኑ እውቅና ሊኖረው እንደሚገባና የዝውውር ጊዜውም ፌዴሬሽኑ ባስቀመጠው ቀን ብቻ ሊወሰን እንደሚገባ ይገልጻል።
እንደ ሰነዱ ከሆነ ክለቦች ከሶስት የማይበልጡ የውጭ አገራት ፕሮፌሽናል ተጨዋቾችን ብቻ ያስፈርማሉ።
ሰነዱ ከጥር 25 ቀን ጀምሮ ተግባራዊ እንዲሆንም ፌዴሬሽኑ ወስኗል።
የወሬው ምንጭ ኢቲቪ ነው
-መንግሥት የመረጃና የጥናት ሥልት ችግሮች አሉ ይላል
የዓለም ባንክ ይፋ ያደረገው የኢትዮጵያ የድህነት ጥናት ባለፉት አሥር ዓመታት ድህነት መቀነሱን ቢያሳይም፣ በአስከፊ ድህነት ውስጥ ይገኙ የነበሩ ሰዎች ወደ ተባባሰ የድህነት አረንቋ ማምራታቸውን አመለከተ፡፡
የዓለም ባንክ ጥር 12 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ይፋ ያደረገው ጥናት እንዳሳየው፣ በዓለም አቀፍ የድህነት መስመር መለኪያ መሠረት (በቀን 1.25 ዶላር ገቢ ሥሌት) በአገሪቱ እ.ኤ.አ. ከ2000 እስከ 2011 ባሉት ዓመታት የድህነት መጠን ከነበረበት 55 በመቶ ወደ 30 በመቶ ቀንሷል፡፡ በዚህም በአሁኑ ወቅት በአገሪቱ በአስከፊ ድህነት ውስጥ የሚገኘው ሕዝብ ቁጥር 25 ሚሊዮን መሆኑን፣ በባንኩ የአፍሪካ ቀጣና የድህነት ቅነሳና የኢኮኖሚ ማኔጅመንት ከፍተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዋ ሩት ቫርጋስ ሒል ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡ 
ሩት እንዳብራሩት ከሆነ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2005 ከነበሩት ድሆች ይልቅ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2011 የነበሩት ድሆች የበለጠ ደህይተዋል፡፡ ‹‹እጅግ ዝቅተኛ በሆነ የኑሮ ደረጃ ላይ የሚገኙ ደሃ ቤተሰቦች እ.ኤ.አ. ከ2005 ጀምሮ የኑሮ መሻሻል አላሳዩም፣ እንዲያውም አንዳንዶቹ በፊት ከነበሩበት በባሰ ድህነት ውስጥ ይገኛሉ፤›› በማለት የገለጹት ሩት፣ ከዓለም ድህነት መስመር ውጪ ያሉት 12 በመቶ ተጋላጮችም መልሰው ወደ ድህነት አዘቅት ውስጥ የመግባት ዕድላቸው ሰፊ መሆኑን አሳስበዋል፡፡ 
በጥናቱ መሠረት እ.ኤ.አ. በ2005 የነበሩት የአገሪቱ ድሆች መጠን እ.ኤ.አ. በ2011 ከነበሩት ድሆች ገቢ መጠን ጋር ሲነፃፀር፣ በ2011 የነበሩት ድሆች በ2005 ከነበሩት ያነሰ የገቢ መጠን እንደነበራቸው መታየቱን ሩት ይፋ አድርገዋል፡፡ በመሆኑም እስከ 2011 በነበሩት ስድስት ዓመታት ውስጥ ድሆች የነበሩ ሰዎች ወደባሰ ድህነት ውስጥ ለመግባት ተገደዋል፡፡ ከዚህ ባሻገር ደህና ኑሮ ያላቸው ሰዎችም እ.ኤ.አ. ከ2005 ጀምሮ በነበሩት ስድስት ዓመታት ውስጥ ከነበሩበት የኑሮ ደረጃ መንሸራተታቸው ተመልክቷል፡፡ በተለይ በከተሞች አካባቢ ይህ ክስተት መስተዋሉን የዓለም ባንክ ጥናት ያትታል፡፡ ይህም ሆኖ በአገሪቱ ሲመዘገብ የቆየው የኢኮኖሚ ዕድገት በርካታ ድሆችን ተጠቃሚ ማድረጉ መረጋገጡን ሩት አስታውቀዋል፡፡ 
ምንም እንኳ ከመንግሥት ፊስካል ፖሊሲ ድሆች ተጠቃሚ ቢሆኑም፣ ቀጥተኛና ቀጥተኛ ያልሆኑ ታክሶች በመጣላቸው ጫና ማሳደሩን፣ ዝቅተኛ የኑሮ የገቢ ደረጃ ባለቸው ቤተሰቦች ላይ ቀጥተኛ ያልሆኑ ታክሶችና የግብርና ዘርፍ ላይ የተጣሉ ታክሶች በድሆች ላይ ኑሮን ማክበዳቸውን የዓለም ባንክ አረጋግጫለሁ ብሏል፡፡ በተለይ ከቅርብ ጊዜያት ወዲህ ሲባባስ የነበረው የዋጋ ግሽበት በዝቅተኛ የገቢ ክልል ውስጥ የሚገኙ ዜጐች ላይ ጫና ማሳደሩን ተንትኗል፡፡ ምንም እንኳ ድሆች የሚከፍሉት የታክስ መጠን በኢትዮጵያ አነስተኛ ቢሆንም፣ መንግሥት በሚከተለው የፊስካል ፖሊሲ ምክንያት ግን ዋጋ መክፈላቸው አልቀረም፡፡ በመሆኑም በባንኩ ትንታኔ መሠረት ከአሥር ሰዎች አንዱ ደሃ ለመሆን ተገዷል ወይም ደግሞ ደሃ የነበሩ ቤተሰቦች ይበልጥ ድሆች ሆነዋል፡፡ ሪፖርተር ያነጋገራቸው የዓለም ባንክ የኢትዮጵያ ዋና ዳይሬክተር ጉዋንግ ዚ ቼን በበኩላቸው መንግሥት አቅም ኖሮት ድሆች የሚከፍሉትን ታክስ ቢያነሳ እንደሚደግፉ ገልጸዋል፡፡ 
በአገሪቱ ከሚገኙት ክልሎች ውስጥ እ.ኤ.አ. ከ2005 በፊት በደህና ደረጃ ይገኙ ከነበሩት መካከል እንደ ሶማሌና አፋር ያሉት ክልሎች እ.ኤ.አ. በ2011 ወደ ድህነት ቀጣና መውረዳቸውም በጥናቱ ታይቷል፡፡ ከዚህ ባሻገር በአዲስ አበባና በድሬዳዋ የሚታየው የድሆችና የሥራ አጦች ቁጥር እስከ 27 ከመቶ እንደሚሆን አስታውቋል፡፡ በመሆኑም መንግሥት በከተሞች አካባቢ መሠረታዊ የሴፍቲኔት ፕሮግራምን መተግበር እንደሚገባው የዓለም ባንክ ይመክራል፡፡ ይህም ሲባል በገጠርና በከተማ አካባቢ የሚታየው የድህነት ሁኔታ በተፈጥሮው የሚለያይ እንደመሆኑ መጠን፣ ከተማ ነክ አገልግሎቶችን ለድሆች ማዳረስ የከተማ ድህነትን ለመቅረፍ እንደሚያስችል ባንኩ አስታውቋል፡፡  
የዓለም ባንክ በኢትዮጵያ ለድህነት መቀነስ መጠን ከፍተኛውን ድርሻ ተጫውቷል ያለው የግብርና ዘርፍን ነው፡፡ ከግብርና ይልቅ በኢኮኖሚው ውስጥ ከፍተኛ ዕድገት ካስመዘገቡት ዘርፎች ውስጥ የአገልግሎት መስክ ቢሆንም፣ ይህ ዘርፍ የዕድገቱን ያህል በድህነት ላይ ለውጥ አለማሳየቱ አነጋግሯል፡፡ ግብርና ለድህነት መቀነስ ለውጥ ካሳየባቸው መካከል የማዳበሪያ አቅርቦት መስፋፋት ተጠቃሽ ተደርጓል፡፡ ሆኖም ግን የማዳበሪያ ዋጋ መናር በገበሬዎች ዘንድ ራስ ምታት ሆኖ ይገኛል፡፡ ስለዚህ የተጠየቁት የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዋ ሩት ምንም እንኳ የማዳበሪዋ ዋጋ ቢጨምርም፣ የአየር ሁኔታው የተስተካከለ መሆኑና የምግብ ዋጋ መናር ለገበሬዎች ተጠቃሚነት ሚና ነበራቸው ሲሉ አስረድተዋል፡፡ 
የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናት ይፋ ስለተደረገው ሪፖርት አዎንታዊ ምልከታ እንዳሳዩ፣ ጥናቱ ባመላከታቸው ውጤቶች ላይም ስምምነት እንዳላቸው ጥናቱን የመሩት ሩት ተናግረዋል፡፡ በመንግሥት በኩል ሪፖርቱ ይፋ መደረጉን በማስመልከት የተገኙት የብሔራዊ ፕላን ኮሚሽን ምክትል ኮሚሽነር ዶ/ር ጌታቸው አደም፣ ሪፖርቱ የመረጃና የጥናት ሥልቶች ላይ ችግሮች እንዳሉበት ተችተዋል፡፡ በተለይ የድህነት መጠን ተባብሶባቸዋል በተባሉትና ከድህነት ወለል በታች የሚገኙት አሥር በመቶ ሰዎች፣ ወደባሰ ድህነት አምርተዋል ተብሎ በቀረበው ላይ ጥያቄ ሰንዝረዋል፡፡ በዶ/ር ጌታቸው ጥያቄ መሠረት ከድህነት ወለል በታች ከሚገኙት መካከል ወደባሰ ድህነት ገብተዋል ስለተባሉት ሰዎች ጥናቱ ግልጽ አለመሆኑን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ 
በዓለም የምግብ ፕሮግራም ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ከፍተኛ አጥኚ የሆኑት ዶ/ር አለማየሁ ታፈሰ፣ ስለጥናት ውጤቱ ሙያዊ አስተያየታቸውን አቅርበዋል፡፡ በመረጃ አጠቃቀምና ጥናቱ የተካሄደባቸው ዘዴዎች ላይ ስላዩዋቸው ግድፈቶች ተናግረዋል፡፡ ከኢትዮጵያ ኢኮኖሚስቶች ማኅበር፣ ከኢትዮጵያ ልማት ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት፣ ከጣሊያን ዓለም አቀፍ የልማት ትብብር ኤጀንሲና ከሌሎችም ተቋማት የተገኙ ተሳታፊዎች ጥያቄዎቻቸውን ለዓለም ባንክ ኃላፊዎችና አጥኝዎች አቅርበዋል፡፡
በባንኩ አዎንታዊ ግምት መሠረት እ.ኤ.አ. በ2030 በአገሪቱ የተንሰራፋው የ30 በመቶ ድህነት መጠን ወደ ስምንት ከመቶ ይቀንሳል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡ ባንኩ በሥራ ፈጠራ መስክ ላይ አስተዋጽኦ ይኖራቸዋል ከተባሉት መካከል ለኢንዱስትሪ ዞን ግንባታ 250 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ባለፈው ዓመት ብድር መስጠቱ ይታወሳል፡፡ 
የዘጠኙ ፓርቲዎች ትብብር በመጪው ግንቦት በሚካሄደው ጠቅላላ ምርጫ ሕዝቡ በነቂስ ወጥቶ በመሳተፍ ከጐኑ መቆም ያስችለው ዘንድ፣ የምርጫ ካርድ በመውሰድ ዝግጅቱን እንዲጀምር ጥሪ አስተላለፈ፡፡  
ትብብሩ ይህን ያሳወቀው ጥር 12 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ‹‹በነፃነት ለፍትሐዊ ምርጫ የጀመርነው ነፃነታችንን የማስመለስ ትግል ይቀጥላል›› በሚል ርዕስ በሰማያዊ ፓርቲ ጽሕፈት ቤት በሰጠው መግለጫ ሲሆን፣ መግለጫውን የሰጡት ደግሞ የትብብሩ ሰብሳቢ ኢንጂነር ይልቃል ጌትነት፣ ምክትል ሰብሳቢው አቶ ኤርጫፎ ኤርዴሎና ዋና ጸሐፊው አቶ ግርማ በቀለ ናቸው፡፡ 
‹‹የትግሉ ቀዳሚና ዋነኛ ባለቤት የሆንከው መራጩ ሕዝብ ነፃነትና ክብርህን ለማስመለስ በምናደርገው ትግል በንቃት እንድትሳተፍ ዛሬውኑ በመመዝገብ፣ የሥልጣን ባለቤትነትህን የምታረጋግጥበትንና ይህን አምባገነናዊ ሥርዓት የምትቀጣበትን ትጥቅ ‹‹የምርጫ ካርድህን›› በእጅህ እንድታስገባ ጥሪያችንን እናቀርባለን፤›› በማለት ሕዝቡ የምርጫ ካርዱን በጊዜ ወስዶ እንዲጠባበቅ ጥሪውን አስተላልፏል፡፡
በመጀመርያ ዙር በጋራ የትብብሩ እንቅስቃሴዎች የትግሉን አስፈላጊነት፣ ወቅታዊነት፣ የዓላማና የትግል ሥልት ትክክለኛነት በተግባር ማረጋገጡን ትብብሩ የገለጸ ሲሆን፣ በቀጣይም ትብብሩ ያስገኛቸውን ውጤቶች በመመዝገብ በሁለተኛ ዙር ላስቀመጠው ዕቅድ እንቅስቃሴ መጀመሩን አስታውቋል፡፡
ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ በመጀመሪያው ዙር የተመዘገቡት ውጤቶች ምን ምን እንደሆኑ ሪፖርተር ጥያቄ ያቀረበ ሲሆን፣ የትብብሩ ኃላፊዎችም ምላሽ ሰጥተውበታል፡፡ 
ባለፈው የመጀመሪያ ዙር እንቅስቃሴ ከፍተኛ ድል እንዳስመዘገቡ የገለጹት የትብብሩ ምክትል ሰብሳቢ አቶ ኤርጫፎ፣ ‹‹ሰላማዊ ሠልፍ ለማድረግ ተነስቶ በነበረው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ላይ ገዥው ፓርቲ በወሰደው ዕርምጃ ነፃና ፍትሐዊ ምርጫ ለማድረግ ዝግጁ አለመሆኑን አሳይቷል›› በማለት ‹‹ይህም ለትብብሩ ትልቅ ድል ነው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡
ከዚህ በተጨማሪም ‹‹በኅዳር 27 እና 28 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. መንግሥት ዕውቅና አልሰጥም ሲል ማሳወቅ እንጂ ማስፈቀድ አይገባንም በማለት በተጠራው ሠልፍ፣ ምንም እንኳን ዋጋ ቢያስከፍለንም ይህ በራሱ እንደ ስኬት የሚቆጠር ነው፤›› ሲሉ ምላሽ የሰጡት ደግሞ የትብብሩ ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ ግርማ በቀለ ናቸው፡፡ 
ትብብሩ በመግለጫው መራጩ ሕዝብ የምርጫ ካርዱን በጊዜው እንዲወስድ ከማሳሰብ በተጨማሪ በውጭ አገር ለሚኖሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን፣ በተቃውሞ ጐራው ለተሳተፉ ፓርቲዎች፣ በተለይም ለመድረክ አባላት ፓርቲዎችና ለአንድነት ፓርቲ፣ እንዲሁም ለዓለም አቀፉ ማኅበረሰብ የጀመሩትን ድጋፍ አጠናክረው እንዲቀጥሉ ጥሪ አስተላልፏል፡፡ 
This article was reported by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, a Washington DC-based global network of 185 reporters in 65 countries who collaborate on transnational investigations.
Internal watchdog finds link between World Bank financing and Ethiopian government's mass resettlement of indigenous group
The World Bank repeatedly violated its own rules while funding a development initiative in Ethiopia that has been dogged by complaints that it sponsored forced evictions of thousands of indigenous people, according to a leaked report by a watchdog panel at the bank.
The report, which was obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, examines a health and education initiative that was buoyed by nearly $2 billion in World Bank funding over the last decade. Members of the indigenous Anuak people in Ethiopia’s Gambella province charged that Ethiopian authorities used some of the bank’s money to support a massive forced relocation program and that soldiers beat, raped and killed Anuak who refused to abandon their homes. The bank continued funding the health and education initiative for years after the allegations emerged.
The report by the World Bank’s internal Inspection Panel found that there was an “operational link” between the World Bank-funded program and the Ethiopian government’s relocation push, which was known as “villagization.” By failing to acknowledge this link and take action to protect affected communities, the bank violated its own policies on project appraisal, risk assessment, financial analysis and protection of indigenous peoples, the panel’s report concludes.
“The bank has enabled the forcible transfer of tens of thousands of indigenous people from their ancestral lands,” said David Pred, director of Inclusive Development International, a nonprofit that filed the complaint on behalf of 26 Anuak refugees.
ethiopiaAnuak children in Gorom Refugee Camp in South Sudan. Many Anuak fled Ethiopia during a government relocation campaign called "villagization". Photo credit: Andreea Campeanu/ICIJ.
The bank declined to answer ICIJ’s questions about the report.
“As is standard procedure, World Bank staff cannot comment on the results of the Inspection Panel’s investigation until the Executive Board of the World Bank Group has had the opportunity to review the Panel’s report over the coming weeks,” Phil Hay, the bank’s spokesman for Africa, said in a written response.
In previous responses to the complaint, bank management said there was no evidence of widespread abuses or evictions and that the Anuak “have not been, nor will they be, directly and adversely affected by a failure of the Bank to implement its policies and procedures.”
Because the panel’s report has not yet been published, some of the language may be revised before a final version is released, but its basic conclusions are not expected to change.
The report stops short of finding the bank responsible for the most serious abuses. The panel did not attempt to verify the widely reported allegations of forced evictions and human rights violations, finding that the question was beyond the scope of its investigation. The bank did not violate its policy on forced resettlement, the reportsays, because the relocations were conducted by the Ethiopian government and were not a “necessary” part of the health and education program.
Since 2006, the World Bank and other foreign donors have bankrolled the Promoting Basic Services program, which provides grants to local and regional governments for services such as health, education and clean water. The PBS program was designed to avoid funneling aid dollars directly to Ethiopia’s federal government, which had violently cracked down on its opposition after disputed 2005 elections.
By 2010, federal and provincial authorities had embarked on an effort to relocate nearly 2 million poor people in four provinces from isolated rural homes to village sites selected by the government. In these new villages, authorities promised to provide the relocated communities with health care, education and other basic services they had lacked.
The government relocated 37,883 households in Gambella, roughly 60 percent of all households in the province, according to Ethiopian government statistics cited by the Inspection Panel. The Ethiopian government has said that all resettlements were voluntary.
Many members of the Anuak, a mostly Christian indigenous group in Gambella, have said they didn’t want to move. Anuak and their advocates say that they were pushed off their fertile lands by soldiers and policemen, and that much of the abandoned land was then leased by the government to investors. The evictions were “accompanied by widespread human rights violations, including forced displacement, arbitrary arrest and detention, beatings, rape, and other sexual violence,” according to a 2012 report by Human Rights Watch.
The Human Rights Watch report and Anuak refugees’ complaint to the Inspection Panel contended that the bank’s money was being used by local and regional authorities to support forced relocations. For example, they say, money from the PBS initiative was used to pay the salaries of government officials who helped carry out the evictions.
The bank continued to fund the PBS program throughout the villagization campaign. The bank approved new funding for PBS in 2011 and 2012, and its support for the program continues today. Since the nationwide health and education initiative launched, Ethiopia has reported strides in reducing child mortality and increasing primary school enrollment.
The villagization campaign ended in 2013, and is believed to have resettled substantially fewer than the nearly 2 million people anticipated by the government.
The Ethiopia case is one of several recent World Bank-financed projects that have drawn fire from activist groups for allegedly funding human rights violations. These projects include a loan to a palm oil producer in Honduras whose security guards have been accused by human rights advocates of killing dozens of peasants involved in a land rights dispute with the company, and a conservation program by the Kenyan government that members of the Sengwer people say was used as tool for pushing them out of their ancestral forests.
In the Ethiopia case, the Inspection Panel decided that the most severe allegations of forced evictions and violence were beyond its mandate, in part because bank rules limited its investigation to only the most recent funding installment of the PBS program.
During its investigation, the Inspection Panel asked Eisei Kurimoto, a professor at Osaka University in Japan and an expert on the Anuak people, to travel to Gambella and help review the Anuak’s complaint.
Kurimoto told ICIJ that Anuak he spoke with told him Ethiopian authorities used the threat of violence to force them to move.
Ethiopian officials who carried out the villagization program “always went with armed policemen and soldiers,” Kurimoto said. “It is very clear that the regional government thought that people would not move happily or willingly. So they had to show their power and the possibility of using force.”
Inclusive Development International’s Pred said it is now up to World Bank president Jim Yong Kim to decide whether “justice will be served” for the Anuak. “Justice starts with the acceptance of responsibility for one’s faults – which the Inspection Panel found in abundance – and ends with the provision of meaningful redress,” he said.