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Friday, October 30, 2015

-Indian garment factory opens doors
By Birhanu Fikade
Following the recent visit of Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn, a Chinese firm has finalized deals to lease two manufacturing sheds with 11,000 and five thousand sq.m areas at the Hawassa Industrial Park which currently is under construction, The Reporter has learnt. 
Indochine, a renowned Chinese textile firm mostly engaged in souring activities has wired the down payment of USD 200 thousand via the National Bank of Ethiopia and currently the firm has acquired 11,000sqm. Anila Kularatne, who currently undertakes the establishment of the Indochine International, a subsidiary of the China based Indochine Apparel Ltd, told The Reporter that the company has deposited the minimum capital required from foreign investors. 
According to Kularatne, the company will be involved in manufacturing garments and will install plants for laundry, denims and the like. Though Kularatne opted not to disclose further details before final agreements have been made said the plants would need some two to three thousand workers at the factory. 
Sileshi Lemma, director of Textile Industries Development Institute (TIDI) confirmed that Indochine has finalized investment procedures and currently it is waiting to have a go for the additional five thousand industrial shed approved by the government. 
Hawassa industrial park is expected to be completed and commence operations in late April. According to the information posted on the website of the Industrial Parks Development Corporation, 100 hectares plot of land will be developed during phase one and serviced land will be available by the end of 2015. During mid-2016, pre-erected factory sheds will be made available for investors. 
Indochine is primarily a sourcing company but it has ten percent of manufacturing base in Cambodia and Vietnam next to China. 
In a related news, Kanoria Africa Textiles PLC which has set up denim plant at Bishoftu is to be inaugurated today.  Jay Soyantar, vice president of marketing at Kanoria Africa told The Reporter that the company has invested some 45 million dollars. The annual production of Kanoria Africa is estimated to be at two million meters per year.
Soyantar mentioned some of the customers waiting for the company’s products. “For example, PVH, VF Corporation and JC Penny from America are engaging us at the moment”, he said.
VF Corporation is a renowned US brand operator mainly outdoor and action sports, jeanswear, image wear, sportswear and contemporary brands.  The company controls 55 percent of the US backpack market with the Jansport, Eastpak, and Timberland and North Face brands. 
PVH Corp. is the other American clothing company which owns brands such as Tommy Hilfiger, Calvin Klein, Van Heusen, IZOD, Arrow, and licenses brands such as Geoffrey Beene, BCBG Max Azria, Chaps, Sean John, Kenneth Cole New York, JOE Joseph Abboud and MICHAEL Michael Kors. In addition to that JC Penny runs chain of stores across the US.
Source: http://www.thereporterethiopia.com/index.php/news-headlines/item/4080-chinese-textile-firm-leases-industrial-sheds-in-hawassa-park
Photo from soka
Kenyan striker Eric Muranda was among the starters as his team, Sidama Bunna rallied from a goal down to hold Hawassa Kenema to a one-all draw in the first match of the 2015 Ethiopian Premier League on Thursday 29 October at Hawassa Stadium.
Bekereket Yisaq gave Hawassa the lead at the stroke of halftime from the spot beating Sidama goalkeeper Fikru Wodessa but Andualem Nigussie levelled from a similar situation on the 55th minute.
Nigussie placed the ball past Hawassa goalie Brian Tobego as the two sides went on to share spoils in the fixture, dubbed the Southern derby.
In other matches played on the day, defending champions St. George FC suffered a 0 – 2 loss at the hands of Adama Kenema thanks to Wondwessen Milkias’s double on the 14th and 17th minutes.
At Addis Ababa Stadium, Yabun Williams perhaps scored the fastest goal in the league as Ethiopia Bunna defeated Ethiopia Nigd Bank by a solitary goal, with Yabun scoring 30 seconds after the opening whistle.
Second match
Elsewhere, Tesha Gizaw scored a late goal to help Dashen Bira beat Diredawa Kenema with a similar score line recorded at ArbaMinch Stadium between ArbaMinch Kenema and Hadiya Hossana. Teshome Tadesse struck in the 88th minute to hand hosts ArbaMinch a crucial win at home.
Muranda’s Sidama hosts St. George in their second match on Monday 2 November.
Source: Soka
Photo from Web
Land degradation worldwide costs an estimated US$10.6 trillion every year and presents a huge challenge to future global food security. In sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, soil nutrient-depletion is directly related, where fertilizer use and agricultural productivity rates are the lowest in the world. Many African countries use little or no potash fertilizers, which are crucial for balanced fertilization and sustainable cropping systems.
To address this challenge, over 70 international agricultural experts and researchers will gather at the Hawassa University, in the southern region of Ethiopia, for the 2nd annual symposium on the role of potassium in balanced fertilization from 24-25 November 2015.
The symposium, jointly organized by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency, the International Potash Institute (IPI), and Hawassa University, will bring together key researchers and senior soil fertility experts to discuss the beneficial role potassium fertilizers can play in increasing crop production and quality in the region.
This focused and timely event will provide leading professionals from Africa, Asia and Europe with an opportunity to meet with Ethiopian researchers to analyze findings from soil fertility mapping, potassium research and the latest technology innovations in the sector.
"For the first time in its history of fertilizer use, Ethiopia has started to distribute potash fertilizers to farmers in areas where it is urgently needed. This is no less than a dream come true! And is an exciting story we intend to share with symposium participants," says Professor Tekalign Mamo, until recently, adviser to the Ethiopian Minister of Agriculture, UN special ambassador for the 2015 International Year of Soils, and senior adviser (East Africa) for IPI.

Thursday, October 22, 2015

The Center for Policy and Development Research- CPDR , Hawassa University published its first research-based book in cooperation with the Bureau of Women and chilren's Affairs Office of the SNNPRG.

Impacts of Women Development and Change Packages on the Socio-Economic and Political Status of Women in SNNPR -
Promise, Success and Challenges
Edited by: Tesfaye Semela, Nigatu Regassa, Melisew Dejene, and Tafesse Matewos
© Centre for Policy and Development Research (CPDR), Hawassa University, 2015, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
All Rights Reserved
Cover Design and Layout: Geraworke Zeleke 
Copy Editor: Minigistu Dinato
First Published: 2015
ISBN: 978-99944-958-6-3
Printed by: Hawassa, Ethiopia
Center for Policy and Development Research (CPDR), Hawassa University
P.O.BOX 05 Code 1000, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Web: www.cprdhu.org
Read more at Hawassa University 
Government and international aid agencies have announced that, due to the global natural hazard El Niño, which is lack of rainfall in both the spring (belg) and summer (meher or kiremt) seasons, the country has been hit by drought and, currently, about 8.2 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance.
According to Mitiku Kassa, secretary of the National Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Committee (NDPPC), the severity of the drought has been exacerbated by the delay and decline of rainfall during the major rainy season of kiremt from mid-June through mid-September. Hence, 8.2 million people are now in need of humanitarian assistance in which the government has disbursed USD 192 million, Mitiku noted. Yet, the total amount needed is over 596 million dollars according to the aid agencies and the government.  
Visiting severely stricken areas of the Oromia and Afar regions, Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn said that it is feared the drought will continue, as the rains may not come until January. Hailemariam assured the affected communities of West Hararge and Amibara areas that the government will continue to help people in need. 
Earlier in the week, Mitiku conferred with the donors to discuss the ways that required resources could be channeled. He briefed UN agencies, aid agencies and diplomatic communities that the humanitarian situation is currently deteriorating faster than anticipated. 
The mid-year review of the humanitarian requirement document issued in August this year and disseminated to concerned parties, pointed out that food assistance, targeted supplementary food, therapeutic nutrition, emergency water interventions, agriculture and livelihoods are urgently needed. Back in August, the total amount of funds pledged for humanitarian assistance was about USD 432 million—with a shortfall of 230 million dollars that the government is unable to receive externally. However, this week, the government came up with an updated figure conducting what is called the "September rapid assessment”, to make the total required funds reach close to half a billion dollars. 
Both Mitiku and donors regret that Ethiopia’s humanitarian crisis has been faced with resource competition elsewhere due to the global circumstances where migration and conflicts have taken center stage. John Aylieff, acting humanitarian coordinator and regional coordinator at World Food Program (WFP), said that the challenge Ethiopia has been faced with is “incredibly serious” and called for collective efforts to prevent effects of drought, which he said will manifest further challenges in the next year. 
Now donors have pledged to help based on results of the 21 field assessments the government undertakes. That said, the Department For International Development (DFID) has pledged to extend 45 million pounds and the Swiss Cooperation has also vowed to extend seven million Swiss francs. Meanwhile, out of the 192 million dollars (four billion birr) the government allocated for the contingency, regions like Oromia have earmarked close to half a billion birr whereas Afar has contributed some 100 million birr, Mitiku noted. 
According to the UN humanitarian country team in Ethiopia, the total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance was about 3.6 million back in August. Day by day, that figure kept mounting and reached 7.4 million in June. As of this week, people in need of food assistance have numbered 8.2 million. The affected areas include, Southern Tigray, Eastern Amhara, Afar, and Siti zone of Somali region, Eastern SNNP, East and West Hararge, Arsi and West Arsi, lower Bale zones of the Oromia regions. Hailemariam confirmed that many drought stricken pastoral communities have encountered severe malnutrition and death of livestock.
Source: The Reporter
The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA) and the International Potash Institute (IPT) have jointly organized an international symposium on soil balancing at the University of Hawassa which is scheduled to take place from 24-25 November 2015.
According to IPI, this gathering is expected to discuss a wide range of issues on using potassium as a fertilizer to keep soil fertile. More than 70 universal agricultural experts and researchers are expected to gather in Hawassa town 267km to the south of the capital, Addis Ababa. “For the first time, Ethiopia has started to distribute potash fertilizers to farmers in areas where it is urgently needed. This is no less than a dream come true! And is an exciting story we intend to share with symposium participants,’’ says Tekalign Mamo (Prof.) until recently, adviser to the Ethiopian Minister of Agriculture, UN special ambassador for the 2015 International Year of Soils, and senior adviser (East Africa) for IPI.
According to IPI, land degradation worldwide costs an estimated USD10.6 trillion every year and presents a huge challenge to future global food security. In sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia, soil nutrient-depletion is directly related, where fertilizer use and agricultural productivity rates are the lowest in the world. Many African countries use little or no potash fertilizers, which are crucial for balanced fertilization and sustainable cropping systems.
The first symposium on potash and soil balancing was held in Addis Ababa in September 2014 where a number of researchers gathered to discuss the benefits farmers would have using potash as fertilizer in addition to UREA and DAP. As Ethiopia is known to have a massive potassium deposit in the Danakil Depression in the North-East of the country, the Canada-based Allana Potash and France-based Yara International has been active to have invested sighting the future export market. Tekalign previously told The Reporter that the MoA had already identified about  nearly 300 rural districts well known for teff (the country’s staple crop) production that have already started using potash as a chemical fertilizer to keep soil fertile enough. In Ethiopia and sub-Saharan Africa, land degradation and soil nutrient-depletion is a huge problem affecting crop production.
Source: The Reporter

Tuesday, October 20, 2015

Dr. Wolassa L. Kumo commented on baseless division of the Sidama population and he asked where on planet earth would the population of the administrative capital of a society be deducted from the population of the society?

Dr. Wolassa L. Kumo wrote about the topic in September 2015 in an article entitled “Deepening Cultural Integration among the Cushitic Peoples in Ethiopia.” To quote from the article:

Dr. Wolassa Kumo.
Dr. Wolassa L. Kumo
Photo @ 
"The Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia reports the population of the Hawassa town separately from the population of Sidama. The Hawassa town is the administrative capital of Sidama as well as the Southern Region. Where on planet earth would the population of the administrative capital of a society be deducted from the population of the society? Hawassa has been inhabited by the Sidama people for at least the past 1000 years; since the time the ancient Sidama people moved from northern highlands to the south central part of the country. It was inhabited by the semi-pastoral Sidama population. In the same manner the history of the Oromo people has been distorted, we observe today, in the 21st century, an attempt to distort the history of Sidama and its land, Hawassa. Hawassa was founded just in 1960, 55 years ago, by the feudal regime. The space for urban buildings were acquired by dismantling the Sidama farms and cattle enclosures known in Sidama language as Hoowe. Today, some attempt to hoodwink us that Hawassa was built on a barren land and "no one settled on the land 55 years ago". Come on! Time to fabricate history to denigrate societies is over. Hawassa, also known as Adaare, has been a Sidama settlement for over a millennia and will remain the Sidama land for ever. Since time immemorial when a Sidama child cries for milk, the mother would sooth the child by saying: "Ado lali Adaare no", meaning, "The milk cows are in Adaare (Hawassa), my baby." The fact that the Sidama people have welcomed people from different ethnic groups to live in the land peacefully has been misconstrued as giving up the right, which would not benefit any one ultimately."

The full article can be read here: http://www.afroarticles.com/

Monday, October 19, 2015

ህጻናት በተመጣጠነ ምግብ እጦት የሚያጋጥማቸው የጤና መቃወስ በሲዳማ ዞን ጎልተው ከሚታዩ የጤና ችግሮች መካከል ዋነኛው መሆኑን በህጻናት ኣመጋገብ ዙሪያ በኣክሽን ኮንትራ ላ ፋሜ የተካሄደ ኣንድ ጥናት ኣመለከተ።

ለዝርዝሩ ከታች ይጫኑ
"1. Introduction 
Action Contre La Faim (ACF) has been working in Sidama Zone, SNNPR since 2003, focusing on nutrition interventions in addition to food security, livelihoods and water, sanitation and hygiene programmes. Child undernutrition continues to be a major public health problem in the Sidama zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Region (SNNPR), an area marked by the paradox of the ‘green hunger’. The area possesses fertile lands, receives rains and is characterised by a good diversity of crops (false banana or enset, maize, barley, vegetables and coffee as a cash crop). Yet, the zone has persistently high levels of global acute malnutrition (GAM) in previous years, which peak during the lean ‘hunger’ season. ACF together with scientific partners, have developed a standardised method for analysing the causes of malnutrition and consequently improving the relevance and effectiveness of stakeholder programming in a given context. Based on its nutrition causal analysis (NCA) approach, in collaboration with National, Regional and Zonal Government and NGO partners, ACF conducted an NCA in the maize livelihood belt of Aleta Chucko and Aleta Wondo woredas from January to May 2014. This report presents the findings from the Nutrition Causal Analysis study."


Trips to Ireland to further his passion for running led to Bedilu Gebreselassie, a member of a political group opposed to Ethiopia’s government, seeking political asylum 

Bedilu Gebreselassie shudders as he recalls the 15 days he spent in prison. “Oh my god, I can’t explain,” the 27-year-old from Ethiopia says, shaking his head as he attempts to describe the cramped conditions of prisoners piled on top of each other in an Addis Ababa jail. Inmates were given a piece of bread and a glass of water to make it through each day. Gebreselassie struggled to find room to sleep on the floor, leaning on his side to fit inside the confined sleeping quarters.

“I was crying, I lost weight, there was no food. After they let me out I had no transportation to get home.”
The sports enthusiast from the city of Hawassa in southern Ethiopia had travelled to the capital to participate in a race with his athletics club but ended up behind bars due to his affiliation with the Sidama Liberation Front political group.

Bedilu Gebreselassie: ‘People here can demonstrate in the streets, they have the freedom to speak. That’s real freedom.’ Photograph: Cyril Byrne
Bedilu Gebreselassie: ‘People here can demonstrate in the streets, they have the freedom to speak. That’s real freedom.’ Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Government requests $596m after crop failure caused by erratic rainfall leaves 48,000 under fives severely malnourished and 8.2 million people at risk
A girl stands in a bakery in the old walled town of Harar in eastern Ethiopia
The Ethiopian government is calling for international assistance to help feed 8.2 million people after erratic rains devastated crop yields.
Climate shocks are common in Ethiopia and often cause poor or failed harvests that lead to acute food shortages.
The government has allocated $192m (£124m) for food and other aid and is appealing for $596m in assistance from the international community for the remainder of 2015, said Mitiku Kassa, secretary of the Ethiopian disaster prevention and preparedness committee.
More than 300,000 children are in need of specialised nutritious food and a projected 48,000 more children under five are suffering from severe malnutrition, according to a government assessment conducted in September.
The situation is “incredibly serious,” said John Aylieff, an official in Ethiopia with the UN’s World Food Programme, who said Ethiopia needs the international community to help remedy the worst effects of El Niño conditions.
The conflict in South Sudan is also exacerbating the food insecurity situation, said Dennis Weller, the USAid mission director in Ethiopia. Since the outbreak ofviolence in South Sudan in mid-December 2013, hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese refugees have fled to Ethiopia and are living alongside local communities.
“We are seeing malnutrition rates go up in some of the host communities. We are looking at ways of reducing the stress levels to the host communities in Ethiopia by providing supplementary feeding that could bring the malnutrition levels down,” he said.
Earlier this month, Oxfam warned that at least 10 million people could experience food shortages as a result of El Niño.
The Central Statistics Agency (CSA) of Ethiopia disclosed that it is going to use mobile technology in the 2017 national population and housing censuses, according to Ethiopian News Agency.
The Agency states mobile technology is needed to fasten the rate of information flow.
The Agency’s plan was disclosed at a regional conference by Kifle Gebre, Information System Technology Director at the Agency.
Head of Ethiopian Statistical Association Secretariat Zelalem Destaw said the new mobile technology will be of much help in avoiding delay of information exchange.
The regional conference which is taking place from October 13 to 17, 2015, will convey useful recommendations and outputs to utilize mobile technologies in collecting statistical data in Africa.
The pilot project is being performed in Ethiopia and other six African countries.
Upon full implementation of the project, collection and dissemination of quality data will be enhanced in Ethiopia, it was learnt.
Source: Ethiopian News Agency
Saado Osman straps two bulging sacks of United Nations wheat to her donkey, one of the few animals the 70-year-old eastern Ethiopian herder has left since the rains stopped.
Like millions of others in the Horn of Africa nation she depended on that precipitation to provide fodder and water for her livestock. Now drought has killed 20 of her cattle and goats, leaving her family of 10 with just four animals.
A dead cow lies in Afar region.
A dead cow lies in Afar region.
Photographer: William Davison/Bloomberg
“There is hunger here,” Saado said as she stood among a crowd receiving food relief in Afdem town in Ethiopia’s Somali region on Oct. 8. “For one year it has not rained.”
Rain failure from February to May this year in Ethiopia, one of Africa’s fastest growing economies, was compounded by a short and erratic primary wet season from June to September. That’s left 8.2 million people in need of emergency support, with the crisis set to worsen through September next year, according to the UN.
The effect may spread to the economy: agriculture accounts for 40 percent of output, employs almost 77 percent of Ethiopia’s 97 million people and receives significant government support, according to the World Bank.
Exacerbating the drought is El Nino, the periodic warming of the tropical Pacific Ocean in the area around the Equator. Ethiopia’s economy, which has averaged about 10 percent growth over the past decade, contracted by more than 3 percent in 2003, the last time El Nino occurred.
Ethiopia’s economy has diversified into services since then, and agriculture is less rain-dependent, meaning growth of about 10 percent is still achievable in the 12 months to July 7, said Abraham Tekeste, a junior finance minister. “It’s going to be a very challenging fiscal year,” he told reporters Thursday in the capital, Addis Ababa. “The El Nino effect is very clear.”
MAP: Ethiopia
MAP: Ethiopia
Ethiopia will spend 4 billion birr ($191 million) combating the drought this year and needs donor support, said Mitiku Kassa, who heads the government’s disaster response committee. There are plans to import 627,000 metric tons of wheat and 20,000 tons of edible oil, he said in an interview in Addis Ababa. In total, 15 million people may need food aid in 2015, and an extra $340 million is required for relief efforts this year, the UN said.
The number of children needing emergency treatment for malnutrition reached 43,000 in August, more than during any month in the last major Ethiopian humanitarian crisis in 2011, according to the UN.
“I think we have properly managed the disaster,” Mitiku said. “It’s not out of the control of the government and development partners.”
Abdulla Ayube Uso inspects maize in Eastern Oromia.
Abdulla Ayube Uso inspects maize in Eastern Oromia.
Photographer: William Davison/Bloomberg
The area where Ayube Uso’s family lives in the east of Oromia region, about 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of Afdem, at first appears untroubled. Their village abuts fields of sorghum and corn and a tarmac road. In between juts a near-complete Chinese-built railway to a port in neighboring Djibouti, a sign of economic progress.
Yet they’re struggling. Their crops are sparse, stunted and hold a few kernels, or nothing at all. Most years they grow enough to live on -- this year, the harvest failed. Ayube, 65, can only recall two times it was this bad: during 2002’s El Nino and in the 1984 famine that prompted the Live Aid appeal. To help them get by, his wife gathers firewood to sell in a town three hours’ walk away.
The family also gets aid from a donor-funded government initiative that provides relief as payment for work on irrigation channels or hillside terracing. The 10-year-old project, which runs from January to June, will support 7.9 million Ethiopians next year.

‘Unprecedented’ Drought

Government measures to encourage agriculture include distributing seeds and fertilizer to smallholders and promoting commercial farms. One focus area is the Awash River basin, which supports three state-run sugar projects, cotton plantations and the country’s largest fruit farm.
In the Amibara district of Afar region, 200 farmers in Sa’adin Omar’s community have benefited from government help to irrigate 146 hectares of corn from the river, which is Ethiopia’s longest. Because of drought, only half the plot may produce crops, and the river level is so low that the hose from their water pump can’t reach it, the 45-year-old said in an interview.
On the village outskirts, among sandy soil and thorn-trees, the carcasses of dozens of cows lay scattered around. The price for the animals has crashed from 7,000 birr to as low as 1,500 birr as desperate herders saturate the market, Sa’adin said.
“There has never been a drought like this,” he said.
SOurce: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-15/ethiopian-drought-threatens-growth-as-cattle-die-crops-fail

Sunday, October 11, 2015

ሀዋሳ ሲቲ ሴንትራል ካፕ በደማቅ ሁኔታ ተጀመረየሀዋሳ ሲቲ ሴንትራል ካፕ በሀዋሳ ሲጀመር ሀዋሳ ከነማ ከምድብ ሁለት አርባ ምንጭን 3 ለ1 በማሸነፍ ጊዚያዊ የደረጃ ሰንጠረዡን መምራት ቻለ።

በተመሳሳይ በምድብ አንድ 8 ሰዓት ላይ ጨዋታቸውን ያደረጉት ወላይታ ዲቻ ከሲዳማ ቡና ውድድራቸውን በ4 ግብ በአቻ ውጤት አጠናቀዋል።

ሀዋሳ ከአርባ ምንጭ ጋር ያደረጉት ጨዋታ ፍጹም የሀዋሳ የበላይነት የታየበት ሲሆን በአንጻሩ አርባ ምንጮችም የተደራጀ ኳስ ለመጫወት ሙከራ ሲያደርጉ ተስተውለዋል።

የወላይታ ዲቻና የሲዳማ ቡና ጨዋታ የውድድሩ ትልቅ ድምቀት ሆኖ ነበር፡፡  በፕሪሚየር ሊጉ ያልተለመዱ የኳስ ቅብብሎሽ፣ ጠርዝ ላይና መሀል ላይ እንዲሁም በመስመር የሚሻገሩ ረዣዥም ኳሶች አዲስ የጨዋታ ስልት የተከተሉ አስመስሏቸዋል ሁለቱን ተጋጣሚዎች።

በሀዋሳ ሲቲ ሴንትራል ካፕ ሀዋሳ ከነማን ጨምሮ፣ አርባ ምንጭ፣ ሲዳማ ቡና፣ ሆሳዕና ከነማ እና ወላይታ ዲቻ እንዲሁም የውድድሩ ተጋባዥ ድሬዳዋ ከነማ ስድስት ክለቦች ለአስር ቀናት በሀዋሳ የዓለም አቀፉ የእግር ኳስ የበላይ ጠባቂ ፊፋ ባሰራው አዲሱ ስታዲየም ጨዋታቸውን ያደርጋሉ።

ውድድሩ በሁለት ምድብ የተደለደለ ሲሆን በምድብ አንድ ሲዳማ ቡና፤ወላይታ ዲቻ እና ሆሳዕና ከነማ ተሰይመዋል፡፡
ሀዋሳ፣ አርባ ምንጭ እና ድሬዳዋ ከነማ ደግሞ በምድብ ሁለት ላይ ተደልድለዋል፡፡

የሃዋሳ ሲቲ ሴንትራል ካፕ ሰኞ ቀጥሎ ይካሄዳል።

ከምድብ ሁለት አርባ ምንጭ ከነማ ከድሬዳዋ ከነማ ሲገናኙ ከምድብ አንድ ሆሳዕና ከነማ ከሲዳማ ቡና የሚያደርጉት ጨዋታ ይጠበቃል።

ውድድሩን የሀዋሳ ስፖርት ጽፈት ቤት ሲመራው ተካፋይ ክለቦች በ2008 ዓ.ም የፕሪሚየር ሊግ ፉክክራቸው ዝግጅት ማጠናከሪያና ለአቋም መለኪያ እንደሚጠቅም ታምኖበት ተዘጋጅቷል።

ሴንትራል ሀዋሳ ሆቴል የውድድሩ ብቸኛ ስፖንሰር ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም የውድድሩ ስያሜ "ሀዋሳ ሲቲ ሴንትራል ካፕ"  ሆኗል። - See more at: http://www.ena.gov.et/index.php/sport/item/8319-2015-10-11-14-38-00#sthash.KvO7nvCl.dpuf
ትኩረት ለእንሰት !እንሰት በአብዛኛው የደቡብ ክልል ዞኖችና በተወሰኑ የኦሮሚያ  አከባቢዎች የሚመረት ተወዳጅ የምግብ ተክል ከመሆኑም ባሻገር የህብረተሰቡ የክብር መገለጫም ተደርጎ ይወሰዳል።
የጉራጌ፣ ስልጤ፣ ሃዲያ፣ ከንባታ፣ ወላይታና ሲዳማ ዞኖች ለረጅም ዘመናት እንሰትን በማምረት የሚጠቀሱ ናቸው።
በአሁኑ ጊዜ በእንሰት አምራችነቱ የሚታወቀው የሃዲያ ህዝብ ኑሮ ለረጅም ዓመታት በእንስሳት እርባታ ላይ የተመሰረተ እንደነበር የታሪክ ድርሳናት ያስረዳሉ።
ነገር ግን በ19ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን መጨረሻ በተከሰተው በሽታ የእንስሳት ሃብቱ በማለቃቸውና  የሸዋ ወራሪ ሃይል አካባቢው መቆጣጣሩን ተከትሎ የግብርና ምርቶችን በግብር መልክ እንዲያቀርብ በመገደዱ ምክንያት የእርሻ ስራ እንዲላመድ በር መክፈቱን አቶ አለባቸው ኬዕምሶ እና አቶ ሳሙኤል ሃንዳሞ የተባሉ የታሪክ ምሁራን ያስረዳሉ።
በ19ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን መጨረሻ እና በ20ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን መጀመሪያ በአካባቢው ከታወቁ የእርሻ ምርቶች መካካል የእንሰት ተክል በዋናነት ይጠቀሳል። እንሰት በአከባቢው ቀድሞ የታዋወቀው ለዞኑ አጎራባች በሆኑት የጉራጌና የከምባታ ዞኖች መሆኑ ይነገራል።
በተለይም ከ1900 እስከ 1970 ዓ.ም ድረስ በነበረው ጊዜ ውስጥ የአከባቢው ህብረተሰብ የተክሉ ጠቃሜታዎች በስፋት በመረዳቱ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ያመርተው  እንደነበር መረጃዎች ያመላክታሉ።
ዘውዳዊ አገዛዙን መገርሰሱን ተከትሎ የመንግስትነት ስልጣን የተቆናጠጠው ወታደራዊው የደርግ ስርዓት በ1974 ዓ.ም የአከባቢውን ህዝብ በሰፈራና በመንደር ማሰባሰብ ሰበብ ህዝቡ ተረጋግቶ ይኖርበት ከነበረው አከባቢ ያለፈላጎቱ ከቀየው እንዲፈናቀልና መንግስት የሚፈልጋቸውን የስንዴና የበቆሎ ምርቶች ብቻ እንዲያመርት በመገደዱ ምክንያት የእንሰት ምርት ስራ ተቀዛቅዞ ነበር።
ሆኖም በ1983 ዓ.ም የደርግን የአገዛዝ ስርዓት በማክተሙ ዜጎች ያለ ፍላጎታቸው ተገድደው የመሰረቱት የመንደር እና የሰፈራ ፕሮግራም በመተው በፈለጉትና በመረጡት ቦታ የመኖር እድል በማግኘታቸው እንሰት የማምረትን ስራ አጠናክረው ቀጥለውበታል ።
የሃዲያ ህዝብ እንሰትን በማልማት  ለምግብነት መጠቀም ከጀመረበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ የተክሉ ጠቀሜታ ጎልቶ እየታየው በመምጣቱ በልዩ ፍቅር ያመርተዋል ። ይንከባከበዋል ።እንሰት ከምግብነቱ ባሻገር ለእንስሳት መኖም ተመራጭ እንደሆነ ነዋሪዎቹ ይመሰክራሉ ።
ከእንሰት ምርት ከ10 በላይ የምግብ አይነቶችን ማዘጋጀት የሚቻል ሲሆን ተረፈ ምርቱን ዘርፈ ብዙ አገልግሎት አለው ይላሉ ።
ለአብነትም ከእንሰት ተረፈ ምርት የተለያዩ የቤት ውስጥ መገልገያ እቃዎችን ማዘጋጀት ይቻላል ።አንዳንድ የተክሉ ዝርያዎች ደግሞ ለሰውና ለእንስሳት መድሃኒተነት ያገለግላሉ ።
እንሰት እድገቱን ለመጨረስ በአማካይ ከአምስት እስከ ስድስት ዓመታት የሚጠይቅ ሲሆን ተከሉ ምንም አይነት ዘመናዊ ማዳበሪያዎችን ሳይፈልግ በተፈጥሯዊ ብስባሾች ብቻ የሚያድግ በመሆኑ አዋጭነቱ የላቀ ያደርገዋል።
ሆኖም ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ የተከሰተው የእንሰት አጠውልግ በሽታ ተክሉ እንዲመናመን አድርጎታል ። ከዚህ የተነሳም አንዳንድ አርሶ አደሮች ተክሉን ማምረት እንዲያቆሙ እየተገደዱ ነው።
አካባቢው ስንዴ፣ ጤፍ፣ ባቄላ፣ በቆሎ የመሳሳሉ አዝዕርቶችንና  የተለያዩ አትክልቶችንና ፍራፍሬዎችን የሚያበቅል ቢሆንም ሰብሎቹን ለገበያ ለማቅረብ እንጂ ለቤት ውስጥ ፍጆታ በስፋት የሚጠቀሙት እንሰትን ነው ።
በሃዲያ ዞን ሌሞ ወረዳ የቦቢቾ ቀበሌ ነዋሪ የሆኑት አቶ አለሙ ሱለንቆ የ9 ልጆች አባት ሲሆኑ ኑሯቸው በዋናናት በእንሰት ምርት ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው።
በግማሽ ሄክታር መሬት ላይ እንሰትን በመትከል ለምግብነት ከመጠቀም ባሻገር ለገበያ በማቅረብ ሌሎች ለቤቱ አስፈላጊ የሆኑትን ነገር በመሸመት የቤተሰባቸውን ኑሮ ይመሩ ነበር።
ታዲያ አቶ አለሙ እንደሚናገሩት ካለፉት አራት አመታት ወዲህ በተከሰተው የእንሰት አጠውልግ በሽታ ምክንያት የነበራቸውን የእንሰት ሃብት ሙሉ በሙሉ ማጣታቸውን ይናገራሉ።
በበሽታው ምክንያት በጠፋው የእንሰት ተክል ምትክ መሬታቸውን በሌሎች ሰብሎች ለማምረት  ቢገደዱም ገቢቸውንም ሆነ የቀለብ ፍጆቻቸው የእንሰትን ያክል ሊሆንላቸው አልቻለም ።
በዞኑ የሚሻ ወረዳ ኗዋሪ የሆኑት ወይዘሮ ካሾ አርሲዶ ያለአባት የሚያሳድጉዋቸው የአምስት ልጆች  እናት ናቸው ። ከቅድመ አያታቸው ጀምሮ ኑሯቸው በዋናነት በእንሰት ተክል ላይ የተመሰረተ እንደነበር ያስታውሳሉ ።
በአሁኑ ወቅት ግን የእንሰት አጠውልግ በሽታ በኑሮአቸው ላይ ትልቅ ፈተና ሆነባቸዋል ። በምግብ ዋስትና መረጋገጥ ላይ ጋሬጣ ሆኗል ። በመሆኑም መንግስት ፣ መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድርጅቶችና የምርምር ማእከላት ልዩ ትኩረት ሰጥተው መፍትሔ እንዲፈልጉለት ጠይቀዋል ።
የዞኑ ግብርና መምሪያ ኃላፊ አቶ ታምራት በየነ እንደገለፁት በሃዲያ ከሚገኙ ከ11 ወረዳዎች መካከል 7ቱ እንሰት አብቃይ ናቸው ። ከአጠቃላይ የዞኑ ህዝብ ከ70 በመቶ በላይ የሚሆነው  ኑሮው በእንሰት ምርት ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው።
በአብዛኞቹ እንሰት አብቃይ አከባቢዎች በሽታው በመከሰቱ ምክንያት በእንሰት ምርትና ምርታማነት ላይ የሚያሳድረው ተጽዕኖ እየጨመረ መጥቷል ። የተጠናከረ የበሽታ መከላከልና የኤክስቴንሽን ስራ አለመካሔዱ ደግሞ ችግሩ እንዲባባስ አድርጎቷል ።ይህ ደግሞ የተክሉ ዘርፈ ብዙ ጠቀሜታ በወጉ ካለመረዳት የሚመነጭ ነው ብለዋል ።
አሁን ግን የዞኑ ግብርና መምሪያ፣ በእንሰት አብቃይ ወረዳዎች የሚገኙ የግብርና ቢሮዎችና የተለያዩ መንግስታዊና መንግታዊ ያልሆኑ የጥናትና ምርምር ተቋማት ችግሩን በአፋጣኝ ለመቅረፍ በሽታ የሚቋቋሙ የእንሰት ዝሪያዎች ለአርሶአደሩ እንዲደርስ በማድረግ ላይ ናቸው ። ዘመናዊ የእንሰት አመራረት ዘዴዎችን የተመለከተ ስልጠናውም ለተግሉ ተጠቃሚዎች እየተሰጠ መሆኑን አስረድተዋል ።
በተለይም በሁለተኛው የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን እቅድ ዘመን ለተክሉ ልዩ ትኩረት በመስጠት የአካባቢው አርሶ አደሮች በስፋት እና በጥራት በማምረት ከአከባቢው ፍጆታ በሻገር ለአገር አቀፍ ገበያ ማቅረብ እንዲችሉ ርብርብ እንደሚደረግ ገልጸዋል።
ዋቸሞ ዩንቨርሲቲ፣ አፍሪካ ራይዝንግ የተባለ የምርምር ተቋም፣ አረካ ፣ እና ወረቤ ምርምር ተቋማት በተክሉ ላይ ሰፊ ጥናት ምርምር በማካሄድ ላይ መሆናቸውን ገልፀዋል ።
የአፍሪካ ራይዝንግ ድርጅት የሆሳዕና ፕሮጀክት አስተባባሪ አቶ ወርቅነሀ ዱባለ እንደሚናገሩት እንሰት ለምግብነት ካለው ጠቃሜታ ባሻገር ዘመናዊ የመድሃኒት ፋብሪካዎችም በስፋት የሚፈልጉት ነው ይላሉ ። የእንሰት ንጥረ ነገር የሆነውን ቡዕላ ማጣበቂያዎችን ለመስሪያነት እንደሚያገለግልም አስረድተዋል ። ሆኖም ግን የእንሰት አጠውልግ በሽታው ምርቱን እንዲያሽቆለቁል አድርጎታል ባይ ናቸው ።
ድርጅታቸው ችግሩን አሳሳቢ በመሆኑ ከሌሎች የምርምር ተቋማት ጋር በመተባበር ላለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የበሽታውን ዋና መንስኤ የመለየትና ለችግሩ ዘላቂ መፍትሄ ለማፈላለግ ጥናት ሲያካሄድ መቆየቱን ያወሳሉ።
በጥናቱ መሰረትም የበሽታው ዋና መንስኤ ባክቴሪያ መሆኑ ተረጋግጧል ። ባክቴሪያው በአፈር ውስጥ ከአንድ እንሰት ወደ ሌላው እንደሚዛመት ነው የሚናገሩት። በእንሰት መቁረጫ መሳሪያዎች ጭምር በቀላሉ የሚተላለፍም ነው ብለዋል ።
አቶ ወርቅነህ እንደሚናገሩት ጥናቱ መሰረት በማድረግ በዞኑ ውስጥ በሁለት ቀበሌዎች በሚገኙ 27 አርሶ አደሮቸ ማሳ ላይ በሽታውን መከላከል የሚችሉ የእንሰት ዝሪያዎችን የማባዛት ስራ እየተካሄደ ይገኛል።
ጥናቱ በሚቀጥሉ አራት ዓመታት ውስጥ ሙሉ በሙሉ ተጠናቆ ለአርሶ አደሩ ይፋ የሚሆን ሲሆን  ዝሪያዎቹ በሽታ የሚቋቋሙ ስለመሆናቸው  ለህዝቡ በማሳወቅ በስፋት ጥቅም ላይ እንዲውሉ ማድረግና በዝሪያዎቹ ላይ የዘረ መል ትንታኔ በማካሄድ ዝሪያዎቹ በሽታ የሚቋቋሙ ስለመሆናቸው እውቅና እና ስያሜ የመስጠት ስራ ይሰራል።
ምርምር ማካሄድ አስፈላጊ መሆኑን አያጠያይቅም ። ዋናው ቁም ነገር ግን የምርምር ግኝቶችን በማላመድ ለአርሶ አደሮች በፍጥነት ደርሰው በምርትና ምርታማነት ላይ የበኩላቸውን ሚና እንዲጫወቱ ማድረጉ ላይ ነው ።ተመራማሪዎቻችን በዚህ ዙሪያ በርቱልን እንላለን ። ቸር እንሰንብት !።
- See more at: http://www.ena.gov.et/index.php/component/k2/item/8076-2015-09-27-21-37-23#sthash.0MQ1EQhX.dpuf
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – The Walias of Ethiopia defeated Sao Tome e Principe 3-0 here today to advance to the next round of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier.
The Walias, who were stunned by Sao Tome in the first leg match, were craving for a revenge and it took just one minute for them to open the score through Dawit Fekadu.
Although Ethiopia dominated the match, they couldn’t add a second goal until the start of the second half when Gatoch Panom converted a penalty kick (48′). Ramkel Lok added a third in the 74th minute.
Overall, the Walias dominated the match and could have added 4 or 5 more goals.
Walias’ next opponent is Congo Brazzaville in the next round in November.
Source: http://www.ethiosports.com/2015/10/11/world-cup-2018-ethiopia-avenge-loss-with-a-3-0-victory/
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Johannesburg (AFP) - Sao Tome e Principe, an island state of 200,000 inhabitants off the Gabon coast, shocked Ethiopia 1-0 Thursday in the first leg of a 2018 World Cup qualifier.
Portugal-born Luis Leal scored three minutes from time at Estadio National 12 de Julho in Sao Tome to give the fourth weakest African national team by rankings an unexpected victory.
Ethiopia, 85 places above the Saotomeans in the world rankings, host the second leg of the first-round tie in Addis Ababa Sunday with a match-up against Congo Brazzaville at stake.
Leal, a 28-year-old striker on loan to Belenenses of Portugal from Apoel of Cyprus, rewarded an impressive performance by a country with some unhappy World Cup memories.
Sao Tome were overwhelmed 5-0 at home by Congo Brazzaville in a 2014 qualifier and crumbled 8-0 away to Libya in an earlier competition.
The islanders faced Ethiopia desperate to shake off poor Africa Cup of Nations form with a 7-1 away drubbing from Cape Verde last June followed by a 3-0 home loss to Morocco a month ago.
Ethiopia had produced more satisfactory results in the same competition, winning at home against Lesotho and drawing in the Seychelles.
But the Sao Tome setback is sure to spark criticism of coach Yohannes Sahle for dumping strikers Salahdin Said, Getaneh Kebede and Oumed Oukri.
Said was a key figure in the 2014 qualifiers when Ethiopia exceeded expectations by reaching the play-offs before losing to Nigeria.
Liberia were held 1-1 by lower-ranked Guinea Bissau on an artificial pitch at the Antoinette Tubman Stadium in Monrovia.
William Jebor converted a 36th-minute penalty for the Lone Stars and Malado Reld Anido levelled 63 minutes into the West African showdown.
It was a disappointing result for Liberia coach and former national star James Debbah, who adopted an all-out attack approach in the hope of building a commanding advantage.
Guinea-Bissau were coached by Portuguese Paulo Torres as a recently imposed four-match Cup of Nations ban for insulting a referee did not extend to World Cup qualifiers.
World Cup debutants South Sudan drew 1-1 at home to Mauritania in a match that took 19 hours to complete in Juba.
Torrential rain forced play to be suspended, then abandoned Wednesday with the score 1-1 after 10 minutes.
Boubacar Bagili put Mauritania ahead after three minutes and Dominic Abui Pretino equalised two minutes later.
There are another three first-leg qualifiers Friday with Somalia forced to host Niger in Ethiopia because of violence, Djibouti at home to Swaziland and Gambia hosting Namibia.

Central Statistics Agency (CSA) is to construct buildings for its four branches in Mekelle, Hawassa, Ambo and Bahir Dar.
Three of the buildings will be three storeys high, while the one in Bahir Dar will have four storeys to meet the minimum standard of the municipality, said Tessema Geda, project manager of CSA.
The Agency awarded the construction of Ambo building to Bereket Haile Building Contractor on September 30, 2015. The construction aspect of the project is supported by a World Bank grant of 800,000 dollars. This is part of the 10 million dollars which the Bank has set aside for building the capacity of CSA.
Design and supervision work will be undertaken by Solomon Gebre Architect & Engineers Consultancy Plc, which was selected from seven bidding firms.
CSA has 25 branch offices in different regional states. At present the Hawassa and Bahir Dar branches are rented from private owners, while the Mekelle and Ambo branches are government-owned houses. The Mekelle branch used to be the residence of former president of the region, Gebru Asrat.
“The existing situation of the branch offices is challenging; especially the Ambo branch which is very old and difficult to work in during the rainy season. The Mekelle branch is also too small to accommodate all the staff,” said Tessema.
Additional areas of work to be financed by the grant from the World Bank initiative, Statistics for Results, include institutional, organisational and human resource capacity building. The project also plans to train 25 CSA staff at the second degree level.
The overall objective of Statistics for Results, which is also supporting other developing countries, is to bring better policy formulation and decision making by building the capacity of CSA to conduct accessible and efficient survey and standard statistics.
CSA has challenges in making quality and timely data due to the paper-based data capturing and data entry system, Biratu Yigezu, director general of the Agency said.
Source: addisfortune