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Tuesday, July 8, 2014

3-D view of Bereket Tesfaye’s designs for the terminal of Hawassa airport which has facilities of VIP lounge, restaurant, roof terrace, kitchen, security check points and baggage make-up
Over the next 30 days, the Ethiopian Airports Enterprise (EAE) will be looking for potential bidders to build the Hawassa Airport, with the design now complete.
The bid document, which will be available from tomorrow, is based on an airfield design by the state owned consulting firm Transport Construction Design Enterprise (TCDE) and a terminal design by private consulting firm, Bereket Tesfaye Consulting Architects and Engineering, according to Wondeme Teklu, the enterprise’s communications head.
The airport in the tourist city – 275kms south of Addis Abeba and the capital of the southern regional state – will be the 19th airport to  Ethiopia. The TCDE’s design for the airfield was completed last week, while the Enterprise is already considering three designs for the terminal.
The TCDE has been involved in the design and supervision of road, bridge and airport construction since it was established in August 1987. For 30 years prior to that, it had been a department under the Ethiopia Roads Authority (ERA), playing a similar consultancy role.
Bereket Tesfaye’s three designs for the terminal building include a VIP lounge, restaurant, roof terrace, kitchen, security check points and baggage handling, all within a five-storey building.
“The construction of both the airfield and the terminal will start before the end of this [calendar] year,” said Wondeme.
Hawassa, home to the BGI Brewery, Millennium Pepsi Cola Plant, Hawassa Textile Factory S.C and numerous hotels, is also projected to have an industry zone, along with Kombolcha, in Amhara, and Dire Dawa.
The Enterprise recently awarded a 571.7 million Br construction contract to Afro-Tsion Construction Plc for Jinka Airport. Construction has been underway for a month now on a three million square metre plot of land. The airfield alone measures 2.5kms in length and 60m in width – enough to accommodate the Boeing 737 aircraft.
The EAE was formally established as a public enterprise in January 2003, by the Council of Ministers (CoM), with a capital of two billion Br. Previously known as the Civil Aviation Authority, its responsibilities included economic and technical regulations, airport services and aviation security. Now the EAE handles airport services, while the National Security & Intelligence Affairs is responsible for airport security.
The Enterprise administers 18 airports across the country; four of these – Semera, Shibalo, Pawe and Robe Goba – are graveled, whilst four others – Addis Abeba Bole, Dire Dawa, Bahir Dar and Mekelle Alula Aba Nega – are international airports. According to the Growth & Transformation Plan (GTP), the Enterprise plans to have a total of 21 airports before the end of 2014/15 fiscal year.
The Kombolcha airport, which has been under construction since 2010, is expected to become operational by September 2014, according to Wondeme.
On the expansion side, the China Communications Construction Company Limited (CCCC) started the expansion project of the Addis Ababa Bole International Airport passenger terminal, which will incorporate a new passenger terminal as an extension to existing terminals, as well as the construction of a new VIP terminal. The total cost for this project will be 4.5 billion Br. The financing was obtained from the Export-Import (EXIM) Bank of China as a loan through the construction company.
ምንጭ፦ ኣዲስ ፎርቱን ጋዜጣ 
By RENÉ LEFORT
It may be that, in Ethiopia, history is so powerful that the past permeates the present, and it repeats itself. In this case, what we see today is simply another interregnum between two powerful men.
Can you tell me who is in charge in the government?”, asks Tamrat Gebregiorgis, publisher of the reference weekly Addis Fortune, at the latest of the regular press conferences held by Prime Minister Hailmariam Dessalegn. He replies by first underlining the efforts being made to remedy a few small defects like corruption, then rounds off with a joke: the answer is probably in your “gossip columns”.
The effrontery of the question was staggering. It would have been inconceivable during the reign of previous Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who died in August 2012. It would also have been groundless: he held sole sway at the summit of the Party/State pyramid. On the tier below, the key figures of the TPLF (Tigrean People’s Liberation Front) were in command, including the immense public and semi-public sector of the “modern” economy. The other three components of the de facto single party, the EPRDF (Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front), were largely satellites of the Front. Finally, with its six million members, the tentacles of the EPRDF extended right down to the basic five-person household unit.
While the colossal body of the pyramid is more or less intact and still performs its main functions, its single apex has exploded into multiple centres of power, of unequal weight, none of which has achieved critical mass. While it would be an overstatement to speak of paralysis, the party’s pinnacle is at least “in a disarray[1]. Or rather the country is in the grip of a threefold transition.  The first, unexpected unforeseen transition, is Meles’ succession. Meles decided and launched the second: the “veterans” passing the reins to the next generation. The third will be inescapable: the state economy is no longer adequate for driving growth; the private sector needs the scope to take up the slack.
Read more @ http://cyberethiopia.com/2013/?p=945
 
 Development challenges in the age of climate change:the case of Sidama
*
 By Seyoum Yunkura Hameso

Abstract
Today, developing countries face distinctive challenges of development such as to poverty reduction, growth and economic development. The growing concern with climatechange presents additional challenges and opportunities to these countries. The paper explores development possibilities/challenges in the age of climate change on the basis of selected review of the literature on mainstreaming climate change to development. Thethemes under discussion relate to on-going empirical research on vulnerability andadaptions to climate change in Ethiopia, the case of smallholder farmers in Sidama.

 Read more @ http://www.scribd.com/doc/137042703/Seyoum-Climate-Change-Sidama 
በሲዳማ ቡና ስያሜ ላይSPRUDGE
COFFEE NEWS & CULTURE ለተነሳው ክርክር የተሰጠ ምርጥ ምላሽ፦
Our favorite name in coffee commentary, Wondwossen Mezlekia, has recently weighed in with a fascinating contribution over on the Coffeed forums. Noted coffee gadabout Nick Cho posed a simple question:
''Sidamo or Sidama?''
የምንጭ ኮፊድ ዶትኮም
When I shop, I ask for a bag of "Sidamo coffee" because that is how it is branded, notwithstanding the ongoing debate over the political history of the names. I recently read about the history behind the two terms and the complexity of the issue. The political side of this question is discussed here: http://www.sidamaconcern.com/news2007/0810071.htm

My understanding has always been that "Sidamo" is the name of the region inhabited by the Sidama people. Further, I used to think that "Sidamo coffee" was named after the region where it is grown much like Harar coffee, Yirgacheffe coffee. Apparently, this is not the case, at least according to this article: http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/view/44986 

Proponents of the campaign to reject the use of "Sidamo" argue that the term is not only a misnomer but also the result of a deliberate and derogatory acts of "the invading Abyssinian soldiers of King Minelik as part of the campaign to humiliate, undermine and subjugate the newly conquered territories in the South of the country." In recognition of this, the government and ECX officially changed late last year the coffee name from Sidamo to Sidama. 

But, changing a widely known brand (even if it is replacing "o" by "a") may not be that easy. The good thing: the general public, coffee businesses, and consumers know the name "Sidamo" as a coffee name - a reference to one of the finest coffees originating from Ethiopia - not in its derogatory sense. In any case, as far as I know, there is no marketing campaign underway - or planned - in Ethiopia to "educate" the world about the name change and to drive the brand to a soft landing at "Sidama coffee". 

I hope this helps...

Wondwossen
http://www.poorfarmer.blogspot.com 

Background

Combining various aspects of child feeding into an age-specific summary index provides a first answer to the question of how best to deal with recommended feeding practices in the context of HIV pandemic. The objective of this study is to assess feeding practices of HIV exposed infants using summary index and its association with nutritional status in Southern Ethiopia.

Methods

Facility based cross-sectional study design with cluster random sampling technique was conducted in Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Bivariate and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to assess the association between summary index (infant and child feeding index) (CS-ICFI) and nutritional status.

Results

The mean (±standard deviation (SD)) cross-sectional infant and child feeding index (CS-ICFI) score of infants was 9.09 (±2.59), [95% CI: 8.69-9.49]). Thirty seven percent (36.6%) of HIV exposed infants fell in the high CS-ICFI category while 31.4% of them were found in poor feeding index tertile. About forty two percent (41.6%) of urban infants were found in the high index tertile but only 24% of the rural infants were found in high index tertile. Forty six percent (46%) of the rural infants were found in low (poor) feeding index category. The CS-ICFI has a statistically significant association with weight for age z score (WAZ) (ß = 0.168, p = 0.027) and length for age z score (LAZ) (ß = 0.183 p = 0.036). However CS-ICFI was not significantly associated with weight for height z score (WLZ) (p = 0.386).

Conclusion

Majority of HIV exposed infants had no optimum complementary feeding practices according to cross-sectional infant and child feeding index. CS-ICFI was statistically associated especially with chronic indicators of nutritional status (LAZ and WAZ). More rural infants were found in poor index tertile than urban infants. This may suggest that rural infants need more attention than urban infants while designing and implementing complementary feeding interventions.
Read More @ PMC
የሃዋሳ መምራን ትምህርት ኮሌጅ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ በሲዳማ ኣፎ ያሰለጠናቸውን መምህራን ኣስመረቀ ሰሞኑን  ኣስመርቋል። ዝርዝር ዜናው የኢዜኣ  ነው

የሃዋሳ መምህራን ትምህርት ኮሌጅ ከ1ሺህ 300 በላይ ተማሪዎችን አስመረቀ

ሀዋሳ ሰኔ 29/2006 የትምህርት ጥራት ለማስጠበቅ የለውጥ አንቀሳቃሽ በመሆን የሚጠበቅባቸውን ሁሉ ለማድረግ መዘጋጀታቸውን የሃዋሳ መምህራን ትምህርት ኮሌጅ አንዳንድ ተመራቂ ተማሪዎች ገለጹ፡፡
ኮሌጁ ከ1ሺህ 300 በላይ ተማሪዎችን በመምህርነት ሙያ አሰልጥኖ ትናንት አስመረቋል፡፡
ከተመራቂ ተማሪዎች መካከል መሃመድ ሳኒ፣ ጥበቡ እንግዳና ዳዊት ዳንኤል እንዳሉት መምህርነት ከራስ ይልቅ ለሌላው መኖርን የሚጠይቅ ክቡር ሙያ ነው፡፡
በመሆኑም የለውጥ አንቀሳቃሽ በመሆን ብቁና ተወዳዳሪ ዜጋ ለማፍራት የሚጠበቅባቸው ሁሉ ለመወጣት ዝግጁ መሆናቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡
ህፃናት ከመጀመሪያ የትምህርት ደረጃ ጀምሮ ባሉ ሁሉም የትምህርት እርከኖች በእውቀት፣ በአመለካከትና በስነ ምግባር ታንፀው እንዲወጡ የማድረግ ስራ ላይ ልዩ ትኩረት ሰጥተው እንደሚሰሩ ገልፀዋል፡፡
በትምህርት ተቋም ያገኙትን እውቀት በተግባር ላይ በማዋል የትምህርት ጥራት ለማስጠበቅ የተጀመሩ ስራዎች ከዳር ለማድረስ ጠንክረው እንደሚሰሩ ተናግረዋል፡፡
የሃዋሳ መምህራን ኮሌጅ ዲን አቶ አበራ አርጎ ኮሌጁ ለ16ኛ ጊዜ በመምህርነት ሙያ አስልጥኖ ያስመረቃቸው ከ1ሺህ 300 በላይ ተማሪዎች በመደበኛ፣ በማታና በክረምት ፕሮግራም ለሶስት ዓመታት በዲፕሎማና በትምህርት አስተዳደር የመጀመሪያ ዲግሪ መሆኑን አስረድተዋል፡፡
ኮሌጁ የዘንድሮን ተመራቂዎች ጨምሮ ባለፉት 16 ዓመታት በተለያዩ የዲፕሎማ መርሀ ግብር 30ሺህ 244 መምህራንን አሰልጥኖ በማውጣት  ለክልሉ የትምህርት ልማት አስተዋጽኦ ማድረጉን መልክተዋል፡፡
የክልሉ ትምህርት ቢሮ ምክትል ሀላፊ አቶ ማቴዎስ ማልዳዬ ከየትምህርት ክፍሉ ክፍተኛ ውጤት ላመጡ ተመራቂ ተማሪዎች የሜዳሊያ ሽልማት ሰጥተዋል፡፡