POWr Social Media Icons

Thursday, February 6, 2014

ትላልቅ የሲዳማ ወንዞች  የሆኑት እንደ ኤሬርቴ፤ ጋላና፤ ሎጊታ፤ ቦኖራ፤ ሃምሌ እና ሌሎች ወንዞች ከሲዳማ እና ከባሌ ተራራማ ኣከባቢዎች እየተነሱ የሲዳማን የውሃ ሀብት ኣማጠው የሚገቡሩለት የገናሌ የሀይል ማመንጫ ፕሮጀክት ግንባታ ግማሽ ከመቶ ተጠናቋል።

ሰሞኑን የመንግስት ዜና ኣውታሮች ከስፍራው እንደዘጋቡት፤ ፕሮጀክቱ ሲጠናቀቅም 254 ሜጋ ዋት የኤሌክትሪክ ሀይል ያመነጫል ተብሎ የምጠበቅ ሲሆን፤ በአሁኑ ግዜ የወንዙን አቅጣጫ የማስቀየር ስራ ተጠናቆ የግድቡ ግንባታ በመካሄድ ላይ ነው፡፡
የፕሮጀክቱን የስራ እንቅስቃሴ የጎበኘው የህዝብ ተወካዮች ም/ቤት የተፈጥሮ ሀብትና አካባቢ ጥበቃ ጉዳዮች ቋሚ ኮሚቴ ፕሮጀክቱ በተያዘለት ጊዜ ጊዜ እንዲጠናቀቅ ከመገናኛ አውታሮች ጋር የተያያዙና ሌሎች ያሉበትን ችግሮች ሊፈቱ ይገባል ብሏል፡፡
የዜናው ምንጭ ፦http://www.ertagov.com/amharic/index.php/component/k2/item/3497-2014-02-03-13-21-47
ጥቂት ስለ ፕሮጀክቱ
PROJECT LOCATION
This Hydropower project site lies at Bale-Medewellabu zone in Oromia region. It is 630 km far from Addis Ababa. It¡¯s located at North East of Guji zone in 32 km distance.
The project includes constructions like:-dam, cave, water outlet, power house and power transmission and distribution stations.
The consultancy service is given by MWH international Company in collaboration with two different domestic companies. China Gezhouba Group Company Limited-CGGC works as a contractor.
The project is supposed to be completed within 48.5 months. By December 2012, 20.84% of the construction has done since March, 2008.
Now, 400 foreigners and 440 local workers are involved in the project. It is expected that 2,400 Ethiopians and 600 foreign workers will be enrolled by the project when it starts work fully.

ምንጭ፦ http://www.eepco.gov.et/abouttheproject.php?pid=28&pcatid=2
Africa, where humans are said to have originated, is also the legendary source of the first coffee trees. Ethiopia and Kaffa in the Horn of Africa are said to have been the specific provinces that grew the fruit. By the 15th century, coffee was being grown in Yemen where coffee was encouraged to be consumed regularly. Later, the Dutch took live plants back to their country to grow in greenhouses. Skipping over a lot more history, coffee ended up in the U.S. with the first literary reference to coffee being consumed in North America in 1668.  American coffeehouses were then established in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and other towns as centers of a growing culture and everyday socials. However historical it may be, coffee can be disagreeable for some people because of its caffeine content, teeth staining properties, or its potential to irritate the digestive system. If you like to have coffee in the morning, but are concerned about its negative side effects or just want to shake up your routine, then try out these three alternatives to coffee:

 1. Barley Coffee

As an LDS, I can say that barley coffee used to be the preferred hot drink alternative for Mormons:Postum or Pero could be seen in every Mormon grandmother’s cupboard waiting to be brewed because Mormons do not drink hot drinks, alcohol, or tobacco. Teeccino, another variation of barley coffee, has been gaining popularity as a coffee alternative. Essentially, barely coffee has no caffeine, is low in acidity, and tastes similar to coffee (emphasis on similar). It’s not identical in taste, but after drinking it for a while, the flavor will grow on you.

2. Black Tea or Green Tea

Black tea and green tea have some caffeine, so if you’re addicted to the caffeine in coffee, you won’t get headaches from not having it by drinking these two teas. Black and green teas are high in flavonoids, especially green tea, which also contains catechins, compounds that may be more powerful than vitamins C and E in reducing or stopping oxidation damage in somatic cells. Both teascan help block the oxidation of LDL cholesterol and increase HDL cholesterol, thus improving artery function. So, rather than just having a daily cup of morning Joe, switch it up and try a cup of cold or hot tea (I bet you’ll feel British after a while)!

3. Coffee Bean Fruit Drinks

Bai5 and KonaRed are two companies that create “superfruit” drinks out of the coffee fruit or coffee cherry. That’s right. Coffee beans are fruit pits in disguise. But, these drinks don’t contain the usual derivative of this plant: they contain the fruits outer skin (exocarp) and the fruit itself in an extracted formAccording to Bai, the coffee fruit is rich in free-radical fighting properties, “that protect coffee beans against damaging UV rays with a rich red fruit.” The antioxidants in the fruit prevent cell damage and diseases as aforementioned. Coffee fruit drinks come in multiple flavors and are a good alternative to traditionally bitter coffee.

4. Tinctures

Tinctures are alcohol dissolved or glycerin dissolved drugs or herbs. As a liquid, they are easily dissolvable in other liquids, and they come in many forms, from single herb to combination herb tinctures. Supplementing an energy tincture for coffee, like one with guarana or ginseng, can be an easy switch! Just add the liquid to a cool or hot cup of tea, depending on how you take your coffee.

5. Fermented Beverages

GT’s Kombucha and KeVita are two leading suppliers of fermented or probiotic rich teas and juices that can easily be substituted for coffee. GT’s Kombucha website states, “Foods like kombucha; a gift we’re proud to share with you. 100% raw and organic, kombucha nourishes the body, delights your taste buds, bolsters your immunity, and makes your spirits fly. You feel on top of the world. Healthier. Happier. Stronger. It is living food for a living body.” Some of those claims may be far-fetched, but kombucha does contain some caffeine and vitamin B12 to help wake you up as a cup of Joe might. KeVita is another probiotic drink, but it doesn’t contain caffeine (except for their Living Greens and Pomegranate Black Tea flavors). Don’t worry, though –  it certainly will wake you up with its fizzy and sweet, slightly tart flavor. KeVita is fermented with coconut water, tea, or reverse osmosis water rather than  just being fermented with black tea like kombucha.
With these three alternatives to coffee, you can kick your habit or try something new; either way, it’s a win-win! These coffee alternatives have their own delicious flavors that will tantalize your taste buds while invigorating your body.
Image Source: jseliger/Flickr

With 75% of the Ethiopian population at risk of malaria, accurate diagnosis is crucial for malaria treatment in endemic areas where Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax co-exist. The present study evaluated the performance of regular microscopy in accurate identification of Plasmodium spp.

in febrile patients visiting health facilities in southern Ethiopia. 

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed to recruit study subjects who were microscopically positive for malaria parasites and attending health facilities in southern Ethiopia between August and December 2011. Of the 1,416 febrile patients attending primary health facilities, 314 febrile patients, whose slides were positive for P.

falciparum, P. vivax or mixed infections using microscopy, were re-evaluated for their infection status by PCR.

Finger-prick blood samples were used for parasite genomic DNA extraction. Phylogenetic analyses were performed to reconstruct the distribution of different Plasmodium spp.

across the three geographical areas. 

Results: Of the 314 patients with a positive thick blood smear, seven patients (2%) were negative for any of the Plasmodium spp. by nested PCR.

Among 180 microscopically diagnosed P. falciparum cases, 111 (61.7%) were confirmed by PCR, 44 (24.4%) were confirmed as P.

vivax, 18 (10%) had mixed infections with P. falciparum and P.

vivax and two (1.1%) were mixed infections with P. falciparum and P.

malariae and five (2.8%) were negative for any of the Plasmodium spp. Of 131 microscopically diagnosed P.

vivax cases, 110 (84%) were confirmed as P. vivax, 14 (10.7%) were confirmed as P.

falciparum, two (1.5%) were P. malariae, three (2.3%) with mixed infections with P.

falciparum and P. vivax and two (1.5%) were negative for any of the Plasmodium spp.

Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax mixed infections were observed.

Plasmodium malariae was detected as mono and mixed infections in four individuals. 

Conclusion: False positivity, under-reporting of mixed infections and a significant number of species mismatch needs attention and should be improved for appropriate diagnosis. The detection of substantial number of false positive results by molecular methodologies may provide the accurate incidence of circulating Plasmodium species in the geographical region and has important repercussions in understanding malaria epidemiology and subsequent control.

Author: Seleshi KebedeAbraham AseffaGirmay MedhinNega BerheThirumalaisamy P Velavan
Credits/Source: Malaria Journal 2014, 13:48