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Wednesday, January 8, 2014

By: Ahmed Abdi
Somalilandsun - The "Horn of Africa Solidarity Conference" is held in Frankfurt, Germany on Saturday.
This conference,which is annually held was this time long-time invested and properly organized by Somali Communities from Ogaden Region in Germany.
This Conference, which was totally different from the previous ones was participated in different communities from Horn of Africa mainly Somali communities,Oromio Communities, Eritrean Communities and Somali communities from Occupied-Ogaden region.
The aim of the Conference was to overthrow what they call an "illegal government" of Tigray People's liberation front Regime of Addis Ababa.
The Leaders from United Horn of Africa allies of ONLF,OLF,Somali Diaspora,plus Eritreans that participated in the conference vowed to oust out the minority regime of Tigray.
"We have opened a new chapter of collaboration between us and the Horn of Africa nations that are under Ethiopian occupation and have created an umbrella that wants to overthrow the repressive regime of TPLF,"said, Hassan Moalim,an ONLF-deputy foreign secretary to Ethiopia.
Mr. Moalim spoke at length about the ONLF political developments and how importance is to ally with the nations under Ethiopian colony such as the nations of Oromia,Sidama,Afar,etc. Ethiopian Regime of TPLF continues to commit genocide against the nations under its colony including peoples in Oromia, Afar-land, Sidama, Welayta,and Somalis in Ogaden Region etc and continually intervenes Somalia domestic politics that unnerved Somalis inside the country as well as Somali diaspora.
Putting the flag in the world mapPutting the flag in the world map
The participants watched a film that changed the mood of the environment and showed human rights abuses that proved beyond doubt including rape,killing,wide-spread detentions,and torture.The material is currently investigating by Swedish prosecutors.
"The filmed-evidence suggests that the Ethiopian Army and Liyu Police militia has carried out crimes against humanity on a large scale",said Abdullahi Hussein,now a human rights activist and former Regional President adviser ,who put himself at risk for smuggling out 100-hours film evidence.
He added the Ethiopian regime must be held accountable for its crimes.
The Regional puppet administration of Abdi Iley has been very keen to claim that the Ogaden region is developing when it comes to some water wells,roads and very few schools when his notorious Liyu police militia could not spare a single soul that encountered. Abdi Iley claims boastfully to be the truer ONLF and others are solely bandits a term carefully avoided by the former regional presidents that encouraged ONLF-supporters,but he did not stop there,he constantly aired hate speech against Amhara through the Ethiopian Somali TV(ESTV) and passes out a message from his masters,Tigray generals, and his legal adviser Col. Zegeye to spread negative stereotypes against Ahmara amid to sow a fresh enmity between Somali ethnic population and Amhara population to divert the Tigray's human rights abuses.
"The TPLF-regime propagates lies in the name of development to divert the eyes of the diaspora about the reality on the ground.And The Regional President,Abdi Iley,keeps telling his masters' message that the TPLF is better than it was the Derg Regime, while it is massacring the nomads and aired several times that the Amhara regime was not permitted Somalis to wear garments as if we were fighting for a right to wear garment against a regime,Derg,which was on war with garments and garment industries ,a compliment they received and accepted easily,of course got gassed",said Jamal Diriye,a former Ethiopian parliament token that lives in Germany.
Conference dignitaries from Eritrea and Ethiopia(Ogaden)Conference dignitaries from Eritrea and Ethiopia(Ogaden)
Ethiopia,which uses its power to oppress its dissents at the same time has been labeling Journalists and its main political figures as terrorists has jailed dozens of main political figures and Journalists in the world's worst prisons in Addis Ababa and Jigjiga that met International criticism.
Eritrea, a former Ethiopian colony and in an open war with Ethiopia sees herself a friend and an ally for the oppressed and down-trodden nations in the Horn Of Africa. Somalia provided Eritrea a brotherly direct assistance during its fight for the Eritrean Independence and Eritrea wants to payback for that and repeatedly says ,"let the Somalis solve their problems through dialogue."
Somali people in Ogaden and people of Oromia have been fighting for their identity,of course they don't like to be called Ethiopians. And their representatives have been fighting for full independence.
The booming construction industry increasingly relies on expensive imported materials to satisfy demand, yet a team of innovative architects believes a solution lies closer to home.
Combining traditional techniques with the latest technology, the only barriers they face are the recently imposed housing regulations, writes Tibebeselassie Tigabu. 
The neighborhoods of Addis Ababa are transforming into concrete jungles, with the mushrooming buildings giving the city a whole new identity.
Many complain of losing their old memories, as the high-rise projects dominate the skyline.
Traditional housing materials such as mud, straw and bamboo are considered “primitive”, now completely replaced by concrete and iron sheets. 
Houses found in different areas of the country, like the hidmos in Tigray or the bamboo houses of Sidama, cannot be transferred to an urban setting, and even in rural areas they are moving towards corrugated iron. 
Many architects criticize the new city buildings and condominium housing schemes as they do not consider the environment, especially regarding the increased carbon emissions. The country is also experiencing a deficit in construction materials, leading to a reliance on imports. 
The scale of construction is increasing, yet the government still faces the problem of its new condominium housing schemes. 
Many people are in desperate need of a place to live, and the backlog of houses indicates the rising demand of the community.
So some architects have proposed the use of environmentally friendly and affordable materials from local resources, such as soil, natural stone, bamboo, and straw, transforming them as an urban-friendly alternative. 
This is the idea of the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction (EiABC). Inside the compound they experiment with different materials in their laboratory/construction site, demonstrating to decision makers and stakeholders the potential for use in housing projects. They also lobby for the revision of the building proclamation, which since 2009 has banned the use of these materials in construction. 
Freedom to express new ideas is practiced, and the ancient housing materials are transformed into new forms, to a point where they are hard to identify.
Mud houses that have sustained generations cannot be built in the city, according to the new building code that forbids permission, but this does not stop the Institute experimenting with the idea. 
Most of the buildings are constructed with the housing sector in mind, limited to two floors and not incorporating high-rise proposals. According to their research the houses work well in two-story form, ideally suited to the density of the ground. 
Helawe Sewunet, an architect and instructor at the institute, believes that these alternative eco-friendly local materials are ideal to use as a substitute to imported products, and will be better for the country’s carbon footprint.  
Bamboo, a material they have dubbed “Green Gold”, has undergone a large amount of research and study at the center. A member of the grass family, it grows rapidly and has long been used in the city for furniture purposes. Fikir Assefa, from the National Bamboo Construction Center, highlights its formidable tensile strength.
One of Africa’s most abundant materials, bamboo has estimated reserves of more than 60 percent, yet it is not used in the cities. The Institute is exploring its potential, and as part of this is constructing a bamboo pavilion in Hawassa town of the Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples' Regional State.  
Fikir proudly points to the special nature of a grass that survived the Hiroshima atomic bomb, yet if not well preserved and treated can easily be attacked by termites. He is immersed in the abilities of bamboo, and mentions the houses found in Sidama and the weaving plants in Chencha.
It is not an easy material to work with and has to be preserved properly. As it is naturally high in sugar traditional methods include leaning it against a tree for days, felling during the low sugar content season, soaking in mud and water, and smoking over a fire.
Modern techniques see it treated with a formula of borax and boric acid, which in China costs a few cents but in Ethiopia can be worth thousands of birr. 
With the rising cost of housing materials that are not conducive to climate and the dependency on imports, Fikir is convinced that bamboo can provide the answers. With its fast growing nature, abundance of supply, low cost, suitability to all weather and resistance to earthquakes, he believes it should at least be considered as an alternative.
Bamboo houses are common in many countries, and it is even used in the construction of huge structures in parts of Latin America and Asia. Properly preserved the houses can last for hundreds of years. 
Countries that are especially prone to earthquakes encourage the use of bamboo, with housing policies instructing its use for high-rise buildings. 
According to studies, Addis Ababa is prone to earthquakes, and the Great Rift Valley is another potentially dangerous zone. Policymakers have to take all these factors into account when deciding on suitable building materials. 
Accessibility to the raw material is important, like specialist bamboo yards, while knowledge of plant maturity and storage are also vital. 
“The technique of making bamboo houses is different, so training people is necessary, how the arches connect, all the mechanisms,” Fiker told The Reporter. “Knowing the material is important, like where fiber concentration is high. So it needs special training, starting from the grassroots level.”  
Many columns stand inside the compound, and most of the structural work is completed using bamboo, but Fiker says it can be finished with anything, including mud and straw. Around the Mexico area there is a house completely made out of bamboo, and students have incorporated the techniques into their studies.  
The theoretical part was already covered in their education, but practical experimentation with materials such as mud, straw and bamboo was introduced five years ago.
It is not only bamboo that is found in the Institute, there is also a great deal of work with soil or earth houses. Often related to poor or slum areas, they aim to change the attitude of this traditional material.    
According to the Construction Ahead magazine, in collaboration with the Federal Institute of Technology in Switzerland, the earth (mud) house in the Institute was constructed using Rammed earth technology to build the first floor, incorporating a 60cm-wide wall structure. Loam soil was loaded into the form and compressed with small metal ramrods.
The second floor was completed with air-dried loam stones, and the roof was covered with a special mortar. Wall and roof plastering was finished with a combination of a cactus juice mortar, cement and clay. 
According to Helawe at the Institute, the mixes were pre-prepared especially with specific training given to make this form of house. 
Looking at these houses one cannot fail to be impressed with the fine architecture and transformation of the materials. The brown mud house is particularly impressive, and the stone stairs and clay roof gives it an antique look.
Incremental housing is also given attention, with the aim to reduce construction time to just 15 days. Using eucalyptus tree and prefabricate boards, a two-story house is finalized in the compound, and also a model house for Lideta sub city.
According to Helawe, these resources are not processed in a factory, and the cost of these houses is reduced by the availability of the materials in the open market. Also in the Institute is a house made from industrially manufactured straw board panels, compressed with heat. Helawe believes this is the future for an agrarian population, with seed remnants enough for construction.  
Although not revealing the exact cost of the houses as they are for research purposes, Helawe emphasizes the affordability.
When you observe the structures it is difficult to understand why the techniques were not more commonplace before the new building regulations came into force. Helawe thinks it is all linked to a gap in knowledge, and for him one of the challenges is to bridge this gap. 
He proposes to begin training TVET students, while integrating workers who are already familiar with mud and bamboo techniques. He hopes the policy makers will realize the potential and revisit the existing regulations.
Source: Ethiopian Reporter
በአፍሪካ አገሮች የእግር ኳስ ዋንጫ (ቻን) የሚሳተፈው የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ቡድን ዛሬ ወደ ደቡብ አፍሪካ ያመራል፡፡
ፌዴሬሽኑም ዛሬ በኢንተርኮንትኔታል ሆቴል ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ እንደሚሰጥ አስታውቋል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ ከምትገኝበት ምድብ የተደለደለው የጋና ብሔራዊ ቡድን ባለፈው ሰኞ ምሽት ደቡብ አፍሪካ ገብቷል፡፡
በኢንተርኮንትኔታል ሆቴል ተቀምጦ ከሁለት ሳምንት በላይ ዝግጅት ሲያደርግ የቆየው የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ቡድን፣ ባለፈው ዓርብ ወደ ናይጄሪያ አምርቶ በማግስቱ ቅዳሜ ከናይጄሪያ አቻው ጋር ተጫውቶ 2ለ1 ተሸንፎ እሁድ ታኅሣሥ 27 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም. አዲስ አበባ መመለሱ ይታወሳል፡፡ 
በመጪው ቅዳሜ ጥር 3 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም. በኬፕታውን ስታዲዮም አስተናጋጅ ደቡብ አፍሪካ ከሞዛምቢክ በሚያደርጉት የመክፈቻ ጨዋታ ይጀመራል፡፡ ባቻን ሻምፒዮና ኢትዮጵያን ጨምሮ ከጥቂት አገሮች ውጪ ያሉት ደቡብ አፍሪካ፣ ጋና፣ ናይጄሪያ፣ ካሜሩንና የመሳሰሉት የሚሳተፉት በሁለተኛ ቡድናቸው ስለመሆኑ ሲነገር መቆየቱ ይታወቃል፡፡ 
የዋሊያዎቹ አለቃ አሰልጣኝ ሰውነት በኬንያ አስተናጋጅነት በቅርቡ በተከናወነው ሴካፋ የእግር ኳስ ሻምፒዮና ላይ፣ በእሳቸው አገላለጽ ለነባሩ ብሔራዊ ቡድን ተተኪ ያሉዋቸውን ተጨዋቾች ይዘው እንደሔዱ፣ ነገር ግን በውሳኔያቸው ሳይጸኑ መቅረታቸው ሲያስተቻቸው ሰንብቷል፡፡ 
አሰልጣኙ ከኢትዮጵያ ውጭ ባሉ ሊጎች ከሚጫወቱት በደቡብ አፍሪካ ጌታነህ ከበደ፣ ከሱዳን አዲስ ሕንጻና ሽመልስ በቀለ እንዲሁም በግብጽና በቤልጄም ክለቦች ሲጫወት ከቆየው ሳላዲን ሰይድ በስተቀር የቀሩትን ሙሉ በሙሉ አካትተው መሄዳቸው ተቃውሞውን አባብሶታል፡፡
አሰልጣኙ ደጋግመው እንደሚናገሩት አሁን ባለው በአገሪቱ ሊግ ነባሮቹን የብሔራዊ ቡድን ተጨዋቾች ሊተኩ የሚችሉ አሉ፡፡ ይህ የአቶ ሰውነት ቢሻው አባባል በስፖርት ቤተሰቡ በተለይም በሙያተኞች ዘንድ ይሁንታን ሳይሆን ተቃውሞን እንዳተረፈላቸው የተለያዩ ዘገባዎች እያመላከቱ ይገኛል፡፡ እንዲያም ሆኖ አሰልጣኙ የመጀመሪያ ጨዋታቸውን ጥር 5 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም. ከሊቢያ ጋር በፍሪ ስቴት ስታዲየም ያደርጋሉ፡፡ ሁለተኛው ደግሞ ከኮንጎ ብራዛቪል ጋር ጥር 9 ቀን እና የምድቡን የመጨረሻ ጨዋታ ከጋና ጋር ጥር 13 ያከናውናሉ፡፡
በሁለተኛ ቡድኑ የተዋቀረው የጋና ብሔራዊ ቡድን ለዘጠኝ ቀናት በናምቢያ ዊንድሆክ ከተማ ልምምዱን ሲያደርግ ከቆየ በኋላ ባለፈው ሰኞ ምሽት ደቡብ አፍሪካ መግባቱ ተዘግቧል፡፡ 
Ethiopian Embassy, Beijing, 08 January 2014- In a ceremony held at the Starbucks flagship store in Beijing Kerry Centre, a coffee testing program for the newly introduced Ethiopian Blend was held yesterday, January 7.
On the occasion, Ambassador Tesfaye Yilma, Deputy Head of the Ethiopian Embassy in China said that theEthiopian Coffee remains unique coffee and thanked Starbucks for promoting and presenting Ethiopian coffee with its uniqueness and identity. “We grow it in Ethiopia, partially process it and Starbucks serve it in cups, this is partnership in action.”
The Vice President for Public Affairs of Starbucks China, Mr.Dongwei Shi on the occasion made a lucid presentation of Ethiopian coffee and the new blend.
The Ethiopian Blend was colorfully served in a traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony performed to guests present.
The Ethiopian coffee ceremony is a social event where family, neighbors and friends gather and share their thoughts, feelings, concerns, gossip and community events. The Ethiopian tradition dictates that one should’t drink coffee alone. 
The Ethiopian Blend Coffee of Starbucks is a single-origin coffee containing two of the most exquisite Ethiopian coffee types, Limmu and Sidamo.
Ethiopian Coffee StarbucksThe theatrical presentation of the story of the discovery of coffee in Ethiopia by two artists dressed as shepherd and goat was the highlight of the event. The shepherd, Kaldi, was intrigued by the fact that the goats that had eaten the ripe berries of the coffee tree were joyful. His discovery had opened the avenue for the use and spread of coffee across the world.
On the package of the blend, Starbucks declares a unique test. “From ninth-century Ethiopia, Arabica coffee beans began their journey to the rest of the world. Today our masters have created an entirely new way to experience these treasured beans. With a velvety texture and floral, peppery spice notes, this exquisite blend is our tribute to the birthplace of coffee.”
The special blend was launched in Seattle in September 2013 and Starbucks China launched the product on January 3 in China.
Ethiopia is gifted with varieties of coffee types known by their distinct flavors and aromas. The major coffee types are named after the places where they are grown namely- Limmu, Teppi, Bebeka, Yirgacheffe, Sidamo, Harrar, Borana.
While Ethiopia is among the top ten exporters of coffee, it is uniquely the highest consumer of the coffee it produces.