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Saturday, November 29, 2014

Home » Features » Refugee dies after SA hospital denies treatment, citing health act
Hospital room [wikimedia commons]

Refugee dies after SA hospital denies treatment, citing health act

Ethiopian refugee Badesa Fokora has died in a Johannesburg hospital after suffering double kidney failure and being refused treatment for it, despite the fact that he had been lying in a hospital bed for a month. Although doctors at Helen Joseph Hospital in Johannesburg were aware of his life-threatening condition, they refused him treatment on the basis that he was not a South Africa citizen.
Fokora was told that as a non-South African, he did not qualify for a place on the hospital’s chronic renal treatment programme, which involves dialysis and an organ transplant. The hospital refused to treat him even after Fokora’s family said that they would contribute to the costs of the treatment.
The National Health Act states that only citizens and permanent residents of South Africa may receive assistance in a treatment programme like this. But Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR), which was approached for assistance after Fokora was refused treatment, state that under the Refugee Act, refugees are to be treated as citizens when it comes to medical issues.
LHR filed an urgent medical matter in the North Gauteng High Court to compel the Minister of Health to make an allowance for Fokora to be granted treatment, and also for refugees to not be excluded from medical treatment.
The organisation called the conditions of the National Health Act “unconstitutional” because it does not distinguish between refugees and other foreigners, and the fact that refugees cannot return to their home countries for medical treatment due to the risks this would pose to them. For this reason, the Refugee Act should ideally come into effect, as it recognises that refugees have the same rights to basic medical services as citizens do.
LHR’s Patricia Erasmus said that the organisation is disappointed that a young man has died “under preventable circumstances.”
“The National Health Act is clear that the Minister of Health has a discretion to order chronic renal treatment to a foreign national. The manner in which the department has treated Mr Fokora is a gross and unjustifiable violation of his rights to health care, dignity and ultimately life,” said Erasmus.
The two parties, Unity for Democracy and Justice Party (UDJ) and Forum for Democratic Dialogue in Ethiopia (Medrek), which used to work together in the opposition block of the country, has ended their relationship and have officially separated as of November 20 due to the differences between the parties.
These two parties were working together for the past six years and their relationship was at odds after a speech, which was delivered by former president of UDJ Gizachew Shiferaw (Eng.), advocated for a merger than continuing with the party in the form of a front or a coalition.
In this regard, Medrek demanded a correction of that speech and suspended the party temporarily on its ninth general assembly which was held last year. However, UDJ declined to do so and argued that the speech was delivered by the president as a personal opinion which does not represent the party.
The disagreement between these two parties continued till the tenth general assembly which was held on November 8 and the newly-elected president of Medrek, Beyene Petros (Prof.), told The Reporter that the suspension is still in place and nothing has changed in that regard. However, the president underscored the fact that UDJ still has some time to correct its mistakes and rejoin the front before the deadline – the November 24. 
Since the deadline given by Medrek has expired and nothing has changed the relationship between the two parties stopped, and in this regard head of public relations of Medrek, Tilahun Endeshaw, confirmed to The Reporter that the two parties have now officially separated.
By the same token, the speaker of the national council of UDJ, Abebe Akalu, told The Reporter that the relationship between the two parties had stopped and UDJ will continue its activities individually as of November 20.
The Reporter asked both leaders that since it is election year, whether the separation harmed the activities of the parties and weaken the general opposition block. In this regard, both replied that it would hamper activities but there was no other option.
“It will affect us, but it is better to separate than to work with some defects. Therefore, UDJ preferred to stop its relation and to work individually with all its capabilities,” Abebe told The Reporter.
Tilahun, on his part, said, “The separation affects the parties but this is done deliberately by individuals who wanted to weaken both Medreek and UDJ and in this regard their mission is accomplished and Medrek will go individually and work hard in the future.”
Apart from this both leaders of the party underlined that they are well prepared to render their struggles individually.
Source: The Reporter

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Members on Mission: Our Adoption Story

by Heather Postma (with Scott, Tyler, Kebede and Megan)
 
“‘For I know the plans I have for you,’declares the Lord, ‘plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.’” Jeremiah 29:11
 
A recurring theme in our family when we don’t quite understand why things happen is to trust that, through it all, we know that God has a plan for us. Little did we know that when we kept reassuring Kebede that there is a reason he is in our family and that God has a plan for him, he also had in the works a plan for us too.
 
Adoption was on my heart even as a young child. Seeing pictures of starving children during the devastating Ethiopian famine, I would ask my mom, “Why would God let children be born in a country with no food?” My desire to adopt continued to grow.  There seemed to be sign after sign of God telling us not to wait any longer. It could have been a radio ad about adoption as I was thinking about it, a song in church or on the radio, messages in sermons, going to hear Watoto at Grace Reformed, Lysa TerKeurst talking on Oprah about adopting, a work friend of Scott’s who adopted from Ethiopia...and the list goes on. So in January of 2009, we started up the paperwork with Mary Moore and Families through Adoption and submitted our Dossier to Ethiopia in late May.
 
While waiting, we truly felt at peace and reassured through one of Brian’s sermons where he talked about God as being the author of our story. We rarely talked to anyone at our adoption agency, but since it had been 6 months, I called to check in. The director said that we had a few families ahead of us, so it would be a while yet. You can imagine my surprise when we got a call the next day asking if we would be interested in a 4 to 5 year old boy named Kebede. I can only ask myself, “What if I hadn’t called?”
 
In April of 2010, we traveled to Ethiopia to bring Kebede home. We quickly realized that Kebede was older than expected, but again, this has been a blessing as he and Tyler had an instant bond. Kebede has brought so much joy to our family. He has a great memory and he willingly answers our questions about Ethiopia and shares stories. Soon after he joined us, he made us aware that he has a family back in Ethiopia, his mom and 5 siblings. (In order for Kebede’s paperwork to be completed, a literate person needed to sign the documents, so his grandfather officially completed the adoption as his father had recently died and his mother was very ill.) As we would pray with Kebede before bed each night, he would pause for about 10 seconds before saying “Amen.” My heart told me who this pause was for, so I let Kebede know that we can pray out loud for his family too.
 
We all had a lot of unanswered questions and Kebede was worried about his family, so in July of 2013, we hired a wonderful Christian man in Ethiopia who does tours and investigations. He was able to find Kebede’s family, give us updates and send pictures. It was amazing to see their faces and how similar they all look. Kebede was relieved to know they were all safe. Excitedly, we along with good friends the Kroeze’s, started making plans to visit his family in Ethiopia the next summer.  
 
Thank you again Fellowship for your prayers and support for our trip. Arriving in Ethiopia in late July, as we drove further and further into the dense jungle like area in Sidama, Ethiopia, we passed by hundreds if not thousands of kids just like Kebede running around. Overwhelmed I found myself asking, “How would a family here find the resources for adoption and out of all these kids how was it Kebede that ended up in our family?” The only answer I can come up with is that it’s all part of God’s plan.
 
Kebede’s family is truly amazing. We are so blessed. His mother has such sacrificial love that she wants Kebede to live his life and not worry about them. She is a strong Christian woman and was so pleased to see pictures of our church and Kebede’s baptism, to see that we are raising him to love Jesus. We were able to worship with them and share a blessing to their congregation from Fellowship. The best way to describe our trip is to have you watch the video, which we gladly share in celebration of our great God and his awesome love.
 
The village of Asrada Mero is so remote. Tikal huts are scattered around the mountainside connected with narrow cactus lined paths. The area is very lush and green. The region of Sidama is one of the world’s largest coffee bean suppliers. The villagers are self-sustaining, growing and trading what they need. Kebede’s family grows corn and enset (false banana) that they use to make wasay, their staple food. The village families are surviving but lack necessary vitamins, minerals and protein. His mother and 4 siblings live together in the hut, as well as the animals at night, for protection. There total possessions consisted of a few rolled up grass mats, a blanket, a change of clothes and a few cooking supplies.
 
Our guide estimated that at least 90% of the villagers had never seen a white person. Having two guys over six feet tall drew quite a bit of attention. While in the village, we were followed by over a hundred people. Kebede was kissed more times in two days than in total up to that point, I’m sure. We gave out four huge duffle bags of clothes, snacks, and soccer balls. The kids didn’t know what to do with the candy at first, some sticking the whole thing in their mouths, wrapper and all. The soccer balls were a huge hit,of course. Thanks again to the Fellowship families that donated these balls with the help of the Chris and Susan Timmer’s non-profit organization, “Worldplay Sport.” It was fun seeing the kids dressed in the clothes the next day even if it was 2 sizes too small or big. We also taught the brothers how to use the water filters to provide clean water to his area. The place they go to get water is a 50 minute round trip.
 
We brought Kebede’s family back to the city of Awassa, which was a little over an hour drive from his village, to stay two nights in the hotel with us. Just being in a larger city was a culture shock to most of his family. We had to explain the basics of a toilet and shower. His mom and older sister loved the big mirror and squealed with delight in seeing their reflection. Kebede’s mom was in heaven just watching t.v. from her own bed.
 
We spent a lot of time talking, with the help of our translator, and were able to share with each other about our own lives and dreams for Kebede. One of my favorite stories was she told us that she bought books for Kebede’s older brother to go to school last year (he is 14 and has not completed grade 1.) He wouldn’t go, so his mom went instead. She was also brave enough to go for a boat ride to see the local hippos.  Near the end our trip, Kebede’s mom gathered us all together for a special prayer before we went our separate ways. Saying good-bye was hard, but Kebede’s mom is so strong and reminds Kebede not to be sad.
 
Looking back at our journey, we may be quick to remember what they do not have compared to our lives here, but their cup overflowed with love, kindness, strength, hope and faith. God’s plan is in motion to restore His kingdom and we are part of that plan. Sponsorship, adoption, education, support, encouragement, respite care and prayer are all ways to join in that mission. Specifically, we pray for all families struggling to provide basic needs for their children, for birth mothers who show sacrificial love through their child’s adoption, for orphans who wander the streets unable to be adopted, and for adopted children who struggle with questions about their past.
 
It’s hard to figure out where to go from here. Out of love and gratitude, we will continue to discern how we can support Kebede's family and village. His village has many needs but we were continually amazed how they can live on next to nothing, how they use every part of a corn stalk for 3 different needs, and how they place every trust in God. Kebede’s mom, Bunale, is so grateful for the extra work of her sons and for support from the church which helped to repair her house before our visit. She continually praised God for his blessings and is so happy for Kebede. We thank God for this amazing trip and are excited for the future plans!
 
-Heather Postma (with Scott, Tyler, Kebede and Megan)

Summary
Objectives: This study is aimed at examining the contribution of selected pregnancy and postnatal health care services to Infant Mortality (IM) in Southern Ethiopia.
Method: Data were collected from 10 rural villages of the Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, using a structured interview schedule. The 1,094 eligible women respondents were selected using a combination of simple random and multi-stage sampling techniques. The main outcome variable of the study (IM) was measured by reported infant deaths during the twelve months preceding the survey, and was estimated at 9.6% or 96 infant deaths per 1,000 births. Pregnancy and health care variables were used as the main explanatory variables along with other household and individual characteristics.
Results: The predicted probabilities, using three models of logistic regression analysis, have shown that four pregnancy and postnatal health care variables (antenatal care, immunisation, exclusive breast feeding and wantedness of the pregnancy) and women’s age are found to be significant predictors of IM in the study areas.
Conclusions: Finally, based on the key findings, some recommendations are given: promoting of institutional delivery seeking behaviour through behavioural change communications, training more Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs), and maximising the use of the Health Extension Workers (HEWs) stationed at village level to make a house-to-house visit so as to encourage pregnant women to seek pregnancy and delivery care services.
Read more @ http://casopis-zsfju.zsf.jcu.cz/journal-of-nursing-social-studies-public-health-and-rehabilitation/clanky/1-2~2012/51-infant-mortality-in-the-rural-sidama-zone-southern-ethiopia-examining-the-contribution-of-key-pregnancy-and-postnatal-health-care-services


30 November 201407:00Yirgalem StadiumPremier League

Sidama is one of the most recognised and celebrated regions for high quality naturally processed coffees in Ethiopia.

About 60 miles south of the famous small town of Yirgacheffe there is a town called Hagere Maryam. All of the Ardi coffee comes from one mill in this town. This is a natural processed coffee, which helps to yield the super typical berry and floral characteristics that are found in the cup.

In order to control the drying process of this coffee it is first dried for two weeks on raised beds in the sun. The coffee is sorted by hand as it dries. Any under-ripe cherry (green in colour) stands in stark contrast to all the red cherries on the bed. All the under-ripe cherries are removed, and after two weeks, the coffee is set to dry on a concrete patio.
Read more @ http://www.ozonecoffee.com/shop/ethiopia-sidama-ardi/

Wednesday, November 26, 2014



By Mikias Sebsibe
Five months after the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) announced the result of the fourth general elections; former President Girma Woldegiorgis appointed 36 ambassadors and special envoys to various diplomatic missions on October 2010.
Nominated by the late Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi, the list included former ministers, state ministers and speakers of the House of Peoples’ Representatives. 
Veteran politicians like Seyoum Mesfin and Girma Birru, who were appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to China and the US, respectively, were among them. Prior to their foreign service missions, Seyoum served as the country’s Foreign Minister while Girma was Minister of Trade and Industry. The pair only had to wait for a month to secure ambassadorial appointments after leaving their ministerial posts in favour of their party comrades, when the then leader of the Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) established its new cabinet after winning the elections. The appointment also came in the midst of talk of Yemetekakat Ekid (leadership succession plan) within the ruling EPRDF which sought to replace senior party leaders with new blood.
Although the FDRE Constitution, under Article 71 (3), grants the president the power to appoint ambassadors nominated by the Prime Minister, the political appointment of individuals with no apparent expertise in the field of diplomacy triggered questions. Some considered the ambassadorial post as a retirement job and criticized the move as something that could hurt the country in its diplomatic engagements abroad.
The controversy was further fuelled when the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) decided to recall 18 (out of the 36) ambassadors and special envoys only a year after their deployment. While presenting the ministry’s performance report to the House of Peoples' Representatives in February 2013, Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom (PhD) cited the redundancy of diplomatic representations in Ethiopian missions abroad as the reason for the decision to recall. “It was deemed unnecessary to appoint two ambassadors in one country,” the minister said.
Tedros, who was three months into his position as the country’s foreign minister at the time, told parliamentarians that the initial appointment was made “with a candid intention of expediting diplomatic missions”. 
But things began to take shape after that. For the first time in the country’s history, the legislative body enacted the Foreign Service Proclamation (No. 790/2013) which aims “to put in place a legal framework that would enable to administer the foreign service in a consistent and coordinated institutional mechanism”.  The proclamation also seeks to create “an accomplished and strong human resource”.
Since the coming into force of the Foreign Service Proclamation in July 2013, the country has sent 16 ambassadors on diplomatic missions abroad including the six appointed just last week. Out of the 16, four appointees had no prior experience in the Foreign Service including likes of Sinkinesh Ejigu (former Minister of Mines) and Ayalew Gobeze (former President of the Amhara Regional State), who were appointed ambassadors to Brazil and Turkey, respectively late last year.  
The appointment last week included two political appointees in the form of Kuma Demeksa and Samiya Zekaria, who were appointed ambassadors to Germany and Nigeria, respectively. The rest were diplomats with distinguished diplomatic careers who served the country for decades.
The shortlist was prepared by MoFA and was further scrutinized by the Office of the Prime Minister before President Mulatu Teshome (PhD) granted the appointment.
Regarding the selection criteria for the appointment of ambassadors, Getachew Reda, communication affairs advisor to the Prime Minister, says the practice in Ethiopia is not something unique.
“You will find a mix of career diplomats and political appointees,” Getachew told The Reporter. “The appointment takes into account personal qualifications and the country of deployment.”
“The political appointees are well versed in government policies and strategies. And to compliment that, they receive training in diplomacy before they are sent on the diplomatic mission,” Getachew added.
A senior official at the MoFA also argues Ethiopia’s appointment of diplomats abroad gives due weight to career in diplomacy.
“Our experience in the appointment of ambassadors, in most cases, favours career diplomats,” he said on condition of anonymity as he was not authorized to speak on the matter.
“If our main target in a particular country is engagement of the diaspora, for example, a political appointee who knows government policies might just do the job. But if the post requires knowledge of dealing with the nitty-gritty of diplomatic manoeuvring, then a career diplomat might be needed,” the official added.
He says in cities where there are multilateral organizations like in New York, Geneva and Brussels, career diplomats are preferred and if the appointment is political, career diplomats are attached to assist the head of missions.
Ambassadors as ‘salespersons’
Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy and National Security Strategy of 2001 is anchored on economic diplomacy as a basis for securing the country’s national interest. Since then, diplomatic activities are reoriented to serve the country’s economic agenda that promotes speedy economic development, democracy and peace.
“Our ambassadors are like salespersons,” Getachew said.
Hence, ambassadors converge to the country once a year where their performance is evaluated with indicators like the number of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) they managed to attract to Ethiopia.
With such measurements, political appointees such as Girma Birru and Genet Zewdie (ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to India) are credited for the recent influx of FDI from these countries. Seyoum, who was the longest serving foreign minister prior to his mission to Beijing, is also credited for the deepening ties between Ethiopia and China.
Career diplomats like Dina Mufti (Amb.), who was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Kenya last week, knows the task that lies ahead. 
“Kenya is our key ally in the neighbourhood. We have a special status agreement with Kenya. My mission is about implementing this. We work together on boarder issues, peace and security, infrastructure development including energy. It is a wide ranging diplomatic mission which also includes engaging with the large Ethiopian community in Kenya,” Dina, who has been serving as spokesperson of MoFA since 2010, told The Reporter.
Dina, 51, started working in the Foreign Service in 1983 as third secretary in African and Middle East Departments at MoFA. His first overseas appointment was to Canada (Ottowa) in 1990 as counsellor and two years later he was appointed to serve with the same position at Washington DC which he did until 1998. He was also ambassador resident in Zimbabwe accredited to Zambia, Mozambique, Mauritius and Angola from 2001 to 2006. And from 2006 to 2010, Dina served as an ambassador to Sweden and was accredited to Norway, Finland, Denmark and Iceland.
Kassahun Birhanu (PhD), political science researcher and lecturer at Addis Ababa University, says appointment of ambassadors is, by and large, a political appointment.
“As a result, you see it being used as a tool for political promotion or demotion,” Kassahun explained to The Reporter. He maintains that commitment and loyalty, apart from diplomatic skills, are also very important considerations.
Indeed, the loyalty of some diplomats assigned abroad was put into question in late 2000s. Several foreign service workers on overseas missions defected with some alleging “forced mass membership by the ruling EPRDF”. A charge the ministry denies.
“An ambassador is not just a representative of the government but also of the country and the people. That is why they are appointed by the head of the state (the President),” Kassahun says insisting on the need to insulate public service from politics “as much as possible”.
He cites the distinguished diplomatic service of Konjit Sinegiorgis (Amb.) who served her country under three distinct regimes for half a century. Konjit will soon be replaced by Wahide Belay, current chief of public diplomacy affairs in Washington DC, US, who is appointed as permanent representative of Ethiopia to the African Union last week.
Striking the balance   
For junior diplomats like Zerihun Megerssa, 27, getting political appointment is a far-off shot. Zerihun, who obtained his undergraduate degree in Civics and Ethics Studies from Bahir Dar University (Kotebe College), chose the path of developing a career in diplomacy two years ago. 
He was among the 680 individuals who applied to a training plus job opportunity offered by MoFA. Zerihun and 49 others succeeded in becoming the first batch of students to land the opportunity to enrol at the newly-established Foreign Service Training Institute, accountable to MoFA, set up in the premises of Civil Service University.
Although the Foreign Service Proclamation provides for the establishment of such institute with a Council of Ministers regulation, the institution was established with no such formality being observed.
After two years of training which included an apprenticeship at MoFA, Zerihun is now a spokesperson attaché at MoFA. He expects to be eligible for overseas deployment after a year and half and aspires to follow in the footsteps of his current boss Dina and become a spokesperson.
“I am confident I will represent my country as an ambassador after ten years,” Zerihun envisions. 
Striking the balance between the likes of aspiring career diplomats like Zerihun and political appointees is regarded essential in that the more foreign policy becomes political, the less it speaks for the nation and the more it becomes the mouthpiece of the government.
The American Foreign Service Association reported in June 2014 that about 36 percent of US President Barack Obama’s ambassadorial appointments since 2009 were political in nature. The president came under heavy criticism, particularly from Republicans who accused him of giving diplomatic posts for individuals who raised funds for his campaign. Yet, US presidents are generally said to follow a 70/30 rule in favour of career diplomats in the appointment of ambassadors.
The practice in Ethiopia also shows a mix of career diplomats and political appointees. But it appears unclear whether an informal rule like the one in the US exits. And senior government officials say detailed guidelines are not expected to be spelled out to govern appointment of ambassadors.
Source: Reporter
ላለፉት ስድስት ዓመታት ገደማ ያህል በጋራ ለመሥራት ተስማምተው የተቃውሞ ጐራው ላይ በጋራ ሲሠሩ የነበሩት የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ አንድነት መድረክ (መድረክ) እና አንድነት ለዴሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ ፓርቲ (አንድነት) የነበራቸውን አብሮ የመሥራት ስምምነት አቋርጠው ተለያዩ፡፡ 
ሁለቱ ፓርቲዎች የቀድሞው የአንድነት ፕሬዚዳንት ኢንጂነር ግዛቸው ሽፈራው ሰጥተውታል በተባለው አስተያየት የተነሳ እሰጥ አገባ ውስጥ መግባታቸው የሚታወስ ሲሆን፣ አስተያየቱን አንድነት ያስተባብል በሚል ከመድረክ የቀረበው ጥያቄ ተቀባይነት ባለማግኘቱ ለፓርቲዎቹ መለያየት ከፍተኛውን ድርሻ መውሰዱን የሁለቱ ፓርቲዎች ባለድርሻ አካላት መግለጻቸውን መዘገባችን የሚታወስ ነው፡፡ 
ከሁለት ሳምንታት በፊት ዳግም የመድረክ ፕሬዚዳንት ሆነው የተመረጡት ፕሮፌሰር በየነ ጴጥሮስ ለአንድነት እስከ ኅዳር 15 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. ድረስ ገደብ መስጠታቸውን መዘገባችን የሚታወስ ነው፡፡ 
በዚህም መሠረት አንድነት ለመድረክ ኅዳር 11 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. በጻፈው የመልስ ደብዳቤ፣ ከመድረክ አባልነት መውጣቱን ገልጾ መጻፉን የመድረክ ሕዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ ጥላሁን እንደሻው ለሪፖርተር አረጋግጠዋል፡፡
የአንድነት ብሔራዊ ምክር ቤት አፈ ጉባዔ አቶ አበበ አካሉ በበኩላቸው፣ ‹‹ከመድረክ ጋር በይፋ ተለያይተናል፤ ፊርማችንን ቀደናል፤›› በማለት ከመድረክ ጋር የነበራቸውን ግንኙነት ማቋረጣቸውን ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡
ለሁለቱም የፓርቲ አመራሮች ምርጫ በተቃረበበት ወቅት እንዲህ ዓይነት ውሳኔ መውሰድ አጠቃላይ ሰላማዊ ትግሉን አይጐዳውም ወይ የሚል ጥያቄ ሪፖርተር አቅርቦ ነበር፡፡ የሁለቱም ፓርቲ አመራሮች ጉዳት ማስከተሉን ተቀብለው ነገር ግን ከአቅም በላይ በመሆኑ መለያየት መፍትሔ እንደሆነ አስረግጠው ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡
በዚህ ረገድም ‹‹ይሄ እኮ ምንም ጥርጥር የለውም፡፡ የተቃውሞ ፓርቲዎች የጋራ ትብብር አለመኖር፤ ውህደት አለመኖር የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ ትግል ይጐዳዋል፡፡ ይህንን እናውቀዋለን፡፡ ነገር ግን ትግሉን እየጐዳው ቢሆንም አብሮ የማይሄድና የማይሆን ነገር ሲታይ አብረህ መቀጠል አትችልም፡፡ መለያየት አለብህ፤›› በማለት ልዩነቱ በመስፋቱ መለያየቱ የግድ እንደሆነ አቶ አበበ ለሪፖርተር አስረድተዋል፡፡
‹‹እንዲህ ዓይነት ውሳኔዎች ትግሉን እንደሚጐዳ ይታወቃል፤›› በማለት የገለጹት አቶ ጥላሁን በበኩላቸው፣ ‹‹የተቃውሞ ጐራውን ለመጉዳት የተነሱና የተመኙ ሰዎች የሠሩት ሥራ ጠቅላላ አንድነትና መድረክን ወደ መለያየት ወስዷል፤›› በማለት ለሪፖርተር አስረድተዋል፡፡
ከዚህ በተጨማሪም የሁለቱም ፓርቲ አመራሮች ወደፊት ስለሚያደርጉት የትግል አቅጣጫ የየራሳቸውን ዕቅድ ማዘጋጀታቸውን የገለጹ ሲሆን፣ ‹‹እኛ ቀድሞውኑ በአፍራሽ መልኩ የመጣውን እንዴት እንደምንቋቋምና እንዴት ትግላችንን በዚህ ጉዳት ምክንያት ሳይዳከም ሊቀጥል እንደሚችል የራሳችንን ሥራ ስንሠራ ስለቆየን ይህን ጉዳይ አሁን እንደ አዲስ አናየውም፡፡ በእኛ በኩል የራሳችንን ትግል በተጠናከረ ሁኔታ እንቀጥልበታለን፤›› በማለት አቶ ጥላሁን ቀጣይ ሥራቸውን ለሪፖርተር አስረድተዋል፡፡
በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታ አቶ አበበ በበኩላቸው፣ ‹‹መድረክ አንካሳ ነው ያደረገን፡፡ ነገር ግን አንካሳ ሆነን ከምንቀጥል ባለን ነገር ሮጠን ምርጫውን እኛ ባለን መዋቅር ብንጋፈጠው የተሻለ ውጤት እናገኛለን፤›› በማለት ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡
የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ለዓለም አቀፍ ገበያ የሚያቀርበው ‹‹የሶቨሪን ቦንድ››  መጠን ዛሬ ይፋ እንደሚሆን ገንዘብና ኢኮኖሚ ልማት ሚኒስቴር አመለከተ፡፡ 
የኢትዮጵያ ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ››ን ለመሸጥ ከተመረጡ ኩባንያዎች ጋር መግለጫው በአውሮፓ እንደሚሰጥም የገንዘብና ኢካኖሚ ልማት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ አህመድ ሽዴ ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡
በገንዘብና ኢኮኖሚ ልማት ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሱፊያን አህመድ የሚመራ የኢትዮጵያ ቡድን ወደ አውሮፓ ማቅናቱን የገለጹት አቶ አህመድ፣ የኢትዮጵያን ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ለመሸጥ ከተመረጡት አመቻች ኩባንያዎች ጋር በመሆን፣ በሚሰጠው መግለጫ ላይ ኢትዮጵያ በዶላር የምትሸጠው የዕዳ መጠን ወይም ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ይፋ ይሆናል ብለዋል፡፡ ከዛሬ ጀምሮም የዕዳ መጠኑን ወይም ቦንዱን ከሚገዙ ኢንቨስተሮች ጋር ውይይት እንደሚደረግ ጠቁመዋል፡፡
ለዓለም አቀፍ ገበያው የሚቀርበው ቦንድ መጠንን ግን ሚኒስትር ዴኤታው አቶ አህመድ ሽዴ ከመግለጽ ተቆጥበዋል፡፡
‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ማለት ኢትዮጵያ የህዳሴውን ግድብ ለመገንባት ለኢትዮጵያውያን እንደቀረበላቸው ዓይነት የመንግሥት ሰነድ ሆኖ፣ ይኼኛው የሚለየው ለዓለም አቀፍ ገበያ ወይም ኢንቨስተሮች በዶላር ወይም በውጭ ምንዛሪ እንዲገዙት የሚቀርብ ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ እስከ ዛሬ ከውጭ የምታገኛቸው ብድሮች በረዥም ጊዜ የሚከፈሉና በአገሮች የሁለትዮሽ ስምምነት መሠረት ቀላል ወለድና ረዥም የዕፎይታ ጊዜን የሚሰጡ ናቸው፡፡
‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ግን በንግድ ወለድ መሠረት የሚገዛ ሲሆን፣ ገዢዎች ወደዚሁ ውሳኔ ከመግባታቸው በፊት የአገሪቱን ወይም የቦንዱ ባለቤት አገርን ብድር የመሸከምና አጠቃላይ ፖለቲካዊና ኢኮኖሚያው ሁኔታዎችን ከግምት ያስገባሉ፡፡
የአንድ አገርን ወይም ድንበር ዘለል ኩባንያን ዕዳ የመሸከምና የመከፈል አቅም በማጥናት ደረጃ የሚሰጡ (ክሬዲት ሬቲንግ) ኩባንያዎችን በመቅጠር ኢትዮጵያ ብድር የመክፈልና የመሸከም አቅሟን ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ በማስጠናት የቢ ደረጃን ማግኘቷ ባለፈው ግንቦት ወር ይፋ መሆኑ ይታወቃል፡፡
በዚህ ምክንያትም ሚኒስትር ሱፊያን አህመድ፣ ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ለዓለም አቀፍ ገበያ ለማቅረብ ኢትዮጵያ መወሰኗን ይፋ ካደረጉ በኋላ ኅዳር 3 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በጉዳዩ ላይ በዝግ ስብሰባ ተወያይቶ ውሳኔ ማሳለፉን መዘገባችን ይታወሳል፡፡
በተጠቀሰው ኅዳር 3 ቀን በወቅታዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ መግለጫ የሰጡት የመንግሥት  ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ሚኒስትር አቶ ሬድዋን ሁሴን፣ ለዓለም አቀፍ ገበያ የሚቀርበው ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› በጥንቃቄ እንደሚመራ፣ በቦንድ ሽያጩ የሚገኘው የውጭ ምንዛሪ የሚውለውም በብር ሊሠሩ የማይችሉና የግድ የውጭ ምንዛሪን የሚጠይቁ ሜጋ ፕሮጀክቶችን ለመገንባት እንደሆነ ጠቁመዋል፡፡
ሚኒስትሩ የፕሮጀክቶቹን ዓይነት በይፋ ባይገልጹም፣ ተጠቃሚ የሚሆኑት ፕሮጀክቶች በመገንባታቸው በአገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚ ላይ ለውጥ ከማምጣት ባለፈ ብድሩን ለመክፈል የሚያስችል አቅም መፍጠር የሚችሉ እንደሚሆኑ ገልጸዋል፡፡
በአሁኑ ወቅት የውጭ ምንዛሪን የግድ ከሚጠይቁት ግዙፍ ፕሮጀክቶች መካከል የታላቁ የህዳሴ ግድብና በዕቅድ ተይዘው ያልተጀመሩት የባቡር ፕሮጀክቶች ይጠቀሳሉ፡፡ 
የኢትዮጵያ ብድር የመሸከምና የመክፈል አቅም ከኬንያ ጋር ተቀራራቢ እንደሆነ መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡ ኬንያ እ.ኤ.አ. በጁን ወር 2014 የሁለት ቢሊዮን ዶላር ‹‹ሶቨሪን ቦንድ›› ለዓለም አቀፍ ኩባንያዎች ማቅረቧን ዘገባዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡
ኬንያ ከሰጠችው ሁለት ቢሊዮን ዶላር ውስጥ 500 ሚሊዮን ዶላር የሚሆነው በአምስት ዓመት ጊዜ ውስጥ የሚመለስ እንደሆነና በ100 ዶላር ላይም የ5.875 መቶኛ ወለድ እንደተጣለ ከዘገባዎች ለመረዳት ይቻላል፡፡ የተቀረው 1.5 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ደግሞ በአሥር ዓመት የሚከፈልና የወለድ መጠኑም 6.875 በመቶ ነው፡፡

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Photo: elmartyhawassa.blogspot.com
Inadequate management of healthcare waste is a serious concern in many developing countries due to the risks posed to human health and the environment. This study aimed to evaluate healthcare waste management in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. The study was conducted in nine healthcare facilities (HCFs) including hospitals (four), health centres (two) and higher clinics (three) in two phases, first to assess the waste management aspect and second to determine daily waste generation rate. The result showed that the ... 
Read more HERE

Today’s coffee was grown and harvested by smallholder farmers who belong to the Abela Galuko Cooperative, which falls under the Sidama Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union (SCFCU).
Located in the Sidama region of southern Ethiopia, SCFCU began representing small-scale farmers in 2001 and has since grown to become the second largest coffee producing cooperative union in Ethiopia. The majority of its member coops are organic and Fair Trade certified and nearly all their coffee is grown in the shade of diverse, indigenous trees. Approximately 5,000 tons of sidamo coffee is produced per year, 95% of which is washed.
Harvest time occurs between September to December depending on the coffee’s altitude and rainfall. After the families harvest the cherries, they sell them to the primary cooperatives for wet processing. There are approximately 220 wet processing centers, 92 of which are owned by members of the coops. The dried parchment is sthen stored in a warehouse until delivery to the central market in Addis Ababa where the husk is removed and the clean beans are packaged for export.
Cooperative Coffees began importing unwashed Sidama coffee directly from Sidama Union in 2009.
Welcome to my Table, here in the corner of this cafe. Today we’re sipping the Ethiopia Sidama SCFCU, from Higher Grounds Trading Company in Traverse City, Michigan. Feel free to pull up a chair.

THEDETAILS:

region: Sidama, Ethiopia
farm: N/A
producer: smallholder farmers
association: Abela Galuko Cooperative
elevation: 1800 meters above sea level
cultivars: Ethiopia Heirloom
process: fully washed, patio dried
certifications: Fair Trade, Organic, Rainforest Alliance

BREWINGSPECS:

method: Hario V60
grind: 18, Preciso
coffee: 28 g
water: 450 mL
bloom: 1:15
pour: 2:30 concentric pulse pour

CUPPINGNOTES:

The aroma of this Sidama is definitely that of a natural processed Ethiopian coffee. It is hugely bombastic, bright and lively, super fruity, and features floral nuances. Chocolate, blueberry, cherry, watermelon Jolly Rancher, rose, and violet.
Wow. Taking my first few sips of the cup immediately post-brew, I have to say—I wasn’t at all expecting the coffee that my palate is presented; it’s certainly not the same as the coffee my nose found. The aroma profile portrayed this coffee as bright and lively, but the flavor profile is deep, dark, bitter, full-bodied, and gritty with a heavy, syrupy texture that is characterized by bitter dark chocolate, soily earth, grape jelly, and a bit of roastiness.
There’s a roastiness that tastes of smoke and copper and flavors of earth all the way through this coffee and, unfortunately, it rests at the forefront of every sip. There is a huge surge of syrupy blueberry, cherry, candied watermelon, and a zesty citrus rind acidity that comes from under it and attempts to break through the dense upper crust, but they don’t have much luck. Which is weird, because the roastiness really isn’t even all that bad.
Full body; syrupy mouthfeel; citrus acidity; slightly dry finish.

FINALTHOUGHTS:

I have to say, I was really disappointed in this coffee. Not because it was a bad coffee—it’s not a bad coffee at all; it’s just not as good as it could be.
Higher Grounds Trading Company’s Ethiopia Sidama SCFCU, as it is, provides a really solid, middle of the road cupping experience. That experience, though, isn’t reflective of the bean’s potential. If it weren’t for the “cooked” flavor of this coffee, it would have been a much different—a much better—tasting experience.

Monday, November 24, 2014

A large industry zone is going to be constructed in the capital of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples State, Hawassa City.
The industrial zone is going to be set up as a contribution to make Ethiopia, within the coming ten years, a leading light manufacturing country from the entire African continent.
Ethiopia is working to make urban areas centers of industries and to this effect it has active projects in Dire Dawa, Kombolcha, Addis Ababa and Hawassa.
Lemi Industrialized Zone, found in the nation’s capital city, is almost complete and space is being allocated for foreign investors.
According to the State Minister of Industry, Mebrhatu Meles, preliminary study to set up an industrial zone in Hawassa has been finalized.
Establishing an industrial zone in Hawassa is expected to facilitate the export of value added agricultural products in the locality. In addition to this it is said the industrial zone will enhance Hawassa’s service and tourism sector.
AFRICA has to make stronger commitments to human rights issues if the continent is to make economic and democratic advances and benefit from its positive spin-offs, says the President of the African Court for Human and Peoples' Rights (AfCHPR), Justice Augustino Ramadhani.
In his opening remarks at the national sensitisation seminar on the promotion of the African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Saturday, AfCHPR President added that the success of Africa's Agenda 2063 would depend largely on the importance given to the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human and peoples' rights on the continent.
"History teaches us that respect for human rights, the promotion of human development and the consolidation of peace, coupled with good political and economic governance are conditions sine qua non for any meaningful development," he told over 100 delegates drawn from various governments, Ambassadors, non-government organizations, lawyers, students, media and human rights organisations and activists, among others, according to AfCHPR press release availed to the Independent East African News Agency.
He called for continental support for the Arusha-based AfCHPR, the only judicial arm of the African Union (AU).
"The effectiveness of the Court requires the support of all stakeholders, in particular, member states of the AU," Justice Ramadhani empahsised.
He noted that since the Protocol establishing the Court was adopted in 1998, only 28 of the 54 AU member states have ratified it, adding that out of these, only seven countries have made declarations allowing individuals and NGOs to bring cases directly to the Court.
These are: Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Rwanda and hosts Tanzania. Director General, International Legal Affairs Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs Reta Alemu Nega stated that Africa has now stood up to its responsibilities in the promotion and protection of human rights.
"Steps have been taken over the last five decades to introduce legislative and institutional frameworks in relation to human rights. One of the achievements in this regard is the adoption of the African Charter on Human and People's Rights and the creation of the African Commission to follow up on the implementation," he said.
The increasing awareness of the African people on the African Human Rights System, he stressed, was a significant step in strengthening the protection mechanism put in place.
President of the Lawyers Association of Ethiopia, Mr Wendimagegnehu Gabre- Sellasie stressed that in order for the Court to achieve its objectives, it has to work hand in hand with member states, state parties to the Charter and the Protocol, professional associations, among other stakeholders.
He also noted that the success of the Court as a human rights protection mechanism would require a wider ratification of the Protocol, as well as acceptance of the competence of the Court, by making the Declaration.
Later on, Justice Gerald Niyungeko from Burundi, member and former President of the Court, made a detailed presentation on the Court and responded to myriad of questions in the one-day session which was chaired by the Vice- President of the Court, Lady Justice Elsie Thompson from Nigeria.
A delegation of the Court also paid courtesy calls on senior government officials of Ethiopia, including the Minister for Justice, the House of Representatives, Federal Supreme Court and Ethiopian Human Rights Commission to brief on the work of the Court and encourage the country to ratify the Protocol.
Source: allAfrica.com

Saturday, November 22, 2014

‹‹በፌዴራል ሥርዓት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባት ሕገ መንግሥቱን መጣስ ነው››
አቶ አስመላሽ ወልደ ሥላሴ
በክልሎች፣ ብልሹ አሠራርና ሙስናን ለመከላከል፣ የክልል የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽኖች በአመራሮች ተፅዕኖ በአግባቡ መሥራት ባለመቻላቸው የፌዴራል መንግሥት ፖለቲካዊ ውሳኔ እንደሚያስፈልግ የፌዴራል የሥነ ምግባር የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን አሳሰበ፡፡
ኮሚሽኑ የአገር አቀፍ የፀረ ሙስና ጥምረት ሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ አሥረኛ መደበኛ ስብሰባውን ኅዳር 11 ቀን 2007 ዓ.ም. በሸራተን አዲስ ለግማሽ ቀን ባካሄደት ወቅት እንደገለጸው፣ በየክልሉ ያሉ የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙስና ተቋማት በነፃነት እንዳይሠሩ የክልሎቹ አመራሮች ተፅዕኖ እያደረሱባቸው መሆኑን አስታውቋል፡፡
በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሕግና አስተዳደር ጉዳዮች አማካሪ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ በአቶ አስመላሽ ወልደሥላሴ ሰብሳቢነት በተካሄደው አሥረኛ መደበኛ ስብሰባ ላይ የተወሰኑ ባለድርሻ አካላት ብቻ ተገኝተዋል፡፡
የአገር አቀፍ የፀረ ሙስና ጥምረትና የፌዴራልና የክልል የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽኖች የ2006 በጀት ዓመት ሥራ አፈጻጸም ሪፖርት ካቀረቡ በኋላ፣ በተገኙት ጥቂት ባለድርሻ አካላት የተለያዩ ጥያቄዎች ተነስተዋል፡፡ በተለይ በአፋር፣ በቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝና በሶማሌ ክልሎች የፀረ ሙስና ተቋማት በነፃነት እየሠሩ እንዳልሆነና ያላቸውን ከፍተኛ ሀብት እንደ አገር መጠቀም አለመቻሉን ተሳታፊዎቹ ተናግረዋል፡፡ በክልል የሚገኙ አመራሮች እነሱ እንዲከሰስ የፈለጉትን የኮሚሽኑ ኃላፊዎች ካልከሰሱ ወይም መከሰስ የሌለባቸውን ከሰው ከተገኙ፣ ከኃላፊነታቸው እንደሚያነሷቸውና በፈለጉት ቦታ እንደሚመድቧቸው ጠቁመዋል፡፡
በአሁኑ ጊዜ የአፋር ክልል የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙና ኮሚሽን ኃላፊ እንደሌለው የጠቆሙት የስብሰባው ተሳታፊዎች፣ የሶማሌ ክልልም ኮሚሽነሩን በማንሳት ያለተቆጣጣሪ እንደሚገኝ አስረድተዋል፡፡ 
የፌዴራል የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን ክልሎች ማንን መሾምና  ማንን መሻር እንዳለባቸው የሚያዝ ሥልጣን እንደሌለው የገለጹት አስተያየት ሰጪዎቹ የፌዴራል ሥርዓቱ የፈቀደውን ዕድል በአግባቡ እየተጠቀሙበት አለመሆኑን ጠቁመዋል፡፡
ክልሎቹ በተለይ አፋርና ቤንሻንጉል ጉሙዝ ባለሀብቶችን የመሳብ ኃይል ቢኖራቸውም፣ ባለሀብቶቹ ተማምነው ሀብታቸውን ለማፍሰስ የተቸገሩበት ሁኔታ እንዳለም አክለዋል፡፡
በቤንሻንጉል ጉሙዝ በዕምነበረድ ማዕድን ሥራ የተሰማሩ ባለሀብቶች ሕጋዊ መንገድን ተከትለው ለመሥራት ቆርጠው የተነሱ ቢሆንም በዶማና ባካፋ የሚሠሩ የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ከሹማምንቱ ጋር ባላቸው የጥቅም ግንኙነት የማዕድን ቦታውን የወሰዱት በመሆኑ፣ ሀብቱን በአግባቡ ተጠቅሞ አገር የሚያስፈልገውን ገቢ እንዳያገኝ እየተደረገ መሆኑን አንድ የስብሳባው ተሳታፊ ገልጸዋል፡፡ 
ክልሉም ከማዕድን ማግኘት የሚገባውን ገቢ ማግኘት አለመቻሉንም አክለዋል፡፡ የክልሎቹ አመራሮች የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽነሮቹን ከማጠናከር ይልቅ በማዳከም ላይ በመሆናቸው፣ አፋጣኝ የፖለቲካ ውሳኔ ካልተሰጠበት በክልሉ የሚኖረው የሙስናና የብልሹ አሠራር ተባብሶ እንደሚቀጥል ሥጋታቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡ ሌሎቹም ክልሎች አፈጻጸማቸው ከጊዜ ጊዜ የተለያየ መሆኑንና ከሦስቱ ክልሎች አንፃር ሲታይ የተሻሉ ቢሆኑም፣ በእነሱም ላይ ክትትል ማድረግና አመራር መስጠት ተገቢ መሆኑን ተሳታፊዎቹ ተናግረዋል፡፡
የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሕግና አስተዳደር ጉዳዮች ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ አስመላሽ ወልደ ሥላሴ፣ ‹‹መንግሥት ፖለቲካዊ ውሳኔ መስጠት አለበት›› ለሚለው አስተያየት በሰጡት ምላሽ፣ ክልሎች የራሳቸውን ችግር በራሳቸው መፍታት አለባቸው፣ በፌዴራሊዝም ሥርዓት ውስጥ ፌደራል መንግሥት ጣልቃ መግባት አይችልም፤ ጣልቃ ከገባ ሕገ መንግሥቱን መጣስ ይሆናል፤›› ካሉ በኋላ ያለባቸው ችግር ተጠንቶ ለውይይት ከቀረበ በውይይት ላይ በማንሳት የሚስተካከልበትን ሁኔታ መፈለግ እንደሚቻል አስረድተዋል፡፡ 
የፌደራል የሥነ ምግባርና የፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን በተለይ በአገልግሎት ዘርፍ የሚታዩትን ብልሹ አሠራሮች እስከ ወረዳ ድረስ ወርዶ መከታተል እንዳለበትም አስተያየት ሰጪዎቹ ተናግረዋል፡፡ በፍርድ ቤቶች የተፋጠነ ፍትሕ የማግኘት መብት በተለያየ ምክንያቶች እየተጓተተና ሕዝቡ እየተማረረ እንደሚገኝ፣ መከሰስ የሌለበት ሰው ተከሶ ሲንገላታ ከከረመ በኋላ ነፃ መባሉ ደግሞ አግባብ አለመሆኑንም ጠቁመዋል፡፡ የኮሚሽኑ ዓቃቤ ሕግ የክስ አመሠራረት ብቃት እንደሚጎድለውና ሌሎችም ይታያሉ የተባሉ ችግሮች በውይይቱ ተነስተዋል፡፡ ውይይቱን ከአቶ አስመላሽ ጋር በመሆን የመሩት ኮሚሽነር ዓሊ ሱሌይማን ሲሆኑ፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሠራተኞች ማኅበራት ኮንፈደሬሽን ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ ካሳሁን ፎሎን ጨምሮ የተወሰኑ ተቋማት ተወካዮች በስብሰባው ታድመዋል፡፡ 
የአሜሪካው ፕሬዚዳንት ባራክ ሁሴን ኦባማ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ለትችት ከዳረጓቸው ጉዳዮች መካከል የአሜሪካ የውጭ ዲፕሎማሲ ሥራ ላይ የሚመድቧቸው ሰዎች ማንነት አንዱ ነው፡፡
ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2012 ለድጋሚ ፕሬዚዳንትነት በተወዳደሩበት ወቅት ለቅስቀሳ ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ ሲያሰባስቡ የነበሩ ግለሰቦች ፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማ በድጋሚ ወንበራቸውን ካገኙ በኋላ የተወሰኑት በተለያዩ አገሮች በአምባሳደርነትና በዲፕሎማትነት ተመድበዋል፡፡ 
ለምሳሌ በቅርቡ በአምባሳደርነት የተመደበው ማቲው ባርዙን ለፕሬዚዳንቱ የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ ወጪ ከተሰበሰበው 700 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ውስጥ 2.3 ሚሊዮን ዶላር የሚሆነውን በግሉ አሰባስቧል፡፡ 
በተመሳሳይ ጆን ፊሊፕስ ለኦባማ የምርጫ ዘመቻ 500 ሺሕ ዶላር ከሰበሰበ በኋላ በጣሊያን ሮም የአሜሪካ ዲፕሎማት ሆኖ ተመድቧል፡፡ ጆን ኤመርሰን 1.5 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ያሰባሰበ ሲሆን፣ የተመደበው ጀርመን በሚገኘው ኤምባሲ ነው፡፡ ጄን ስቴትሰን 2.4 ሚሊዮን ዶላር አሰባስቦ፣ የተመደበው በፈረንሳይ ፓሪስ መሆኑን መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡ 
የአሜሪካ ፕሮፌሽናል ዲፕሎማቶች ማኅበርና ጡረታ የወጡ የአገሪቱ አምባሳደሮች የፕሬዚዳንት ኦባማን ድርጊት ከመውቀስ አልፈው ‹‹የመንግሥት ቢሮን የመሸጥ ያህል ነው›› በማለት ድርጊቱን ተችተዋል፡፡
ይህ ዓይነቱ የፈጠጠ የጥቅም ግንኙነት ያለበት የውጭ ዲፕሎማቶች አመዳደብ በኢትዮጵያ ባይስተዋልም የግለሰቦችን ነፃነት የሚጋፋ አካሄድና በሕግ የማይመራ አመዳደብ ለበርካታ ዓመታት ሥር ሰዶ የከረመ እንደነበር የተወሰኑ ዲፕሎማቶች ይናገራሉ፡፡ 
በተለይ በ1997 ዓ.ም. በተካሄደው አገር አቀፍ ምርጫ ፈተና ውስጥ ገብቶ የነበረ መሆኑን የተገነዘበው ገዥው ፓርቲ ከገባበት አጣብቂኝ ከወጣ በኋላ የአባላቱን ቁጥር ለማብዛት በገጠር፣ በክልል ከተሞችና በመንግሥት መሥሪያ ቤቶችና በትምህርት ቤቶች  ሲንቀሳቀስ የውጭ ግንኙነት መዋቅሩንም እንዳልተወው በወቅቱ በዲፕሎማሲ ሥራ ውስጥ የነበሩ ገልጸውታል፡፡
የገዥው ፓርቲ አባል በመሆን ወራዊ ክፍያ እያዋጡ እንዲቀጥሉ በመገደዳቸው ሥራቸውን ጥለው በተመደቡበት አገር ጥገኝነት ጠይቀው የቀሩ ስለመኖራቸውም አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ጠቁመዋል፡፡ 
ልማዳዊ የውጭ ግንኙነት
በኢትዮጵያ የውጭ ግንኙነት አገልግሎት በውጤታማነቱና በዘመናዊነቱ ከተጠራ በንጉሡ ዘመን የነበረው ወደር የለውም ሲሉ የሚከራከሩ አሉ፡፡ 
የውጭ ግንኙነት ትምህርትን በተለያዩ የውጭ አገሮች እንዲቀስሙ ተልከው የተመለሱ ኢትዮጵያውያን የተደራጀ የዲፕሎማሲ ሥራ ይከውኑ እንደነበር በአሁኑ ወቅት በጡረታ ላይ የሚገኙ አምባሳደሮች ይናገራሉ፡፡ የዲፕሎማሲ ሥራ በዕውቀትና በልምድ የተጠናከረ በመሆኑም በወታደራዊው ሥርዓት ወቅት ምንም እንኳን የርዕዮተ ዓለም መሠረታዊ ለውጥ ቢኖርም መቀጠላቸውን ይናገራሉ፡፡ የእነዚህ አንጋፋ ዲፕሎማቶች አገልግሎት የኢሕአዴግ መንግሥት ወደ ሥልጣን ከመጣ በኋላ ግን ሙሉ በሙሉ መቀጠል አልቻለም፡፡ በምትኩ በደርግ አገዛዝ ተገፍተው በውጭ ይኖሩ የነበሩ ኢትዮጵያውያንና በኢሕአዴግ ትግል ውስጥ የተሳተፉ በአብዛኛው መመደባቸውን አንዳንድ ጽሑፎች ያስገነዝባሉ፡፡ 
ኢሕአዴግ በሥልጣን ቆይታው ልምድ እያካበተ በመጣ ቁጥር ይህ ዘመናዊ ያልሆነ አሠራር  ይለወጣል የሚል እምነት በፓርቲው ውስጥ እንዲሁም በዘርፉ ባለሙያዎች ዘንድ ቢኖርም፣ በፓርቲ ሥራ ላይ እንዲሁም በመንግሥት ሥራ አስፈጻሚነት ለረዥም ጊዜ ያገለገሉ ግለሰቦች በዲፕሎማሲ ሥራው ላይ መመደብ ቀጥሏል፡፡ 
በተለይ ከ2002 ዓ.ም. ምርጫ በኋላ በአምባሳደርነትና በዲፕሎማት የተመደቡ 36 ግለሰቦች ይህንኑ ልማዳዊ አሠራር ፍንትው አድርጐ የሚያሳይ መሆኑን የዘርፉ ባለሙያዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡ 
በወቅቱ በነበሩት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቅራቢነት የተሾሙት አምባሳደሮች፣ ከሹመታቸው ቀደም ብለው በከፍተኛ የመንግሥት ሥልጣን ላይ የነበሩ ናቸው፡፡ ይህም ማለት የአጭር ጊዜ ሥልጠናዎችን አገኙ እንጂ ‹‹ኬርየር ዲፕሎማት›› (የረዥም ጊዜ የዲፕሎማሲ አገልግሎት ልምድና ዕውቀት ያላቸው) አልነበሩም፡፡ ከዚህ ባለፈም በባለሙሉ ሥልጣን አምባሳደር ማዕረግ፣ በልዩ መልዕክተኛና በአምባሳደርነት ማዕረጐች የተለያዩ ግለሰቦች በአንድ አገር ተመድበዋል፡፡
በ2004 ዓ.ም. የኢትዮጵያ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው የተሾሙት ዶ/ር ቴድሮስ አድሃኖም ግን ይህንን ልማዳዊ የዲፕሎማቶች ምደባ ለማስቀረት በፍጥነት መንቀሳቀስ መጀመራቸው ይነገርላቸዋል፡፡
ለአብነት ያህልም ዶ/ር ቴድሮስ ወደ ውጭ ጉዳይ ከመምጣታቸው አንድ ዓመት ቀደም ብሎ የተሾሙ 36 አምባሳደሮች ሁኔታን በማጥናት 18 የሚሆኑት ዲፕሎማቶች ወደ አዲስ አበባ እንዲመለሱ አድርገዋል፡፡ በዚያው ዓመት የሥራ አፈጻጸም ሪፖርታቸውን ለማቅረብ ፓርላማ የተገኙት የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትሩ ዶ/ር ቴድሮስ 18ቱ አምባሳደሮች ለምን እንደተመለሱ ማብራሪያ እንዲሰጡ ተጠይቀው ነበር፡፡ 
ከተጠሩት 18 አምባሳደሮች መካከል ሁለቱ በድጋሚ በሌላ ቦታ መመደባቸውን የገለጹት ሚኒስትሩ፣ የተጠሩበት ምክንያት ዲፕሎማቶቹ ያለ አግባብ በአንድ ቦታ በመደራረባቸውና ይህም የሥራ መደናቀፍን የፈጠረ በመሆኑ ነው ብለዋል፡፡
‹‹በአንድ አገር ሁለት አምባሳደር ሊኖር አይችልም፡፡ ሊኖር የሚችልበት ምክንያት የሚመደቡበት አገር እንደ የተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት ያሉ ዓለም አቀፍ ድርጅቶች የሚገኙ ከሆነና በመንግሥት በኩል እንደነዚህ ያሉ ተቋማት በአምባሳደሮች እንዲወከሉ ከተፈለገ ነው፡፡ ነገር ግን ሹመቱ የተሰጠው በዚህ አግባብ አልነበረም፡፡ ለበጐ ዓላማ የተሰጠ ሹመት ቢሆንም ስህተት በመሆኑ ተጠርተዋል፤›› ማለታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ 
ይህንን ልማዳዊና ባህላዊ አሠራር ማስቀረት የሚቻለው የዲፕሎማቶች አመዳደብ በዕውቀት፣ በችሎታና በውድድር ላይ የተመሠረተ ሥርዓት መፍጠር ሲቻል ነው፡፡ 
ከዶ/ር ቴድሮስ ወደ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት መምጣት በኋላ ዘመናዊ የውጭ ግንኙነት ሥርዓት ለመፍጠር የሚያስችል ረቂቅ አዋጅ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ተረቆ ለሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በ2005 ዓ.ም. ቀርቦ ፀድቋል፡፡ ይህ አዋጅ ‹‹ስለ ውጭ ግንኙነት የወጣ አዋጅ›› የሚል መጠሪያ የተሰጠውና ዓላማውም የውጭ ግንኙነት አገልግሎቱ ወጥነት ባለውና በተቀናጀ ተቋማዊ የአሠራር ሥርዓት ለማስተዳደር በመፈለጉ መሆኑን የአዋጁ መግቢያ ያብራራል፡፡ 
የአዋጁ መግቢያ እንደሚያስረዳው ሙያዊ አቅሙ፣ ብቃቱና ክህሎቱ የዳበረና የተጣለበትን አገራዊ ተልዕኮ በታማኝነትና በቁርጠኝነት የሚወጣ ጠንካራ የሰው ኃይል ማፍራት ትልቅ ግብ ነው፡፡ 
አዲሱ የውጭ ግንኙነት አዋጅ ምን አመጣ?
ዘሪሁን መገርሳ ይባላል፡፡ የ27 ዓመት ወጣት ሲሆን ከሁለት ዓመት በፊት በሠልጣኝ ዲፕሎማትነት የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ ጽሕፈት ቤትን ተቀላቅሏል፡፡ 
በ2004 ዓ.ም. መጨረሻ ላይ በሔራልድ ጋዜጣ ላይ በወጣ ማስታወቂያ መሠረት ማመልከቻውን እንዳስገባ የሚናገረው ወጣት ዘሪሁን፣ ልክ እንደእርሱ ያመለከቱ ወጣቶች ብዛት 680 እንደነበሩ ያስታውሳል፡፡ በወቅቱ ካመለከቱት ወጣቶች ለቃል ፈተና የተጠሩት ደግሞ እርሱን ጨምሮ 108 እንደነበሩ በመጨረሻም ሁሉን መስፈርት ማሟላት የቻሉት 50 እንደነበሩ ያስታውሳል፡፡ 
ከዚያ በኋላም በሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስቴር ሥር በሚገኘው የዲፕሎማቶች ማሠልጠኛ ኢንስቲትዩት ውስጥ የፖሊሲና ስትራቴጂ ሥልጠና ለሁለት ወራት ከወሰዱ በኋላ ለቀጣይ ስምንት ወራት ደግሞ የዲፕሎማሲ ሥልጠና ማግኘታቸውን ለሪፖርተር ገልጿል፡፡
ዓለም አቀፍ ግንኙነት፣ ዓለም አቀፍ ሕጐች፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ መሥሪያ ቤት አደረጃጀት፣ የዲፕሎማሲ ግንኙነት ጨምሮ በአጠቃላይ 24 ኮርሶችን መውሰዳቸውን ይገልጻል፡፡ እነዚህ ሥልጠናዎች ከእንግሊዝ፣ ከህንድ፣ ከተባበሩት መንግሥታት የልማት ፕሮግራም፣ ከአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ እንዲሁም ጡረታ ከወጡ አምባሳደሮች በተውጣጡ አሠልጣኞች የተሰጡ ናቸው፡፡ 
ከዚህ በተጨማሪም በብሪቲሽ ካውንስል አማካኝነት ‹‹ዲፕሎማቲክ ኢንግሊሽ›› የተሰኘ በዲፕሎማሲ ቋንቋ ላይ ያተኮረ ሥልጠና ወስደዋል፡፡ 
ዘሪሁን በሲቪክስና ሥነ ምግባር ጥናት የመጀመሪያ ዲግሪውን ያገኘ ቢሆንም፣ ወደ ዲፕሎማሲው መስክ ለመግባት የ12 ወራት ሥልጠናን ማግኘት የግድ ብሎታል፡፡ በዚህ ብቻ ሳያበቃ ዘሪሁን በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በቃል አቀባይ ጽሕፈት ቤት ተመድቦ የሥራ ላይ ሥልጠና ለአንድ ዓመት ወስዷል፡፡ ዘሪሁን በአሁኑ ወቅት በዚሁ ክፍል ውስጥ በቋሚነት በአታሼ ደረጃ ተመድቦ የዲፕሎማሲ ዘመኑን መቁጠር ጀምሯል፡፡ ስለውጭ ግንኙነት የወጣው አዋጅም ‹‹የኬርየር ዲፕሎማትን›› ማፍራት የሚችለው በዚህ መልኩ መሆኑን ያስረዳል፡፡  
አዋጁ የዲፕሎማቲክ አገልግሎት ዘርፎችን ከፍተኛ፣ መካከለኛ፣ መጀመሪያና የቆንስላ አገልግሎት ምድብ በማለት በአራት ደረጃ ይከፍላቸዋል፡፡ በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ የዲፕሎማቲክ አገልግሎት ምድብ ሁለተኛና ሦስተኛ ጸሐፊዎችና አታሼዎች የሚገኙበት ነው፡፡ በከፍተኛው ደረጃ ላይ ደግሞ አምባሳደሮች፣ ልዩ መልዕክተኞችና ሁለገብ አምባሳደሮች የሚመደቡበት ነው፡፡ 
ይህ አዋጅ ከወጣ በጥቂት ወራት ውስጥ ስምንት አምባሳደሮች የተሾሙ ሲሆን፣ ከእነዚህ ውስጥ በርካቶቹ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር መሥሪያ ቤት ከአምስት እስከ ሰባት ዓመታት ያገለገሉ ቢሆንም ‹‹ኬርየር አምባሳደር›› መባል የሚችሉ አይደሉም፡፡ ከዚያ በኋላም የቀድሞ የአማራ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ አያሌው ጐበዜና የማዕድን ሚኒስትሯ ወ/ሮ ስንቅነሽ እጅጉ በአምባሳደርነት ተሹመዋል፡፡ 
ባለፈው ሳምንት ደግሞ በኢሕዴድ መሥራችነትና ታጋይነት እንዲሁም በተለያዩ የመንግሥት ተቋማትና የክልል ፕሬዚዳንትነት ያገለገሉት አቶ ኩማ ደመቅሳ እንዲሁም ለ15 ዓመታት ገደማ የኢትዮጵያ ስታትስቲክስ ባለሥልጣን ዋና ዳይሬክተር የነበሩት ወ/ሮ ሳሚያ ዘካሪያና ሌሎች አራት ግለሰቦች በአምባሳደርነት ተሹመዋል፡፡
የተቀሩት አራቱ ማለትም በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በዳይሬክተር ጄኔራልነት ሲያገለግሉ የነበሩት አምባሳደር ግሩም ዓባይ፣ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ የነበሩት አምባሳደር ዲና ሙፍቲና የተቀሩት ሁለቱ አምባሳደር ነጋሽ ክብረትና አምባሳደር ዋህድ በላይ ከ20 እስከ 35 ዓመታት በተለያዩ ኃላፊነቶች በዲፕሎማትነት ያገለገሉ ‹‹ኬርየር አምባሳደሮች›› ናቸው፡፡ 
በጉዳዩ ላይ ለሚዲያ የመናገር ኃላፊነት እንደሌላቸው በመግለጽ ስማቸው እንዳይጠቀስ የጠየቁ አንድ የውጭ ጉዳይ የረዥም ጊዜ አምባሳደር፣ ኢትዮጵያ ሁለቱንም ዓይነት የፖለቲካ ሹመትንም በዲፕሎማሲ ሙያ ላይ የቆዩትንም በውጭ አገልግሎት ላይ ትመደባለች ይላሉ፡፡ ይህ አቋም በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሕዝብ ግንኙነት አማካሪ አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ የሚደገፍ ነው፡፡ 
‹‹በፖለቲካ የሚመደቡ አምባሳደሮች ለረዥም ጊዜ የመንግሥትን ፖሊሲ ሲያስፈጽሙ የቆዩ በመሆናቸው የአጭር ጊዜ የዲፕሎማሲ ሥልጠና ወስደው እንዲመደቡ ይደረጋል፡፡ ምክንያቱም የፖሊሲ ሥልጠና በአጭር ጊዜ ሰጥቶ አምባሳደር ማድረግ ስለማይቻል፤›› በማለት አቶ ጌታቸው ያስረዳሉ፡፡
ስማቸው እንዳይገለጽ የጠየቁት የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ባልደረባ ‹‹ኬርየር ዲፕሎማቶች›› በተለይ ‹‹ጥልቅ የሆነ የዲፕሎማሲ ሥራ የሚጠየቅባቸው እንደ ተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት በሚገኙባቸው አገሮች ይሾማሉ፡፡ የመንግሥት ፍላጐት ለምሳሌ ዳያስፖራውን ማንቀሳቀስ ከሆነ በፖለቲካ ሹመት የሚመደብ አምባሳደር ይኖራል፤›› በማለት ያስረዳሉ፡፡          
በአጠቃላይ ይህ የውጭ ግንኙነት አገልግሎት አዋጅ ከወጣ በኋላ በይፋ የተመደቡ አምባሳደሮች ብዛት 16 ሲሆን፣ ከዚህ ውስጥ አራቱ ብቻ ‹‹ኬርየር ዲፕሎማት›› የሚባሉ ናቸው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ሌሎች ስምንት የሚሆኑትም በዲፕሎማሲው መስክ የተሻለ አገልግሎት ያላቸው በመሆኑ የኢትዮጵያ የውጭ ግንኙነት አገልግሎት በሥርዓት መመራት ጀምሯል ማለት ይቻላል፡፡
‹‹ሥልጠናውን አልፈን በውጭ ጉዳይ ከተመደብን በኋላ ሥርዓቱን ስናየው ቀድሞም በዚህ መልኩ ነበር መሆን የነበረበት አስብሎናል፤›› በማለት ዘሪሁን አሁን ያለው ሥርዓት ልምድ ያላቸውን ዲፕሎማቶች ለማፍራት እጅግ ጠቃሚ እንደሆነ ለሪፖርተር ገልጿል፡፡
‹‹በ10 ዓመት ጊዜ ውስጥ በአምባሳደርነት የምመደብ ይመስለኛል፡፡ ከሆነልኝ የምፈልገው በቃል አቀባይ ጽሕፈት ቤት በአምባሳደርነት መመደብ ነው፤›› በማለት ዘሪሁን ምኞቱን ይገልጻል፡፡ 
አሜሪካ ‹‹ፎሪን ሰርቪስ አክት›› የሚል ስያሜ ያለው የዲፕሎማት አመላመልና ምደባን የሚመራ ሕግ ቢኖራትም፣ ሹመት የመስጠት ኃላፊነቱ እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ሁሉ በሥራ አስፈጻሚ የበላይ የሚፈጸም በመሆኑ የምርጫ ዘመቻ አስተባባሪዎችን ለመካስ በአምባሳደርነት በመሾም ተመዝብሯል፡፡ በኢትዮጵያ አሁን እየተፈጠረ ያለው ሥርዓትን ከዚህ መሰሉ አደጋ መጠበቅ ለዘመናዊ የዲፕሎማሲ አገልግሎትና ውጤት ትልቅ መሠረት መሆኑ የሚያሻማ አይደለም፡፡