POWr Social Media Icons

Friday, October 31, 2014

አዲስ አበባ ጥቅምት 20/2007 ዛምቢያ ፕሬዝዳንቷን በሞት ካጣች በኋላ የአገሪቱ ካቢኔ አዲስ ተጠባባቂ ፕሬዝዳንት መሾሟን ዘ ኒዮርክ ታይምስ ዘገበ።
የአገሪቱ ካቢኔ ትናንት ባደረገው አስቸኳይ ስብሰባ  የአገሪቱ  ምክትል ፕሬዝዳንት የነበሩትን ጌይ ስኮትን በጊዜያዊነት ሰይሟል።
የእንግሊዙ ዜና ማሰራጫ ቢቢሲ የዛምቢያን መከላከያ ሚኒስትር ኢድጋር ሉንጉን እንደዘገበው ደግሞ የዘር ሃረጋቸው ከስኮትላንድ የሚመዘዙት ሚስተር ስኮት ዛምቢያ ከቅኝ አገዛዝ ነጻ ከወጣች በኋላ የአገሪቱ የመጀመሪያው ነጭ የአገር መሪ ያደርጋቸዋል።
ጌይ ስኮት የፕሬዝዳንትነት ምርጫው በ90 ቀን ውስጥ እስከሚካሄድ ድረስ በተጠባባቂነት አገሪታን ይመራሉ።
የ70 ዓመቱ አዛውንት ጌይ ስኮት ከዚህ ቀደም አርሶ አደር፣የግብርና ባለሙያና የምጣኔ ሃብት ባለሙያ ሆነው መሰራታቸውን የቢቢሲ ዘገባ አመልክቷል።
በተጨማሪም ሚስተር ስኮት በተለያዩ ሃላፊነቶች፣ የሚኒስቴር ቦታዎችና እንደ አውሮፓዊያን አቆጣጠር  ከ2011 እስከ 2014 በምክትል ፕሬዝዳንትነት አገልግለዋል።
የሚስተር ስኮት እንደ አውሮፓዊያን አቆጣጠር በ1994 የደቡብ አፍሪካ መሪ የነበሩት ኤፍ ዴ ክለርክ ከስልጣን ከወረዱ በኃላ ከሳሃራ በታች የመጀመሪያው ነጭ መሪ ሆነው መመረጥ በአለም አቀፍ ብዙሃን መገናኛ ተቋማት አዎንታዊና አሉታዊና አስተያዬቶችን እየሰጡ ነው።
ዛምቢያን ለ3 አመታት የመሩት የ77 አመቱ ሚካኤል ሳታ ከትናት በስቲያ በሞት መለየታቸው ይታወሳል።
ምንጭ፦ ኢዜኣ

በግብርና ሚኒስቴር የዘላቂ መሬት አያያዝ  ፕሮግራም አማካሪ አቶ መላኩ ታደሰ  እንዳሉት፥ ኢትዮጵያ ለቀርከሀ ምርት ያላት ምቹነት ጉባኤውን እንድታስተናግድ አስመርጧታል።

በጉባኤው የግሉ ዘርፍ ለቀርከሃ ልማት በሚኖረው ድርሻ እንዲሁም ቀርከሃ ለተፋሰስ ልማት በሚኖረው ሚና  ዙሪያ ጥናቶች ቀርበው ውይይት ይደረጋል።
ቀርከሀ በኢንዱስትሪው ዘርፍ ለኢኮኖሚ እድገትና የህብረተሰቡን የኑሮ ደረጃ  ለመለወጥ የሚኖረው አስተዋጽኦም የጎላ መሆኑን ነው አቶ መላኩ የተናገሩት።
ኢትዮጵያ 1 ሚሊዮን ሄክታር ላይ ያረፈ የቀርከሃ ምርት ያላት ሲሆን፥ ከአፍሪካ በአጠቃላይ ካለው ምርት 67 በመቶውን ትሸፍናለች፡፡
ምንጭ፦ ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ.

President says: Bilateral relationship between Ethiopia, South Korea deepen

President Mulatu Teshome said that the bilateral relationship between Ethiopia and South Korea has been further boosting.
While discussing with departing South Korean Ambassador to Ethiopia Kim Jong Geun yesterday, the President noted the ties between the two countries in economic, social, political and cultural areas have deepen.

The President urged the need to deepen ties in investment and trade to further boost the relationships, according to a high level official who attended the meeting.

The departing ambassador for his part said the bilateral relationship between the two countries is further strengthening.

He noted that 20 South Korean companies are investing in Ethiopia in various areas, including industry and infrastructure development, among others.

According to the Ambassador, South Korea is preparing to provide assistance for construction of the Modjo- Hawassa highway.

After a decade of closure, Ethiopia, which sent 6,000 soldiers to support South Korea during the Korean War, re-opened its Embassy in Seoul last year.

The South Korean government has launched a job-training program for 300 descendants of Korean War veterans in Ethiopia, which expected to further deepen bilateral ties between Korea and Ethiopia.
Source: http://213.55.98.22/enae/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2407:president-says-bilateral-relationship-between-ethiopia-south-korea-deepen&Itemid=219#.VFOIp_nF86U
















The Good Food Awards announced its 2015 finalists in several categories, including beer, chocolate, and pickles. In the coffee category, 25 coffees from 23 roasters earned finalist nods, with 20 of those 25 hailing from East Africa (16 from Ethiopia and four from Kenya).
large_Shilicho1
Sustainable Harvest® proudly sourced two of the Ethiopian coffees to earn finalist spots: Sidama Homacho Waeno from San Francisco’s Blue Bottle Coffee and Shilicho (pictured above) from Ashland, Ore.’s Noble Coffee. Both coffees are now available in Sustainable Harvest®’s Current Offerings.
Homacho Waeno is a 3,500-member cooperative whose members cultivate coffee on 2,000 sloped hectares of rich volcanic soils in Ethiopia’s Sidama region. The co-op produces world-class coffee with citrus and spice notes balanced by nice acidity and a nuanced, sweet aftertaste. Blue Bottle won first place with the coffee in the Africa category at Sustainable Harvest®’s Roaster HarVees earlier this month, held in conjunction with the 12th annual Let’s Talk Coffee® event.
The Shilicho cooperative, located in Ethiopia’s southern highlands, produces coffee with exceptionally bright, clean cups tasting of spice and sweet fruit. The co-op produces 180 tons of washed coffee beans each year at its wet mill in the Sidama region. Shilicho translates to “good taste” in the Sidama language.
The Good Food Awards will announce its 2015 winners on January 8.
Amnesty International made waves this week with its report alleging ”patterns of human rights violations” on the Oromos – a community to which the President of Ethiopia belongs.
The London-based rights group claimed:
“at least 5,000 Oromos have been arrested based on their actual or suspected peaceful opposition to the government” and presented troubling accounts of individuals who allegedly had been subjected ”to treatment amounting to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.”
Inadequacy of the human rights practices in Ethiopia is not a much disputed matter. Even the authorities in Addis Ababa felt the need to launched an inter-ministerial National Human Rights Action Plan (NHRAP) so as to “review the  present  human  rights  situation  of  the country, identifies potential problems, and sets feasible solutions.”
But the similarity ends there. What the NHRAP acknowledges is “occasional human rights violations are committed by some police officers due to lack of awareness,” while Amnesty International  alleges “patterns of human rights violations” in which “a multiplicity of both regional and federal actors are involved.”
While NHRAP aims:
“to develop a  comprehensive  and structured  mechanism  to  advance  the  respect,  protection  and  fulfillment  of  human  and  democratic  rights”;  western rights-groups want “the establishment of an independent commission of inquiry,   fact – finding mission or comparable  procedure, comprised of independent international experts.”
For a cautious observer, the essential lies in the western rights-groups’ demand and Addis Ababa’s refusal of a “confession”  and an international intervention. Demands that Addis Ababa deems paternalistic, while Amnesty decries ”the repeated failure to acknowledge the existence of  torture  demonstrates a concerning lack of political will.”
Thus, in an apparent bid to pressure Ethiopia and her developmental partners, Amnesty  picked a sensational title on the reports. With an alarmist title ”Because I Am Oromo: Sweeping Repression In The Oromia Region Of Ethiopia”, Amnesty International’s report led to sensational headlines:Ethiopia ‘targets’ Oromo ethnic group (BBC); Ethiopia ‘ruthlessly targeting’ and torturing Oromo people, says Amnesty (The Guardian); Ethiopia Systematically Repressing Oromo (VOA ) and others.
The media outlets were not entirely unjustified, as that is what the report appears to have been aiming for. Though buried in the report, a disclaimer-styled note reads:
“many of the human rights violations documented in this report…affected other ethnic groups as well as Oromo s  over the  same time period. However, this reports focuses  specifically on Oromia and Oromo s due to  the  large  scale of the targeting of actual or perceived dissent in the region.  This research did  not, however,   compare the treatment of the Oromo to treatment of other ethnic groups, so the  report does not seek to establish discriminatory treatment, but to specifically document  patterns of violations in Oromia.”
Yet, the report consisted several contentions impressing up on the reader that the government targeted the Oromos – a community to which the President, the Dep. Prime Minister and the Hose Speaker as well as a third of the population  belongs.
Two illustrations suffice: In its introductory note, it shouts ”Oromos make up  a high proportion of the prison population in federal prisons …. [the numerical size of the group] alone does not account for the high  proportion of Oromos in the country’s prisons”
Nonetheless, the report indicates elsewhere that ”a large proportion of former detainees interviewed by Amnesty International” were detained in region”. Though two remarks were quoted in the report to corroborate the claim, both are about decade-old and made in a political campaign gathering context – not to Amnesty’s interviewers. In fact, since the number of inmates at Federal prisons was about 18,000 – or a fifth – of the total prison population , any plausible estimate of disproportionate incarceration would not change the math by significant margin. Taking into consideration that prison density in Oromia region was 87:100,000 in 2010, while the national average was 108.
Perhaps even more bewildering is the report’s claim that ”the government has exhibited hostility to displays of Oromo cultural heritage” adding that ”participating  in societies to discuss and promote Oromo culture and history  also causes harassment and in some cases, arrest”. Quite to the contrary, the recent debate was on the regional government’s insistence that business owners should give the Oromo language prominence on their roadside billboards.
But there is a giveaway.  Describing an arrest made during a celebration of the  traditional festival of Irreecha , the report indicates ”Reported reasons for arrests included  wearing clothes in colours considered as symbols of Oromo resistance  –   red   and   green  –   or  alleged chanting of political slogans during the festival”.
The “symbols of Oromo resistance” was an euphemism the report writers chose to use for the flag/symbols of OLF (Oromo Liberation Front) – a group with a troubling track-record and recently proscribed as terrorist by Ethiopian parliament.  Whether a ban on wearing flag/symbols a terrorist group is advised was an issue on which Amnesty could have cast light on.
This is not a rebuttal of the report, as that requires further analyses. Again, as noted earlier, the rights group may be tempted to use sensational headings and catchy-phrases which may be excusable approach if a single-minded focus on saving others is presumed.
Yet, employing hyperbolic  statements that stir emotions in an entire community does a disservice to the primary objective of the report and leads the conversation astray.

Thursday, October 30, 2014

 የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ለ5ኛ ጊዜ ለሚካሄደው ጠቅላላ ምርጫ አፈጻጸም የጊዜ ሰሌዳ ይፋ አደረገ።
ቦርዱ በመጪው ግንቦት ወር የሚካሄደውን አገራዊ ምርጫ  የጊዜ ሰሌዳና  ስላከናወናቸው ተግባራት ለጋዜጠኞች መግለጫ ሰጥቷል።
የብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ሰብሳቢ ፕሮፌሰር መርጋ በቃና በዚህ ወቅት እንድተናገሩት ቦርዱ ያለፉትን አራት ምርጫዎች በመገምገምና  በቦርዱ ተመዝግበው ፍቃድ ካገኙ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ጋር ውይይት አካሂዶ ለ30 የክንውን ሂደቶች የጊዜ ሰሌዳ አውጥቷል።
በዚህ መሰረት ከህዳር 15 እስከ ህዳር 30 ፓርቲዎች የመወዳደሪያ ምልክቶች የሚመርጡበት፣ከታህሳስ 16 እስከ 27 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ዕጩ ምዝገባና ከጥር 1 እስከ 12 የመራጮች ምዝገባ የሚካሄድበት ጊዜ ይሆናል።
ከየካቲት 7 እስከ 13  ደግሞ ዕጩዎች የምርጫ ውድድር እንቅስቃሴ በይፋ የሚጀምሩበትና የሚያጠናቅቁበት፣ ግንቦት 16 የድምፅ መስጫ ቀን ሲሆን ሰኔ 15 ውጤቱ ለህዝብ ይፍ ይደረጋል ሲሉ ሰብሳቢው አብራርተዋል።
ይህ የክንውን የጊዜ ሰሌዳ የተለየው በአዲስ አበባ ካሉት 23 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ከ22ና በክልሎች ከሚገኙ ፓርቲዎች ጋር በአዳማና በሃዋሳ ከተማ ዝርዝር ውይይቶች ከተደረገ በኋላ እንደሆነ አስረድተዋል።
ከፓርቲዎቹ ጋር በተደረገው ውይይት የዕጩዎችና የመራጮች ምዝገባ እንዲራዘም ለቀረበው ጥያቄ ስምምነት ላይ ተደርሷል።
ቦርዱ ምርጫው የተሳካ እንዲሆን የ2002 ጠቅላላ ምርጫን ከሚመለከታቻው  ባለድርሻ አካላት ጋር በመሆን ሰፊ ሳይንሳዊ ጥናት አካሂዶ የጥናቱን ወጤት ለሚመለከታቸው ባለድርሻ አካላት አሰራጭቷል።
ከጥናቱ በኋላ የቦርዱ የትኩረት አቅጣጫንና የአምስት አመቱን የእቅድና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ መሰረት በማድረግ ከፍተኛ እንቅስቃሴ አድርጓል ብለዋል።
በዚህም ቦርድ በሰው ሃይል አሰላለፍ፣አስፈላጊውን የምርጫ ቁሳቁስና ኮሮጆ ዝግጅት 90 በመቶ አጠናቋል።
በአሁኑ ወቅት በአገሪቱ በምርጫ ቦርድ ህጋዊ እውቅና አግኝተው የሚንቀሳቀሱ 75 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች አሉ።
Source: www.ena.gov.et



Gebreselassie, Samson Gebremedhin, Gase, Fikre Enquselassie, Deressa, Melaku Umeta, Journal of Health Population and Nutrition

INTRODUCTION
Vitamin is an essential micronutrient required for the normal functioning of the vision system,immunity, epithelial integrity, cellular differentiation, growth and development, and possiblyreproduction (1,2). The World Health Organization (WHO) defines vitamin deficiency (VAD)as tissue concentrations of vitamin (VA) low enough to have adverse health consequences, evenif there is no evidence of clinical deficiency (3).
VAD remains serious public-health problem in the developing world (4). Preschool childrenand pregnant women suffer the most widespread and severe effects of VAD (2). According toWHO, VAD is of moderate to severe public-health importance in 122 countries (2). Globally, 190million preschool children and 19 million pregnant women have low serum retinol concentration(2). In countries at risk of VAD, 33.3% of preschool children and 15.3% of pregnant women aredeficient (2).
Several studies linked prenatal VAD with various adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes,including anaemia (5,6), preterm delivery (6-9), intra-uterine growth retardation (8,10), lowbirthweight (5,9,11), malformations (12), infection (13), pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia (11,13-15),vertical transmission of HIV (16), poor infant growth (5,11), neonatal and infant mortality (5,17),and maternal mortality (17,18). Nevertheless, the negative effects of prenantal VAD on birthoutcomes are still controversial.
Studies conducted over decades consistently indicated the public-health significance of VAD inEthiopia (19). However, the full extent of the problem in pregnant women is not clearly known asmost of the studies were carried on preschool children. Although WHO estimated 13.2%prevalence of VAD in pregnant women in Ethiopia (2), the available three studies (20-22)conducted in the southern and north-western part of the country reported higher prevalencefigures ranging from 17 to 27%.
The objectives of the current study are to assess the prevalence and potential risk factors ofprenatal VAD in Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia, where an earlier survey (21) reported seriouslyhigh (27%) prevalence of VAD. The current study explored wide range of potential risk factors,including maternal literacy level, income, age, gestational age, household wealth index, agro-ecological zone, zinc deficiency (ZD), parity, birth interval, history of breastfeeding, level of C-reactive protein (CRP), dietary diversity (DD), type of staple food, distance from the nearbyhealth facility, antenatal care (ANC), and history of nutrition education during pregnancy. Aprevious study (23) has already presented the prevalence and correlates of ZD among similargroup of study subjects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Study design
This is community-based, cross-sectional study, with descriptive and analytic designs.
Setting
The study was conducted in January 2011 in 18 kebeles of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Akebele is the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia, comprising approximately 1,000households. Sidama zone is one of the 15 zones of Southern Nations Nationalities and PeoplesRegional State (24). The zone has population of 2,966,652 and population density of430/[km.sup.2] (24). In terms of agro-ecological zone, approximately 50%, 30%, and 20% of thepeople dwell in the midlands (1,750-2,300 above sea-level (ASL)), highlands (>2,300 ASL)and lowlands (<1750 ASL) respectively (25). Livelihood of about 85% of the populationdepends on subsistent farming. Major crops grown in the area are enset (Enset ventricosum),coffee, and maize (25).
Sample-size
Single proportion sample-size calculation formula was used in determining adequate sample-sizefor estimating the prevalence of VAD. The sample-size of 666 pregnant women was computedbased at 95% confidence level, 5% margin of error, design effect of 2, 27% expected prevalence ofVAD (21), and 10% non-response rate. 
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Irgalem
Abosto, Dalle
Irgalem
Irgalem
Location within Ethiopia
Coordinates:6°45′N 38°25′E / 6.750°N 38.417°ECoordinates6°45′N 38°25′E / 6.750°N 38.417°E
CountryEthiopia
RegionSouthern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples'
ZoneSidama
Elevation1,776 m (5,827 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total43,815
Time zoneEAT (UTC+3)
Irgalem (Amharicይርጋለም?; also spelled YrgalamYrgalem[1] and Yrga Alem; alternate names include AbostoDalle) is a town in southern Ethiopia. Located 260 kilometers south of Addis Ababa and 40 kilometers south of Awasa in the Sidama Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (or kilil), the town has a latitude and longitude of 6°45′N 38°25′E / 6.750°N 38.417°E and an elevation of 1776 meters. It is the largest settlement in Dale woreda.
Postal service is provided by a main branch; electricity and telephone service are also available.[2]

History edit Edit

Irgalem was occupied by the Italians 1 December 1936 during their campaign against the remaining Ethiopian Army of Sidamo under Ras Desta Damtew.[3] The town was capital of Sidamo Province until after the 1975 takeover by the Derge regime, when it was moved to Awassa.
Around 1957 there was no telephone landline connecting Irgalem; telecommunications were provided by a radio station. The next year, the town was one of 27 places in Ethiopia ranked as First Class Township. Installation of the landline between Irgalem and Addis Ababa was completed in late 1960. By that time a branch of the Ethiopian Electric Light and Power Authority had started operation at Irgalem.[4]
The Mekane Yesus Church held its Eighth General Assembly at Irgalem in 1973. The Assembly passed a resolution requesting land reform in Ethiopia - a reform which was in fact put into action a couple of years later, as a result of theEthiopian Revolution.[4]

Demographics edit Edit

Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia published in 2005, Iragalem has an estimated total population of 43,815 of whom 21,840 are men and 21,975 women.[5] The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 24,183 of whom 12,092 were men and 12,091 were women.

Notes edit Edit

  1. ^ National Geographic Society (1965). National Geographic Globe (Map). 1 : 31,363,200. Washington, D.C..
  2. ^ "Detailed statistics on infrastructure", Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region, Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 27 September 2009)
  3. ^ Anthony Mockler, Haile Selassie's War (New York: Olive Branch, 2003), p. 172.
  4. a b "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 24 May 2012)
  5. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4. Archived 23 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine