Nomonanoto Show

Friday, November 8, 2013

Ethiopia today launches a program to protect the 2.8 million children born in the country each year with a vaccine against rotavirus, which leads to severe, and often fatal, diarrhoea.

The country has one of the greatest burdens of rotavirus anywhere in the world, accounting for 6 per cent of all deaths from the disease globally. Ethiopia is the 17th country to introduce the rotavirus vaccine with GAVI Alliance support, according to UNICEF.
“Few things in the world have a greater impact on public health than vaccines,” said GAVI CEO Dr Seth Berkley. “Rotavirus vaccine offers the best hope for preventing the deadly dehydrating diarrhoea caused by this disease and preventing thousands of deaths of young children in Ethiopia.”
“Diarrhoea takes the lives of more than 38,500 Ethiopian children under-five each year, rotavirus being responsible for close to two-thirds of the deaths,” said Ethiopia’s Minister of Health Dr Admasu Kesetebirhan. “Providing rotavirus vaccines to our children and integrating them with appropriate diarrhoeal disease control interventions will further support our efforts to reduce child mortality.”
Ethiopia has undertaken significant work to introduce the rotavirus vaccine nationally. It has significantly expanded its cold chain facilities nationwide and deployed health extension workers to provide immunisation services in each village with at least 5,000 people, in a country with 84 million people spread across 1.1 million square kilometres.
“Ethiopia has a policy of reaching the hard-to-reach parts of the country and focusing on prevention of disease, health promotion and transferring responsibility to individual families,” said Dr Kesetebirhan.
The UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation recently reported that Ethiopia had achieved United Nations Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4), by reducing its under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2012.
“Ethiopia is becoming a development leader on the African continent, the success is driven by political commitment, advances in science and technology and improvements in health, nutrition and family planning services, particularly in the rural areas,” said Dr Peter Salama, UNICEF representative in Ethiopia.
GAVI has worked with Ethiopia since 2001. Two years ago, in October 2011, with GAVI support, Ethiopia introduced pneumococcal conjugate vaccine to protect children against the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health leading cause of pneumonia. Earlier this year, Ethiopia conducted supplementary campaigns against measles and last week introduced meningitis A vaccine, also with GAVI support.
The World Health Organization underscored Ethiopia’s progress. “Recently, immunisation programmes from central to regional levels were strengthened following a survey that showed a drop in immunisation coverage figures,” said Dr Pierre M’Pele-Kilebou, WHO Representative to Ethiopia. “There has been major improvement in the cold chain system as new vaccines are introduced.”
In addition to the support it receives from GAVI and Development Partners, the Government of Ethiopia also allocates domestic budget to procure other vaccines such as BCG, TT, Measles as well as co finances a matching budget to procure vaccines supported through GAVI funding.
GAVI and its partners plan to support the introduction of life-saving rotavirus vaccines in at least 30 of the world’s poorest countries by 2015.
Globally, rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhoea in children under five years of age, killing more than 450,000 children each year and hospitalising millions more. In GAVI-eligible countries, where 95% of deaths due to rotavirus occur, the implementation of rotavirus vaccination has the potential to save the lives of more than 800,000 children lives 2011 and 2020.
thiopian police have arrested without charge two editors of the independent Amharic weekly Ethio-Mihdar, according to local journalists.

© wellphoto via Fotolia.com
Police in the town of Legetafo, north-east of the capital Addis Ababa, on Monday arrested Getachew Worku in connection a story published in October alleging corruption in the town administration, according to Muluken Tesfaw, a reporter with the paper, who spoke to Worku shortly after his arrest. Worku has not been charged, he said.

On Saturday, police arrested Million Degnew, the general manager of the newspaper, and Muna Ahmedin, a secretary, said Muluken and local journalists. Ahmedin was released the same day but Degnew remains in custody without charge, Tesfaw said.

An intimidation tactic

"A free and inquisitive media is a cornerstone of development that should benefit all Ethiopians," said CPJ's Africa Program Coordinator Sue Valentine. "Repeatedly detaining journalists without charge is an intimidation tactic that must end. We urge the authorities to release Million Degnew and Getachew Worku immediately."

The government has harassed Ethio-Mihdar in the past for its independent coverage, according to CPJ research. Degnew and Worku have been sued for defamation by the public Hawassa University, according to local journalists and news reports. University officials are seeking 300,000 birr (US$15,000) and the closure of the newspaper over a report alleging corruption in the school's administration, according to local journalists.

In May, Tesfaw was detained for 10 days while reporting on evictions of farmers from their land in north-west Ethiopia. He was released without charge.

Ethiopia trails only Eritrea as Africa's worst jailer of journalists, according to CPJ's annual prison census. More than 75 publications have been forced to close under government pressure since 1993, CPJ research shows.

Source: Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) via APO
thiopian police have arrested without charge two editors of the independent Amharic weekly Ethio-Mihdar, according to local journalists.

© wellphoto via Fotolia.com
Police in the town of Legetafo, north-east of the capital Addis Ababa, on Monday arrested Getachew Worku in connection a story published in October alleging corruption in the town administration, according to Muluken Tesfaw, a reporter with the paper, who spoke to Worku shortly after his arrest. Worku has not been charged, he said.

On Saturday, police arrested Million Degnew, the general manager of the newspaper, and Muna Ahmedin, a secretary, said Muluken and local journalists. Ahmedin was released the same day but Degnew remains in custody without charge, Tesfaw said.

An intimidation tactic

"A free and inquisitive media is a cornerstone of development that should benefit all Ethiopians," said CPJ's Africa Program Coordinator Sue Valentine. "Repeatedly detaining journalists without charge is an intimidation tactic that must end. We urge the authorities to release Million Degnew and Getachew Worku immediately."

The government has harassed Ethio-Mihdar in the past for its independent coverage, according to CPJ research. Degnew and Worku have been sued for defamation by the public Hawassa University, according to local journalists and news reports. University officials are seeking 300,000 birr (US$15,000) and the closure of the newspaper over a report alleging corruption in the school's administration, according to local journalists.

In May, Tesfaw was detained for 10 days while reporting on evictions of farmers from their land in north-west Ethiopia. He was released without charge.

Ethiopia trails only Eritrea as Africa's worst jailer of journalists, according to CPJ's annual prison census. More than 75 publications have been forced to close under government pressure since 1993, CPJ research shows.

Source: Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) via APO