Nomonanoto Show

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

አዲስ አበባ ፣ ጥር 19 ፣ 2006 (ኤፍ ቢ ሲ) የቀድሞው የፌዴራል ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ ዋና ዳይሬክተር የነበሩት አቶ ተፈሪ ፍቅሬ በሙስና ወንጀል ተጠርጥረው ዛሬ ፍርድ ቤት ቀረቡ።
ተከሳሹ የፌዴራል ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ ዋና ዳይሬክተር በመሆን ከ2002 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ያገለገሉት  አቶ ተፈሪ ፍቅሬ የፌደራል የስነ ምግባርና  ፀረ ሙስና  አቃቢ ህግ በፌደራሉ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት አንደኛ ወንጀል ችሎት ክስ መስርቶባቸዋል ።
በግለሰቡ ላይ የተከፈተው  የክስ መዝገብ ተከሳሹ የተሰጣቸውን የመንግስት ሃላፊነት ያለአግባብ ተጠቅመው የማይገባ ጥቅም ለማግኘትና ለሌሎች ለማስገኘት በማሰብ ፤
በቀድሞው ወረዳ 23 ቀበሌ 12 በውጭ ምንዛሬ ተከራይቶ የነበረውን የቤት ቁጥር 106 የመንግስት ቤት ለኢትዮጵያውያን እንዲከራይ ግምት እንዲሰራ በታዘዘው መሰረት በባለሙያዎች 1 ሺህ 998 ብር ተመን ከወጣለት በኋላ ፤
የኤጀንሲውን የተለመደ አሰራር በመጣስና የባለሙያዎችን የኪራይ ግምት ውድቅ በማድረግ ለአንዲት ግለሰብ ተመኑን ቀንሰው አከራይተዋል።
በዚህም ከ2002 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት መንግስት ከቤቱ ማግኘት የነበረበትን 17 ሺህ 420 ብር በማሳጣትና በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳት አድርሰው ተከራይን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ አድርገዋል ይላል ።
በቀድሞው ወረዳ 21 ቀበሌ 01 የቤት ቁጥር 112/40 የሆነውን የመንግስት መኖሪያ ቤት ባሰፋ ትሬዲንግ ኃላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ድርጅት፥ ለመኖሪያነት አገልግሎት በጨረታ አሸንፎ 7 ሺህ 650 ብር እየከፈለ ይኖርበት የነበረውን ቤት፤
ተከሳሹ ከተከራይ ድርጅቱ ጋር በመመሳጠር ቤቱ ለመኖሪያ ቤትነት እንደተሰጠ እየታወቀ ለስራ አልተመቸኝም በማለት እንዲያመለክቱ አድርገው ፤ የኤጀንሲውን መመሪያ ወደጎን በመተው በዚሁ ቀበሌ የሚገኘውን የቤት ቁጥር 394/23 የሆነን የድርጅት ቤት በመኖሪያነት ተቀይሮ እንዲሰጣቸውና የቤቱን የኪራይ ዋጋ መጠንም ከብር 5 ሺህ 126 ወደ 1 ሺህ 93 ብር በማውረድ እንዲከራዩት ስልጣናቸውን ያላግባብ በመጠቀም ወስነዋል ይላል  የክስ መዝገቡ ።
በዚሁ በወረዳ 21 ቀበሌ 01 የቤት ቁጥር 112/40 የሆነውን የመንግስት ቤት ከ2003 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ድረስ ፥ በየወሩ ከቤቱ የኪራይ ተመን 7 ሺህ ብር በመቀነስ መንግስት ከቤቱ ማግኘት የነበረበትን 244 ሺህ ብር እንዲያጣ ማድረጋቸው ተጠቅሷል ።
በወረዳ 23 ቀበሌ 23 የቤት ቁጥር 394/ 23 ከሆነው ቤት ላይ ደግሞ በወር 4 ሺህ 33 ብር በመቀነስ ከ2003 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ፥ 129 ሺህ 56 ብር በመቀነስ በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳት በማድረስና ተከራይን ያለአግባበብ ተጠቃሚ ማድረጋቸው በክሱ ተጠቅሷል።
ቀድሞ ወረዳ 18 ቀበሌ 06 የቤት ቁጥር 008/14 ተከራይ የነበሩ ግለሰብ ከሚሰሩበት ተቋም ወይም ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ፅህፈት ቤት የተፃፈላቸው የድጋፍ ደብዳቤ ሳይኖር ከተከሳሹ ጋር ባላቸው የግል ቀረቤታ፥ ለግለሰቡ ቀድሞ 7 ሺህ 600 ብር ተከራይቶ የነበረውን የቤት ቁጥር 112 /40 ፥ በ650 ብር እንዲከራዩት በማድረግ ቅያሬ ቤት በመስጠት ግለሰቡ ያለአግባብ እንዲጠቀሙ አድርገዋልም ሲል  ይዘረዝራል 
 ኤጀንሲው ከሚያስተዳድራቸው የመንግስት ቤቶች ውስጥ ለተወሰኑ የመንግስት መስሪያ ቤቶችና የልማት ድርጅት ሰራተኞችና ሃላፊዎች ተመድበው የነበሩ 28 የመንግስት ቤቶችን ፥ በመኖሪያ ቤቶች አዋጅ መሰረት የከተማ ልማትና ኮንስትራክሽን ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤት ማፅደቅ እየተገባው ፤ ተከሳሽ ራሳቸው በ2004 ዓመተ ምህረት ያወጡት መመሪያ ይፈቅድልኛል በሚል ከስልጣናቸው በላይ በመስራትና በመወሰን ፤
እንዲሁም ለመንግስት መስሪያ ቤቶች ማበረታቻ ተመድበው የነበሩትን የመንግስት ቤቶች ከታሰበለት ዓላማ በመውጣት፥ በግለሰቦች ስም በማዞር እና በማከራየት አሰራርን እየጣሱ ግለሰቦችን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ አድርገዋል ይላል የስነ ምግባርና ፀረሙስና ኮሚሽን አቃቤ ህግ በክሱ።
በአጠቃላይ ተከሳሹ ህግ እና አሰራርን በመጣስና በዜጎች መካከል ልዩነት በመፍጠርና የመንግስትን መብትና ጥቅም በሚጎዳ መንገድ በመስራት፤ በጥቅሉ ከ33 ቤቶች መንግስት ማግኘት የነበረበትን 370 ሺህ 446 ብር ተቀንሶ እንዲከራይ የማድረግ ስልጣን ሳይኖራቸው ከአሰራር ውጪ እየወሰኑ በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳይ ያደረሱና ግለሰቦችን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ በማድረጋቸው ተከሰዋል።
ችሎቱ ክሱን ከተመለከተ በኋላ ግለሰቡ የዋስትና መብታቸው ተነስቶ በማረሚያ ቤት ሆነው የክስ ሂደታቸውን እንዲከታሉ ተዕዛዝ በመስጠት ፥ የክስ መግለጫውን ለማድመጥም ለህዳር 3 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም ተለዋጭ ቀጠሮ ይዟል።
ጥቻ ወራና (Xiichcha Woraana) ከሲዳማ እንደ ዘገበው፤የቀድሞ የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት ዋና ኣስተዳዳሪ የነበሩትን ካላ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ከሲዳማ ዞን ለቀው ወደ ክልል ያመሩ ሲሆን የደቡብ ክልል ትምህርት ቢሮ ሃለፊ ሆነዋል። በካላ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ቦታ ከሃርቤጎና እንደመጡ የምነገርላቸውን የቀድሞው የዞኑ የድርጅት ጉዳይ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ካላ ኣክልሉ ኣዴላ ተተክተዋል። በካላ ኣክልሉ ቦታ ደግሞ ካላ ደስታ ላታሞ የዞኑ ድርጅት ጉዳይ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ሆነው ተሹመዋል።

በተመሳሳይም የዞኑ ፋይናንስ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ሆነው ስሰሩ የቆዩት ካላ በቀለ ታፎ ወደ ሲዳማ ዞን ስቪል ሰርቪስ መምሪያ ተዛውረዋል። በካላ በቀለ ቦታ የቀድሞ የሸቤድኖ ወረዳ ዋና ኣስተዳዳሪ ካላ ታረቀኝ ጋቤራ ተተክተዋል።

የሲዳማ ዞን የካቢኔ ሽግሽግ በተመለከተ ጥቻ ወራና ያሰባሰብናቸው የህዝብ ኣስተያዬት እንደምያመለክተው፤ ሰሞኑን በሲዳማ ዞን ኣስተዳደር የተደረገው የካቢኔ ሽግሽግ የኣገሪቱ መንግስት በመከተል ላይ ያለውን የመተካካትን ፖሊስ ተግባራዊ ያላደረገ ነው። የካቢኔ ሽግሽጉ የዞኑን የመምሪያ ሃለፊዎች ከመምሪያ ወደ መምሪያ የቀያየር እንጂ የመተካካትን ፖሊስ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ኣዳዲስ መሪዎችን ያመጣ ኣይደለም። እንደነዚሁ ኣስተያየት ሰጪዎች ከሆነ፤ ጉልቻ መቀያየር ወጥ ኣያጣፍጥም እንደምባለው ሀላፊዎችን ከመምሪያ ወደ መምሪያ መቀያየር ብዙም ለውጥ ኣያመጣም ብለዋል።


በተመሳሳይም የካለ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ወደ ክልል ትምህርት ቢሮ መዛወራቸውን በርካታ ኣስተያየት ሰጭዎች የተቃወሙ ሲሆን፤ የካላ ሚሊዮን ኣባት ካላ ማቲዎስ ለሲዳማ ህዝብ መብት መከበር ያደረጉትን መስዋዕትነት ከግንዛቤ ውስጥ በማስገባት እና ካላ ሚሊዮን የዞኑ ዋና ኣስተዳደሪ በመሆን በቆዩባቸው ኣመታት በሲዳማ ዞን ውስጥ መልካም ኣስተዳደር ለማስፈን ባደረጉት ጥረት የሲዳማ ዞን ህዝብ የምወዳቸው በመሆኑ የምወዳቸውን ህዝብ በትጋት እና በሃላፊነት ማገልገል እያለባቸው ወደ ክልል መሄዳቸው እንዳዛዘናቸው ኣመልከተዋል።

EDITORIAL
My early readings on global economics involve writings by the renowned economic historian Niall Ferguson and the Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz. Reading the works of these intellectuals, especially the unconventional thoughts of Stiglitz on markets, have helped me realise the dynamics of the global market place. At the base of the historical records of Ferguson as well as the ground breaking revelations of Stiglitz lays the fundamental theories of market information.
Unlike the claims by classical economic theories, market information exists and flows asymmetrically. It is this asymmetry of information that mediates the very act of transactions. Markets exist as mediums of hosting this transaction.
There is no way that a buyer and a seller could have the same information - in both quality and quantity - about a given good or service they want to transact. Certainly, one of them knows more about the service and hence fixes the price.
Often, it is the seller who knows more. Therefore, buyers exist as price receivers. When the market is a globalised one, then, the gap in information will be so huge that buyers would be considerably disadvantaged.
This very nature of the market creates new players - middlemen. These individuals strive to narrow the gap in information within the market place. They benefit by bringing buyers and sellers closer and more informed. There is indeed a purely economic reason for their existence.
But in our fair nation, there seems to be a gross hatred for middlemen. Everyone, from policymakers to ordinary citizens, attribute economic challenges on middlemen.
Blaming middlemen has become the latest trick of the Ethiopian ruling elite to sideline their own responsibility. Every failing market-related policy is attributed to middlemen.
But, I often wonder how a nation with poor market infrastructure, fragmented markets, hierarchical social structure and significant slack time in the flow of information could manage to live without these very individuals who could help it thrive through its problems. Avoiding them will obviously make markets so rigid and increasingly volatile.
I recently argued with a friend over the role of middlemen in defining the rental market in the country. He thinks that the middlemen are responsible for the ever-increasing rental price in Addis Abeba.
I asked him a simple question; how would you have known that there is a house to be let if there were no middlemen? How would you have defined the approximate rental price for a square meter of floor area, if there were none of these individuals?
His explanation was insufficient, to say the least. He speculated about possible structural solutions for such gaps in the market. But everything he could come up with was more costly, disorganised, uncertain and unpredictable as compared to middlemen.
Latest efforts by the policymakers to avoid middlemen (what they have actually done is regularise them) includes establishing the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX), regularising the cattle market in Addis Abeba, a new law that bars middlemen from the fruit markets, and implementing a receipt system in the national grain market. All of these efforts are intended to streamline the market chain, and with the goal of eliminating middlemen.
Ever since the implementation of these changes, however, the prices of the commodities have become too rigid to influence through government policy instruments. And the markets have become all the more inefficient.
Instead of streamlining the market, the efforts end up facilitating contraband trade. Black markets in these commodities are thriving. It all happened after policymakers legislated their misjudgement about the role of middlemen.
Amazingly, the ruling elite are trying to justify their acts by saying a long chain of middlemen would reduce the benefit that trickles down to producers. Their argument, however, fails to account for the inefficiency of a market without middlemen in helping the producers discover prices.
It is this complex nature of markets that one would understand in reading the books of both Ferguson and Stiglitz. No wonder, then, that Stiglitz received his Nobel Prize for indentifying the asymmetric nature of markets. If anything, the Ethiopian ruling elite is trying to defy fundamental economics.
No market could survive without middlemen. And no economy could manage to live under a gross hatred for the very agents making possible those market efficiencies.
 Getachew T. Alemu Is the Op-Ed Editor for Fortune. He Can Be Contacted At Getachew@addisfortune.com.
ANALYSIS
Ethiopia must not indulge in democracy until it accomplishes good governance. There still are problems of competence, diligence, character, dedication and integrity of the civil service that need to be attended. Of course, the nation is exhibiting improvements in these tenets, even if some might erroneously claim they are deteriorating.
Ethiopia's political journey must prioritise the job of creating a healthy business atmosphere the heart of good governance and electoral democracy. The business sphere and the powerhouse of the visionless Ethiopian oppositions must be corrected before it gets beyond repair.
The political opposition, rather than working on developing its own capacity, is seen hunting opportunities that could quench its quest for power. This is happening whilst it is still visibly incompetent.
The nation was reticent with a view to assist the private sector to flourish. But the businessmen were doing every wrong in order to collect as much wealth as they could, using every means possible. Regrettably, instead of investing their returns on the manufacturing sector and expanding the local production of goods, they expatriated it.
On the other hand, the opposition and its supporters have penetrated every public and private institution in order to gather information about the day to day activities of the ruling party, rather than developing their own capacity. They also welcome every force as long as it lends support to them, irrespective its nature.
I still wonder why they have not yet declared their unequivocal support for the construction of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). In contrast, they are seen making silly issues out of the national effort.
Given all these misbehaviors on their part, I always ask when they would live up to the national interest and show the people that they are responsible. It is hard to say there is an opposition in the Ethiopian politics as the existing ones are more of political speculators.
Though the majority of the opposition political figures are intellectuals, they do not even learn from their own wrongs. They remain to stick to the old fashion politics that they practiced for the past two decades, which led them to consistently fail. They should have easily learned to adopt a new operational approach.
Given the pragmatic nature of the Revolutionary Democrats, sooner or later, they would take the right measures to alleviate the unregulated business sphere. Though the majority of the business community wishes the demise of the incumbent urgently, I believe the Revolutionary Democrats ought to remain on power as they need to get enough time to fully realise their vision.
This has already started to manifest itself in actual terms as the national interest demands it. At least, the undergoing development projects must not be interrupted due to unnecessary and fruitless change of government.
If this government is elected out at this very moment in time, power will certainly fall, directly or indirectly, in the hands of the greedy business tycoons who care little for the national interest, except their own personal interests. Then, they will rule the nation, whose significant population is living under severe poverty.
That is why I am afraid of the rush to democracy. It could end in turning the nation to a place of chaos and a battle ground of various conflicting interests.
One of the few moments the Ethiopian opposition politicians exhibited honesty is the admission of some of them that they were not ready to overtake power from the incumbent after their unexpected electoral resurgence of 2005, especially in Addis Abeba. Else, the only two interests they managed to represent are businessmen who love to lead the market place through oligopoly and the very limited urbanites that are opposed to the self-governance rights of every Ethiopian ethnic group.
Both of these forces, certainly, stand against the democratic forces. Currently, these forces seem to have joined their hands in support of the political opposition.
Despite these facts about the opposition, their only leverage remains to be consistently tagging the Revolutionary Democrats as a political force that is obsessed with ethnicity. But when the ideologies and policies of the two sides of the political aisle in Ethiopia are evaluated from this point of view, obviously the result is much far away from the pictures of the political choices presented on the national political scene.
The irony of Ethiopian politics is the opposition, whose hidden and dominant sentiment is retaining the past dominance of a single ethnic group, tags the EPRDF as ethnically biased, even if it is known for having a political program that advocates the equality of all the existing nationalities.
How come the one that has the political view for equality and freedom for all Ethiopian ethnic groups is tagged as biased, whilst the other that contends a single ethnic group must retain its past dominance is viewed otherwise?
This is the simplest issue we need to sort out before judging the political choices that avail themselves on the national political scene.
Tagel Getahun Is a Lawyer. He Can Be Contacted At Tagelgbekele@yahoo.com
ANALYSIS
The change in the rate of economic growth from one year to the next is approximated by the aggregate values of goods and services adjusted in their current prices. These figures are often understood to be figures representing the annual economic growth of a country.
But this expression of growth is a misnomer to many people who may be taking growth to mean the reduction in the cost of living. One can not blame such folks because they are not aware of what this economic growth concept really means when it translate into what or how much of goods and services they could buy with the money in their pockets.
Official who give press conferences on this subject added that about one million jobless people were employed in the past year. This is a good news, even many world leaders, including president Barack Obama of United States, would envy even if the Ethiopian officials do not mention the number of the unemployed.
Employing one million people annually, in an agriculture-based economy like Ethiopia, is no less than a miracle because it would mean that many people are now able to cover their costs of living. The question is we should answer will, then, be how much does it cost to live fulfilling one's basic needs?
Ashenafi Sime, 65, is an engineer by trade and a businessman by profession who reads this newspaper as often as possible to know about what is going on in the economic sector of Ethiopia. He finds it hard to understand why it becomes impossible to figure out specific prices of goods and services in the market except for a few items.
He asks why the commercials that are being transmitted through the state media are not obliged to announce their selling prices as per the rules and regulations set by the Ministry of Trade (MoT) or whatever the government body responsible for such executions. Basic economic laws state that prices are determined by the interactions of demand and supply. If there is more supply of goods and services in the market more than the demand in the market then suppliers or the providers of the services will have to make some discount on the prices if they have to sell what they brought to the market.
But facts on the ground do not substantiate this assumption. Prices are quoted under the mercy of merchants out of nowhere. The next merchant on line gives another quotation either unbelievably reduced by a big amount or raised high up leaving little to be desired.
This trend gives the benefit of the doubt to the potential buyer who uses the option of roaming about in search of better bargain. This fluid type of pricing will only lead to the unnecessary repletion of opening shops and stores side by side thus forming stands engaged in the same business.
This practice has impacts on the optimisation of available space in the City. Instead of going directly to a specific place, consumers would be obliged to spend time, needless by visiting many of the shops looking for a lesser price. Price tagging on the shelves or on the merchandise is a common practice all over the world except in Ethiopia.
One may tune to a radio station and listen to commercials. About 99pc of these ads may announce that such and such goods or furniture are imports and beautiful. But these ads fail to announce prices for obscure reasons.
In times when emerging economies like Ethiopia ought to advertise home made manufactured goods and instil in the minds of citizens the importance of consuming local products for all intent and purposes, it is ironic that imports are highly advertised on the local media. This notion contravenes the idea of encouraging small scale industries.
Certain prices are opportunistic. Take the case of the Ethiopian tricolour jerseys for example. These T-Shirts and other items related to the football match were selling like hot cakes.
The price tags started with 100 Br apiece. At the time of writing this column, on the day of the first match, the price soared up to 200 Br each and the first class seats were worth 1,000 Br. Who know we might come across a t-shirt or an article with a mark "Brazil" on sale, one of these days, like a logo reflecting our wishes and hopes.
There is no doubt that prices fluctuate from place to place and from time to time. But one thing is certain. They keep on increasing over the years.
A quintal of grain that used to cost a little over 1,000 Br has now shot up to reach 1,700 Br. Gasoline was only 4.5 Br per litre or there about a couple of years ago but now it has soared up to 20 Br plus.
Any increase in the price of fuel has negative implications on almost all goods and services in the market, an important factor in the determination of the cost of living. Such unstable prices in the market make the valuations of prices of goods and services that would be used to assess the annual growth of gross domestic product (GDP).
Another important point that should be raised here is the impact that prices could have on costs of capital projects. This also gives a leeway to involve in corruption and unfair pricing. Lack of price stability would undoubtedly result in mistrust in the process of business transaction which will discourage people to do business.
Another point which is perhaps unique to Ethiopians is the practice of wrongly associating prices with quality. The higher the price the more durable or quality a product is believed to be. By the same token, cheaper prices are taken as indicators of poor quality purchasing costly goods are sometimes taken to be prestigious and showing social status.
That could probably be one of the reasons why prices are not explicit as indiscretion will help to conceal the actual prices from public knowledge. Even if prices of goods are not made public, they are advertised intensively through the mass media, day in and day out.
The language used and the substance referred to do not leave much to be desired. In some cases the timing of the transmission of some ads seems to be absurd.
A case in point could be the long narration used as an introduction to a suspense story of what one does in a kitchen before cooking to advertise just a spice whose brand is hard to pronounce. In many cases the advertisements are exclusive. Their messages focus on advertising entertainment venues and fast food and juices to attract the affluent society polarised around the Bole Medhanialem area. Others advertise vehicles imported from the Far East countries.
Although the government has committed itself to reduce poverty, the ever rising cost of living keeps on intensifying the level and coverage of poverty with the passing of time. Food insecurity prevails not only because the shortage of production but more so due to the inability to pay for it because of the price hike.

Addis Fortune (Addis Ababa