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Thursday, October 24, 2013

Bizuayehu Tesfaye


The composition and structure of 300 enset gardens from 10 different locations in Sidama were examined. Average size of the gardens was 0.74 ha. The gardens are composed of mixtures of various named enset varieties and different groups recognisable on the basis of ‘sex’ (male and female) and use (cooking and processing). The gardens exhibit high diversity, with a given garden containing up to 24 varieties (mean = 8.2). However, the components are not represented equally. Typically, the gardens consisted of one or two very abundant varieties and a much larger number of less common ones. Enset gardens are dynamic because the number and composition of varieties and different types changed from garden to garden, from location to location and across time. Their composition, structure and dynamics have been influenced by human, socio-economic factors (farm size, land per capita, cropping patterns and size of livestock), temporal circumstances and landscape elements (elevation) in which they are found. The nature, characteristics, organization and functions of Sidama enset gardens are outlined and the importance of maintaining mixtures of varieties for farmers is discussed.

by Wondimu Aklilu
Developing countries in Africa including Ethiopia are facing problems like extreme poverty, unemployment, low income distributions, low health care, poor education and the like. To pullout these countries out of those problems, MSSEs came to picture as one of the most important policy tool for poverty reduction. This study has examined the impact of MSSEs for poverty reduction in Hawassa City. The data used in the study was collected using survey method from primary sources using questionnaire, interviews, personal observations and focus group discussions while secondary data sources collected using reviews and document researches. The collected data were analyzed using chi square tests, ANOVA, paired sample t-tests and descriptive statistics. The 266 MSSEs owners were selected as a sample of the study using stratified and simple random sampling techniques.