POWr Social Media Icons

Wednesday, October 16, 2013




የሃዋሳ ከተማ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በከፍተኛ ፍጥነት በማደግ ላይ ካሉ ከተሞች ግንባር ቀደም መሆኗን የተለያዩ ድርሳናት ይጠቅሳሉ። ከተማዋ ተፈጥሮ ባደለቻት መልካም ኣየር ንብረት፤ በእንግዳ ተቀባይ ህዝቧ፤ ለስራ፤ ለትምህርት እና ለኑሮ ምቹ በመሆኗ ብሎም ኣዲስ ኣበባ እና ለሌሎች ትላልቅ የኣገሪቷ ከተሞች በኣንጻሩ ቅርብ መሆኗ፤ ለእድገቷ እና ለተወዳጅነቷ ምክንያት ሆኗል።

ሃዋሳ ልክ እንደ ኣሜሪካዋ ላስቬጋስ ከተማ በኣገሪቱ የመዝናኛ ከተማ እየሆነች መጥታለች ይባላል።ምንም እንኳን የከተማዋ የመዝናኛ ከተማ መሆን ለነዋሪዎቿ ኣዎንታዊ እና ኣሉታዊ እድምታ ያለው ብሆንም። ኣሉታዊ ገጽታውን ለኣብነት ያህል ማንሳት ካስፈለገ፦ በሃዋሳ ከተማ ለማዝናናት የምመጡ ሰዎች ለምዝናኛ የምሆናቸውን ገንዘብ ኣስበው እና ቆጥበው ይዘው ስለምመጡ የተጠየቁትን ከፍሎ መዝናናት ስችሉ የከተማዋ ነዋሪ ግን ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ እየናረ ያለውን ኑሮ ለመቋቋም ኣዳጋች እየሆነባቸው ነው። በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ እንመለስበታለን።

የከተማዋን እድገት ተከትሎ በከተማዋ መንገዶች ላይ የፈሰሱት ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎች ቁጥር በከፍታኛ ሁኔታ ጨምሯል። ከጥቂት ኣመታት በፊት በከተማይቱ ቤተክርስቲያናት ደጃፍ ብቻ ይታዩ የነበሩት ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎች በኣሁኑ ጊዜ በየትኛውን መንገድ እና ኣከባቢ ይታያሉ። ለምኖ ኣዳሪዎቹ በኣብዛኛው ከገጠር ወረዳዎች የመጡ ሲሆን፤ በኣብዛኛው ኣቅሜ ደካማ ኣረጋውያ፤ሴቶች እና ህጻናት ናቸው። የሃዋሳ ዙሪያ እና ቦሪቻ ወረዳ በኣብዘኛው በሃዋሳ ከተማ ያሉ ጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች የመጡባቸው ወረዳዎች ሲሆኑ፤ የሁላን ወረዳ ጨምሮ ከሌሎች የሲዳማ ወረዳዎች የመጡ ይገኙበታል።


ከጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች መካከል ከፍተኛውን ቁጥር የምይዙት ህጻናት እና ታዳጊዎች ሲሆኑ፤ እነዚህ ህጻናት እና ታዳጊዎች ለኣደገኛ ሱሶች እና ለተደራጀ ወንጀል የተጋለጡ ናቸው። በመሆኑም የሃዋሳ ከተማ ኣስተዳደር እና የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት
በተለይ ለህጻናቱ ቅርበት ያላቸው የህብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ችግር የደረሰባቸውን ህፃናት ማህበራዊናኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮች በመፍታት የዜግነት ግዴታቸውን መወጣት እንደሚጠበቅባቸዋል

በተለይ ችግሮችን በዘላቂነት ለመፍታት ማህበረሰብ አቀፍ ድጋፍና ክብካቤ ጥምረት ምክር ቤቶችን በማጠናከር፣ በህፃናት ላይ የሚሰሩ መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ተቋማትን አሰራርና አደረጃጀቶች በማስተካካል ችግሩን ለመፍታት ጥረት ብያደርጉ መልካም ነው።

Madame Fatou Bensouda,
Chief Prosecutor, Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC/OTP)
The Hague, Netherlands
Re: Oromo Studies Association’s Concern about the Decision by Africa’s Heads of States
Madame Bensouda:
Humanity has a duty to defend the ICC against African vicious tyrants
The Oromo Studies Association (OSA) expresses a profound alarm and concern over a current threat made, by African nations, to undermine International Criminal Court (ICC) activities in the continent. On a two-day meeting of the African Union (AU) held in Finfinne (Addis Ababa), Ethiopia, from October 11-12, 2013, the African nations have agreed to protest an ICC practice of indicting sitting heads of states. The meeting also requested the ICC to delay investigations of President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and his deputy, William Ruto, both wanted in connection to atrocities perpetrated on the aftermath of the 2007 elections. In fact, the resolutions of the 54-member states continental organization fall short of a recent call, by some African leaders, to unleash a wholesale withdraw from the Rome Statue of 1998, which culminated in the formation of the ICC, in The Hague, Netherlands, on its entry into force in 2002. Proponents of the idea hoped that the withdrawal of some 30 plus African nations would deal a serious blow to the legitimacy of the 122 member state ICC. Thanks to campaigns of human rights advocacy groups, the call has received lukewarm responses and vanished into thin air.
The AU accuses the ICC of double standards and purposely targeting sitting African head of states. The AU Commissioner Jean Ping remarked, “What we see is that international justice seems to be applying its fight against impunity only to Africa as if nothing were happening elsewhere.”
It is true that, in 2009, the ICC indicted, on ten counts, the Sudanese president, Oman Hassan Al-Bashir, the first indictment of a sitting head of state, in relation to crimes that took place in the conflict-ridden Darfur region. A catalogue of excuses such as deterioration of a fragile peace process or ignition of a new conflict in the war torn nation, or the creation of a bad precedent in the international law or capitulation to neocolonialism had been said. Credit to indifferent African dictators to the Darfurians plight, Bashir is still at large, but the limitation of his mobility, as the head of the state, has petrified many dictators. Now, his sojourn cannot take him much beyond Africa or to his Middle Eastern friends. Recently, the ICC charged the Kenyan presidents, putting them in the same psychological limbo with Al-Bashir.
Essentially, Africa became the focus of the ICC because most of the African countries are typical cases of a police state, where leaders easily get away with impunity, some of the horrendous crimes they carry out against the very people, in whose name they rule.  This does not mean that the international community has never responded to crisis that committed elsewhere. Precedents for making individuals accountable for their criminal behaviors, on international tribunals, set on motion, on the aftermath of the Second World War, in Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals. International criminal courts for Yugoslavia and Rwanda were ad-hoc international courts to try atrocities unfolded in these countries. Hybrid criminal courts have been established in a scene of crimes and in a fashion easy to obtain witness and evidences. Examples are Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Kosovo, and East Timor. Notwithstanding allegations that the ICC is the Trojan horse of the West, most cases, from Africa, came to the court through referrals of African countries.
It is unfortunate that the ICC has not done enough to prosecute perpetrators of war crimes everywhere. For instance, no attention is given to crimes against humanity committed on the Oromo people and/or other nations and nationalities of Ethiopia, a country often likened to “a prison house.” Oromo refugees, in particular, have been victimized not only by successive Ethiopian regimes but also by corrupt regimes of East Africa. A case in point is a fate of Engineer Tasfahun Chamada, a UNICER mandated refugee, refouled from Kenya under thinly veiled political charges, conspiring to overthrow a constitutional order through street actions. Neither the Gambella “genocide” of 2003 nor the Ogaden crimes against humanity made to the bench of ICC. No wonder, then, Ethiopia is the second country after Sudan to reject Bashir’s prosecution. Again, Ethiopia is a crusade of Africans’ boycott of the Court and suspension of the cases of Sudanese or Kenyan presidents. Of course, so did the Nazi and Imperial Japan tried to delegitimize Nuremberg and Tokyo trials.
The ICC deals with international crimes related with genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. Given the ICC jurisdiction is complementary, it has a mandate to prosecute a case if national courts are “unable” or “willing” to discharge their obligations. A cardinal principle of international law (state sovereignty) gives national courts rights and duties to investigate and try perpetrators of international crimes.
The ICC Statute is consonant with an individual criminal responsibility under the international law. Emerging trends show that some crimes, such as crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and piracy give  universal jurisdiction to any state, on the globe, to prosecute a person who committed crimes outside the boundary of a prosecuting state, regardless of his/her nationality, country of residence, or any other relation with the prosecuting country. In other parlance, these are crimes against all, which any state can punish or extradite since a perpetrator is an implacable enemy of all humankind.
Regardless of objectivity and fairness in the ICC, holding any tyrant accountable for heinous crimes he commits, by itself, is an excellent symbol of justice and a siren call for other incumbents. Actions of the ICC, in this regard, are necessary to send a clear message to authoritarian regimes in any part of the world. “No Free Pass” even for rulers if they commit atrocious crimes. Many groups hail an aggressive move of the ICC as a new chapter to stop violations of human rights with impunity. A few oppose it under the guise of state sovereignty, “a license to kill,” forgetting that a fiction of the state sovereignty emanates from the very people they kill.
The shameless agenda of the AU, spearheaded by Kenya, Ethiopia, and Sudan, an axis of human wrongs, undermines constitutions of most African countries, international conventions, and the Banjul Charter. Instead of playing by their old tactics of gradualist approach, the unabashed campaign of dictatorial regimes against the ICC is an infamy to the leap of human rights and an affront to humanity. The OSA believes that humanity has a collective responsibility to fight those who oppose what the ICC is doing now in Africa. We call all human rights defenders to stand together and make a big noise during this critical time.
Founded in 1984, the OSA is a non-profit, multi-disciplinary organization established to promote and foster scholarly studies in all fields pertaining to the Oromo People, the largest nationality in the Horn of Africa. Since its establishment, the OSA has been and continues to promote scholarship on the Oromo, Nations and Nationalities in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. This time, likewise, we would like scholars, both national and international, to contribute articles for presentations at the forth-coming OSA mid-year and annual conferences. This way, we intend to promote the cause of humanity and protection of human rights in Ethiopia in particular and Africa in general.
Best Regards,
Ibrahim Amae Elemo, M.D., MPH
President, Oromo Studies Association
OromoStudies.org or Facebook.com/pages/Oromo-Studies-AssociationWaldaa-Qorannoo-Oromoo/188669791310523
Contact Email: ielemo@weisshospital.com/ielemo@yahoo.com
CC:
Amnesty International
International Secretariat 1 Easton Street
London WC1X 0DW, UK
Email: sct@amnesty.org.uk.
Amnesty International USA
Penn Plaza
New York, NY 10001, USA
Email: admin-us@aiusa.orga
Human Rights Watch
350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor  New York, NY 10118-3299, USA
Email: hrwpress@hrw.org
African Union (AU), The African Union Commission
PO Box 3243
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Pala is des Nations  CH-1211
Geneva 10, Switzerland
Kenyan Human Rights Commission
Gitanga Road opp. Valley Arcade Shopping Center
P.O Box 41079-00100
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: +254-203874997
Email: admin@khrc.or.ke
New

Foot Power: York Countians head to Ethiopia for milestone race

York's first family of running, the duo of Clay Shaw and Karen Mitchell, wear so many different hats in our local racing community that they are impossible to pigeonhole. They are runners, race directors, photographers and, perhaps most importantly, well-connected veteran gurus who enjoy dispensing advice to the younger generation.
On top of that, they are almost legendary in the world of marathon running.
Between the two of them, they have completed nearly 300 marathons in their running careers. Both have finished marathons in all 50 states, and Shaw is at it again for a second circuit. They have raced in different countries all around the world, and now the pair of 60-somethings are heading all the way to Ethiopia for their next adventure.
Shaw and Mitchell will be traveling to Hawassa, Ethiopia, where they will take place in the first-ever Haile Gebrselassie Marathon on Sunday. This race will be the first to bear the name of arguably the greatest distance runner in world history.
Gebrselassie, who has set 27 world track and road records and won four World Championship titles and two Olympic gold medals in the 10,000 meters, is a legend in Ethiopia. He owns a hotel in Hawassa and was instrumental in bringing this event to his homeland. Gebrselassie will also be a full participant in the event.
This event will be the first peoples' marathon to ever be held in Ethiopia, the birthplace of some
of the greatest marathoners in history. Elite runners from around the world will be there to compete for the gold - literally. The men's and women's overall winners will each receive 12 ounces of gold (current value: around $1400 an ounce).
According to race organizers, Hawassa is a city of approximately 250,000 in south central Ethiopia, about 170 miles south of the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa. Hawassa sits at about 5,600 feet above sea level and has a dry, pleasant climate. The city is on the shores of Lake Hawassa in the great Rift Valley, ancestral home of the world's greatest distance runners.
The races will be held entirely within the city limits of Hawassa and be contested on a flat, two-loop course. There is a short stretch on a hard-packed dirt road, but the bulk of the race will be on pavement. One cool feature is that there will be native musicians performing along the course.
The name of the organizing company is Moray Mountain Sports, run by Tim Murphy, the man who created such prestigious events as the Carlsbad 5000, the Arturo Barrios 10K, and the Rock 'n' Roll series of marathons and half marathons. Murphy sold the Rock 'n' Roll franchise five years ago and has been inactive in the running business ever since.
"I always knew I'd put on another marathon, but I never wanted to put on just another 'me-too' race," says Murphy. "That's why a marathon in Ethiopia is so intriguing. Runners today have done all the big races and are looking for something different, something distinctive, something to add to their bucket list. That's what the Haile Gebrselassie Marathon is all about. It will be a unique event in an area of the world few Westerners have ever run."
For more information on the race, check out the official Website at hailemarathon.com.
Marathon Melcher >> Dallastown's amazing marathon man Bob Melcher, who is attempting to follow the Shaw's example by running a marathon in all 50 states, was at it again on Oct. 6. Melcher completed his 29th career marathon, and racked up his 22nd state, by racing in the Maine Marathon.
Melcher, who runs marathons despite using a pacemaker, finished the race in Portland, Maine, in 3 hours, 40 minutes.
"I felt strong throughout the whole race," he said. "Since I have been working in York City for the past four months, my stamina and strength have improved. Running and throwing trash for hours with very little breaks can do that for a guy."
Newcomer unfazed >> Scott Newcomer planned to run the Grindstone 100 this past week, a 100-mile ultra run in Virginia. However, the race was a casualty of the government shutdown, and it was canceled.
"As you might have already guessed, that is not stopping him," said spouse Stephanie Newcomer. "He is running 115 miles to Washington D.C. instead. We even had shirts made that say 'Still Running When Our Government Isn't.'"
You have to love that never-say-die attitude.
Winter Series >> Registration for the York Road Runners Club's Winter Series is now open. The first race in the series is the Dover 10-Miler, which is scheduled for Nov. 10 at 1 p.m. Doug Barnett will direct the race, so for details about this specific race, contact Barnett at 891-5016.
There will be plenty of details about this series in the upcoming weeks. For now, head to the YRRC Website at yorkroadrunners.com to register and to see this season's complete schedule and more details. Contact series director Margaret Moore at winterseries@verizon.net for more information.
WellSpan Running Series >> Due to an earlier deadline this week, results were not available yet from the David Tome Memorial 5K, the seventh and final event in this seven-race series. The race took place Saturday in Spring Grove. Results from this race and the final points standings of the season will be unveiled as soon as they are posted.
Partners in the Park >> For the same reason listed above, results were not delivered in time for the 29th annual running of this event, which took place Sunday at Rocky Ridge County Park. Results will be posted next week.
Race postponed >> The Susquehannock Alumni Association 5K was a victim of the flooding over the weekend, as the race was postponed. No word yet on whether or not it will be rescheduled.
Run For Their Lives>> This event is slated for Saturday, and it will take place at Dallastown High School. There will be a 1K, 5K, and 10K race for runners to choose from. Race time is 8:30 a.m. Go to r4tl.com for more details.
Beat the Chicken 5K >> This race also takes place Saturday at John Rudy Park. Race time is 9 a.m. Go to www.rapha-christian-ministries.org for the scoop.*
Lori's Loop >> This new 5K will take place in Haines Acres on Saturday. Contact race director Lori Rhinehart at lrhinehart1@comcast.net, or check out yorkroadrunners.com for more details.
PA Breast Cancer Coalition Think Pink 5K >> This event with the lengthy title will take place on Oct. 26 at Sunset Lane Park in York. Race time is 9:30 a.m., and there will also be a walk. Check out the official Website at http://sites.google.com/site/thinkpink5krun/home for more info.
Boo Run Run 5K >> If you feel like doing two runs in one day, dress up for this event, which also takes place on Oct. 26 in York. The big difference is that is gets underway at 9 p.m. Go to http://www.zionjnp.org/2013-boo-run-run-5k-fun-run/ for all the details.
KD Rams 5K Halloween Fun Run >> Still in a scary mood? Head south to Kennard Dale High School on Oct. 27 for this afternoon event. This race kicks off at 2 p.m. Contact Karen Graham at 382-4843 (ext. 6850) for more information.
York Academy 5K >> This one takes us into November, and will also include a run/walk option. Race day is Nov. 2 at York Academy, and the start time is TBA. Contact Donna Grove at dchampsoccer@gmail.com for the scoop.
CerebRun returns >> This unique event is slated for Nov. 30 at Rexroth Farms. It is a Thanksgiving Challenge called "The Turkey Hunt." Runners can sign up as a Turkey or a Hunter. Turkeys get two turkey flags (flag football belts), and after two minutes, the Hunters will be unleashed, with the intent of chasing down the Turkeys.
Anyone finishing with a Turkey flag can win a year supply of free burritos, an iPod Touch, and other prizes. Check out this link for more info: cerebrun.com/cerebrun-turkeyhunt. When you register, type in this code, FootPower2013, which is good for $10 off registration. Contact Jeff Neal at jeffkneal@gmail.com for more details.
NCR Marathon >> Brian Flowers of the Baltimore Road Runners Club, who works in York, wants local runners to know about this event, which he called the "mirror of the Bob Potts Marathon." The 24th annual race is scheduled for Nov. 30. It begins at Sparks Elementary School in Sparks, Md., and heads north on the Maryland version of the Rail Trail. Check out the Web site at BRRC.com, or contact Flowers at nose1@comcast.net.
M.C. Besecker covers local running and biking. Email him at mcbesecker@comcast.net.