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Thursday, May 30, 2013

አዋሳ ግንቦት 22/2005 የሀዋሳ ዩኒቨርስቲ የህብረተሰብ አገልግሎትን እንደ መደበኛ ፕሮግራሙ በማቀፍ የምርምር ውጤቶችን ተጠቃሚ ለማድረግ ስራውን አሰፋፍቶና አጠናክሮ መቀጠሉን የዩኒቨርስቲው ፕሬዝዳንት ገለጹ፡፡ ዩኒቨርስቲው ለስራ አጥ ወጣቶችና ሴቶች በዘመናዊ የዶሮ እርባታ ዙሪያ ያዘጋጀው ስልጠና ትናንት በሀዋሳ ከተማ ተጀምሯል፡፡ ስልጠናውን የከፈቱት የዩኒቨርሰቲው ፕሬዚደንት ዶክተር ዮሴፍ ማሞ እንደገለጹት የመማር ማስተማር ስራቸውን ከምርምር ጋር አቀናጅተው ያገኟቸውን አዳዲስና ችግር ፈቺ ውጤቶችን ለህብረተሰቡ ተደራሽ ለማድረግ ስድስት የቴክኖሎጂ መንደሮች ተቋቁመዋል፡፡ የህብረተሰብ አገልግሎትን እንደ መደበኛ ፕሮግራማቸው በማቀፍ በምርምር የተገኙ የግብርና፣ የጤናና ሌሎችን ውጤቶችን በተለይ ስራ አጥ ወጣቶችንና ሴቶችን ተጠቃሚ ለማድረግ የተለያዩ ስልጠናዎችንና የመስሪያ ግብአቶችን በማሟላት ድጋፍ እየሰጡ መሆናቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ በቅርቡ ብቻ በደን ልማትና ችግኝ እንዲሁም በእንጉዳይ አመራረትና አጠቃቀም ላይ ከሀዋሳ ከተማና ከሲዳማ ዞን ሁላ ወረዳ ለተወጣጡ በርካታ ወጣቶችና ሴቶችን ተጠቃሚ ማድረጋቸውን አመልክተው አሁንም ለ24 ወጣቶች በዘመናዊ የዶሮ እርባታ ዙሪያ ስልጠና አዘጋጅተው እራሳቸውን ችለው በተመሳሳይ ለሌሎችም የሚበቁበት የአቅም ግንባታ ድጋፍ አያደረጉ መሆናቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡ ስራ ፈጣሪ ወጣቶችን እናበረታታለን ያሉት ዶክተር ዮሴፍ ዩኒቨርስቲው አጠቃላይ የትምህርት ተቋም እንደመሆኑ ሌሎችንም ማህበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጠቀሜታ ያላቸውን የምርምር ውጤቶችን ለህብረተሰቡ በማሸጋገር ተጠቃሚ ለማድረግ ስራቸውን በሁለገብነት አስፋፍተውና አጠናክረው መቀጠላቸውን ገልጸዋል፡፡ በዩኒቨርስቲው የምርምርና ልማት ዳይሬክተር ዶክተር ተስፋዬ አበበ በበኩላቸው ህብረተሰቡ ተጠቃሚ ማድረግ እያካሄዱት ካሉት ምርምሮች መካከል በአሁኑ ወቅት የ38 ፕሮጀክቶች ጥናት መጠናቀቁን ገልጸዋል፡፡ እነዚህም በግብርና፣ በተፈጥሮ ሀብትና ደን ልማት፣ በእንስሳት፣ በጤና ፣ በትምህርትና ሌሎችም ማህበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጠቀሜታ ያላቸው መሆናቸውን አስታውቀዋል፡፡ በምርምር የተገኙት የተሻሉና ችግር ፈቺ ውጤቶችን ለህብረተሰቡ ለማዳረስና ለማስፋፋት ባቋቋሟቸው የቴክኖሎጂ መንደሮች በኩል በማስተዋወቅ እየሰሩ ናቸው፡፡ ዘንድሮ ብቻ በደንና በእንጉዳይ ልማት ላይ ከሀዋሳ ከተማና ከሲዳማ ዞን ሁላ ወረዳ ለተውጣጡ ከ1 ሺህ በላይ ወጣቶችና ሴቶችን በማሰልጠንና የመስሪያ ቁሳቁስ አሟልተውላቸው ተጠቃሚ ማድረጋቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ በሀዋሳ ከተማ ለአራት ቀናት በተዘጋጀው ስልጠና ላይ ለተሳተፉት 24 ወጣቶችና ሴቶች ስለ ዶሮ ቤትና መገልገያ ቁሳቁሶች፣ የዶሮ መኖና አመጋገብ፣ የዶሮ በሽታና መከላከያ መንገዶች ዙሪያ በተግባር የተደገፈ ትምህርት በባለሙያዎች ይሰጣል፡፡ የሚሰሩበት የዶሮ ቤትና መኖ ቀደም ብሎ ከመመቻቸቱም በላይ ምርጥ የዶሮ ዝርያዎች እንደሚሰጣቸውን ዶክተር ተስፋዬ አስረድተዋል፡፡ ዩኒቨርስቲው በአሁኑ ወቅት በተለያዩ ዘርፎች ላይ ያተኮሩ 250 የምርምር ፕሮጀክቶች እያካሄደ እንደሚገኝም ገልጸዋል፡፡ የሀዋሳ ዩኒቨርሲቲ አምስት ካምፓሶችን በስሩ በማስተዳደር 31 ሺህ ተማሪዎችን በ64 የትምህርት ዘርፎች የመጀመሪያ ዲግሪና በ43 የድህረ ምረቃ ፕሮግራሞች እያሰለጠነ እንደሚገኝ የዩኒቨርስቲው ፕሬዚደንት ተናግረዋል፡፡
http://www.ena.gov.et/Story.aspx?ID=8314&K=1

Promising pulses in Ethiopia A similar healthy-eating effort is underway in Ethiopia, where about 52% of the country's rural population fails to meet minimum consumption requirements for calories. Researchers at the University of Saskatchewan and Hawassa University are studying how education can increase consumption of pulses, including chickpeas, broad beans, and lentils. They are focusing particularly on the consumption patterns of the most vulnerable: children under five, adolescent girls, and adult females. Studies found a lack of awareness among women of the nutritional value of pulses, and the need to incorporate this high-protein, high-iron crop in everyday meals. "The main staple of the Ethiopian diet is teff (a local cereal grain). People would rather eat that alone than add a little protein, like lentils. Part of our project is showing them the nutritional value of protein combinations. We are also trying to overcome the perception of pulse as 'poor man's food'," says investigator Carol Henry, with the University of Saskatchewan's College of Pharmacy and Nutrition.

Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-05-cooking-traditional-crops-nutrition-boosts.html#jCp
To promote rational drug use in developing countries, it is important to assess drug use pattern using the World Health Organization (WHO) drug use indicators. The aim of this study was to assess the drug prescription patterns at the Medical Outpatient Pharmacy of Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, using some of the WHO core drug use indicators. 

Methods: A descriptive, quantitative, and cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the current prescribing practices at Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital.

The sample was selected using systematic random sampling. 1290 patient encounters were reviewed retrospectively for a 2-year period from September 2007 to September 2009.

Data were collected from prescriptions and Prescription registration books retained in the pharmacy.Result: The average number of drugs prescribed per encounter or mean was 1.9 (SD 0.91) with a range between 1 and 4. The percentage of encounters in which an antibiotic or injection was prescribed was 58.1% (n = 749) and 38.1% (n = 491), respectively.

The Percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name and from an essential drug list was 98.7% (n=2419) and 96.6% (n=2367), respectively. The most commonly prescribed forms of antibiotics were amoxicillin (16.4%), ampicillin (15%), gentamicin (14.9%) and chloramphenicol (11.6%).

On the other hand, the most commonly prescribed injections were ampicillin (21.4%), cloxacillin (13.4%), crystalline penicillin (12.4%), ceftriaxon (9.8%) gentamicin (9.8%), diclofenac (9.4%), chloramphenicol 41 (8.4%) and furosemide 25(5.1%). 

Conclusion: On the basis of the finding of this study, the prescribing practices for antibiotic and injection shows deviation from the standard recommended by WHO. These two commonly overused and costly forms of drug therapy need to be regulated closely.

Drug use evaluation should be done for some of the antibiotics to check whether they were appropriately prescribed or not. On the other hand, polypharmacy, generic prescribing and prescribing from EDL were not found to be a problem in this study.

Teaching hospitals have a special responsibility to society to promote rational prescribing by their staff and, through them, the future generations of doctors.

Author: Anteneh Assefa Desalegn
Credits/Source: BMC Health Services Research 2013, 13:170
http://7thspace.com/headlines/437270/assessment_of_drug_use_pattern_using_who_prescribing_indicators_at_hawassa_university_teaching_and_referral_hospital_south_ethiopia_a_cross_sectional_study.html