Nomonanoto Show

Thursday, October 31, 2013

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በሲዳማ ዞን የየወረዳ ካቢኔዎች በየወረዳው የሚገኙትን ቀበሌዎች በመከፋፈል ወቅታዊ የዞኑ መንግስት ኣጀንዳ በሆነው የግብርና ስራ ላይ ከየቀበሌዎቹ ነዋሪዎች ጋር በመምክር ላይ መሆናቸው ታውቋል።

በምክክሩ ላይ ኣርሶ ኣደሮቹ በ2006 ዓም ለማምረት እና ለመስራት በሚፈልጉትን ስራ እና ምርት በማቀድ እያንዳንዳቸው በጽሁፍ እንዲያቀርቡ በመደረግ ላይ ነው ሲሆን፤ ከዚህም ባሻገር በሌሎች ማህበራዊ እና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ በኣርሶ ኣደሮቹ ለተነሱ ጥያቄዎች በካቢኔ ኣባላት ማብራርያ እየተሰጠባቸው ነው።

ካቢኔዎቹ ከኣርሶ ኣደሮቹ ጋር ባደረጉት ውይይት በባለፈው ዓመት ማለትም በ2005 ዓም የምርት ዘመን በታዩ ድክመቶችን እና ጥንካሬዎችን የመረመሩ ሲሆን፤ በዚህ ዓመት ድክመቶቹን በማረም ጥንካሬዎችን የበለጠ በማጠናከር በምቻልበት ሁኔታ ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥተዋል ተብሏል።

በውይይቱ ላይ ካቢኔዎቹ እንዳሉት ከሆነ፤ የሲዳማ ኣርሶ ኣደሮች በእጃቸው ያለው ሃብት መሬት፤ የሰው ኃይል እና ውሃ በመሆኑ እነዚህን በማቀናጄት የበለጠ ምርታማነትን ማረጋገጥ ይቻላል። በምቀጥሉት የበጋ ወራት የግብርና ምርታማነትን ለማረጋገጥ በትንሽ ጊዜ ውስጥ ልደርሱ የምችሉ የግብርና ምርቶችን እንዲያመርቱ የምደረግ ሲሆን፤ ለዚህም ውሃ ከማሳቸው ኣጠገብ ያላቸው ኣርሶ ኣደሮች ከዚሁ የውሃ ሀብት እንዲጠቀሙ፧ ውሃ ከማሳቸው ኣጠገብ የሌላቸው ደግሞ የውሃ ጉርጓድ እንድቆፍሩ መክረዋል።

ሪፖርተራችን ጥቻ ወራና በወቅታዊው የሲዳማ ፖለቲካ ላይ ያናገራቸው ስማቸውን እንዲገለጽ ያልፈለጉ የሲዳማ ፖለቲካ ተንታኝ የካቢኔዎቹ የልማት ዘማቻ ድብቅ ኣጀንዳ ያጋለጡ ሲሆን፤ የሲዳማን ኣርሶ ኣደሮች ምርታማነትን ለማሳደግ ካቢኔዎቹ በማድረግ ላይ ካሉት እንቅስቃሴ በተጓዳኝ ኣርሶ ኣደሮቹን 1 5 የልማት ኣደራጃጀት ስም በማዳራጀት በ2007 ዓም የምደረገውን ብሄራዊ ምርጫ ገዥው ፓርቲ እንድያሸንፍ መሰረት የመጣል ስራ በመስራት ላይ ናቸው ብለዋል።

ኣክለውም ከዚህ በፊት በተደረጉ ምርጫዎችም መሰል ኣደረጃጀት እና ቅስቀሳ ገዥው ፓርቲ በሲዳማ ዞን ኣሸናፊ እንድሆን ኣንዳደረገው ኣስታውሰዋል።

እንደፖለቲካ ተንታኙ፤የየወረዳዎቹ ካቢኔ ቀበሌዎችን ተካፋፍለው የግብርና ምርት በማሳደግ ስም ወደ ኣርሶ ኣደሮች ቅስቀሳ የገቡበት ዋናው ምክንያት የሲዳማ ኣርሶ ኣደሮች በገዥው የደኢህዴን ፓርቲ ላይ እምነት በማጣታቸው ለፓርቲው የምሰጡት ድጋፍ በመቀነሱ የተነሳ መሆኑን ኣመልክተዋል። በመደረግ ላይ ባሉት ውይይቶችም በመሳተፍ ላይ የምገኙት በኣብዛኛው የየቀበላቱ የፓርቲው ኣባላት እና ካድሬዎች መሆናቸው ተገልጸዋል።

በተጨማሪም ገዥው ፓርቲ በሲዳማ ከተሞች ነዋሪዎች ዘንድ ተቀባይነትን እንዲያገኝ እና በምቀጥለው ምርጫ ድምጽ እንዲሰጣቸው በከተሞች የልማት ስራዎችን በተጠናከረ መልኩ መስራትን እንደቀዳሚ ኣማራጭ የተያዘ ሲሆን፤ በተለይ በሃዋሳ ከተማ የውስጥ ለውስጥ መንገዶችን በዶዘሮች በማስጠረግ እድሜ የሌለው የልማት ስራ በመሰራት ከመንገዶቹ በምነሳው ኣቧራ የከተማዋን ነዋሪ ለበሽታ በመዳረግ ላይ ብለዋል።


የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት የሚያካህዳቸውን የልማት ስራዎች በኣንድ ድንጓይ ሁለት ወፍ እንደምባለው ምርጫን ለማሸነፍ ያለሙ ብቻ ሳይሆኑ ለሲዳማ ህዝብ እድገት እና ብልጽግና ለማምጣት ቢሆኑ ለፓርቲው ለህዝቡም ይበጃል ማለታቸውን ጥቻ ወራና ከሃዋሳ ዘግቧል።

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

ካላ ደሴ ዳልኬ የደቡብ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት
ከኣንድ ወር በፊት በወላይታ ዞን በሁምቦ ወረዳ ኣባያ ቢሳሬ ቀበሌ ውስጥ ነዋሪ የሆኑ የሲዳማ ተወላጆች ላይ በኣከባቢው ነዋሪዎች የተለያዩ ወንጀሎች እንደተፈጸሙባቸው እና ቤት ንብረታቸውን በእነዚሁ ሰዎች መቃጠሉን ብሎም ኣከባቢውን በኣስቸኳይ እንዲለቁ በምል የማስፈራሪያ ዛቻ እንደደረሳቸው በቪድዮ የተደገፈ መረጃ በማቅረብ የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት እና የቦርቻ ወረዳ ኣስተዳደር መፍትሄ እንዲፈልግላቸው ጥሪ ማቅረባችን ይታወሳል።

በጉዳዩ ላይ ሪፖርተራችን ጥቻ ወራና ታማኝ ምንጭ ጠቅሶ ከሃዋሳ እንደዘገበው፤ እነዚሁ በቤትንብረታቸው ላይ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው የሲዳማ ተወላጆች 18 ተወካዮችን መርጠው ወደ ሃዋሳ በመላክ ለደቡብ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት ለካላ ደሴ ዳልኬ ኣቤቶታ ኣቅርበዋል።

የተጎጂዎቹን ተወካዮች በቢሮቸው ተቀብለው ያነጋገሩት የክልሉ ፕሬዚዳንት ካላ ደሴ፤ በኣስቸኳይ ጉዳይ ኣጣሪ ቡድን በመሰዬም እና ቡድኑን ወደ ቀበሌው በመላክ የወንጀሉ መፈጸም ኣለመፈጸም እንድጣራ ማድረጋቸው ታውቋል።

ኣጣሪ ቡድኑ ባቀረበው ሪፖርት በሲዳማ ተወላጆች ላይ ወንጀል መፈጽሙን በማረጋገጡ፤ ካላ ደሴ ዳልኬ በኣከባቢው ነዋሪዎች የወደሙ ቤቶች እንድገነቡ እና በኣከባቢው ተወላጆች በሲዳማዎች ላይ የሚፈጸሙ ወንጀሎች በኣስቸኳን እንዲቆሙ ትዕዛዝ መስጠታቸው ተገልጸዋል።

ፕሬዚዳንቱ በሰጡት ትዕዛዝ መሰረት በኣከባቢው ያለውን ችግር የመፍታት ስራ በመሰራት ላይ ሲሆን፤ ህዝቡም በመረጋጋት ላይ ነው ተብሏል።


ኣዲሱ የክልሉ ፕሬዚዳንት ካላ ደሴ ዳልኬ ተጎጂዎቹ ያቀረቡትን ኣቤቶታ በመስማት እና በኣስቸኳይ መፍትሄ በማፈላለግ ሀላፊነታቸውን በመወጣታቸው እና ለተጎጂ የሲዳማ ተወላጆች ኣጋሪነታቸውን በማሳየታቸው መደሰታቸውን ተጎጂዎቹ መግለጻቸውን ሪፖርተራችን ጥቻ ወራና ዘግቧል።

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

አዲስ አበባ ፣ ጥር 19 ፣ 2006 (ኤፍ ቢ ሲ) የቀድሞው የፌዴራል ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ ዋና ዳይሬክተር የነበሩት አቶ ተፈሪ ፍቅሬ በሙስና ወንጀል ተጠርጥረው ዛሬ ፍርድ ቤት ቀረቡ።
ተከሳሹ የፌዴራል ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ ዋና ዳይሬክተር በመሆን ከ2002 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ያገለገሉት  አቶ ተፈሪ ፍቅሬ የፌደራል የስነ ምግባርና  ፀረ ሙስና  አቃቢ ህግ በፌደራሉ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት አንደኛ ወንጀል ችሎት ክስ መስርቶባቸዋል ።
በግለሰቡ ላይ የተከፈተው  የክስ መዝገብ ተከሳሹ የተሰጣቸውን የመንግስት ሃላፊነት ያለአግባብ ተጠቅመው የማይገባ ጥቅም ለማግኘትና ለሌሎች ለማስገኘት በማሰብ ፤
በቀድሞው ወረዳ 23 ቀበሌ 12 በውጭ ምንዛሬ ተከራይቶ የነበረውን የቤት ቁጥር 106 የመንግስት ቤት ለኢትዮጵያውያን እንዲከራይ ግምት እንዲሰራ በታዘዘው መሰረት በባለሙያዎች 1 ሺህ 998 ብር ተመን ከወጣለት በኋላ ፤
የኤጀንሲውን የተለመደ አሰራር በመጣስና የባለሙያዎችን የኪራይ ግምት ውድቅ በማድረግ ለአንዲት ግለሰብ ተመኑን ቀንሰው አከራይተዋል።
በዚህም ከ2002 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት መንግስት ከቤቱ ማግኘት የነበረበትን 17 ሺህ 420 ብር በማሳጣትና በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳት አድርሰው ተከራይን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ አድርገዋል ይላል ።
በቀድሞው ወረዳ 21 ቀበሌ 01 የቤት ቁጥር 112/40 የሆነውን የመንግስት መኖሪያ ቤት ባሰፋ ትሬዲንግ ኃላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ድርጅት፥ ለመኖሪያነት አገልግሎት በጨረታ አሸንፎ 7 ሺህ 650 ብር እየከፈለ ይኖርበት የነበረውን ቤት፤
ተከሳሹ ከተከራይ ድርጅቱ ጋር በመመሳጠር ቤቱ ለመኖሪያ ቤትነት እንደተሰጠ እየታወቀ ለስራ አልተመቸኝም በማለት እንዲያመለክቱ አድርገው ፤ የኤጀንሲውን መመሪያ ወደጎን በመተው በዚሁ ቀበሌ የሚገኘውን የቤት ቁጥር 394/23 የሆነን የድርጅት ቤት በመኖሪያነት ተቀይሮ እንዲሰጣቸውና የቤቱን የኪራይ ዋጋ መጠንም ከብር 5 ሺህ 126 ወደ 1 ሺህ 93 ብር በማውረድ እንዲከራዩት ስልጣናቸውን ያላግባብ በመጠቀም ወስነዋል ይላል  የክስ መዝገቡ ።
በዚሁ በወረዳ 21 ቀበሌ 01 የቤት ቁጥር 112/40 የሆነውን የመንግስት ቤት ከ2003 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ድረስ ፥ በየወሩ ከቤቱ የኪራይ ተመን 7 ሺህ ብር በመቀነስ መንግስት ከቤቱ ማግኘት የነበረበትን 244 ሺህ ብር እንዲያጣ ማድረጋቸው ተጠቅሷል ።
በወረዳ 23 ቀበሌ 23 የቤት ቁጥር 394/ 23 ከሆነው ቤት ላይ ደግሞ በወር 4 ሺህ 33 ብር በመቀነስ ከ2003 እስከ 2005 ዓመተ ምህረት ፥ 129 ሺህ 56 ብር በመቀነስ በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳት በማድረስና ተከራይን ያለአግባበብ ተጠቃሚ ማድረጋቸው በክሱ ተጠቅሷል።
ቀድሞ ወረዳ 18 ቀበሌ 06 የቤት ቁጥር 008/14 ተከራይ የነበሩ ግለሰብ ከሚሰሩበት ተቋም ወይም ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ፅህፈት ቤት የተፃፈላቸው የድጋፍ ደብዳቤ ሳይኖር ከተከሳሹ ጋር ባላቸው የግል ቀረቤታ፥ ለግለሰቡ ቀድሞ 7 ሺህ 600 ብር ተከራይቶ የነበረውን የቤት ቁጥር 112 /40 ፥ በ650 ብር እንዲከራዩት በማድረግ ቅያሬ ቤት በመስጠት ግለሰቡ ያለአግባብ እንዲጠቀሙ አድርገዋልም ሲል  ይዘረዝራል 
 ኤጀንሲው ከሚያስተዳድራቸው የመንግስት ቤቶች ውስጥ ለተወሰኑ የመንግስት መስሪያ ቤቶችና የልማት ድርጅት ሰራተኞችና ሃላፊዎች ተመድበው የነበሩ 28 የመንግስት ቤቶችን ፥ በመኖሪያ ቤቶች አዋጅ መሰረት የከተማ ልማትና ኮንስትራክሽን ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤት ማፅደቅ እየተገባው ፤ ተከሳሽ ራሳቸው በ2004 ዓመተ ምህረት ያወጡት መመሪያ ይፈቅድልኛል በሚል ከስልጣናቸው በላይ በመስራትና በመወሰን ፤
እንዲሁም ለመንግስት መስሪያ ቤቶች ማበረታቻ ተመድበው የነበሩትን የመንግስት ቤቶች ከታሰበለት ዓላማ በመውጣት፥ በግለሰቦች ስም በማዞር እና በማከራየት አሰራርን እየጣሱ ግለሰቦችን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ አድርገዋል ይላል የስነ ምግባርና ፀረሙስና ኮሚሽን አቃቤ ህግ በክሱ።
በአጠቃላይ ተከሳሹ ህግ እና አሰራርን በመጣስና በዜጎች መካከል ልዩነት በመፍጠርና የመንግስትን መብትና ጥቅም በሚጎዳ መንገድ በመስራት፤ በጥቅሉ ከ33 ቤቶች መንግስት ማግኘት የነበረበትን 370 ሺህ 446 ብር ተቀንሶ እንዲከራይ የማድረግ ስልጣን ሳይኖራቸው ከአሰራር ውጪ እየወሰኑ በመንግስት ላይ ጉዳይ ያደረሱና ግለሰቦችን ያለአግባብ ተጠቃሚ በማድረጋቸው ተከሰዋል።
ችሎቱ ክሱን ከተመለከተ በኋላ ግለሰቡ የዋስትና መብታቸው ተነስቶ በማረሚያ ቤት ሆነው የክስ ሂደታቸውን እንዲከታሉ ተዕዛዝ በመስጠት ፥ የክስ መግለጫውን ለማድመጥም ለህዳር 3 ቀን 2006 ዓ.ም ተለዋጭ ቀጠሮ ይዟል።
ጥቻ ወራና (Xiichcha Woraana) ከሲዳማ እንደ ዘገበው፤የቀድሞ የሲዳማ ዞን መንግስት ዋና ኣስተዳዳሪ የነበሩትን ካላ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ከሲዳማ ዞን ለቀው ወደ ክልል ያመሩ ሲሆን የደቡብ ክልል ትምህርት ቢሮ ሃለፊ ሆነዋል። በካላ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ቦታ ከሃርቤጎና እንደመጡ የምነገርላቸውን የቀድሞው የዞኑ የድርጅት ጉዳይ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ካላ ኣክልሉ ኣዴላ ተተክተዋል። በካላ ኣክልሉ ቦታ ደግሞ ካላ ደስታ ላታሞ የዞኑ ድርጅት ጉዳይ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ሆነው ተሹመዋል።

በተመሳሳይም የዞኑ ፋይናንስ መምሪያ ሀላፊ ሆነው ስሰሩ የቆዩት ካላ በቀለ ታፎ ወደ ሲዳማ ዞን ስቪል ሰርቪስ መምሪያ ተዛውረዋል። በካላ በቀለ ቦታ የቀድሞ የሸቤድኖ ወረዳ ዋና ኣስተዳዳሪ ካላ ታረቀኝ ጋቤራ ተተክተዋል።

የሲዳማ ዞን የካቢኔ ሽግሽግ በተመለከተ ጥቻ ወራና ያሰባሰብናቸው የህዝብ ኣስተያዬት እንደምያመለክተው፤ ሰሞኑን በሲዳማ ዞን ኣስተዳደር የተደረገው የካቢኔ ሽግሽግ የኣገሪቱ መንግስት በመከተል ላይ ያለውን የመተካካትን ፖሊስ ተግባራዊ ያላደረገ ነው። የካቢኔ ሽግሽጉ የዞኑን የመምሪያ ሃለፊዎች ከመምሪያ ወደ መምሪያ የቀያየር እንጂ የመተካካትን ፖሊስ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ኣዳዲስ መሪዎችን ያመጣ ኣይደለም። እንደነዚሁ ኣስተያየት ሰጪዎች ከሆነ፤ ጉልቻ መቀያየር ወጥ ኣያጣፍጥም እንደምባለው ሀላፊዎችን ከመምሪያ ወደ መምሪያ መቀያየር ብዙም ለውጥ ኣያመጣም ብለዋል።


በተመሳሳይም የካለ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስ ወደ ክልል ትምህርት ቢሮ መዛወራቸውን በርካታ ኣስተያየት ሰጭዎች የተቃወሙ ሲሆን፤ የካላ ሚሊዮን ኣባት ካላ ማቲዎስ ለሲዳማ ህዝብ መብት መከበር ያደረጉትን መስዋዕትነት ከግንዛቤ ውስጥ በማስገባት እና ካላ ሚሊዮን የዞኑ ዋና ኣስተዳደሪ በመሆን በቆዩባቸው ኣመታት በሲዳማ ዞን ውስጥ መልካም ኣስተዳደር ለማስፈን ባደረጉት ጥረት የሲዳማ ዞን ህዝብ የምወዳቸው በመሆኑ የምወዳቸውን ህዝብ በትጋት እና በሃላፊነት ማገልገል እያለባቸው ወደ ክልል መሄዳቸው እንዳዛዘናቸው ኣመልከተዋል።

EDITORIAL
My early readings on global economics involve writings by the renowned economic historian Niall Ferguson and the Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz. Reading the works of these intellectuals, especially the unconventional thoughts of Stiglitz on markets, have helped me realise the dynamics of the global market place. At the base of the historical records of Ferguson as well as the ground breaking revelations of Stiglitz lays the fundamental theories of market information.
Unlike the claims by classical economic theories, market information exists and flows asymmetrically. It is this asymmetry of information that mediates the very act of transactions. Markets exist as mediums of hosting this transaction.
There is no way that a buyer and a seller could have the same information - in both quality and quantity - about a given good or service they want to transact. Certainly, one of them knows more about the service and hence fixes the price.
Often, it is the seller who knows more. Therefore, buyers exist as price receivers. When the market is a globalised one, then, the gap in information will be so huge that buyers would be considerably disadvantaged.
This very nature of the market creates new players - middlemen. These individuals strive to narrow the gap in information within the market place. They benefit by bringing buyers and sellers closer and more informed. There is indeed a purely economic reason for their existence.
But in our fair nation, there seems to be a gross hatred for middlemen. Everyone, from policymakers to ordinary citizens, attribute economic challenges on middlemen.
Blaming middlemen has become the latest trick of the Ethiopian ruling elite to sideline their own responsibility. Every failing market-related policy is attributed to middlemen.
But, I often wonder how a nation with poor market infrastructure, fragmented markets, hierarchical social structure and significant slack time in the flow of information could manage to live without these very individuals who could help it thrive through its problems. Avoiding them will obviously make markets so rigid and increasingly volatile.
I recently argued with a friend over the role of middlemen in defining the rental market in the country. He thinks that the middlemen are responsible for the ever-increasing rental price in Addis Abeba.
I asked him a simple question; how would you have known that there is a house to be let if there were no middlemen? How would you have defined the approximate rental price for a square meter of floor area, if there were none of these individuals?
His explanation was insufficient, to say the least. He speculated about possible structural solutions for such gaps in the market. But everything he could come up with was more costly, disorganised, uncertain and unpredictable as compared to middlemen.
Latest efforts by the policymakers to avoid middlemen (what they have actually done is regularise them) includes establishing the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX), regularising the cattle market in Addis Abeba, a new law that bars middlemen from the fruit markets, and implementing a receipt system in the national grain market. All of these efforts are intended to streamline the market chain, and with the goal of eliminating middlemen.
Ever since the implementation of these changes, however, the prices of the commodities have become too rigid to influence through government policy instruments. And the markets have become all the more inefficient.
Instead of streamlining the market, the efforts end up facilitating contraband trade. Black markets in these commodities are thriving. It all happened after policymakers legislated their misjudgement about the role of middlemen.
Amazingly, the ruling elite are trying to justify their acts by saying a long chain of middlemen would reduce the benefit that trickles down to producers. Their argument, however, fails to account for the inefficiency of a market without middlemen in helping the producers discover prices.
It is this complex nature of markets that one would understand in reading the books of both Ferguson and Stiglitz. No wonder, then, that Stiglitz received his Nobel Prize for indentifying the asymmetric nature of markets. If anything, the Ethiopian ruling elite is trying to defy fundamental economics.
No market could survive without middlemen. And no economy could manage to live under a gross hatred for the very agents making possible those market efficiencies.
 Getachew T. Alemu Is the Op-Ed Editor for Fortune. He Can Be Contacted At Getachew@addisfortune.com.
ANALYSIS
Ethiopia must not indulge in democracy until it accomplishes good governance. There still are problems of competence, diligence, character, dedication and integrity of the civil service that need to be attended. Of course, the nation is exhibiting improvements in these tenets, even if some might erroneously claim they are deteriorating.
Ethiopia's political journey must prioritise the job of creating a healthy business atmosphere the heart of good governance and electoral democracy. The business sphere and the powerhouse of the visionless Ethiopian oppositions must be corrected before it gets beyond repair.
The political opposition, rather than working on developing its own capacity, is seen hunting opportunities that could quench its quest for power. This is happening whilst it is still visibly incompetent.
The nation was reticent with a view to assist the private sector to flourish. But the businessmen were doing every wrong in order to collect as much wealth as they could, using every means possible. Regrettably, instead of investing their returns on the manufacturing sector and expanding the local production of goods, they expatriated it.
On the other hand, the opposition and its supporters have penetrated every public and private institution in order to gather information about the day to day activities of the ruling party, rather than developing their own capacity. They also welcome every force as long as it lends support to them, irrespective its nature.
I still wonder why they have not yet declared their unequivocal support for the construction of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). In contrast, they are seen making silly issues out of the national effort.
Given all these misbehaviors on their part, I always ask when they would live up to the national interest and show the people that they are responsible. It is hard to say there is an opposition in the Ethiopian politics as the existing ones are more of political speculators.
Though the majority of the opposition political figures are intellectuals, they do not even learn from their own wrongs. They remain to stick to the old fashion politics that they practiced for the past two decades, which led them to consistently fail. They should have easily learned to adopt a new operational approach.
Given the pragmatic nature of the Revolutionary Democrats, sooner or later, they would take the right measures to alleviate the unregulated business sphere. Though the majority of the business community wishes the demise of the incumbent urgently, I believe the Revolutionary Democrats ought to remain on power as they need to get enough time to fully realise their vision.
This has already started to manifest itself in actual terms as the national interest demands it. At least, the undergoing development projects must not be interrupted due to unnecessary and fruitless change of government.
If this government is elected out at this very moment in time, power will certainly fall, directly or indirectly, in the hands of the greedy business tycoons who care little for the national interest, except their own personal interests. Then, they will rule the nation, whose significant population is living under severe poverty.
That is why I am afraid of the rush to democracy. It could end in turning the nation to a place of chaos and a battle ground of various conflicting interests.
One of the few moments the Ethiopian opposition politicians exhibited honesty is the admission of some of them that they were not ready to overtake power from the incumbent after their unexpected electoral resurgence of 2005, especially in Addis Abeba. Else, the only two interests they managed to represent are businessmen who love to lead the market place through oligopoly and the very limited urbanites that are opposed to the self-governance rights of every Ethiopian ethnic group.
Both of these forces, certainly, stand against the democratic forces. Currently, these forces seem to have joined their hands in support of the political opposition.
Despite these facts about the opposition, their only leverage remains to be consistently tagging the Revolutionary Democrats as a political force that is obsessed with ethnicity. But when the ideologies and policies of the two sides of the political aisle in Ethiopia are evaluated from this point of view, obviously the result is much far away from the pictures of the political choices presented on the national political scene.
The irony of Ethiopian politics is the opposition, whose hidden and dominant sentiment is retaining the past dominance of a single ethnic group, tags the EPRDF as ethnically biased, even if it is known for having a political program that advocates the equality of all the existing nationalities.
How come the one that has the political view for equality and freedom for all Ethiopian ethnic groups is tagged as biased, whilst the other that contends a single ethnic group must retain its past dominance is viewed otherwise?
This is the simplest issue we need to sort out before judging the political choices that avail themselves on the national political scene.
Tagel Getahun Is a Lawyer. He Can Be Contacted At Tagelgbekele@yahoo.com
ANALYSIS
The change in the rate of economic growth from one year to the next is approximated by the aggregate values of goods and services adjusted in their current prices. These figures are often understood to be figures representing the annual economic growth of a country.
But this expression of growth is a misnomer to many people who may be taking growth to mean the reduction in the cost of living. One can not blame such folks because they are not aware of what this economic growth concept really means when it translate into what or how much of goods and services they could buy with the money in their pockets.
Official who give press conferences on this subject added that about one million jobless people were employed in the past year. This is a good news, even many world leaders, including president Barack Obama of United States, would envy even if the Ethiopian officials do not mention the number of the unemployed.
Employing one million people annually, in an agriculture-based economy like Ethiopia, is no less than a miracle because it would mean that many people are now able to cover their costs of living. The question is we should answer will, then, be how much does it cost to live fulfilling one's basic needs?
Ashenafi Sime, 65, is an engineer by trade and a businessman by profession who reads this newspaper as often as possible to know about what is going on in the economic sector of Ethiopia. He finds it hard to understand why it becomes impossible to figure out specific prices of goods and services in the market except for a few items.
He asks why the commercials that are being transmitted through the state media are not obliged to announce their selling prices as per the rules and regulations set by the Ministry of Trade (MoT) or whatever the government body responsible for such executions. Basic economic laws state that prices are determined by the interactions of demand and supply. If there is more supply of goods and services in the market more than the demand in the market then suppliers or the providers of the services will have to make some discount on the prices if they have to sell what they brought to the market.
But facts on the ground do not substantiate this assumption. Prices are quoted under the mercy of merchants out of nowhere. The next merchant on line gives another quotation either unbelievably reduced by a big amount or raised high up leaving little to be desired.
This trend gives the benefit of the doubt to the potential buyer who uses the option of roaming about in search of better bargain. This fluid type of pricing will only lead to the unnecessary repletion of opening shops and stores side by side thus forming stands engaged in the same business.
This practice has impacts on the optimisation of available space in the City. Instead of going directly to a specific place, consumers would be obliged to spend time, needless by visiting many of the shops looking for a lesser price. Price tagging on the shelves or on the merchandise is a common practice all over the world except in Ethiopia.
One may tune to a radio station and listen to commercials. About 99pc of these ads may announce that such and such goods or furniture are imports and beautiful. But these ads fail to announce prices for obscure reasons.
In times when emerging economies like Ethiopia ought to advertise home made manufactured goods and instil in the minds of citizens the importance of consuming local products for all intent and purposes, it is ironic that imports are highly advertised on the local media. This notion contravenes the idea of encouraging small scale industries.
Certain prices are opportunistic. Take the case of the Ethiopian tricolour jerseys for example. These T-Shirts and other items related to the football match were selling like hot cakes.
The price tags started with 100 Br apiece. At the time of writing this column, on the day of the first match, the price soared up to 200 Br each and the first class seats were worth 1,000 Br. Who know we might come across a t-shirt or an article with a mark "Brazil" on sale, one of these days, like a logo reflecting our wishes and hopes.
There is no doubt that prices fluctuate from place to place and from time to time. But one thing is certain. They keep on increasing over the years.
A quintal of grain that used to cost a little over 1,000 Br has now shot up to reach 1,700 Br. Gasoline was only 4.5 Br per litre or there about a couple of years ago but now it has soared up to 20 Br plus.
Any increase in the price of fuel has negative implications on almost all goods and services in the market, an important factor in the determination of the cost of living. Such unstable prices in the market make the valuations of prices of goods and services that would be used to assess the annual growth of gross domestic product (GDP).
Another important point that should be raised here is the impact that prices could have on costs of capital projects. This also gives a leeway to involve in corruption and unfair pricing. Lack of price stability would undoubtedly result in mistrust in the process of business transaction which will discourage people to do business.
Another point which is perhaps unique to Ethiopians is the practice of wrongly associating prices with quality. The higher the price the more durable or quality a product is believed to be. By the same token, cheaper prices are taken as indicators of poor quality purchasing costly goods are sometimes taken to be prestigious and showing social status.
That could probably be one of the reasons why prices are not explicit as indiscretion will help to conceal the actual prices from public knowledge. Even if prices of goods are not made public, they are advertised intensively through the mass media, day in and day out.
The language used and the substance referred to do not leave much to be desired. In some cases the timing of the transmission of some ads seems to be absurd.
A case in point could be the long narration used as an introduction to a suspense story of what one does in a kitchen before cooking to advertise just a spice whose brand is hard to pronounce. In many cases the advertisements are exclusive. Their messages focus on advertising entertainment venues and fast food and juices to attract the affluent society polarised around the Bole Medhanialem area. Others advertise vehicles imported from the Far East countries.
Although the government has committed itself to reduce poverty, the ever rising cost of living keeps on intensifying the level and coverage of poverty with the passing of time. Food insecurity prevails not only because the shortage of production but more so due to the inability to pay for it because of the price hike.

Addis Fortune (Addis Ababa

Monday, October 28, 2013

New
በኢትዮጵያ ፕሪሚዬር ሊግ ተሳታፊ የሆኑት የሲዳማ ቡና እና ሃዋሳ ከነማ የእግር ኳስ ክለቦች በመጀመሪያ ጫዋታዎቻቸው ሽንፈት ኣስተናግደዋል። በትናንትናው እለት መከላከያን የገጠመው የሲዳማ ቡና 3 ለ 1 የተሸነፈ ሲሆን ሃዋሳ ከነማ በበኩሉ መብራት ኃይልን ገጥሞ 2 ለ1 ተሸንፏል።

ሁለቱም  የሲዳማ ክለቦች የዘንድሮውን ፕሪሚዬር ሊግ በሽንፈት መጀመራቸው ለኣመቱ ውድድር ያደረጉት ዝግጅት ጥንካሬን በተመለከተ በኣንዳንድ የክለቦቹ ደጋፊዎች ዘንድ ጥርጣሬ እንዲያድርባቸው ኣድርጓል። በምቀጥሉት ጫዋታዎች ኣቋማቸውን ኣስተካክለው ነጥብ እንደምሰበስቡ እና ወደ ቀድሞ ጥንካሬያቸው እንደምመለሱ ይጠበቃል። 

Price Discrepancy Stunts Coffee Exports

For over four years now, the headquarters of the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX), located in the Chelelk-Alsam Tower on Chad Street, has shone with the price ticker board displaying the country is own commodity prices.
The prices displayed on the ticker board which is wrapped around the waist of the building appear in green, yellow and red, respectively indicating increases, stability or plunges.
The prices for different varieties of coffee, however, which take up most of the space on the board, are, drawing a lot of frustration from exporters these days. They say it does not reflect international market conditions. Whereas the board was initially intended to help the traders in price discovery, that, say traders, is no longer the case.
One such exporter is Adem Kedir, for whom coffee trading is not just a business, but a family heritage in which his father and brothers are also employed. After starting out helping in his father’s coffee business, Adem set up Horra Trading, a coffee exporting company, six years ago. He describes the coffee business, which he has been a part of for the last 22 years, as precarious. Though it can yield a high profit, a trader must strike the right balance and know when to sell.
“You can over-calculate and sit on the coffee too long, thinking prices will go up, only to lose because of overhead cost, price plunges and frustrated clients,” he explains. “Sometimes you have to sell at a loss or low margins because profits are made from turnover, not through a onetime deal.”
Even while sticking to these principles, however, another challenge has presented itself in his business since last May. This is the mismatch between coffee prices at the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) and the New York Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) – the international price index that both exporters and foreign buyers quote from.
Arabica coffee prices, the type Ethiopia exports, have been on a downward spiral for the past two years. Although Ethiopia exported 199,104tn of its golden bean in the 2012/13 fiscal year, which is 29,807tn more than the amount of coffee exported last year, the 746.4 million dollars it got in revenues was 86,493 dollars less when compared to last year, according to data from the Ministry of Trade (MoT).
ECX prices, however, have stayed on an even keel, reducing the profit margin of exporters and more recently causing them to sell at a loss, exporters claim.
The mismatch has been happening for the past two years, but has been prevalent since last May.
Adem, who exports dried Sidamo Coffee mostly to the Japanese market, says that the price for this type of coffee at the ECX ranged from between 140 to 146 dollar cents a pound. At the same time, the ICE price has been 120-126 cents.
Due to this, his coffee exports have decreased during this period when compared to last year. Between May and October in 2012, he sold 14,000tn of coffee, while only taking one order of 8000tn from a client during the same period in 2013. This is despite selling more coffee during the earlier part of this fiscal year than the previous one.
“Horra has basically stopped exporting since May, and has only taken up an order recently at a very low margin,” Adem told Fortune.
He is not alone. Many exporters have been complaining about the issue recently. They claim it is not normal for prices at the ECX to remain stable, while international prices waver, usually in a downward slide.
The export coffee market is a futures trade, where deals are made now for coffee shipments in future months. Usually traders look at price forecasts for Arabica coffee in the “C” category of the ICE market for the months when their clients demand shipment. They add a 10 to 50 cent margin to this price for washed coffee, like Yirgachefe, Sidamo and Limu, or deduct three to 20 cents for dried coffee, like Harrar, Sidama grade four, Jimma and Nekempt, when quoting prices to interested buyers, according to Fekade Mamo, who has been trading coffee for 40 years and who now runs Mochaland Import & Export PLC, as well as being a board member of the Ethiopian Coffee Exporters Association. Exporters then deduct their profit margin and overhead costs from the price they quoted to come up with the purchasing price to buy coffee at the ECX.
That the price at the ECX is higher than the ICE price, therefore, means that if exporters are selling their coffee abroad, as is required, they are doing so at a loss, exporters that Fortune talked to argue.
There is something else going on in the market that needs investigation and active measures taken by the government and the ECX, they insist.
Complaints, formal and informal, have reached the MoT, the ECX and its regulator, the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange Authority (ECEA), over the past two years, growing more prevalent in recent months, according to officials at these institutions.
Both the MoT, which regulates coffee exports, and exporters agree on the reasons why prices at the ECX are not reflecting true prices. Where the disagreement comes is in what measures should be taken.
The two main reasons for the price variation that exporters and the MoT mention is the contraband sale of coffee by some exporters through the local market and the presence of traders who are both importers and exporters purchasing from the exchange floor.
Both kinds of exporters buy coffee at prices that would bring them a loss, should they follow normal market channels
Contraband sales are prevalent in Mercato and also regional towns, according to Anteneh Temesgen, agricultural commodities marketing and control director at the MoT.
There are buyers willing to pay a premium price for it. This leads exporters to offer higher prices at the ECX, because they are serving a different market than the mandated international one, according to him.
Exporters are required by law to sell all the coffee they buy to foreign markets within a year. But, some exporters sell a large amount of this coffee to the local market. Although they are audited at the end of the year to see if the amount of export coffee they bought and sold matches at the end of the year, they circumvent this by adulterating the export coffee with local reject coffee when making sales abroad, until the amount levels with the amount purchased from the ECX, industry observers explain.
Export coffee can be found packed in supermarkets and in Mercato. The MoT does not, however, ask retailers to state the origin of their coffee. Instead it tries to monitor exporters as they transport the commodity within the country, Temesgen says.
The Ministry identified 26 exporters, four months ago, who bought coffee but have no record of selling it on the international market, according to Temesgen. These exporters have not been apprehended, however, as they could not be found by their address.
The Ministry has also taken possession of 519,262 kg of coffee from the black market and 35,939kg from each of the five inspection points on roads that exit Addis Abeba, including Wolega Ber, Gojam Ber, Dessie Ber, Akaki Ber and Jimma Ber. This is an insignificant amount when compared to the ever increasing contraband sale of coffee in the country, Temesgen says.
The closing of the inspection point in Jimma Ber in the Oromia Region, over six months ago, has caused an increase in the prevalence, according to Temesgen. This was because the region refused to have an inspection point on its borders.
“We are talking with them to put it back, because this is the main gate through which coffee is transported,” says Temesgen.
There are other exporters who are also importers, that sell the coffee they buy at inflated prices from the ECX to the international market, whilst incurring a loss, according to Temesgen and the exporters Fortune talked to.
It is claimed that they use the exports to subsidise their foreign currency needs for imports. From this they gain large profits, which more than compensate for the losses sustained from exports. Although foreign exchange earnings from exports go to the government’s reserve, exporters that brought in the earnings get priority when requesting foreign currency from banks for imports.
Exporters that do not fall into this category cry out that such practices should be stopped.
“I often analyse NBE data on the total price at which coffee is sold in the international market,” Fekade from Mocha Land told Fortune. “Usually this is much lower than the ECX price for the same amount of coffee, plus overheads, meaning most exporters are selling at a loss. Thus, measures should be taken.”
Another exporter suggests setting the starting price of the day, in a way that considers the ICE prices.
“The ICE prices of the day minus overhead costs should be used as the starting price, at the beginning of each trading day,” suggests Girum Tamerayehu, from Kafe Limu PLC, also a founding intermediary member of the ECX.
Previously, there was a rule that the starting offer of the day at the ECX must not increase or decrease by more than five percent from the previous day’s prices. This was lifted a year ago, however, as it was cited as one of the reasons that the ECX prices do not match the ICE prices.
However, this measure has not abated the problem and ECX officials are reluctant to take another one, perceiving interference in the prices offered by exchange actors as overstepping their bounds.
“The ECX is responsible for providing a formal stage where actors can buy and sell commodities,” Anteneh Assefa, CEO of the ECX, told Fortune.
“While we provide contracts, warehouses, grading and quality certification, as well as clearance services by partnering with banks, we cannot interject ourselves into the market and tell clients what prices to offer,” he added.
ICE prices and ECX prices are shown both on the ECX floor and on the 31 price tickers across the country, so that there is market transparency.
After the ECX provides such a stage, it is the exporters, buyers and suppliers that determine the prices, according to Anteneh. He reveals, however, that the ECX would take some risk management measures in case prices show a dramatic variation.
Temesgen, from the MoT, also insists that the government cannot get involved, if exporters offer high prices and sell at a loss.
“It’s a free market,” he claims.
But, for exporters like Fekade and Girum, it is in the government’s interest to start controlling prices now.
“Exporters that do not have the option of compensating their loss by imports will soon be out of business, or decrease the amount of coffee they sell,” Fekade told Fortune.
Fekade says his company, Mochaland, which operates with a working capital of 30 million Br, only sold 4000tn of coffee in the 2012/13 fiscal year. This is a significant decrease from the 1,500tn they sold the year before.
“The transactions I made were only for clients I could not afford to lose,” he said. ”But my turnover this year was not enough to cover our office rent.”
To verify exporters claim, the ECAE embarked on an in-house study two weeks ago. It plans to analyse data and see if exporters are indeed selling at a loss, or complaining because their profit margins are lower, according to Addisalem Balema, director general of the Authority.
“Decisions will be made after the results come in, three or four weeks from now,” he told Fortune.
The ECX, for its part, is trying to settle once and for all why the prices on its floor do not match the ICE. In September, it hired an external consultant to identify the reasons why the ECX prices are different from the ICE and to make recommendations on how to rectify this, according to Anteneh. The CEO declined, however, to disclose the company name, due to a confidentiality agreement. The results are expected to come in a month’s time, according to Anteneh.

Sunday, October 27, 2013

የሲዳማ ዞን ከምድር ወገብ በስተሰሜን አካባቢ ይገኛል። በሰሜናዊ ምስራቅና በደቡባዊ ምስራቅ የኦሮሚያ ክልል በደቡብ ጌዲኦ ዞንና የኦሮሚያ ክልል፣ በምእራብ በኩል ደግሞ የወላይታ ዞን ያዋስኑታል። ዞኑ በሶስት የአየር ንብረቶች የሚካተት ሲሆን 30በመቶ ደጋ፣ 60 በመቶ ወይና ደጋ፣10 በመቶ በቆላ ይሸፈናል። የዞኑ አጠቃላይ የቆዳ ስፋት 7ሺ 200 ካሬ ኪሎ ሜትር ሲሆን በ19 የገጠር ወረዳዎችና በሁለት የከተማ አስተዳደሮች የተዋቀረ ነው። በ1999 .ም በተካሄደው የህዝብና የቤቶች ቆጠራ መሰረት በዞኑ የሚገኘው የሲዳማ ህዝብ ብዛት 3ነጥብ2ሚሊዮን እንደሚሆን ተገምቷል። የሲዳማ ብሄር በሰሜናዊ ምስራቅ አፍሪካ ከሚገኙ የኩሽ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪዎች መካከል ተጠቃሽ ሲሆን በደቡብ ብሄር ብሄረሰቦችና ህዝቦች ክልል ከሚገኙ ዞኖች አንዱ ነው።
የሲዳማ ብሄር የራሱ የሆነ የጊዜ አቆጣጠር ቀመር ያለው ሲሆን ቀመሩን ተከትሎ የፍቼ የዘመን መለወጫ በዓል በድምቅት ይከበራል። የፍቼ በዓል የሚከበርበትን ቀን «አያንቶ» (የተመረጡ አዛውንቶችክዋክብት በጨረቃ ዙሪያ የሚያደርጉትን ኡደት በመቃኘት ይወስናሉ። በጎሳ መሪው (ሞቴውውሳኔ መሰረት የበዓሉ ቀን ከታወጀ በኋላ ሁሉም በየፊናው ዝግጅቱን ያጧጡፋል። በዓሉም እስከ ሁለት ሳምንታት ለሚደርስ ጊዜ በየአካባቢው በሚገኙ «ጉዱማይሌዎች» (አደባባዮችበድምቀት ይከበራል። ጉዱማይሌ በዞኑ በሚገኙ መንደራት ሁሉ የሚገኝ ሲሆን ትልቅ ክብር የሚሰጠው ቦታ ነው። አራስ የመታረሻ ጊዜዋ አብቅቶ ከመውጣቷ በፊት ከልጇ ጋር በቅድሚያ የምታየው ጉዱማይሌውን ነው። ሙሽሮች ከሰርጋቸው ማግስት ጀምሮ ጉዱማይሌን ሳያዩ ወደአዲሱ ኑሯቸው አይቀላቀሉም።
የሲዳማ ብሄር ተወላጆች እንደየእድሜያቸውና በማህበረሰቡ ውስጥ ባላቸው ቦታ መሰረት ባህላዊ ልብሶቻቸውን በመልበስና በማጌጥ በዓሉን በድምቀት ያከብሩታል።
በፍቼ በዓል ላይ «ቄጣላ» የሚሰኘው ሥነስርዓት በአዋቂ ወንዶች ዘንድ ትልቅ ትኩረት ተሰጥቶት የሚጨፈርበት ነው። «ሆሬ»ና «ፋሮ» ደግሞ የወጣት ወንዶችና ሴቶች የጋራ ጭፈራ ነው። በተለይ ያላገቡ ወጣቶች በነፃነት የሚጫወቱበት ባህላዊ የጭፈራ አይነት ነው። ሴቶች «ፋሮ» የሚባለው ጭፈራ ይበልጥ ስለሚያስደስታቸው ከወንድ ጓደኞቻቸው ጋር በመሆን ከዋዜማው ጀምሮ አገጭ ለአገጭ ተጠጋግተው ይጨፍራሉ። ፍቅራቸውንም ይገላለፁበታል።
የዘንድሮው የፍቼ ጫምባላላ በዓል ሀምሌ 29እና30 በሃዋሳ ከተማ በተለያዩ ዝግጅቶች በድምቀት ተከብሯል። ሀምሌ 29 ሃዋሳ ሀይቅ ዳር በሚገኘው «ጉዱማይሌ» ወይም አሞራ ገደል ተብሎ በሚታወቀው ቦታ «በሞራ ንባብ» የተጀመረው በአል በ«አያንቶዎች» ወይም የተመረጡ አዛውንቶች አማካኝነት በግ ታርዶ ሞራውን በማንበብ የዘመኑን ሁኔታ በመተንበይ ነበር የተጀመረው። በመቀጠልም ከፍቼ ጫምባላላ በዓል ጋር አብሮ በመካሄድ ላይ ያለው የሲዳማ የቋንቋና የባህል ሲምፖዚየም ለ19ኛ ጊዜ በሲዳማ ባህል አዳራሽ ተካሂዷል። በሲዳምኛ ቋንቋና የሲዳምኛ ቋንቋን ለመጠቀም የሚያስችል ሶፍት ዌር፣ የፍቼ ጫምባላላ በዓልን በዓለም ቅርስነት ለማስመዝገብ እየተደረገ ያለውን ጥረት በሚመለከት ጥናታዊ ፅሁፎች ቀርበው ውይይት ተደ ርጎባቸዋል። አመሻሽ ላይ ደግሞ የዘመኑን መለወጥ የሚያበስረው የርችት ተኩስ ሥነሥርዓት በድምቀት ተከናውኗል።ያኔ ሲዳማዎች አዲሱን ዓመት በደስታና በፌሽታ መቀበላቸውን በይፋ አብስረዋል። በተጨማሪም ጣፋጩንና በብሄረሰቡ ዘንድ እጅግ ተወዳጁን ባህላዊ ምግብ «ቦርሳሜ»ን በፍቅር በጋራ በመመገብ የእለቱ ሥነሥርዓት እንደ ደመቀ ተጠናቋል።
ሐምሌ 29 የተከበረው የመሹለክ ሥነሥርዓት «ሁሉቃ» በመባል ይታወቃል። በተለይ በገጠር አካባቢ ከእንጨትና ከእርጥብ ቅጠላቅጠል እንደ በር በተሰራው መሸጋገሪያ ውስጥ ሰዎችና የቤት እንስሳት እንዲሻገሩ ይደረጋል። ይህም ወደ አዲስ ዓመት እንደተሸጋገሩ ተምሳሌታዊ መልዕክት እንደሚያስተላልፍ የነገሩን በዞኑ የባህል እንክብካቤ ባለሙያ አቶ መሃሪሁን መኮንን ናቸው።
በፍቼ ጫምባላላ በዓል ከብት አይታረድም ። ቀድሞ የታረደ ስጋ በቤት ውስጥ ካለም ከብቶች ወደ ቤት አይገቡም። ከቤት ውጪ ነው የሚያድሩት ። ምክንያቱ ደግሞ ዘመኑ የሚቀየረው ለእንስሳትም በመሆኑ ሊደሰቱ ይገባቸዋል ተብሎ ስለሚታሰብ ነው።
በሲዳማዎች ዘንድ 2006 .ም በይፋ ተጀምሯል። በእለቱም አባቶች ለልጆቻቸው መልካም ምኞታቸውን ገልፀዋል። የጎሳ መሪዎችም ለመንግሥትና ለህዝብ መልካም ምኞታቸውን አስተላልፈዋል። ሀምሌ 30 ማለዳ በሃዋሳ ሀይቅ ዳር በተዘጋጀው በዓል ላይ ከሁሉም የሲዳማ ዞኖች የተወከሉና ቁጥራቸው እጅግ ብዙ የሆነ የተለያዩ የህብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ተገኝተው ነበር።
በበዓሉ ላይ በክብር እንግድነት የተገኙት የክልሉ ርእሰ መስተዳድር አቶ ደሴ ዳልኬን ጨምሮ የሲዳማ ዞን ዋና አስተዳዳሪ አቶ ሚሊዮን ማቲዎስና ሌሎችም የስራ ኃላፊዎች በጎሳ መሪዎቹና በተከታዮቻቸው ምርቃትን ተቀብለዋል። ርእሰ መስተዳድሩ ባስተላለፉት መልዕክት ባዩት ነገር ሁሉ እጀግ በጣም መደሰታቸውን ተናግረዋል።
«ለሲዳማ ህዝብ ፍቼ ጫምባላላ ታላቅ በዓል ነው ። በዓሉ በድምቀት እንዲከበር ስላደረጋችሁ እጅግ አድርጌ አመሰግናለሁ። ይህ አስደሳች በዓል በዓለም ቅርስነት እንዲመዘገብ ከፍተኛ ጥረት እየተደረገ ነው ። ይህ ሊሆን የሚችለው ባህሉ ተጠብቆ ሲቆይ ብቻ በመሆኑ ባህላችንን መጠበቅ የሁላችንም ኃላፊነት መሆን ይገባዋል። የሲዳማ ብሄረሰብ የመከባበር ባህል ለሌሎች በአርአያነቱ የሚጠቀስ በመሆኑ ወጣቱም ይህንን ባህላዊ እሴት በመጠበቅ አዲስ ዓመት በገባ ቁጥር አዲስ እቅድ በማውጣት መስራት ይጠበቅበታል። እቅዱን ለማሳካትም በትጋት መስራት አለበት። ሁሉም በተሰማራበት ሙያ በርትቶ መስራት አለበት። አዲሱ ዓመት የሰላም፣ የጤና፣ በስራ የምንለወጥበት ዓመት እንዲሆን እመኛለሁ» በማለት መልካም ምኞታቸውን ለበዓሉ ታዳሚ አስተላልፈዋል።
በዓሉም እስከ ሁለት ሳምንታት ለሚደርስ ጊዜ በየአካባቢው በሚገኙ «ጉዱማይሌዎች» (አደባባዮችስለሚከበር በቀጣዩ ቀን በግምት 60 ኪሎ ሜትር ርቀት ላይ ወደምትገኘው መልጋ ወረዳ ወተራ ቀበሌ በመገኘት በዓሉን በድምቀት አከበርን። በዓሉ የሚከበረው ከቀኑ ስምንት ሰዓት አካባቢ በመሆኑ የበዓሉ ታዳሚዎች ከየመንደሮቻቸው አረፋፍደው በመነሳት ነበር በዝግታ ወደ ጉዱማይሌው የደረሱት። «ሲዳማ ስሙ ጥሩ ነው። ሌሎችን አይነካም። ገና ከዚህ በላይ እንበዛለን» በማለት ከየአካባቢያቸው ተሰልፈው ዜማ፣ ምትና የመሳሰሉትን የሙዚቃ ስልቶች ጠብቀው እየጨፈሩ ነው ወደ ጉዱማይሌ የወጡት። ገና ከመንደራቸው ከመነሳታቸው በፊት በግ ታርዶና ሞራው በትላልቅ ሰዎች ተነቦ «ፈላ» የተሰኘውን ሥነ ስርዓት አክብረው ነው የሚወጡት። የቄጠላ በዓልን ከማክበራቸው በፊትም ግምባራቸውን ደም በመቀባት ዓመቱን ሙሉ መልካም ነገር እንዲገጥማቸው ይመኛሉ።
በቄጣላ ጭፈራ ላይ ከፊት ለፊት የሚታዩት አባቶች «ጎንፋ» የተሰኘውን ባህላዊ አልባሳት ለብሰው ጋሻ፣ ጦርና ገጀራ ወይም «ሆሎ» ይዘው ወጣቶችና ህፃናት በቅደም ተከተል ተሰልፈው ከሶስት አቅጣጫ ወደ ጉዱማሌው ወይም አደባባዩ በሚማርክ አኳኋን ነው የመጡት። ሰልፈኞቹ ምርቃት ሲደረግ «ይይይይይ» በማለት መልዕክት ለማዳመጥ ዝግጁ መሆናቸውን በሚያሰሙት ድምፅ ይገልፃሉ። ከዚያም የጎሳ መሪዎች ይመርቃሉ። የጎሳ መሪዎችና የወረዳው አስተዳዳሪ ያስተላለፉላቸውን መልዕክት በሚገባ ካዳመጡ በኋላ ወደየመጡበት በጭፈራ ይመለሳሉ። በቀደሙት ጊዜያት ነብር የገደሉ እንደ ጀግና ይቆጠሩ ስለነበር ዛሬም ጆሯቸውን ተበስተው ሎቲ አድርገውና ቅቤ ተቀብተው ከፊት በመሆን ለየት ባለ ክብር ይጨፍራሉ።
በጭፈራቸው የሚያንጸባርቁት «እኔ ለልማት የተዘጋጀሁ ነኝ ። ሌላውን ሰው አልነካም። ከመንግሥት የተላለፈውን መልእክት ተቀብያለሁ። ከዚህ ውጪ ሌላ መልእክት አልቀበልም» የሚል መልእክት ነው። «ወረዱ ሴኬ ላላምቦ፤ ካዮ ዳጎ» ማለት «ወረዳው ተገቢውን መልእክት አስተላ ልፎልኛል ሌላ መልእክት ከኔ አይጠበቅም» እንደማለት ነው።
በጎሳ መሪዎች የሚተላለፈው መልእክት ደግሞ «በሥነ ሥርዓት ጨፍሩ፣ ታላላቆቻችሁና ባለስልጣናት የሚሏችሁን ስሙ» የሚል ነበር።
የበዓሉን በስኬት መጠናቀቅ አስመልክተው የሲዳማ ዞን ባህል ቱሪዝምና የመንግሥት ኮሙኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች መምሪያ ኃላፊ አቶ ወርቅነህ ፍላቴ በሰጡን አስተያየት ፍቼ ጫምባላላ በትላልቅ አባቶች ዘንድ የሚመራ በዓል እንደመሆኑ መጠን ወጣቶች ባህሉን ጠንቅቅው እንዲያውቁት እየተደረገ ነው። ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህም በብዛት የሚያከብሩት ወጣቶች መሆናቸውንም ነው የተናገሩት።
«ወጣቱ የሽማግሌዎችን ምክር እየተቀበለ ነው። አዲሱ ትውልድ ባህሉን ይዞ እንዲያቆይም ግንዛቤ የማስጨበጥና ጉዳዩን የማስረዳት ሥራ በዚህ ዓመት ተጠናክሮ በመሰራቱ ውጤት ታይቶበታል። አባቶችም በየጉዱማይሌዎች ወጣቶችን እያስተማሩ ነው። «አያንቶዎች»ን የሚተካ ሰው ያስፈልጋልና እነሱን እንዲተኩ ወጣቶቹ ጥበቡን እንዲያውቁ እየተደረገ ነው። ባህሉ ለተተኪው ትውልድ እንዲተላለፍ በተሰራው ስራም ጥሩ ውጤት ታይቷል። ባህሉን ለመጠበቅም ተነሳሽነቱን አሳይቷል። ይህ ተስፋ የሚሰጥና የሚያበረታታ ነው።»
አቶ ወርቅነህ ፍቼ ጫምባላላ የሲዳማ ብሄረሰብ እሴት ቢሆንም ለአገር የሚጠቅም ነውና ለገፅታ ግንባታና ለኢኮኖሚ ፋይዳ እንዲውል የሁሉንም ርብርብ እንደሚጠይቅ ነው የተናገሩት። የብሄር ብሄረሰቦችን መፈቃቀር የሚጨምር መልካም አጋጣሚ እንደሆነ በማከል።