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Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Enset or Weese, as it is called in Sidaama, is a large single stemmed, banana-like perennial plant grown mainly as a garden crop in the south and south-western Ethiopia. About ten million people use enset as their major staple food crop.
Enset plant is used for 1) Food (hamicho or boiled corm, kocho and bulla),2) Bedding (dried enset leaves),3) Food wrappings (leaves),4) Cattle feed (leaves, leaf sheaths, and corm) and 5) Building materials (leaf sheaths and fibre—by product of decorticating leaf sheaths). Kocho and bulla are obtained by decorticating leaf sheaths and by grating/shredding peduncle and corm. The traditional way of extracting kocho and bulla from leaf sheaths, peduncle and corm is tedious and back breaking process. Weese processor is meant to change that and make the lives of enset producers much simpler. In the following few pages, I will try to explain, with the help drawings, how weese processor works.
The Weese processor has two distinct processors designed to deal with different parts of weese. In addition to these primary units, there are important accessories and pedal based power source.
This brief introduction to Weese Processor presents the drawings of basic component parts of the processor, the system’s function and how the system accomplishes the intended function.
The system is defined by the principles of operation of the following three parts:
1) The SH model, 2) The HM model and 3) The power source

1) The SH model


Fig.1. and Fig.2 are the primary parts of SH model (Spring- loaded system that decorticates or scrapes SHAFINNA or leaf sheaths of weese.
Fig.2 (spring loaded box) slides into Fig.1 from the top to form part of the SH model .It contains a light board or a “plate” that is held to the base of the box by a spring hinge, at the top end of the box. The hinge is similar to the spring one finds on a clipboard (torsion spring), except in this case the plate forms 20 -30 degree with the base of the box when the spring is at rest. The specimen is loaded by pushing the plate down to the base of the box. Each time the top leaf sheath is removed (corticated & removed), the spring loaded plate pushes the remaining leaf sheaths up, delivering the specimen to the spinning blade system.
Fig.5. (shield- box) is used 1) to collect decorticated component of kocho and 2) as a splash protection during operation. The box part of fig.5 slides under B (Fig.1.) just slightly, before starting the process.
A=Wing of the spring-box (fig.2.). The wings prevent leaf sheaths from falling forward or from free falling.
B=Scrape board (fig.1)--the leaf sheaths are decorticated, mainly, on this board.
C=where the spring loaded box and the scrape board meet.
E=specimen (leaf sheaths) support hooks (3 on each side of the spring box). These are meant to ensure that the specimen doesn’t just slide through before it is processed.
F=a notch to hold strainer 1 in place (see fig.6 below)
D=Where two ends of blade system are positioned. One end of the blade system is connected to the power source and the other end is connected to a support structure that holds it firmly in place.
Principles of operation
  • The specimen is loaded into spring loaded box so that when the last part of one leaf sheath (specimen) is decorticated, the next specimen is pushed up onto scrape board (fig.1 B). As the bottom edge of the specimen slides into position, it comes into contact with a cylindrical system of blades (fig. 4) at C (fig.1). The decorticated specimen falls into strainer 1 (fig. 6) which forms a part of shield-box (fig.5), suspended at F (see Fig.5)
  • The blades are held in place by a metal rod that runs through the centre and metal brackets on both ends such that the blades assume a bow shape for more effective contact with the specimen. There are four 30cm (12 inch) hacksaw blades in this system. The stability of this assembly is maintained by placing support structures on both sides of fig.1 (see D-Fig.1).
  • At the end of decorticating process, fig.5 is removed from fig.1 to start wringing process. Using strainer 2, the specimen is pressed against strainer 1 to complete separation of fibre from food component of the specimen and to force liquid into the bottom part of fig.5 from which bulla is recovered after sedimentation process is completed.
1) 5-10 leaf sheaths are manually loaded into the spring box.
2) The shield box(splash protector and specimen collection system) moved into position
3) Pedal power source is started. As the top leaf sheath is decorticated and moved off the scrape board the remaining specimens are pushed up into position, where they come into contact with the SH-blade system, by the spring loaded plate. The process continues until all the loaded specimens are processed.
4) The shield-box is pulled out of the assembly. Note, the “collection box” has two parts. The top part is strainer 1(a porous structure) and the bottom part is just a rectangular box or ‘bucket’ with a fluid outlet. At this stage, all decorticated specimen is inside strainer1 with the exception of a small amount of fluid that escapes to the ‘bucket’.
5) Using strainer2, the specimen is pressed against the inside walls of strainer1 to do the following:
a) To remove any food component (waasa) that wasn’t completely separated from the fibre (haanxe) during decorticating process.
b) To force as much fluid as possible into the lower compartment or the ‘bucket’.
6) Haanxe is removed from strainer1 manually. Both the waasa and the fluid that contains bulla are transferred to separate containers, for storage and recovery of bulla respectively.
7) The shield-box (fig.5) is moved back into position to continue with the next load.
However, there is an alternative way of using SH model. In the alternative system, the shield-box will have only one specimen collection compartment and the functions of strainer1 and strainer2 are replaced by the functions of the “SPINNER” (see fig. 8, 9, 10 and 11 below).
The spinner
1) It is made up of two steel barrels, one large barrel (about 50gal.) and another barrel (about 30 gal) small enough to fit inside the larger barrel.
2) The larger barrel is stationary and there is a tube connected to it to transport fluid. The smaller barrel is perforated and it is the spinning part of the spinner and as such it is directly connected to the power source. There is a wire brush (see fig.9 and fig.11) that is mounted inside the small barrel---it runs through the centre of the small barrel, length-wise.
3) The spinner can have its own power source or the power source can be shared.
The procedure of SH-model operation when spinner is used, instead of strainer1&strainer2:
1) 5-10 specimens (leaf sheaths) are manually loaded into the spring box.
2) Shield-box is moved into position
3) Pedal power is started. As the top specimen is decorticated and moved off the stage, the remaining specimens are pushed up into position, where the next specimen comes into contact with the blade system, by the spring loaded plate. The process continues until all the loaded specimens are processed.
4) The shield-box is pulled out of the assembly.
5) The decorticated specimen from the collection box, which is part of the shield box, is transferred to the spinner.
6) The shield-box is moved back into its position to process the next load.
The procedure after the decorticated specimen is transferred into the spinner:
1) Close the lids of both barrels.
2) Start the pedal power source
3) As the inner barrel spins:
a) The fluid is forced out from the inner barrel into the outer barrel and through the tube it is transferred to a different collection container
b) More separation of food material from fibre (waassa-haanxe separation) takes place as the specimen comes into contact with pointed ends of the wire brush
c) Haanxe will gather around the wire brush while waassa remains on the surface of the barrel
d) After a number of minutes, depending on circumstances, haanxe(fibre) and waassa(food material) are moved into different containers for further processing or for storage.

Notes (spinner and different parts)
  • The spinner is securely placed on fig.8. Movements during operation can be minimized and the spinner can be secured in the support structure(fig.8) by using 4 corner brackets
  • The size of fluid collection container “Y” (see fig.8) depends on the volume of operation.



2) The HM model


Fig.12 A=position of specimen
Fig.12 B=position of spinning blade system (Fig.14)
Fig.12 C=power source
Fig.12 D=outlet to E (specimen collection bucket)
Fig.12 F=spring loaded board that moves the specimen forward----here, compression spring is used.
Fig.12 G=metal bracket and/or a similar structure through which spinning blade system is introduced.

Principle of operation
  • The edge of spinning blade system (SBS) and that of the specimen are lightly pressed against each other.
  • As SBS (fig. 14) shaves off the edge of the specimen every time it turns, F (fig.12—spring loaded board) pushes the specimen towards the edge of the blade and the process continues until all specimen is processed.
  • The processed specimen is collected in E (specimen collection bucket---fig.12)

1) The corm is loaded onto stage by pushing F (see fih.12) towards the wall of fig.12.--one corm at a time.
2) The power source is started
3) As the HM-blade system shaves off the edge of the specimen (the corm)closer to it, the remaining part of the corm is pushed into position by the spring board (F,fig.12). This process continues until the loaded corm is completely shredded.
4) The processed specimen is collected in a bucket or a box (see E, fig.12). When the container is full, the specimen is transferred to a different container for further processing or is mixed with the decorticated leaf sheath
5) New corm is loaded and the process continues until all the specimens are processed.

3) The power source


Structure of the power source (fig.15)
  • Modification to the bicycle is moderate and no permanent changes are made. The change is limited to the rear wheel.
  • The rear wheel is suspended on a support base and the wheel is converted into a friction wheel by removing its tire.
  • It has about 4 to 1 gear ratio (when the pedal turns once, the rear wheel turns 4 times). In addition, the rear wheel is significantly larger than the friction wheel that is connected to the spinning blade system. A wheel of small children’s bike can be used as a friction wheel that links blade system to the bike.

Dr. Wolassa L. Kumo
The Sidama economy is based primarily on the subsistence agriculture characterized by archaic production techniques. However, a substantial area of the Sidama land produces coffee , which is the major cash crop in the region. Coffee has been the major source of income for the rural households in the coffee producing regions of the Sidama land. However,the recent plunge in international coffee price drew most of these households back into the subsistence production and absolute poverty(coffee prices fell dramatically even during the commodity price boom of 2001 to mid 2008). Sidama is one of the major coffee producing regions in Ethiopia. It supplies over 40% of washed coffee to the central market. Coffee is the single major export earner for the country.Export earnings from coffee ranges from 60-67% although the country's share in the world market is less than 3%. 
The Sidama people have never faced major hunger and famine until very recently. Due to reliable rainfall and evergreen land area, they were always able to produce enough to ensure food security.The society has been characterized by what one may call a low level economic equilibrium. Even the 1984 great famine that hit all other parts of the country did not have a major impact on the Sidama land. However, a continued dependence on subsistence agriculture, which relies on archaic technology and vagaries of nature coupled with massive growth of rural population, and limited rural development, made the Sidama land prone to frequent hunger and famine since recently. Thus, it is not surprising to see that , today,about one-fourth of the total population in Sidama is directly or indirectly dependent on food aid from the international community.
Other major crops produced in Sidama include Enset (also called false banana or weese in Sidaamuaffo,Sidama language), wheat, oat, maize, barley, sorghum, millets, sugar cane, potatoes, and other cereal crops and vegtables.Enset is the main staple food in Sidama.Apart from being the main source of food, parts of the Enset tree can be used in other economic activities like construction of houses, production of containers such as sacks, and for handling food items during and after preparation of traditional food.The pattern of Enset and coffee production and consumption over the years has substantially shaped the nature of the Sidama culture and hence the name, the Enset culture.
The role of livestock was highly significant in medieval and early 20th century Sidama society. However, recently the size of livestock has been dwindling because of two factors, First, a rapid increase in population reduced the size of grazing land for large stocks, and second, a severe "tse-tse" fly disease in low land areas had virtually wiped out most of the livestock population during the last quarter of the 20th century. However, livestock is still the most important source of livelihood for people living in the peripheral areas of the Sidama land.
Although agriculture is a key to the development of the counrty, successive regimes failed to  successfully transform the traditional agriculture in Ethiopia. The transformation of traditional agriculture as an engine of growth and developoment was emphasized by a famous American economist, Theodore Schultz(1964), who stated that all resources of the  traditional type are efficiently allocated, and hence the rate of return to increased investment with the existing states of the art is too low to induce further saving and investment. According to Schultz, therefore, the development of traditional agriculture depends on breaking the established equilibrium. Based on a theory of the price of income streams, he suggests that breaking such established equilibrium requires the introduction of modern inputs in the form of human and material capital.The author is certain that when Schultz talks about the modern inputs (human and material) he does not dumping fertilizers to the poor who have no clue as to how to use them and have no capacity to repay the credit.
Access to markets is another essential component of transforming the traditional agriculture. When the poor manages to produce surplus in one bumper season, they will not be able to sell the produce due to lack of access to markets.Consequently, during the next season the farmers are bankrupt and unable to sustain the previous level of production. This perpetuates an endless cycle of poverty in the Sidama land.
The recent Ethiopian commodity Exchange is expected to alleviate such problems. However, its effectiveness depends on the ability of the rural poor to tap into such markets which are based primarily in major cities.
Forestry and fishery are underdeveloped in the Sidama area. Fishing activities are limited to the most prominent lakes in Sidama: Lake Awassa and lake Abaya. Although Sidama has several perennial rivers, they have never been exploited. Commercial forestry is underdeveloped in the area, but Sidama is well known for its traditional agro forestry system which saved the land from erosion and desertification for centuries.Every household in Sidama practices agroforestry. However, this tendency has also brought a negative impact in recent times. Farmers began to practice planting Eucalyptus trees alongside other crops.Because the later plant has a poisonous effect, it destroys other crops planted under it. Most farmers are aware of the problem. However, the economic benefits of the eucalyptus tree outweigh the cost of losing small crops near it for the individual farmers. However, it is generally recognized at present that this trend is danderous for the overall enviromental sustainability of the Sidama land.
Sidama is characterized by a very low level of industrial development. There are very few manufacturing industries in the land. A very few factories available in the area are all located in Awassa town and its environs. The government owned textile and ceramic factories are the only notable manufacturing activities in Sidama. A chip wood factory built in recent years and a meat processing factory in Melga Wondo are the only major private manufacturing activities in the entire Sidama land. Small scale manufacturing activities are highly underdeveloped. Agro processing, a natural system of industrialization in an agrarian economy, is totally absent in Sidama land except for some coffee processing plants.
The conventional agriculture development led industrialization involves the building of agro processing indusrties that process the local agricultural inputs that can be sold in domestic or export markets thereby adding value to the primary products. This plays a crucial role in reducing rural poverty.The poverty reducing impact of such projects is twofold: first, the market for the agricultural products is readily available at the door steps of the producers. Second, processed products fetch better price both in domestic and foreign markets than primary products.
Mining is virtually non existent. Although Sidama is said to have a good potential of mineral resources particularly in the Great East African Rift valley and the eastern highlands of the Sidama land, these resources are not yet exploited.An absolute lack of industrial development in the area characterized  by massive rural over population, perpetuates the current higher unemployment, lingering poverty and overall under development.
The development of both economic and social services is very low. Economic infrastructure is severely underdeveloped. The supply of electricity, water and telephone services has recently inproved. However, the over all social and economic infrastructure is still severely underdeveloped. All whether roads are not more than 400 kms. Asphalted roads are non existent except for the 90kms stretch of the Cairo-Addis Ababa-Gaborone road that dissects the land.The private financial services are beginning to operate in the area but are still insignificant. Trade and transport services are severely underdeveloped and limited mainly to very few urban areas. Trade activities in rural Sidama heavily depend on purchase and sell of coffee. The coffee slum of the past 7 years has severely affected these activities.
There is a great tourism potential in in Sidama land. The rift valley lakes like Awassa and Abaya are already some major tourist attractions in the area. However, the access to lake Abaya through Sidama land has been opened only recently and is not well developed and not open for potential tourists.The agro forestry and the mountain ranges of eastern highlands are other potential tourist attractions in Sidama. However, they have not been exploited so far.
Unemployment and underemployment are rampant. Out of an estimated total population of 5 million in major Sidama area, an estimated 3 million people are in the active labour force of which 70% are estimated to be underemployed or unemployed. Employment in modern sector is very much limited. The total estimated number of the labour forces employed in modern sector in Sidama is less than 1%. If properly utilized huge supply of labour can make positive contribution to economic development. As early as the middle of 20th century, development economists such as William Arthur Lewis, the first economist of African Origin to win Nobel Prize in economics, have emphasized the potential of economic development with unlimited supply of rural labour.Lewis's (1954) paper on " Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour", elaborates how the dual sector model can be successfully used in promoting economic development in poor countries with unlimited supply of labour.
The Sidama region is highly overpopulated. Land holdings have dwindled to less than 0.3 hectares per household due to population explosion. As a result extensive farming is not a viable option. To reduce the current massive rural underemployment, urban unemployment, and excruciating poverty, the region must implement a rapid and massive alternative income and employment generation schemes. This requires the formulation and implementation of a clear and comprehensive rural development as well as small and medium enterprise development strategy, changes in education and training policies, and an overhaul of the over all industrialization strategy in the region in particular and in the country at large.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A map of the regions and zones of Ethiopia.
Sidama is a Zone in the Ethiopian Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR). It is named for the Sidama people, whose homeland is located in this zone. Sidama is bordered on the south by the Oromia Region except for a short stretch in the middle where it shares a border withGedeo, on the west by the Bilate River which separates it from Wolayita, and on the north and east by the Oromia Region. The administrative center for Sidama is Awasa; other towns include Irgalem and Wendo.
Sidama has 879 kilometers of all-weather roads and 213 kilometers of dry-weather roads, for an average road density of 161 kilometers per 1,000 square kilometers.[1]
The Central Statistical Agency (CSA) reported that 63,562 tons of coffee were produced in Sidama and Gideo combined in the year ending in 2005, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea authority. This represents 63% of the SNNPR's output and 28% of Ethiopia's total output.[2]


Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the CSA, this Zone has a total population of 2,954,136, of whom 1,491,248 are men and 1,462,888 women; with an area of 6,538.17 square kilometers, Sidama has a population density of 451.83. While 162,632 or 5.51% are urban inhabitants, a further 5,438 or 0.18% are pastoralists. A total of 592,539 households were counted in this Zone, which results in an average of 4.99 persons to a household, and 566,926 housing units.[3]
In the 1994 Census Sidama had a population of 2,044,836 in 439,057 households, of whom 1,039,587 were men and 1,005,249 women; 143,534 or 7.02% of its population were urban dwellers. The four largest ethnic groups reported in this Zone were the Sidama (88.6%), the Amhara (4.15%), the Oromo (2.97%), and the Welayta (1.84%); all other ethnic groups made up 2.44% of the population. Sidamo is spoken as a first language by 88.6% of the inhabitants, 4.15% speak Amharic, 2.97% Oromiffa, and 1.84% Welayta; the remaining 2.44% spoke all other primary languages reported. 62.54% of the population said they were Protestants, 13.64% observed traditional religions, 8.24% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 8% were Muslim, and 4.24% embracedCatholicism.[4]
According to a May 24, 2004 World Bank memorandum, 8% of the inhabitants of Sidama have access to electricity, this zone has a road density of 137.4 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers (compared to the national average of 30 kilometers),[5] the average rural household has 0.3 hectare of land (compared to the national average of 1.01 hectare of land and an average of 0.89 for the SNNPR)[6] and the equivalent of 0.5 heads of livestock. 15.4% of the population is in non-farm related jobs, compared to the national average of 25% and a Regional average of 32%. 68% of all eligible children are enrolled in primary school, and 18% in secondary schools. 72% of the zone is exposed to malaria, and none to Tsetse fly. The memorandum gave this zone a drought risk rating of 329.[7]
Sidama Zone is divided into 19 Rural Woredas and Hawassa City Administration. Woreda is subdivisions of zone in Ethiopian Administrative structure. Average popolation of a Woreda is 100,000people. The term Woreda is interchangeably used with District

አዋሳ፡- በደቡብ ክልል የተደራጀ የትምህርት ሠራዊት በመገንባት የትምህርት ጥራትና ተደራሽነትን ለማሳካት ትኩረት እንደተሰጠው የክልሉ ርዕሰ መስተዳድር አስታወቁ።
ርዕሰ መስተዳድሩ አቶ ሽፈራው ሽጉጤ ትናንት በአዋሳ ከተማ ሲዳማ ባህል አዳራሽ የተጀመረውን የክልሉን 18ኛ የአጠቃላይ ትምህርት ጉባዔ በንግግር ሲከፍቱ እንደገለጹት፤ በተያዘው የበጀት ዓመት በክልሉ የተደራጀ የትምህርት ሠራዊት በመገንባት ለትምህርት ጥራትና ተደራሽነት በትኩረት ይሰራል።
የትምህርት ሥርዓቱ ብቃት ያለውና የተደራጀ ባለሙያ የሚያፈራ መሆን እንዳለበት የገለጹት አቶ ሽፈራው፤ የትምህርት ጥራት ተማሪዎች ውጤታማ ሆነው ለራሳቸው እና ለሀገራቸው በሚያበረክቱት አስተዋፅኦ እንደሚለካ ተናግረዋል። የትምህርት ጥራት ተጠብቆ የተማሪዎች ውጤት እንዲሻሻል አመራሩ የትምህርት ሥራውን በባለቤትነት መምራት እንዳለበት አሳስበዋል።
እንደ ርዕሰ መስተዳድሩ ገለፃ፤ በክልሉ በሚገኙ ሁሉም ትምህርት ቤቶች የትምህርት ሠራዊት ግንባታ እንዲካሄድ በየደረጃው የሚገኙ የአመራር አካላት ከፍተኛ ትኩረት መስጠት ይኖርባቸዋል። በ2004 ዓ.ም በክልሉ የትምህርት ጥራትን ለማረጋገጥ በተከናወኑ ሥራዎች በተማሪው ውጤት ላይ በተወሰነ ደረጃ መሻሻል ታይቷል። በተለያዩ የትምህርት ደረጃዎች የተማሪዎችን ውጤት አሁን ካለበት ደረጃ ለማሳደግ በርካታ ሥራዎችን ማከናወን ያስፈልጋል።
ሕፃናት የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርትን በአካባቢያቸው እንዲያገኙ ለማድረግ በ2004 ዓ.ም የተለያዩ ተግባራት ተከናውነዋል ያሉት ርዕሰ መስተዳድሩ፤ በክልሉ በሚገኙ 958 ቀበሌዎች እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል የሚያስተምሩ ትምህርት ቤቶች መከፈታቸውን አቶ ሽፈራው አስረድተዋል።
ትምህርት ቤቶች ያልተከፈቱባቸው ቀበሌዎች እንዳሉ ጠቁመው፤ በተያዘው የበጀት ዓመት ሁሉም የክልሉ ቀበሌዎች እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል የሚያስተምሩ ትምህርት ቤቶች እንዲኖራቸው አመራሩ ልዩ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ እንዲሰራ አሳስበዋል። ወላጆች በትምህርት ሥራው ተሣታፊ እንዲሆኑ እነርሱንም አደራጅቶ ማንቀሳቀስ እንደሚገባ ጠቁመዋል።
ሁሉም ሠርተፍኬት ያላቸውን የአንደኛ ደረጃ መምህራን ዘንድሮ ወደ ዲፕሎማ ፕሮግራም እንዲገቡ መደረጉን አመልክተዋል። በትምህርት ዘመኑም የሚያስፈልጉ መፃሕፍትም በበቂ መጠን ታትመው እየተሠራጩ መሆኑን ገልጸዋል።
የትምህርት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ፉአድ ኢብራሂም በበኩላቸው እንዳሉት፤ ላለፉት 20 ዓመታት በትምህርት ዘርፍ በተከናወኑ ሥራዎች አመርቂ ውጤት ተገኝቷል።
ለአገሪቱ የዴሞክራሲ ሥርዓትና ለልማት ከሚፈለገው የሰው ኃይል ግንባታ አንፃር አሁንም በትምህርት ዘርፍ ትኩረት ሰጥተው ሊከናወኑ የሚገባቸው ተግባራት መኖራቸውን አቶ ፉአድ ገልጸው፤ በትምህርት ጥራት ላይ አበረታች ለውጥ ቢታይም የሚፈለገው ደረጃ ላይ አለመድረሱን ተናግረዋል።
እንደ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታው ገለፃ፤ በአገራችን የአንደኛ ደረጃ አጠቃላይ የትምህርት ተሣትፎ 95 ነጥብ 4 በመቶ የደረሰ ሲሆን፤ አሁንም በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሕፃናት ትምህርት ቤት ያልገቡበት ሁኔታ ይታያል። እነዚህን ሕፃናት ወደ ትምህርት ገበታ ማምጣት ይገባል።
በሁለተኛ ደረጃ የትምህርት ተሣትፎና በልዩ ፍላጐት ትምህርት ላይ ችግሮች መኖራቸውን የጠቆሙት አቶ ፉአድ በትምህርት ሥራ ጠንካራ አመራር በመዘርጋት የቀድሞው የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን የትምህርት ጥራት የማረጋገጥ ዓላማ እውን ማድረግ እንደሚገባም አስገንዝበዋል።
የደቡብ ክልል የትምህርት ቢሮ ኃላፊ አቶ መሐ መድ አህመዲን በበኩላቸው እንዳሉት፤ በክልሉ ሁሉም አካባቢዎች ትምህርት ቤቶች ተከፍተዋል። ባለፉት ዓመታት የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች በየዓመቱ በአማካይ በ6 ነጥብ 7 በመቶ፣ የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች 10 ነጥብ 4 ከመቶ አድገዋል። ከዓመታት በፊት ከግማሽ ሚሊዮን የማይበልጥ የነበረው የክልሉ ተማሪዎች ቁጥር በ2004 ዓ.ም ከ4 ሚሊዮን በላይ ደርሷል።
በክልሉ የትምህርት ልማት ሠራዊት ግንባታ ሥራ መጀመሩን ያመለከቱት አቶ መሐመድ፤ በአንድ ለ አምስት የተማሪ አደረጃጀት አበረታች እንቅስቃሴ መደረጉን ነው የገለጹት። ወላጆችና ሌሎች ባለድርሻ አካላትም በትምህርት ሥራው የድርሻቸውን መወጣት መጀመራቸውን አመልክተዋል።
ለሦስት ቀናት በሚቆየው በዚህ ጉባዔ ከፍተኛ የመንግሥት የሥራ ኃላፊዎችን ጨምሮ የክልሉ የካቢኔ አባላት የዞንና የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎች እንዲሁም የትምህርት አመራር አባላትና የሚመለከታቸው አካላት ተገኝተዋል። በጉባዔው የ2004 ዓ.ም የሥራ ዕቅድ አፈፃፀም ሪፖርት ላይ ውይይት የተካሄደ ሲሆን፤ በ2005 ዓ.ም ጥራቱ የተረጋገጠ ትምህርት ለሕብረተሰቡ ለማድረስ የሚያስችል የዕቅድ አቅጣጫ እንደሚቀመጥም ታውቋል። 

አዲስ አበባ ጥቅምት 6/ 2005 ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት በሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ልማት ዘርፍ የተጀመረው ጥረት ውጤት እያስገኘ መሆኑን የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስትሩ አስታወቁ። የቅጂ መብት ጥሰት መጠን ከ95 በመቶ ወደ 65 በመቶ መውረዱንም ገልጸዋል። ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ደሴ ዳልኬ ዛሬ በጽህፈት ቤታቸው ለጋዜጠኞች በሰጡት መግለጫ በኢትዮጵያ የተጀመረውን ፈጣን የኢኮኖሚ እድገት ዘላቂነት እንዲኖረው ጠንካራ አገራዊ የቴክኖሎጂ አቅም የመገንባቱ ጥረት ተጠናክሮ ቀጥሏል። በአገሪቱ የውጭ ቴክሎጂዎችን የመማር የማላመድና የመጠቀም አቅም አሁንም በዝቅተኛ ደረጃ ላይ የሚገኝ ቢሆንም፤ ባለፉት ሁለት አመታት ግን አመርቂ የሚባል መሻሻል ተመዝግቧል።
ፈጣኑን የኢኮኖሚ እድገት በሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ እውቀት እንዲታገዝ አገራዊ ጥረት እየተደረገ መሆኑንምተናግረዋል። የዩኒቨርሲዎችና የኢንዱስትሪዎች ትስስርን ከማጠናከር አኳያም የተሻለ ሥራ መከናወኑን ገልጸዋል። አዳዲስ ቴክኖሎጂዎችን የማፈላለግ የማስገባትና የመጠቀም አቅምን የሚያዳብሩ የአሰራር ሥርዓቶች በመዘርጋታቸው ቴክኖሎጂን በማዛመድና በመቅዳት ረገድ ጥሩ ጅምሮች እየታዩ ስለመሆኑም አስረድተዋል። ቴክኖሎጂን አስመስሎ በመስራት ከውጭ የሚገቡትን በአገር ውስጥ በማስቀረት ረገድም ተስፋ የሚሰጥ ውጤት እየታዬ መሆኑን ሚኒስትሩ አስረድተዋል።
በከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋማት የተማሪዎች ቅበላ ከሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ የሰው ኃይል ልማት ፍላጎት ጋር እንዲጣጣምና የተግባር ስልጠናውም ከማምረቻና አገልግሎት ሰጪ ተቋማት ጋር የማስተሳሰሩ ጥረት ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥል አብራርተዋል። እንደ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻ ከሆነ ባለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት የቅጅ መብት ጥሰትን ለመቆጣጠር ከተለያዩ ባለድርሻ አካላት ጋር በተካሄደው የጋራ ጥረት የሚያበረታታ ውጤት ተገኝቷል። 
በአሁኑ ወቅት የቅጅ መብት ጥሰት በአገር አቀፍ ደረጃ 65 በመቶ ገደማ ሲሆን፣ ችግሩን ከምንጩ ለማድረቅ ከሚመለከታቸው ተቋማት ጋር በመሆን ተከታታይ ጥረት እየተደረገ መሆኑን አስረድተዋል።
በቅርቡ በፈጠራና የምርምር ስራዎች የላቀ አስተዋጽኦ ያበረከቱ ስድስት ኢትዮጵያውያን ጨምሮ 204 ግለሰቦች በአገር አቀፍ ደረጃ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እንደሚሸለሙም ገልጸዋል። ከተሸላሚዎቹ መካከልም 60ዎቹ ሴቶች ሲሆኑ የእውቅና ሰርተፊኬትን ጨምሮ የሜዳሊያና መጠነኛ የገንዘብ ሽልማት ይበረከትላቸዋል ሲል የኢትዮጵያ ዜና አገልግሎት ዘግቧል

አዲስ አበባ ጥቅምት 6/2005 መንግሥት የዋጋ ግሽበትን ለመቆጣጠር ባከናወናቸው ተግባራት ባለፈው ዓመት የዋጋ ግሽበቱ ከ40 በመቶ ወደ 19 በመቶ ዝቅ ማለቱን የኢፌዲሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አስታወቁ። የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ መስከረም 28 ቀን 2005 የሕዝብ ተወካዮችና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤቶች የጋራ መክፈቻ ስብሰባ ላይ ያደረጉትን ንግግር አስመልክቶ ከምክር ቤት አባላት በቀረበው የማሻሻያ ሞሽን ላይ ተወያይቶ አጽድቋል። ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከምክር ቤት አባላት ለቀረበላቸው ጥያቄ መልስ ሲሰጡ እንደገለጹት የዋጋ ግሽበትን ለመቆጣጠር መንግሥት በገበያ ውስጥ ያለውን የገንዘብ መጠን በመቆጣጠር፣ የግብርና ምርታማነትን በማሳደግና የንግድ ሥርዓቱን ዘመናዊ ለማድረግ በተከናወኑ ተግባራት የዋጋ ግሽበቱ ዝቅ ብሏል።

መንግሥት የሚያጋጥመውን የበጀት ጉድለት ለመሸፈን የብሔራዊ ባንክ ብድር ሳይወስድ የመንግሥት የግምጃ ቤት ሰነድን በመሸጥ የበጀት ጉድለቱ ከ1 ነጥብ 2 በመቶ እንዳያልፍ ማድረጉን አብራርተዋል። መንግሥት በጅምላ ንግድ ውስጥ የሚታዩትን ችግሮች ለማስወገድ ያካሄደው ጥናት በማጠናቀቁ የዋጋ ግሽበቱን ለመቆጣጠር ጥናቱ በዚህ ዓመት ተግባራዊ እንደሚደረግ ገልጸዋል። የዋጋ ግሽበቱን በመቆጣጠር ረገድ የግብርና ምርትና ምርታማነትን ማሳደግ ወሳኝ በመሆኑን በመገንዘብ ባለፈው ዓመት ከ1ሚሊዮን ኩንታል በላይ ማዳበሪያና ከ1 ነጥብ 2 ሚሊዮን በላይ ምርጥ ዘርፍ ለአርሶ አደሮች እንዲሰራጭ መደረጉን ተናግረዋል። የግብርና ምርትና ምርታማነትን በማሳደግ የዋጋ ግሽበትን ለመቆጣጠር የሚደረገው ጥረት በተያዘው በጀት ዓመትም ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥል አቶ ኃይለማርያም አመልክተዋል። እንዲሁም የዋጋ ግሽበቱን ለመቆጣጠር መንግሥት ለዝቅተኛ የኀብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ስንዴ፣ ዘይትና ስኳር ምርቶችን ከውጭ በማስገባት ድጎማ የሚያደርገውን ጥረት አጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልም አስታውቀዋል። የሴቶችና የወጣቶችን የገቢ ምንጭ ለማሳደግ በርካታ የሥራ ዕድሎችን ለመፍጠር ርብርብ የሚያደርግ ሲሆን፤ ባለፈው ዓመት የተፈጠሩ የሥራ ዕድሎች ዘንድሮም ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልም ገልጸዋል። 

አንዳንድ ባለሀብቶች በአገሪቱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት እንዳለ አድርገው የሚፈጥሩት ውዥንብር የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት ይገጥመናል በሚል የፈጠሩት በመሆኑ በአገሪቱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት እንደሌለም አስረድተዋል። ባለፈው ዓመት በኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ብቻ የተሸጠው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ክምችት ከተመሳሳይ ወቅት ጋር ሲነፃጸር በ12 ነጥብ 5 በመቶ ብልጫ ያለው መሆኑን ገልጸዋል። የአገሪቱን የቁጠባ ባህል ለማሳደግ በዕድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ ዘመን መጨረሻ ላይ ከ6 ወደ 15 በመቶ ለማድረስ መቀመጡን ያስታወሱት አቶ ኃይለማርያም፤ ባለፈው ዓመት የዜጎች የቁጠባ ባህል ዘጠኝ በመቶ ማደጉን ተናግረዋል። መንግሥት በሁሉም የአገሪቱ ወረዳዎችና ቀበሌዎች ባንኮችና አነስተኛ የቁጠባና የገንዘብ ብድር ፋይናንስ ተቋማት እንዲከፈቱ በማድረጉ የአገሪቱ የቁጠባ መጠን በ35 በመቶ ማደጉን አብራርተዋል። በአገሪቱ የተጀመሩ ግዙፍ የልማት ፕሮጀክቶችን ለማስፈጸም የገንዘብ እጥረት እንዳያጋጥም የቁጠባ ባህልን ለማሳደግ በርካታ ተግባራት እንደሚከናወን አስረድተዋል። የታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ ግንባታ በተያዘለት የጊዜ ሰሌዳ መሠረት በመገንባት ላይ የሚገኝ መሆኑን የገለጹት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ፣በአሁኑ ወቅት 11 ነጥብ 4 በመቶ አፈጻጸም መመዝገቡን ገልጸዋል። የባቡር መስመር ግንባታን ለማከናወን ከቻይና፣ ከጃፓንና ከደቡብ ኮሪያ መንግሥታት ጋር ስምምነት የተደረገ ሲሆን፣ ከአዲስ አበባ ጅቡቲ የሚዘረጋው የባቡር መሥመር ግንባታ ባለፈው ሰኔ ወር 2004 መጀመሩን ተናግረዋል። የቴሌኮም ጥራት ላይ ችግር ያስከተለበት ምክንያት ከተንቀሳቃሽ ስልክ ተጠቃሚዎች ቁጥር መጨመርና በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ ረጃጅም ሕንጻዎች ግንባታ ጋር በተያያዘ የሞገድ መጨናነቅ በመፈጠር እንዲሁም የፋይቨር ኦፕቲክስ መሥመር በሕገ ወጥ ሰዎች በመቆረጡ ምክንያት እንደሆነም አስረድተዋል። የጥራት ችግሩን ለማስወገድ በረጃጅም ሕንጻዎች ላይ የሞገድ ማሰራጫ መሣሪያዎች ተከላ ይከናወናል። 

የፋይቫር ኦፕቲክስ መሥመር ከመሬት ውስጥ ይልቅ በኤሌክትሪክ ምሰሶች ላይ እንደሚዘረጋ አቶ ኃይለማርያም አስታውቀዋል። በተመሳሳይ በኤሌክትሪክ አቅርቦት ላይ የሚታየውን የኃይል መቆራረጥ ችግር ለማቃለል በኃይል ማሰራጫ መሥመሮች ላይ የሚደርስ ጉዳት ለመከላከል ኀብረተሰቡ ከፍተኛ ሚና እንዲጫወት አሳስበዋል። የትምህርት ጥራትን ለማስጠበቅ የጥራት ማረጋገጫ ፓኬጅን ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ባለፉት ዓመታት ጥሩ ውጤት መመዝገቡንና ጥረቱ የተሰጠው ትኩረት ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥል አስረድተዋል። ዴሞክራሲንና መልካም አስተዳደር ለልማት ወሳኝ መሆኑን በመረዳት መንግሥት ዲሞክራሲንና መልካም አስተዳደር ሥርዓት ለመገንባት ከፍተኛ ርብርብ ሲያደርግ የቆየ ቢሆንም በአንዳንድ የመንግሥት መስሪያ ቤቶች በመልካም አስተዳደር ችግር ሕዝብ እንደሚማረርባቸው መንግሥት እንደሚያውቅ ተናግረዋል። ሕዝብ የሚማረርባቸውን የመንግሥት መሥሪያ ቤቶች የመልካም አስተዳደር ችግር ለማስወገድ ዘንድሮ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎችን ጨምሮ ሁሉም የኀብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ተሳትፎ እንደያደርጉና በተለይ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር /ኢህአዴግ/ ከፍተኛ ሚና ሊጫወት እንደሚገባ አስገንዝበዋል። የመልካም አስተዳደር ንቅናቄ ለመፍጠር በሚደረገው ጥረት የኢህአዴግ አባላት ከፍተኛ ሚና ሊጫወቱ እንደሚገባም አቶ ኃይለማርያም አሳስበዋል። በአዲስ አበባና በሌሎች አካባቢዎች የሚካሄደው ምርጫ ነፃ፣ ፍትሃዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ እንዲሆን እንዲሁም በሕዝብ ዘንድ ተቀባይነት ያለው ሆኖ እንዲጠናቀቅ መንግሥት ከኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ጋር እንደሚሰራም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ገልጸዋል ሲል ኢዜአ ዘግቧል።