Nomonanoto Show

Monday, October 8, 2012



“ZTE has invested over four million birr on social development projects in Ethiopia,” said Yang Rongxue, Representative of ZTE at a donation ceremony of food and clothing to Mary Joy Development Association on Friday October 5, 2012. The donation was provided from ZTE employees from China as well as Ethiopia.
“ZTE has been operating in Ethiopia for 12 years now, as a company we have been participating actively in the society to fulfill our social responsibility,” Yang stated. The company that had its revenue grow by 29pct to USD 13.7 billion and overseas revenue increased by 30pct to USD 7.42 billion in 2011 stated that it is interested in giving more donations in the future.
Working with less fortunate persons since 1995, Mary Joy also announced that it has started building a recreational center for older persons only. “In this country there are many places where young people can go to spend time, but there wasn’t a single place where older  people could go to. We wanted to fill that gap,” said Zebider Zewde, Founder and Manager of Mary Joy Development Association.
The center that cost over eight million birr and two years to construct is located in Hawassa. It consists of a cafeteria, clinic, and other recreational spaces where they can go and have a good time. “The center is open to all elderly people but for those who will not afford to pay there will be coupons given to them. Nobody will be left out,” said Zebider.
She also stated that the initiative to build the center was taken by Mary Joy as well as different Ethiopian artists. There also a plan to build similar centers in Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa in a few years.
“We really appreciate ZTE for making the donation, we have many partners who are always helping us and we are happy ZTE is one of them,” Zebider stated.

http://www.capitalethiopia.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1757:chinese-company-helps-new-hawassa-senior-center&catid=35:capital&Itemid=27



ሐዋሳ (ኢዜአ)፡- ዘንድሮ የሚካሄደው የአካባቢ ምርጫ ሰላማዊ፣ ነፃና ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሆኖ እንዲጠናቀቅ የፍትህ አካላትን ቅንጅታዊ ጥረት እንደሚሻ የኢትዮጵያ ብሄራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ገለጸ፡፡
የቦርዱ ሰብሳቢ ፕሮፌሰር መርጋ በቃና በደቡብ ክልል ለሚገኙ የፍትህ አካላት ኃላፊዎችና ባለሙያዎች በተዘጋጀው የአቅም ግንባታ ስልጠና ላይ እንደተናገሩት የሀገሪቱ ምርጫ አፈጻጸም ዓለም አቀፍ መርሆዎችን በተከተለና የህዝቡን ተጠቃሚነት ባረጋገጠ መልኩ ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ እየተጠናከረ መጥቷል፡፡
ባለፉት ሁለት አስርት ዓመታት የሀገሪቱ ብሔር፣ ብሔረሰቦችና ህዝቦች በማንኛውም ሁኔታ ልዩነት ሳይደረግባቸው በቀጥታ በነፃነት በመረጧቸው ተወካዮቻቸው አማካይኝነት ራሳቸውን በራሳቸው የማስተዳደር ህገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን መጠቀም ችለዋል ብለዋል፡፡
በአገሪቱ በምርጫው በኩል የታዩ መልካም ውጤቶችን የበለጠ ለማጠናከር መንግሥት ለነፃና ፍትሃዊ ምርጫ አፈጻጸም ዓለምአቀፍ መስፈርቶችን ያካተቱ አዋጆችን በማውጣትና ምርጫውን የሚያስፈጽሙ ገለልተኛ የምርጫ ቦርድ በማቋቋም በርካታ ለውጦች እንዲመዘገቡ ማድረጉንም ተናግረዋል፡፡
የፍትህ አካላት በተወዳዳሪ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎችና በግል ዕጩዎች መካከል ለሚከሰቱ አለመግባባቶች መፍትሄ በመስጠት እንዲሁም ለነፃ፣ ፍትሃዊ፣ ሠላማዊና ዴሞክራሲያዊ ምርጫ አፈፃፀም ሥርዓት መስፈን ገንቢ አስተዋጽኦ በማበርከት ለሀገሪቱ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ስርዓት መጎልበት የበኩላቸውን እንዲወጡ አሳስበዋል፡፡
በሀገሪቱ በአሁኑ ወቅት ምርጫው ሠላማዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ በሆነ መልኩ ለማስፈፀም የተዘጋጁ የህግ ማዕቀፎችን መሰረት በማድረግ በቦርዱ ዕውቅና ያገኙ 75 የፖለቲካ ፓረቲዎች እንዳሉ የገለጹት ሰብሳቢው እነዚህ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ለመልካም አስተዳደር መስፈንና ለዴሞክራሲ ሥርዓት መጎልበት የበኩላቸውን መወጣት እንዳለባቸው አስገንዝበዋል፡፡
በ2005 በሁሉም ክልሎችና በሁለቱም የከተማ አስተዳደሮች የሚደረገውን የአካባቢ ምርጫ ነፃ፣ ፍትሃዊ፣ ሰላማዊና ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሆኖ እንዲጠናቀቅ ቦርዱ ህግን መሰረት ያደረገ እንቅስቃሴ በማድረግ ላይ እንደሚገኝ ጠቁመው ለዚሁ ሁሉም የፍትህ አካላት የበኩላቸውን መወጣት አለባቸው ብለዋል፡፡
ቦርዱ ሰላማዊና ነፃ ምርጫ ለአገሪቱ ዲሞክራሲ እደገት ያለው ፋይዳ ከፍተኛ መሆኑን በመገንዘብ ከተለያዩ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ጋር በመሆን በተለ ያዩ የአገሪቱ ቋንቋዎች የተዘጋጁ በርካታ ደንቦችና መመሪያዎችን ለሁሉም ክልሎች መሰራጨቱን አመልክተዋል፡፡
በምርጫው ወቅት ለሚከሰቱ ችግሮች ፍትሃዊ መፍትሄ ለመስጠት የፍትህ አካላት እዚህን መመሪያዎችን ጠንቅቀው እንዳለባቸውም ጠቁመዋል፡፡
የደቡብ ክልል ጠቅላይ 
ፍርድ ቤት ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ ታረቀኝ አበራ በበኩላቸው በአስተማማኝ መሰረት ላይ የተገነባ ፍትሀዊ ሰላማዊና ነፃ ምርጫ ለማስፈን መድብለ ፓርቲ ውድድር እንዲጎልብት የፍትህ አካላትን ጨምሮ ሁሉም የባለድርሻ አከላት ርብርብ ማድረግ አለባቸው ብለዋል፡፡
በኢትዮጵያ ብሄራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ የደቡብ ክልል ቅርንጫፍ ጽህፈት ቤቶች አስተባባሪ አቶ አብርሃም ገዴቦ በበኩላቸው በክልሉ ምርጫው ነፃ፣ ሰላማዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሆኖ እንዲካሄድ በየደረጃው የሚገኙ የፍትህ አካላት ያበረከቱት አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡
እንዲሁም በክልሉ በ2005 ለሚደረገው የአካባቢ ምርጫ ከ8 ሺ በላይ የምርጫ ጣቢያዎች መዘጋጀታቸውን ጠቁመው የፍትህ አካላት ምርጫው በሚካሄድባቸው ቦታዎች የሚከሰቱ አለመግባባቶችን ነፃና ፍትሃዊ በሆነ መልክ መፍትሄ በመስጠት የድርሻቸውን እንዲወጡ ጠይቀዋል፡፡
በሃዋሳ ለሁለት ተከታታይ ቀናት እየተካሄደ ባለው ስልጠና ላይ በክልሉ ከሚገኙ የተለያዩ ዞኖች የተውጣጡ ከ300 በላይ የፍትህ አካላት ኃላፊዎችና ባለሙያዎች እየተሳተፉ ናቸው፡፡ 



አዋሳ መስከረም 28/2005 በሀዋሳ ከተማ ሙስሊሙ ህብረተሰብ ትናንት በቀበሌ ደረጃ የሚመሩትን ተወካዮች ነጻና ዴሞክራሲያዊ በሆነ መንገድ መምረጡን የከተማው እስልምና ጉዳዮች ምርጫ አስተባበሪና መራጮች ገለጹ፡፡ የከተማው እስልምና ጉዳዮች የምርጫ አስተባባሪ ዶክተር ሁሴን መሐመድ ዛሬ ለኢትዮጵያ ዜና አገልግሎት እንደገጹት በከተማው 19 ምርጫ ጣቢያዎች በተካሄደው ምርጫ ከ3 ሺህ የሚበልጡ ሙስሊሞች ድምጽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ በህዝበ ሙስሊሙ ቀጥተኛ ተሳትፎና ባለቤትነት በተካሄደው ምርጫ በእያንዳንዱ ምርጫ ጣቢያ ከተጠቆሙት 25 ዕጩዎች መካከል 20ዎቹ በድምጽ ብልጫ ተመርጠው ቃለ መሃላ መፈጸማቸውን አስታውቀዋል፡፡ የተመረጡት ተወካዮች በህብረተሰቡ ዘንድ በሚገባ የሚታወቁ ፣በሀይማኖት ስነምግባራቸው የተመሰገኑና በህዝብ ዘንድ ተቀባይነት ያላቸው መሆናቸውን አመልክተው የምርጫው ሂደት ያለምንም ችግር መጠናቀቁን አስታውቀዋል፡፡ ከመራጮችም መካከል አንዳንዶቹ በሰጡት አስተያየት የሚበጃቸውን መሪዎች በራሳቸው ቀጥተኛ ተሳትፎ መምረጥ ሲችሉ የአሁኑ በታሪክ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ በመሆኑ ከፍተኛ ደስታ እንደተሰማቸው ጠቁመው ምርጫው ነጻ፣ ሰላማዊና ዴሞክራሲያዊ መሆኑን ገልጸዋል፡፡
http://www.ena.gov.et/Story.aspx?ID=2722&K=1


አዲስ አበባ፣ መስከረም 28፣ 2005 (ኤፍ ቢ ሲ) የኢፌዴሪ ፕሬዝዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የህዝብ ተወካዮችና  እና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤቶችን የጋራ መደበኛ ስብሰባን በንግግር ከፍተዋል።

የኢፌዲሪ የህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤትና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤቶች ሶስተኛ ዓመት የስራ ዘመናቸውን ዛሬ ጀምረዋል።

በምክር ቤቶቹ የጋራ የመክፈቻ ስነ ስርዓት ላይ ፕሬዝዳንት ግርማ  ባቀረቡት የመክፈቻ የ2005 በጀት ዓመት የመንግስት ትኩረት የሰጠባቸውን  ጉዳዮች አንስተዋል ።

ፕሬዝዳንት ግርማ በንግግራቸው በክቡር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቀያሽነት ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት ተግባራዊ መደረግ የጀመረው የእድገትና የትራንስፎርሜሽን እቅድ አበረታች ውጤቶች እየተመዘገበበት ይገኛል ብለዋል።

ባለፉት ተከታታይ ዓመታት ሃገሪቱ እያስመዘገበች ያለው ባለሁለት አሃዝ የኢኮኖሚ እድገትም በዘንድሮው ዓመት እንደሚደገም የሚያረጋግጡ ተግባራት በመንግስት እየተናወኑ እንደሚገኙም ነው የጠቆሙት።

ግብርና አሁንም በከፍተኛ ደረጃ እድገት እያስመዘገበ የሚገኝ ሲሆን ይህንን ለማሰቀጠል የሚያግዙ ሰፋፊ የአፈርና ውሃ ጥበቃ ስራዎች በክረምቱ ወቅት በመላ ሃገሪቱ ተከናውኗል ብለዋል።
         
ከማዳበሪያና ምርጥ ዘር አቅርቦት አንስቶ የአርሶ አደሩ የዘመናዊ ቴክኖሎጂ ተጠቃሚነት እያደገ መምጣት ከዓምናው የተሻለ የምርት ጭማሪ እንደሚኖር የሚጠበቅ ነው ብለዋል ፕሬዝዳንቱ።

ስራ አጥነትን ለመዋጋት በተሰሩ ስራዎችም ባለፈው ዓመት ለ1 ነጥብ 1 ሚሊየን ዜጎች ቋሚና ጊዜያዊ የስራ እድል መፍጠር መቻሉንም ተናግረዋል።

በከተሞች የሚስተዋለውን የመኖሪያ ቤት ችግር ለመፍታት እየተከናወነ ያለው የጋራ መኖሪያ ቤቶች ግንባታም በ100 ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ መካከለኛና ዝቅተኛ ገቢ ያላቸውን ዜጎች የቤት ባለቤት ማድረግ መቻሉን በማንሳትም ይኽው ስራ በዘንድሮው ዓመትም ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥል ጠቁመዋል ።

የዋጋ ግሽበትን መቆጣጠር ፣ ትላልቅ የሃይል ማመንጫ ፕሮጄክቶችን በተያዘላቸው ጊዜ ማጠናቀቅ ፣ የባቡር መስመር ዝርጋታን ማፋጠን ፣ መልካም አስተዳደርን ማረጋገጥ ፣ የህግ የበላይነትን ማረጋገጥ ፣ ሃሳብን በነጻነት የመግለጽ ሃሳብ እንዲሁም በተለያዩ ማህበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ መስኮች የተገኙ ውጤቶችን በበለጠ ሁኔታ ማስቀጠል የመንግስት ትኩረት መሆናቸው በፕሬዚዳንቱ ንግግሮች ላይ ተነስተዋል  ።

የጽህፈት ቤቱ ኃላፊ አቶ ታዲዮስ ነጤ እንደገለፁት የአምስት ዓመቱን የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽ እቅድን ከግብ ለማድረስ የግብርና ምርትና ምርታማነትን በማሳደግ ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ እየተሰራ ይገኛል፡፡
ባለፈው በልግ ወቅት 16 ሺህ ሄክታር በላይ መሬት በተለያዩ ሰብሎች ከተሸፈነው ውስጥ 1 ሚሊዮን 6 መቶ ኩንታል መሰብሰብ መቻሉን ተናግረዋል፡

የግብርና ሥራውን ውጤታማ ለማድረግ 37 ሺህ 7 መቶ ኩንታል ዳኘና ዩሪያ ለአርሶ አደሩ ፍትሃዊ በሆነ መንገድ  ማሰራጨት መቻሉን አቶ ታድዮስ አስረድተዋል፡፡
ሀገራችንን ከድህነት ለማውጣት የተያዙ ውጥኖችን ከግብ ለማድረስ አርሶ አደሩ፣ የግብርና ባለሙያው፣ የልማት ሠራተኛውና የአመራር አካላቱ በቁጭትና ወኔ በመነሳሳት መሥራት እንደሚጠበቅባቸው አሳስበዋል፡፡ አክሊሉ ጥላሁን ከበንሳ ቅርንጫፍ ጣቢያ እንደዘገበው፡፡
http://www.smm.gov.et/_Text/24MesTextN205.html
አዲስ አበባ መስከረም 28/2005 የአስትሮኖሚና የስፔስ ሳይንስ ዘርፍ ዕድገት ለአገር ልማት የሚያበረክተው አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ በመሆኑ መንግሥት በዘርፉ በሚከናወኑ ተግባራት ሙሉ ተሳትፎ በማደረግ ላይ እንደሚገኝ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር አስታወቀ።
የኢትዮጵያ የስፔስ ሳይንስ ሶሳይቲ ከተባበሩት መንግስታት አውተር ስፔስ ጉዳዮች ቢሮ እና ከዓለም አቀፉ አስትሮኖሚካል ኀብረት ጋር በመተባበር በአስትሮኖሚና ስፔስ ሳይንስ ላይ የሚያተኩር የአቅም ግንባታ ስልጠና ለሁለተኛ ደረጃ እና ለዩኒቨርሲቲ መምህራን ዛሬ መስጠት ጀመረ።
የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስትር አቶ ደሴ ዳልኬ በተወካያቸው በኩል እንደገለጹት በአስትሮኖሚና በስፔስ ሳይንስ መስክ የሚሰጡ ስልጠናዎች ለአገር ልማት የሚያበረክቱት አስተዋጽኦ ከፍተኛ ነው።
በአስትሮኖሚና በስፔስ ሳይንስ መስክ የሚከናወኑ ተግባራትና ፕሮጀክቶች ለመደገፍ መንግሥት ዝግጁ መሆኑን ጠቁመው የእንጦጦ አስትሮኖሚካል ኦብዞርቫቶሪና የስፔስ ሳይንስ ምርምር ማዕከልን ለማጠናከር ጥረት በማድረግ ላይ እንደሚገኝም ተናግረዋል።
አቶ ደሴ እንዳሉት በአገሪቱ የአስትሮኖሚና የስፔስ ሳይንስ ምርምር ተቋምና ትምህርት ለማጠናከርና በመስኩ ያሉ ችግሮችን ለመፍታት በሚደረገው ጥረት የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር ከብሔራዊ፣ ከክፍለ አህጉራዊና ከዓለም አቀፍ ድርጅቶችና ተቋማት ጋር በትብብር ይሰራል።
የትምህርት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ዶክተር ካባ ኡርጌሳ እንዳሉት በኢትዮጵያ ብሎም በአፍሪካ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ምርምርና ትምህርትን ለማሳደግ የትምህርት ሚኒስቴር ከብሔራዊና ዓለም አቀፍ የምርምር ተቋማት ጋር አብሮ በመስራት ድጋፍ ያደርጋል።
የአስትሮኖሚ ትምህርት በሁለተኛ ደረጃ ሥርዓተ ትምህርት ውስጥ እንዲካተት በማድረግ በአፍሪካ አህጉር ለማስተዋወቅ ከእንጦጦ አስትሮኖሚካል ኦብዞርቫቶሪና ከስፔስ ሳይንስ ምርምር ማዕከል እንዲሁም ከብሔራዊ፣ ዓለም አቀፍ ምርምር ተቋማትና ባለድርሻ አካላት ጋር በመተባበር ውይይት የሚደረግበት መሆኑን አስረድተዋል።
የእንጦጦ አስትሮኖሚካል ኦብዞርቫቶሪ ዳይሬክተር ዶክተር ሰለሞን በላይ በበኩላቸው ስልጠናው የአስትሮኖሚና የስፔስ ሳይንስ በአንደኛና በሁለተኛ ደረጃ ሥርዓተ ትምህርት ውስጥ በማካተት ተማሪዎች ወደ ሳይንስ ትምህቶች ፍላጎት እንዲያድርባቸው ለማደረግ ነው ብለዋል።
የእንጦጦ አስትሮኖሚካል ኦብዞርቫቶሪ የምርምር ማዕከልን ከዓለም አቀፍ የምርምር ተቋማት ጋር በማቀነጀት ትልቅ የምርምር ማዕከል ለማድረግ ውይይት የሚካሄድ መሆኑን ገልጸዋል።
በአስትሮኖሚና ስፔስ ሳይንስ ዘርፍ የተጠናከረ የምርምር ማዕከል በአገሪቱ ባለመኖሩ በርካታ ኢትዮጵያውያን የዶክትሬት ትምህርታቸውን በውጭ ከተከታተሉ በኋላ ወደ አገር ስለማይመለሱ በዘርፉ የሰለጠነ የሰው ኃይል ችግር ገልጸዋል።
የእንጦጦ አስትሮኖሚካል ኦብዞርቫቶሪ የምርምር ማዕከል በዘርፉ ያለውን የሙያተኛ ችግር ለማስወገድ በውጭ የሚኖሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ማዕከሉ ለጥናትና ምርምር ዝግጁ መሆኑን በመገለጽ በሚቀጥለው የፈረንጆች ዓመት 15 የአስትሮኖሚፊዚክስና ስፔስ ሳይንስ ምሁራን እንደሚመጡም ጠቁመዋል።
እንደ አውሮፓውያን አቆጣጠር 1992/93 የመሬት ሳይንስና የአስትሮኖሚ ትምህርት በኮተቤ መምህራን ኮሌጅ ለሳይንስ ተማሪዎች በዲፕሎማ መስጠት የተጀመረ ሲሆን በአሁን ወቅት ከ20 በላይ በሚሆኑ ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የአስትሮኖሚ ፊዚክስ በዲግሪ እየተሰጠ መሆኑን ዶክተር ሰለሞን አስረድተዋል።
ለሦስት ቀናት በሚቆየው የአቅም ግንባታ ስልጠና ተሳታፊዎቹ የንድፈ ሀሳብና በኮምፒዩተር የተደገፈ የተግባር ስልጠና እንዲያገኙ ይደረጋል።
http://www.ena.gov.et/Story.aspx?ID=2724&K=1

The government of PM Hailemariam Desalegn must come forward and explain how it expects to deal with the effects of the “inevitable global food crises” in Ethiopia in light of its depleted foreign reserves and how his government will avert potentially catastrophic famine in the country.

By Alemayehu G. Mariam
For the past several months, there has been much display of public sorrow and grief in Ethiopia. But not for the millions of invisible Ethiopians who are suffering and dying from starvation, or what the “experts” euphemistically call “acute food insecurity”. These Ethiopians are spread across a large swath of the country (see map above, "Estimated food security conditions, 3rd quarter 2012 (July-September 2012, Famine Early Warning Systems Network FEWS NET).
According to the international “experts”, starving people are not really starving. They are just going through “scientific” stages of food deprivation. In stage one or “Acute Food Insecurity”, people experience “short term instability (“shocks”) but are able to meet basic food needs without atypical coping strategies.” In stage two or “Stressed” situations, “food consumption is reduced but minimally adequate without having to engage in irreversible coping strategies.” In stage three or “Crises” mode, the food supply is “borderline adequate, with significant food consumption gaps and acute malnutrition.” In stage four “Emergency”, there is “extreme food consumption gaps resulting in very high acute malnutrition or excess mortality”. In stage five or “Catastrophe”, there is “near complete lack of food and/or other basic needs where starvation, death, and destitution are evident.” When are people in “famine” situations?
Rarely will the international experts, donors, multilateral organizations, NGOs or ruling regimes use the dreaded “F” word. In Ethiopia, the word “famine” has been deemed politically incorrect because it conjures up images of hordes of skeletal humans walking across the parched landscape, curled corpses of famine victims under acacia trees and children with distended bellies clutching their mothers at feeding camps. It also portends political upheavals. In their analysis of recurrent famines in Ethiopia, Professors Angela Raven-Roberts and Sue Lautze noted, “Declaring a famine was also a complicated question for the Ethiopian government. Famines have contributed to the downfall of Ethiopian regimes… Some humanitarian practitioners gauge their successes, in part, according to ‘famines averted’… President George W. Bush challenged his administration to ensure that famines were avoided during his tenure, a policy known as ‘No Famine on My Watch’; declaring the existence of a famine could be seen as a political shortcoming and, therefore, a political vulnerability.” The one exception to the official embargo on the use of the word “famine” is Wolfgang Fengler, a lead economist for the World Bank, who on August 17, 2011, definitively declared, “This [famine] crisis is man made. Droughts have occurred over and again, but you need bad policymaking for that to lead to a famine.” In other words, the fundamental problem with “acute” or “chronic” malnutrition (short-term or long-term starvation) in Ethiopia is poor governance, not drought.
In January 2010, Mitiku Kassa, the agriculture minister in Ethiopia, declared, “In the Ethiopian context, there is no hunger, no famine... It is baseless [to claim hunger or famine], it is contrary to the situation on the ground. It is not evidence-based. The government is taking action to mitigate the problems.’ The late Meles Zenawi was equally dismissive: “Famine has wreaked havoc in Ethiopia for so long, it would be stupid not to be sensitive to the risk of such things occurring. But there has not been a famine on our watch -- emergencies, but no famines.” If a technical definition of “Emergency” was intended, that would mean “extreme food consumption gaps resulting in very high acute malnutrition or excess mortality”. To the average observer, that sounds like old fashioned famine. But it is all a semantic game of euphemisms. Kassa made bold assurances that his regime had launched a food security program to “enable chronic food insecure households attain sufficient assets and income level to get out of food insecurity and improve their resilience to shocks...and halve extreme poverty and hunger by 2015.”
In 2011, according to the U.N., some 12.4 million people in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Djibouti were affected by chronic hunger and tens of thousands of people died from starvation (excuse me, “acute food insecurity”; or was it “acute malnutrition”?). Needless to say, there is not a single case in which starving Ethiopians have been surveyed to classify themselves into one of the five neat "scientific" categories. There is little doubt the vast majority of people presumed to be facing “acute malnutrition” would readily declare they are actually facing famine. But the fact of the matter is that the scope and magnitude of the “acute malnutrition” (or whatever fancy term is used to describe plain old starvation) in Ethiopia could never be independently verified because there is a conspiracy of silence between the ruling regime, international donors, NGOs and even some members of the international press who mindlessly parrot the official line and rarely go out into the affected areas to observe and document the food situation on a regular basis. So, the chorus of silent conspirators would chime in saying, “4.2 million people face acute malnutrition and need immediate life-saving help.” They would never say “4.2 million people are facing life ending famine”. The fact of the matter is that famine by any other fancy name is still famine and just as deadly!
The so-called “acute” (short-term) food shortages, malnutrition, insecurity, etc., are now a permanent (chronic) feature of Ethiopia’s food political economy. “Droughts” are blamed year after year for the suffering of millions of Ethiopians and year after year the regime’s response is to stand at the golden gates of international donors panhandling emergency humanitarian aid. The regime has done next to nothing to deal with the underlying problems aggravating the conditions leading to famine (see my July 2010 commentary “Apocalypse Now or in 40 Years?”), including high population growth, environmental degradation, low agricultural productivity caused by subsistence farming on fragmented small plots of land, government ownership of land, poor transportation and dysfunctional markets that drive up the real cost of food for the poor and other factors. Instead the regime’s solution has been to give away the most arable land in the country to so-called international investors who “lease” the land for commercial agriculture and export the harvest for sale on the international market while the local population starves. Alternatively, the regime relies on the so-called Productive Safety Nets Programmes (PSNP) which purportedly aim “to prevent asset depletion at the household level, create assets at the community level” by providing vulnerable populations income through public work projects and direct support. A joint undercover team from BBC's Newsnight and the bureau of investigative journalism at London's City University, separate investigations by Human Rights Watch and other international organizations have documented that PSNP resources have been used to reward supporters of the ruling party and punish members of opposition parties or non-supporters.
In 2012, to say that millions of Ethiopians will face starvation every year (disguised in the bureaucratic lingo of “acute malnutrition”, “food insecurity”, etc.) is like predicting the sun will rise tomorrow. But it is the long term prospects for “food insecurity” in Ethiopia that are unspeakably frightening. In 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau made the catastrophic prediction that Ethiopia's population by 2050 will more than triple to 278 million. Considering the fact that Ethiopia cannot feed its 90 million people today, how could it possibly feed triple that number in less than forty ears? But such facts have not stopped the ruling regime from denying the existence of famine conditions and declaring a crushing victory on famine in just a few years. The late Meles Zenawi in 2011 declared: “We have devised a plan which will enable us to produce surplus and be able to feed ourselves by 2015 without the need for food aid.”
Ethiopia and to a lesser extent many African countries face a formidable challenge in feeding their people in the next year or so. In 2011, Africa imported $50 billion worth of food from the U.S. and Europe. Food prices in Africa are 200-300 percent higher than global prices, which means higher profit margins for multinationals that produce and distribute food. With a steady growth in global population, the prospect of transforming Africa into vast commercialized farms is mouthwatering for global agribusinesses and speculators. One of the new “hunger games” that was recently proposed by the G-8 Summit is the “New Alliance for Food Security” aimed at accelerating the “transfer” of hundreds of millions of hectares of arable African land to Cargill, Dupont, Monsanto, Kraft, Unilever, Syngenta AG and the dozens of other signatory multinationals. Working jointly with Africa’s corrupt dictators, these multinationals aim to “liberate” the land from Africans just like the 19th Century scramble for Africa; but will they really liberate Africa from the scourge of hunger, famine, starvation and poverty?
2013 as a Year of "Catastrophic Global Food Crises"
Scientists are predicting that 2013 will be a “year of serious global crises” with significant food shortages and price hikes. The crises is triggered by recent droughts in the main grain producing countries including the U.S., Russia and Australia. According to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 80 percent of the U.S. has undergone some drought or “abnormally dry” conditions this past summer. This has resulted in significant loss of corn, wheat and soybean crops and is expected to reduce exports of grains and trigger increased prices on the global commodities markets. This crises will inflict a double whammy on the food importing countries of Africa. Increases in commodity prices (food, energy) will have a disproportionate impact on large vulnerable populations in Ethiopia because the impoverished households typically spend more than half their total incomes on food.
Two decisive factors for the coming global food crises have been identified. According to a highly regarded recent study by the New England Complex Systems Institute, [NECSI] (a group of academics from Harvard and MIT who specialize in predicting how changes in environment can lead to political instability and upheavals), the global food crises is driven by efforts to replace food crops with biofuel crops and greedy global investors (e.g. hedge funds, investment banks, etc.) who speculate (bet) on commodity (food) prices. NECSI researchers Marco Lagi, Yavni Bar-Yam and Yaneer Bar-Yam argue that because “the American breadbasket has suffered debilitating droughts and high temperatures [this summer], leading to soaring corn and wheat prices in anticipation of a poor harvest, we are on the verge of another crisis, the third in five years, and likely to be the worst yet, capable of causing new food riots and turmoil on a par with the Arab Spring." NECSI researchers predict that in 2013 a “spike in prices is inevitable.”
Catastrophic Famine and Food Riots in Ethiopia in 2013?
On November 24, 2010, the Ministry of Agriculture in Ethiopia announced that the number of people in need of emergency food aid had decreased from 5.2 million from earlier in the year to 2.3 million. Agriculture minister Kassa was quoted as saying that the “overall good performance of rains in 2010 and successful disaster management endeavors have reduced the disaster risks and vulnerabilities and decreased the number of food beneficiaries”. In April 2011, the Ethiopian regime appealed for emergency food assistance in the amount of USD 398.4 to meet the needs of some 3.2 million people. Later that year, officials reported that the number of needy people had increased to 4.5. On September 12, 2012, the agriculture ministry announced that 3.7 million Ethiopians will need humanitarian assistance between August and December 2012. According to Kassa, “The country needs 314 million metric tons of food to meet the gap.” Of the 3.7 million “food insecure people”, 47 percent of them are in Somali region followed by 27 percent in Oromiya, 10 percent in Tigray, and 7.7 percent in Amhara regional states.
Food prices have been soaring in Ethiopia for the past three years. In August 2011, the Ethiopian Central Statistics Agency reported food prices, which comprise more than half the Consumer Price Index, were up 47.4 percent from 2010. Transportation costs and housing were up more than 40 percent during the past year (the price of a liter of gasoline was 21 birr). In 2011, the regime imposed price controls on basic staples which led to shortages and was subsequently dropped after the controls proved to be ineffective in controlling inflation or increasing supply. Michael Atingi-Ego, head of the International Monetary Fund mission to Ethiopia in a press statement this past June noted, “For 2011/12, the mission projects real GDP growth at 7 percent and end-year inflation at about 22 percent… Gross official foreign reserves have declined to under two months of import coverage… Rebuilding gross official foreign reserves will provide a buffer against potential exogenous shocks given the current volatile global environment.” The fact of the matter is that when the “inevitable global food crisis” hits in 2013 with inflation running at over 20 percent and foreign reserves of two months, the only outcome to be expected is total disaster.
One does not need a crystal ball to predict famine in Ethiopia on the order of magnitude seen in mid-1970s and mid-1980s given the “inevitable price hikes” in the global food markets and the manifest lack of meaningful preparedness and remedial policies by the ruling regime. In a recent “confidential preliminary” report, Tadesse Kuma Worako of the Ethiopian Development Research Institute offers an analysis that exposes the multidimensional effects of food price increases on the population beyond mortality rates:
In Ethiopia, food expenditure of total household income estimated to account for more than 60 percent that any increase in food price has negative effect on the well-being of large majorities… Food-price increases are having serious consequences for the purchasing power of the poor. Affected groups include the rural landless, pastoralists, small-scale farmers and the urban poor. Despite the various causes of food crises, the hardships that individuals and communities face have striking similarities across disparate groups and settings. These include: inability to afford food, and related lack of adequate caloric intake, distress sales of productive assets, and migration of household members in search of work and reduced household spending on healthcare, education and other necessities… Ethiopia is a country which registers one of the highest child malnutrition rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. Child stunting, which is measured as abnormally low weight to height for age in children, is an indicator of poor long-run nutritional status. Although the prevalence of child stunting in Ethiopia decreased during the second half of the 2000s, the prevalence is still significantly high compared to developing countries average. Early childhood malnutrition (among children between six and 36 months) can cause irreversible damage to brain and motor-skill development, stifle human capital formation by causing delays in enrollment and later increasing the probability of grade repetition and drop-out, lower current health status, and increase in lifetime risk of chronic disease associated with the premature mortality.
Tadesse believes that proper policies could have averted much of the hardship on the population yet remains concerend about the decisive role of global food proices and the exchange rate. “The negative effects of high food prices could have been ameliorated if policy makers had been better informed about the food price situation. In the long-run however, domestic food and non-food prices are determined by the exchange rate and international food and goods prices which means that the exchange rate and international prices explain a large fraction of Ethiopia’s inflation.”
An Early Warning for Famine and Political Upheaval in Ethiopia in 2013
On December 13, 2011, NECSI scientists reportedly wrote to the US government alerting policy makers that global food prices were about to cross the threshold they had identified resulting in global political upheavals. Days later, Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in Tunisia and set the Middle East on fire in what is now known as the “Arab Spring”. Emperor Haile Selassie was overthrown in 1975 because he neglected to address the famine situation in the northern part of the country, which to this day suffers from famine or as they say “acute” and “chronic” malnutrition. The military socialist junta that ruled Ethiopia denied there was a famine in Ethiopia in the mid-1980s and was overthrown in 1991 by those who are in power today. History shows that high food prices often trigger major political upheavals. In a study of the “food crises and political instability in North Africa and the Middle East”, NECSI scientists argue:
In 2011 protest movements have become pervasive in countries of North Africa and the Middle East. These protests are associated with dictatorial regimes and are often considered to be motivated by the failings of the political systems in the human rights arena. Here we show that food prices are the precipitating condition for social unrest and identify a specific global food price threshold for unrest. Even without sharp peaks in food prices we project that, within just a few years, the trend of prices will reach the threshold. This points to a danger of spreading global social disruption…. Conditions of widespread threat to security are particularly present when food is inaccessible to the population at large. In this case, the underlying reason for support of the system is eliminated, and at the same time there is “nothing to lose,” i.e. even the threat of death does not deter actions that are taken in opposition to the political order. Any incident then triggers death-defying protests and other actions that disrupt the existing order.
The government of PM Hailemariam Desalegn must come forward and explain how it expects to deal with the effects of the “inevitable global food crises” in Ethiopia in light of its depleted foreign reserves and how his government will avert potentially catastrophic famine in the country. Planning to panhandle more emergency food aid simply won’t cut it. Relying on Productive Safety Nets Programmes simply won’t do it. 
If the government of PM Hailemariam Desalegn cannot come with a better answer or alternative to the looming famine over the horizon, it should be prepared to face not only a hungry population but also an angry one!


http://nazret.com/blog/index.php/2012/10/07/ethiopia-an-early-warning-for-a-famine-in-2013?blog=15

By Hawassa Teessonke
October 7 2012
Human societies have been governed by certain forms of social covenants since time immemorial. The first crude form of constitution or code of justice in the world was believed to have been issued by the Sumerian King in Mesopotamia in 2300 BC.  Following Sumeria, various ancient states including Babylonia and Assyria were believed to have issued various law codes as early as 2050 BC. The famous Greek philosopher, Aristotle, was however the first person to distinguish between ordinary law and constitutional law and introduce the idea of constitutionalism in the fourth century BC. Human beings have come long way since Aristotle in understanding, formulating, using or abusing this ancient social covenant, the constitution.  
Ethiopia adopted the first written constitution in 1931 when Haile Selassie was crowned as the Emperor of Ethiopia. That constitution provided for enslavement of the recently incorporated peoples in the south, west and east by subjecting them to brutal system of serfdom and was one of the most oppressive constitutions mankind has ever witnessed.  That constitution was based on glorification of one man as an appointee of God and was devoid of any rhetoric of human and democratic rights and rights of various peoples.  
The 1995 constitution ratified under the EPRDF appears to be the most liberal, and for the first time guaranteed on paper basic human and democratic rights including the most radical proposition in article 39 of the rights of nations and nationalities to self-determination including secession. Anyone who peruses through 106 articles and 49 pages of the 1995 constitution wonders whether the constitution represents the covenant of the state with its people or the covenant among the ruling elites as it appears that none of the rights prescribed in the 106 articles are respected in the bulk of the country and particularly in the Sidama region. Unlike in 1931 where nearly the entire population of the country was illiterate and one would rarely expect any challenge to the absolute powers enjoyed by those who crafted the pseudo constitution, today in the dawn of the 21st century, thanks to relative improvements to access to education and the global IT revolution, a sizable portion of the country’s population does not only read and write but has  the firsthand knowledge and experience of global democratic movements against the abuse of the peoples’ constitutional rights. The Sidama demand for regional self-administration reflects the level of societal political consciousness that is no more ready to tolerate any more constitutional deception and manipulation of the social covenant if any. Article 39 of the 1995 Ethiopian constitution grants unconditional rights to self-determination as indicated below:
Article 39. Rights of Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples
1. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has an unconditional right to self-determination, including the right to secession.
2. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to speak, to write and to develop its own language; to express, to develop and to promote its culture; and to preserve its history.
3. Every Nation, Nationality and People in Ethiopia has the right to a full measure of self-government which includes the right to establish institutions of government in the territory that it inhabits and to equitable representation in state and Federal governments.
4. The right to self-determination, including secession, of every Nation, Nationality and People shall come into effect:
(a) When a demand for secession has been approved by a two-thirds majority of the members of the legislative Council of the Nation, Nationality or People concerned;
(b) When the Federal Government has organized a referendum which must take place within three years from the time it received the concerned council’s decision for secession;
(c) When the demand for secession is supported by a majority vote in the referendum;
(d) When the Federal Government will have transferred its powers to the Council of the Nation, Nationality or People who has voted to secede; and
5. A “Nation, Nationality or People” for the purpose of this Constitution, is a group of people who have or share a large measure of a common culture or similar customs, mutual intelligibility of language, belief in a common or related identities, a common psychological make-up, and who inhabit an identifiable predominantly contiguous territory.”
How is such unconditional right to self-determination in respect of the Sidama people which number 3.4 million according to the official government statistics implemented? If the constitution is based on an Orwellian principle in the “Animal Farm” where “All animals are equal but some animals remain more equal than others”, the constitution needs an amendment to accommodate this clause. Nevertheless, as long as the articles of the constitution apply to all peoples in the country, the current attempt by the regional EPRDF cadres to hoodwink the Sidama people with allegations of grafts and anti-peace activities for demanding fair application of the rights stipulated in the very constitution amount to flagrant violation of the constitutional provision and will never be tolerated by any peace-loving person.    
Equally incoherent and deceitful is the manner in which the regional EPRDF cadres try to falsify the genuine demand of the Sidama people when they repeatedly go on various government media and try to distort the truth about the people’s demand.
In addition to the provision in article 39 about the rights of nations, nationalities and peoples, article 47 of the constitution provides procedures for any nation or nationality to establish its own regional state. Sub article 1 of Article  47 lists the current 9 regions and clearly describes the rights of nations, nationalities and peoples within the 9 states to establish at any time their own state.
“Article 47. Member States of the Federal Democratic Republic
 1. List of the 9 regions
2. Nations, Nationalities and Peoples within the States enumerated in sub-Article 1 of this article have the right to establish, at any time, their own States.
3. The right of any Nation, Nationality or People to form its own state is exercisable under the following procedures:
(a) When the demand for statehood has been approved by a two-thirds majority of the members of the Council of the Nation, Nationality or People concerned, and the demand is presented in writing to the State Council;
(b) When the Council that received the demand has organized a referendum within one year to be held in the Nation, Nationality or People that made the demand;
(c) When the demand for statehood is supported by a majority vote in the referendum;
(d) When the State Council will have transferred its powers to the Nation, Nationality or People that made the demand; and
(e) When the new State created by the referendum without any need for application, directly becomes a member of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
4. Member States of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia shall have equal rights and powers.
Then why all the diatribe against the basic demand of the people for regional self-administration. Clearly the current level of suppression, harassment and torture of innocent  Sidama civilians for echoing the rights stipulated in articles 39 and 47 of the current constitution is outrageously uncalled for and blatant disregard to basic human dignity. The Sidama people unequivocally reject the recent statement by the regional EPRDF cadre which labels the people’s demand as the demand of anti-peace elements in diaspora and rent seekers within the country. To the contrary the demand of the people is wholly constitutional and based entirely on provisions in articles 39 and 47 of the 1995 Federal constitution and no one will be able to block the Sidama people from forming their own regional state in line with the provisions in the constitution. It is extremely flawed to force a couple of hundred cadres to denounce the regional demand on behalf of the 3.4 million people to falsely declare that the Sidama people did not demand to forma a regional state. This is flawed for two reasons: first, these cadres have not been elected by the people and have no mandate from the people to decide on their behalf; and second, time and again almost all people in the 19 Sidama districts have unanimously demanded from the district cadres that they want to form the Sidama Regional State and they should convey the message to the Zonal and regional administration. They cadres however reneged on the popular demand and therefore by their own free will have forfeited their right to any juristic act. Their decision will therefore have no legal effect on the Sidama regional question. If there is respect to law and fundamental human right in the country the Sidama people will fire all the cadres that have sat in an illegal meeting and made an illegal announcement against the will of the 3.4 million people.         
Where the government fails to respect its own constitution, it is time for citizens to collectively bring the government to justice.  As we believe in the fundamental principle of peaceful struggle for the realization of fundamental rights as a nation, we will continue to resort to legal means to ensure that our fundamental rights are respected.  
Those cadres who are hell-bent to distort the reality are tarnishing their already tainted images in vain.   Their time is numbered. The will of the people will prevail. Make no mistakes; 2012 is not 1931.
http://hawassasidama.wordpress.com/2012/10/07/constitutional-collision-over-ethiopias-suppression-of-the-sidama-regional-question/