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Wednesday, September 12, 2012

September 10, 2012
Relief Food Update
As of 6 September, dispatch of the fifth round of relief food (targeting 3.3 million people nationwide) is near completion at 95 per cent, including 96 per cent dispatched to areas covered by the Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS), 93 per cent to WFP-covered areas and 96 per cent to areas covered by the NGO consortium Joint Emergency Operation (JEOP). Allocations for the sixth round (targeting 3.8 million people) are expected to start from 10 September 2012. The next Food and Non-Food Management Task Force Meeting takes place on 14 September 2012. For more information, contact: wfp.addisababa@wfp.org 

Health Update
At the national level, a total of 53,550 cases of malaria were reported along with 10 confirmed deaths (Case Fatality Rate of 0.01 per cent) during the previous week. Some 95 per cent of the cases occurred in three regions: SNNPR (47 per cent), Amhara (26 per cent); and Oromia (22 per cent), although certain localized areas of the Oromia Region such as West Shoa, Arsi and Horoguduru zone continue to report increasing case loads compared to previous weeks.
The SNNP Regional Health Bureau/Public Health Emergency Management (RHB/PHEM), Sidama WHO conducted training (27-31 August 2012) on early warning, surveillance and management of communicable disease outbreak focusing on Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) and malaria as part of preventive and control measures implemented in the region. The training targeted the Sidama Zone Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR/PHEM) focal persons at Yirgalem Town collaboration with WHO. A total of 131 focal persons from all the woreda health offices and all health institutions (hospitals and health centers) in Sidama Zone took part in the training.
Since July 2012, the Somali Region has reported cases of diarrhoea with peaks recorded in the first week of August 2012. Numbers of new cases have declined in the last three weeks. The outbreak centered on Dollo Ado woreda, Liben Zone. The 292 cases reported since the onset of the outbreak; children under the age of five constitute the majority. According to UNHCR, during the first two weeks of August, there was an increase in diarrhoea related cases in Melkadida and Buramino camps. The combined WASH and health sector response by carried out by UNHCR, the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) and partners centered on investigation, coordination, improved water provision, sanitation and hygiene promotion, as well as coordinated sharing of available supplies. No new health center admissions occurred and Melkadida Camp particularly has registered remarkable progress. Overall, diarrhea surveillance remains a priority in all camps.
The Oromia Regional Health Bureau, Zonal Health Department (ZHD) and WHO have conducted an assessment in Arero and Moyale woredas (Oromia Region) where Internally Displaced People (IDP) are located in the first week of September. The team used the findings to prepare a proposal for the rapid initiation of health service provision in three health posts in a location where functioning health posts do not exist but people continue to return.
Epidemic preparedness activities have begun with the establishment of a temporary clinic and a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) center in Borena Zone, Oromia Region where thousands of people are expected to gather for a ceremony. Deployed health workers will work in the clinic; supervise hygiene conditions (bars and restaurants); provide information on TB, HIV/AIDS, malaria, diarrhoea and other communicable diseases and also distribute condoms. The clinic is equipped (drugs and medical supplies) and is giving routine services to the community. Assigned community health informants will detect and report outbreaks in advance. Surveillance is strengthened and the Oromia Health Bureau allocated budgets (transferred from WHO) in addition to distributing water purifying chemicals. For more information, contact: who-wro@et.efro.who.int or prokopch@unhcr.org
Moyale Update
According to the DRMFSS, the security situation in Moyale town and its surroundings is still improving as conflict between the Borena (Oromo) and Geere (Somali) ended. The relief assistance provided by the Government’s Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS) and WFP reached 42,400 people (33,000 Oromia and 12,400 Somali). Continuity of extending this relief initially set for 15 days will depend on findings of the ongoing rapid assessment. The DRMFSS approved the start of the rapid assessment that will take place between 7 and 12 September 2012 (Including travel). DRMFSS will communicate with the local governments of Somali and Oromia regions to facilitate the assessment 8-10 September 2012. For more information, contact: infodrmfss@dppc.gov.et or ocha-eth@un.org

Former Sebeta head coach now with Amhara Water Works FC is in the buildup of a side capable enough to become promoted into the Premier League at the end of the coming season. Sidama Coffee is still in the hunt of a new head coach to replace departing head coach ZelalemShiferaw. 
Last year’s National League semi finalist Dereje Belay has now taken over at Amhara Water Works FC, a side determined to be promoted at the end of this season. They have a fresh commitment to joining the Premier League because Amhara Region currently has no club at the upper tier fixture. Given a substantial players’ transfer budget, Dereje known for his honesty, is already busy convincing players to join his side, including players well experienced at the Premier League. Former TikurAbay, Mugher Cement and Harar Brewery attacking midfielder Daniel Ayalewis was among the first big fish lured to join Amhara Water Works. Daniel signed a two year contract for two seasons taking home a 310,000 Birr signing bonus. Dereje has also signed two other players MesoudNur and Muluken and is looking for more. 
Meanwhile, Premier League side Sidama Coffee has not yet appointed a head coach to replace the outgoing Zelalem Shiferaw who steered the side to the upper tier two seasons ago. Despite a 200,000 Birr signing fee to extend his contract and big signing money for players, Zelalem failed to repeat the dream third place last season, thus packing out to join National League side Sebeta Town. According to club insiders the selection has reached a final phase with three coach’s short list and the announcement soon to come mid week.

By awrambatimes, 
Coming under pressure from different corners and mainly from the international community, TPLF had no choice left but to cave in to their demands including to the ones that are coming from its surrogate groups and various sections of the society. There are rumors that a final deal has been reached to an arrangement in which Hailemariam Desalegn would become the PM and there would be three Deputy Prime Ministers (DPM’s).
Accordingly, Girma Birru of OPDO is mentioned as the frontrunner for the DPM position in charge of economic affairs and all the ministries in this sector report to him. They include ministries of industry, trade, finance and economic development, agriculture, mines, transport, information and communication technology, science and technology, and energy and water development. Demeke Mekonnen of ANDM is likely to take the DPM position with social sector portfolio with the ministries such as education, health, social and labor, women, youth and children, culture and tourism, civil service and justice reporting to him.

The third DPM is expected to be from the TPLF and would be in charge of foreign and security affairs with the direct report of foreign, defense, federal affairs ministries and a multitude of federal security agencies including the notorious federal police. TPLF has not reached agreement within itself as to who among them would take this DPM position and names that come up frequently are Seyoum Mesfin, Abbay Tsehaye and Berhane G/Kirstos. It is expected that it would be decided once the TPLF holds its official Central Committee (CC)  meeting in which it would elect its chairman to succeed Meles. There are rumors that the TPLF CC has been tied up in a series of tense secret meetings to elect the party’s leaders that include the chairman, deputy and Executive Committee (EC) members. They decided to keep the meetings secret until they hammer out differences and once that is done they would hold an official meeting to endorse their compromise nominees.
The TPLF has also resolved to install the would-be TPLF chairman as the deputy chairman of the EPRDF and this person may not necessarily take up any official government position. Instead he would be the main person running the real parallel government (effectively the real PM and chairman of EPRDF playing Putin) calling shots from behind Hailemariam and the DPM’s. Seyoum Mesfin and Abbay Tsehaye are fiercely vying for this all important position. Some argue that it is a foregone conclusion that one of them would be elected chair and the other deputy. Whoever comes in second in the TPLF constellation of power would be one of the three DPM’s.
Berhane G/Kirstos is also one of the frontrunners mentioned for the chair opening but it is believed that his chances of beating these two old guards are very slim and he might just settle for the senior EC membership and foreign ministry portfolio in the government positioning himself well for any future eventualities. In addition to his aloof demeanor and Eritrean background, what makes Berhane’s claim to the helm of the TPLF unlikely is Seyoum and Abbay have more ties to the military from their rebel days than Berhane who had been mostly based abroad during the armed struggle.
TPLF is said also to be seriously contemplating to increase the number of deputy chairperson of EPRDF from one to three installing one from each member party from which no chairman comes. Whatever the case, it is a foregone conclusion that those who come from the surrogate groups would not have any real power, none whatsoever, no matter where they would be installed. They are just place holders helping in beautifying the bad image of TPLF. The EPRDF CC meeting is slated for September 16, 2012.
አዲስ አበባ መስከረም 1/2005 በኢትዮጵያ የኢኮኖሚ እድገቱን ሊደግፍ የሚችል የቴክኖሎጂ ሽግግርና አቅም ለመገንባት እየተደረገ ያለው ጥረት አበረታች ውጤት እያሰገኘ መሆኑን የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጹ። ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ደሴ ዳልኬ ለኢዜአ እንደተናገሩት ኢትዮጵያ ውጤታማ የሆኑ የውጭ ቴክኖሎጂዎችን በፍጥነት የመማር የማላማድ እና የመጠቀም አቅሟም በየጊዜው እየተሻሻለ ይገኛል። 

የአገሪቱን ልማት ሊደግፍ የሚችል ውጤታማ የሆነ ቴክኖሎጂ በማፈላለግና ወደ አገር ውስጥ በማስገባት ሂደት እስካሁን የተኙት ውጤቶችም አበረታች መሆናቸውን ሚኒስትሩ ተናግረዋል። ሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ በድህነት ቅነሳና ላይ ያለውን አስተዋጽኦ በመገንዘብ ባለፉት ሁለት አመታት ዘርፉ የአገሪቱን ኢኮኖሚ የሚደግፍ እንዲሆን የተደረገው ጥረትም ስኬታማ እንደነበር ጠቅሰዋል። ኢትዮጵያ መካከለኛ ገቢ ካላቸው አገራት ተርታ ለመሰለፍ እያደረገች ካለው ጥረት ጋር የሚጣጣም የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ አቅም እንዲገነባ ልዩ ትኩረት መሰጠቱንም ሚኒስትሩ አስረድተዋል። አዳዲስ ቴክኖሎጂን የማፈላለግ የማስገባትና የመጠቀም አቅምን ለማዳበር የሚያስችሉ የአሰራር ስርዓቶች በመዘርጋታቸው ቴክኖሎጂን በማዛመድ በመቅዳትና ረገድ ጥሩ ጅምሮች እየታዩ ስለመሆኑም ጠቅሰዋል። 

እንደ ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻ በተለይ ባለፉት ሁለት አመታት ቴክሎጂን አስመስሎ በመስራት ከውጭ የሚገቡትን በአገር ውስጥ በማስቀረት ረገድ ጠንካራ አቅም እየተገነባ ነው። የአገሪቱ ኢኮኖሚ የሚፈልገውን የላቀ ክህሎት ያላቸው ቴክኒሻኖች፣መሃንዲሶችና ሳይንቲስቶች ለማፍራት የሚያግዙ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ተቋማት የማደራጀቱ ስራም ተጠናክሮ መቀጠሉን ገልጸዋል። በከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋማት ውስጥ የተማሪዎች ቅበላ ከአገሪቱ የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ የሰው ሃይል ልማት ፍላጎት ጋር የተጣጣመ እንዲሆንና የተግባር ስልጠናውም ከማምረቻና አገልግሎት ሰጪ ተቋማት ጋር እንዲቀናጅ ተደርጓል። 

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ በኢትዮጵያ ሳይንሰና ቴክኖሎጂ እንዲስፋፋ በነበራቸው ከፍተኛ ምኞች ለዘርፉ ልዩ ትኩረት ሰጥተው እንደነበር ያስታወሱት ሚኒስትሩ ተማሪዎች ከታችኛው የትምህርት እርከን ጀምሮ አስተሳሰባቸውን ለማሳደግ የተጀመረው ጥረትም ተጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥል መግለጻቸውን ኢዜአ ዘግቧል።